Malcolm in the Middle
Malcolm in the Middle is an American television sitcom created by Linwood Boomer for Fox. The series premiered on January 9, 2000, and ended its six-year run on May 14, 2006, after seven seasons and 151 episodes. The series received critical acclaim and won a Peabody Award, seven Emmy Awards, one Grammy Award, and seven Golden Globe nominations.
|Malcolm in the Middle|
|Created by||Linwood Boomer|
|Theme music composer||John Flansburgh|
|Opening theme||"Boss of Me" by They Might Be Giants|
|Ending theme||"Boss of Me" (instrumental)|
|Country of origin||United States|
|No. of seasons||7|
|No. of episodes||151 (list of episodes)|
|Camera setup||Panavision; Single-camera|
|Running time||21–23 minutes|
|Audio format||Dolby Digital 5.1|
|Original release||January 9, 2000 –|
May 14, 2006
The series follows a dysfunctional, working class family and stars Frankie Muniz in the lead role as Malcolm, a teenager who tests at genius level. While he enjoys his intelligence, he despises having to take special classes for gifted children, which are mocked by the rest of the kids at school and called "Krelboynes". Jane Kaczmarek plays Malcolm's overbearing, hotheaded, and stubborn mother, Lois, and Bryan Cranston plays his immature but loving father, Hal. Christopher Masterson plays eldest brother Francis, the trouble-making son who, in earlier episodes, was in military school, but eventually marries and settles into a steady job. Justin Berfield is Malcolm's dimwitted older brother Reese, a cruel bully who tortures Malcolm at home, even while he defends him at school. Erik Per Sullivan plays younger brother Dewey, who is smart, musically talented, and concerned about his well-being. In earlier episodes, the show's focus was on Malcolm, but as the series progressed, it explored all six members of the family more. Another character, Jamie (James and Lukas Rodriguez), was introduced as the fifth son of Hal and Lois at the end of Season 4.
The show received widespread praise from critics and proved an extremely popular draw for the network. It was placed No. 88 on Entertainment Weekly's "New TV Classics" list, and was named by Alan Sepinwall of HitFix as one of the 10 best shows in Fox network history.
The series is about a boy named Malcolm (Frankie Muniz), who is revealed in the first episode to be a genius with an IQ of 165, places him in a class for gifted students (also known as "Krelboynes"), originally taught by Caroline Miller (Catherine Lloyd Burns). He is the third-born child in a comically dysfunctional working-class family of four, and later, five boys, of Lois (Jane Kaczmarek) and Hal (Bryan Cranston). As of the first season, their delinquent oldest child, Francis (Christopher Masterson), has been sent away to military school, while younger brothers Reese (Justin Berfield), Malcolm, and Dewey (Erik Per Sullivan) remain at home with their parents. With Francis away, Malcolm becomes the middle child of the family. In season four, the character Jamie (James and Lukas Rodriguez) was added to the show as the fifth son of Hal and Lois. The show's early seasons centered on Malcolm dealing with the rigors of being an intellectual adolescent and enduring the eccentricities of his family life.
Later seasons expanded the show's scope by exploring the family's interactions with their extended family, friends and colleagues in more depth, including Lois' tyrannical mother (Cloris Leachman); Craig Feldspar (David Anthony Higgins), Lois' hapless coworker at the Lucky Aide drugstore; Malcolm's best friend Stevie Kenarban (Craig Lamar Traylor) (who is both in a wheelchair and highly asthmatic), and Stevie's dad Abe (Gary Anthony Williams); as well as a series of continuing subplots detailing Francis' misadventures at the military college, from which he subsequently runs away to work in an Alaskan logging camp, before finally landing a job on a dude ranch run by an eccentric German couple.
The series differed significantly from the standard TV sitcom format/presentation in many respects. Malcolm routinely broke the fourth wall by both narrating in voice-over and talking directly to the viewer on camera. The distinctive look and sound of the series relied heavily on elaborate post-production, including fast-cut editing, sound effects, musical inserts, the extensive use of locations, and the unusual camera styles, compositions and effects (e.g. overhead, tracking, hand-held and crane shots, and the frequent use of a wide-angle lens for both close-ups and ensemble scenes) that would be generally impractical or impossible to achieve in a standard studio-based video multi-camera sitcom production. The show employed neither a laugh track (which became a popularity in other TV sitcoms) nor a live studio audience. Emulating the style of hour-long dramas, this half-hour show was shot on film instead of on video.
Another distinctive aspect of the show is that the cold open of every episode is unrelated to the main story. Exceptions were episodes which were the conclusions of "two-parters"; each part two episode opened with a recap of its part one episode.
