Mandalay International Airport
Mandalay International Airport (Burmese: မန္တလေး အပြည်ပြည်ဆိုင်ရာ လေဆိပ်; (IATA: MDL, ICAO: VYMD)), located 35 km south of Mandalay in Tada-U, is one of only three international airports in Myanmar. Completed in 1999, the airport was the largest and most modern airport in the country until the modernization of Yangon International Airport in 2008, the airport connects 11 domestic and seven international destinations, complete with a 4267-meter runway which is the longest runway in use in Southeast Asia and capacity to handle up to 3 million passengers a year. It is the main operating base of Golden Myanmar Airlines.
Mandalay International Airport
မန္တလေး အပြည်ပြည်ဆိုင်ရာ လေဆိပ်
|Owner||Government of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar|
|Operator||Mitsubishi Corporation, JALUX Inc., SPA Project Management Ltd. (for 30 years bid)|
Mandalay Region, Myanmar
|Elevation AMSL||91 m / 299 ft|
The Mandalay International Airport project was first conceived by the Burmese military government in the mid 1990s as a way to increase overall levels of foreign investment and tourism in Myanmar. With Yangon boasting the only other international airport for the whole country, the new Mandalay airport was regarded as crucial in achieving a planned 10% annual passenger growth. The hope was for Mandalay to become a hub for flights to other major Asian cities, in particular Beijing, Hanoi, Bangkok, Calcutta and Dhaka.
Construction of the airport began in 1996, and the airport was officially opened in September 2000 at a cost of US$150 million. The project was financed through a long-term loan from the Thai ExIm Bank.
Due to the ongoing reforms in Myanmar, the airport experienced an increase in traffic, especially daily flights to Bangkok and to China. Since 2010, domestic passenger traffic through Mandalay has been increasing by 20% every year, while growth in international flights has been up to 60% annually.
On 16 November 2014, a consortium of Mitsubishi Group and an affiliate from Japan Airlines signed a concession agreement with the Myanmar government to operate the airport for 30 years. The joint firm undertook the operation, rehabilitation and maintenance of airport facilities, including terminal buildings and the airport's sole runway, excluding air traffic control, with operations having begun around March 2015. The agreement's main focus is to generate further expansion of domestic and international flights to Mandalay and to increase passenger traffic through the airport.
Airlines and destinationsEdit
Opened on 17 September 2000, the terminal building can handle 1,000 passenger arrivals and 1,000 passenger departures per hour. The capacity of the airport is estimated to be 3 million passengers per annum, with expansion capacity to more than 15 million. The site occupies a total area of 10,123 hectares and is located in central Myanmar about 35 kilometers south of Mandalay near the town of Tada-U. The journey from the airport to the city center of Mandalay takes approximately an hour by car.
The terminal is fitted with air conditioning, fire protection and emergency power generating systems. It is also equipped with six passenger lifts, one freight lift, three escalators and a baggage handling system. Three out of the six passenger boarding bridges can handle modern Boeing 747-400 aircraft. There is sufficient space for ten aircraft to anchor, and at a rate of 8 minutes per plane, aircraft of any size and make can touch down or take off to any destination abroad. MAGS (Mandalay Airport Ground Services) provides both passenger and cargo aircraft ground services.
Systems incorporated into the airport include VHF and HF SSB transmitters and receivers, a voice communication control system, an automatic terminal information system (ATIS), and an aeronautical fixed telecommunications network. The air traffic control tower is equipped with a variety of radar and navigation systems.
As of 2018[update], these facilities exist at the airport:
- 36 check-in desks
- 8 gates
- 6 air-bridges
- 3 baggage claim belts
- 11 short-term parking spaces
- 6 long-term parking spaces
- Post office and bank
- Bureau de Change
- Restaurants and VIP lounges
- Duty-free facilities
- Travel agency, tourist helpdesk and car rental
Traffic by Calendar YearEdit
|Passengers||Change from previous year||Movements|
Airport operations and maintenance are handled by a joint venture of Mitsubishi Corporation, JALUX Inc., and SPA Project Management Ltd., which won a bid in 2013 to upgrade and operate the airport for 30 years. The previous operator was Myanmar's Ministry of Transport. In August 2013, the vendor technical team started the inspection of the airport to develop an airport Master Plan that included airport services and cargo-handling areas as well as anticipating future needs such as extending the airport’s buildings.
On 12 May, 2019 Myanmar National Airlines, UB103, carrying 82 passenger and 7 crew members departed from Yangon International Airport was approaching to Mandalay International Airport when the pilot was unable to extend the front landing gear. The aircraft is landed as Emergency Landing without the landing gear nose. No one has injury in this accident. 
- Shun Le Win (15 February 2018). "Mandalay International Airport received over 1 million passengers last year". Eleven Myanmar.
- "Japan firms to run Mandalay airport". Kyodo News. Bangkok Post. 17 November 2014. Retrieved 21 November 2014.
- "Mandalay International Airport (MDL/VYMD)". Airport Technology. Retrieved 2 April 2007.
- "China Eastern plans Shanghai – Mandalay launch in Jan 2019". routesonline. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
- "Donghai Airlines adds Nanjing – Mandalay service from Feb 2019". routesonline. Retrieved 24 January 2019.
- "Donghai Airlines adds Myanmar service from July 2018". routesonline. Retrieved 27 June 2018.
- 2018, UBM (UK) Ltd. "Sichuan Airlines adds Xi'An – Mandalay service in late-March 2019".
- Some SilkAir flights to Mandalay stop in Yangon. Despite this, the airline does not have the right to transfer passengers solely from Yangon to Mandalay.
- "Quiet Debut for Mandalay Airport". Bangkok Post. 21 September 2000. Retrieved 2 April 2007.
- "MANDALAY INTL". World Aero Data. Retrieved 2 April 2007.
- "Mitsubishi Corporation - Press Room - 2013 - Mitsubishi Corporation and JALUX Join Forces with Myanmar's SPA Project Management Ltd. in Bid to Operate Mandalay International Airport - Mitsubishi Corporation".
- "Eleven Myanmar".