The family's surname is never mentioned directly in the series. Linwood Boomer's script for the pilot episode originally included the surname Wilkerson, but it was later removed because he did not want to put "any specific ethnic label on the characters". The surname appeared in early drafts of promotional material and also on Francis' Marlin Academy uniform in the pilot. In the last episode of the series, Francis drops his ID badge from work, which lists his name as "Francis Nolastname". Also in the last episode, the principal announces Malcolm as the speaker, clearly mouthing "Nolastname" as his voice is drowned out by microphone feedback. A publicist for Fox said that "officially the family's last name should be considered a mystery".
- Malcolm (Frankie Muniz): the title character of the series. Malcolm is a genius with an IQ of 165 and a photographic memory. He is placed in a class for gifted students (or "Krelboynes" as they are known at the school). His high intelligence, as well as feelings of not fitting in, and a large ego fueled by a cruel streak of snarkiness cause numerous problems for him over the course of the series. As the title suggests, Malcolm is initially the middle child of the three living at home; chronologically, he is Hal's and Lois's third son. Despite his intelligence, Malcom is just as immature and destructive as his brothers and is often the ringleader in some of their schemes. Throughout the show, Malcom often strives for independence away from his controlling mother and often tries have her see him as an equal. Due to his intelligence, Lois often makes decisions that she feels that benefit his education while keeping a close eye on him. It is revealed in the series finale that she does this so that he’ll one day become the President of the United States and use his position to help lower class families like their own. His best friend is Stevie Kenarban. In the series finale, he graduates from high school and starts attending a prestigious college by both scholarship and working various jobs, specifically as a janitor at Harvard University.
- Lois (Jane Kaczmarek): The family's wildly hotheaded and stubborn mother who is also an intelligent and decisive woman. Most of her bullishness comes from her constant battles throughout the series to keep her badly behaved, highly destructive boys in check, while maintaining a menial job at a Lucky Aide drugstore. Though she is hard on her children for their constantly bad behavior, Lois can be just as petty and spiteful as them, e.g., going after a group of girls that humiliated Reese before his senior prom. Despite her constant aggressiveness, she is motherly and will defend her family fiercely, especially against neighbors and others who view them as poor trash; in one episode, she finds that Malcolm and Reese discovered their neighbor having an affair with her Hispanic gardener while they planned to frame her son for theft, but doesn't punish them for their actions as this counted as revenge against the woman, who hated Lois. Lois is disliked by both Hal's wealthy family and her own parents. She has a younger sister named Susan, who blames Lois for stealing Hal from her. Neighbors despise Lois and her boys and celebrate the weekends when they're gone. In the series finale, she discovered that she and Hal are expecting a sixth child.
- Hal (Bryan Cranston): Hal is Lois' husband and father to Francis, Reese, Malcolm, Dewey, and Jamie. Hal is a well-meaning, loving, but inept and completely immature father, and completely dependent on Lois, whom he loves absolutely. He comes from a wealthy family that does not accept Lois as his wife and wishes that he married Susan instead. Because his family is disrespectful towards Lois, he rarely mentions them and avoids his family. Hal loves his boys and will sometimes sneak them out for fun father-son activities behind Lois' back. Hal is an indecisive character who frequently picks up new hobbies for short periods of time, such as speed walking, or painting, and is irresponsible with the money he earns from his low-paying desk job. His indecisiveness was explored in "Living Will" from a childhood which he had a hard time making decisions for himself and because of this, he always deferred to Lois to make them for him. In the series finale, he discovers that he and Lois are expecting a sixth child. Hal has a high sex drive, this was revealed in the episode "Forbidden Girlfriend" when Lois is taking medication and is unable to have sex for an entire week, it is mentioned again in the episode "Poker 2" when Hal tells his friends he has sex 14 times per week. Hal's best friend is Abe Kenarban.
- Francis (Christopher Masterson): Hal and Lois' first son. At the beginning of the series, he is attending military school in Alabama, run by the strict Commandant Spangler (Daniel von Bargen). It is shown that his parents enjoyed a promising middle-class, comfortable lifestyle before he was born and that he was such a difficult, destructive child that their dream soon ended. He has himself legally emancipated at the start of Season 3, leaves the school, and travels to Alaska. He finds work at a logging camp and later meets and marries Piama (Emy Coligado) a girl of Inuit heritage. When the camp closes, they move to the western United States and take jobs at a Wild West-themed hotel/ranch, run by kindly but eccentric German, Otto Mannkusser (Kenneth Mars), and his wife, Gretchen (Meagen Fay). Francis and his mother have a mutual love-hate war of wills and his main motivation in life is to thwart or irk her (though, ironically, he marries a woman with the same personality as Lois). Although a juvenile delinquent, he is street-smart. Francis is seen less frequently after season 5, becoming an occasional recurring character and making only a small handful of appearances in Season 6 and the final Season 7. Whereas he was featured regularly in previous seasons as a side-story to the main family, Francis' steady job disappeared in season 6 due to legal issues, and he returned to being a delinquent, leading a questionable and poor lifestyle with Piama until it is revealed in the final episode of season 7, "Graduation", that he already has a steady desk job sorting out computers. He admits to Hal that he likes his job, but also enjoys frustrating Lois by telling her that he's unemployed.
- Reese (Justin Berfield): Hal and Lois' second son. He is the older brother of Malcolm, Dewey, and Jamie, and younger brother of Francis. Reese is the most impulsive and physical of the boys. He lacks common sense, he is frequently outwitted and outspoken by other family members, and is gleefully violent. Despite being unwilling to think, Reese is as much a genius as his brothers, although in less traditional or obvious ways. Reese is better than Malcolm at devising plans, and is masterful at the rare things which can pin his drifting focus, such as driving, or when he's revealed to be a culinary prodigy, excelling at cooking and baking. In the series finale, he finally graduates from high school after intentionally failing many times before, he obtained full employment as a high school custodian, and shares an apartment with Craig.
- Dewey (Erik Per Sullivan): Hal and Lois' fourth son. He is the youngest child until the birth of Jamie, and often falls victim to his brothers' pranks. Dewey is very intelligent and musically gifted. He plays the piano. He has a very high tolerance for pain due to years of physical and mental abuse from his brothers. Despite his intelligence, he is placed in a remedial class for slower students (or "Buseys") due to a misunderstanding. Dewey remains in the class and serves as their self-appointed teacher. By the seventh and final season of the show, the Busey class is no longer mentioned. He is the only sibling that eventually breaks the cycle of abusing the younger sibling, which ends up with him acting like a normal, lovable brother towards Jamie. In the series finale, he and Jamie are seen hiding in the closet together after a prank.
- Caroline Miller (Catherine Lloyd Burns) (seasons 1–2): Malcolm's "overly earnest" teacher. She ardently adores Malcolm due to his intelligence. Francis uses her adoration to pay a medical bill to stitch up Malcolm in one episode. She is the teacher of the Krelboynes in Seasons 1 and 2, at which time she is seen heavily pregnant. After she gives birth, Caroline leaves teaching. She is the only non-family member to be credited as part of the main cast in the intro.
- James and Lukas Rodriguez as Jamie: Hal and Lois' fifth son, born at the end of Season 4. Despite his infancy, he is shown to already have some of his brothers' habits, such as stealing and disrespecting Lois. He is shown to being the only child who is capable of defeating Lois. Like Malcolm and Dewey, Jamie is revealed to be very intelligent and takes advantage of his less intelligent older brother, Reese. (Seasons 4–7)
- Craig Lamar Traylor as Stevie Kenarban, Malcolm's best friend since childhood who's in the Krelboyne class and is in a wheelchair. Stevie has difficulty breathing and is revealed in season 5 to have only one lung. He is socially awkward and has trouble making friends.
- David Anthony Higgins as Craig Feldspar, Lois's overweight coworker at the Lucky Aide Drugstore, who has a not-so-secret crush on Lois. He is very geeky and self-absorbed and in the rare event he is given actual powers, he can also be as bossy as Lois, albeit much less competent than her. Craig also has a non-existent relationship with his estranged father, who is utterly obsessed with running his gym.
- Emy Coligado as Piama Tananahaakna, Francis' wife. She is an Alaska Native. She is a good wife to Francis and helps him resolve troublesome situations. Piama has the same type of fiery, unyielding personality as Francis' mother, Lois, who initially dislikes Piama until a disastrous family reunion made her realize how unfair she was to Piama. (Seasons 3–7, 28 episodes)
- Eric Nenninger as Eric Hanson, Francis' somewhat naïve friend from military school who precedes Francis to Alaska. It is his call which brings Francis to Alaska. However, Eric is left to hitchhike back home possibly as revenge for suggesting that he and Francis find work in Alaska.
- Kenneth Mars as Otto Mannkusser, Francis' boss who owns the ranch he works at after he leaves Alaska. He is of German descent and he is a naïve and kind-hearted person. Francis tries to protect Otto from being scammed by con-artists and helped him reconcile with his estranged son, Rutger. He is married to Gretchen.
- Evan Matthew Cohen, Kyle Sullivan, Kristin Quick, Will Jennings, and Victor Z. Isaac all play Krelboynes from Malcolm's class. (Season 1 – 4)
- Gary Anthony Williams as Abe Kenarban, Stevie's overprotective father and Hal's best friend. (1–7, 18 episodes)
- Daniel von Bargen as Commandant Edwin Spangler, the head of Marlin Academy. He is missing his right eye, his left hand, ring finger on his right hand (explained as due to an accident involving him trying to restart Marlin Academy's lawnmower), and he actually never served war time. He despises Francis because he fought against him. In the end, he loses his other hand to Francis' waving a saber about and later is fired from Marlin Academy. After arriving in Alaska, Francis gets Spangler a job at a retirement home, which gives him free rein to bully the elderly. (Seasons 1–3, 15 episodes)
- Cloris Leachman as Grandma Ida, Lois' mother and Malcolm's grandmother. She despises Francis and Lois, except on one occasion when she was kind to Lois. Ida has one common interest with Francis: they both despise Lois for being a control freak. She is generally disliked by the family, bar Reese whom she clearly favors. She lost her leg saving Dewey from being hit by a truck, one of her few recorded good deeds. She once tried to sue Lois, her own daughter, for slipping on a leaf in the walkway of Lois' house and becoming temporarily injured. She was foiled by Francis and the boys who gave their support to their parents and the lawyer willingly abandons her. Ida favors Susan (Lois's sister) over Lois as she is more graceful and talented. (Season 2–7, 11 episodes)
- Meagen Fay as Gretchen Mannkusser, Otto's wife who helps out at the ranch. (Season 4 & 5)
- Karim Prince as Cadet Stanley, Marlin Academy student, Francis' best friend and informal bodyguard during the show's first season.
- Kasan Butcher, Drew Powell, and Arjay Smith all play Francis' friends at Marlin Academy.
- Sandy Ward, John Ennis, Richard Gross, and Christopher Michael Moore all play Francis' friends at the Alaskan logging camp.
- Dan Martin, Jonathan Craig Williams, Edward James Gage, and Alex Morris all play Hal's poker friends.
- Chris Eigeman as Lionel Herkabe, the second teacher of the Krelboyne class and a former Krelboyne himself. Despite sharing many of the same personality traits, he and Malcolm hate each other, but on one occasion Herkabe was nice to Malcolm. He is also bossy, stubborn and sadistic. Herkabe loses his GPA award in light of his actions for flunking Gym.
- Brenda Wehle as Lavernia, Francis' first boss, a malevolent woman. (Season 3, 7 episodes)
- Merrin Dungey played two different, unrelated characters. In the pilot episode, Dungey plays Malcolm's teacher before he transfers to the Krelboyne class. Later in the first season, she appears as Kitty Kenarban, Stevie's mother who left him and Abe, but then returned. It is shown that Kitty is very overprotective of Stevie.
- Cameron Monaghan, Danny McCarthy, and Amy Bruckner all play Dewey's special-ed class friends.
- Tania Raymonde as Cynthia, a Krelboyne girl who had a crush on Malcolm but left for Europe and later returned. Her dad is played by Fred Sanders. (Season 2–4, 4 episodes)
- Hayden Panettiere as Jessica, a girl hired to babysit Reese, Malcolm, and Dewey who later ends up living on their couch temporarily after her dad is arrested. Jessica is shown to be a very manipulative girl, once showing Malcolm how to emotionally manipulate Lois. She had been known to play tricks on Reese and Malcolm. Despite this, Jessica has a crush on Malcolm and has shown that she can be a loyal friend. (Season 4, 6 & 7, 4 episodes)
- Landry Allbright as Julie Houlerman, a girl whom Malcolm had a crush on. Julie only appeared in 3 episodes in the first season. (Season 1, 3 episodes)
- Julie Hagerty as Polly, Jamie's babysitter, who is extravagantly open about her personal problems and medical conditions. In one episode it's revealed she has a sadistic, and somewhat threatening, ex-boyfriend named Danny, who only appears once in the show. They end up reconciling and getting back together. (Season 5, 4 episodes)
- Steve Vinovich as Mr. Hodges, the school principal (season 7)
|First aired||Last aired|
|1||16||January 9, 2000||May 21, 2000|
|2||25||November 5, 2000||May 20, 2001|
|3||22||November 11, 2001||May 12, 2002|
|4||22||November 3, 2002||May 18, 2003|
|5||22||November 2, 2003||May 23, 2004|
|6||22||November 7, 2004||May 15, 2005|
|7||22||September 30, 2005||May 14, 2006|
The show's opening title features short clips from cult films or television shows, edited together with clips from the pilot and early episodes of the show, set to the song "Boss of Me" by They Might Be Giants.
Much of the filming for Malcolm in the Middle was done on location in various parts of the Thirty Mile Zone around Los Angeles. A privately owned home, located at 12334 Cantura Street in Studio City, California, was rented for upwards of $3,000 a day to film as Malcolm's house. Rebuilt in 2011, the property is no longer recognizable due to its modern two-floor design. However, the house directly to the left of it is nearly identical to what it looked like during filming, still making it a frequent stop for fans of the show. School scenes were filmed at Colfax Elementary School, in North Hollywood, and the Lucky Aide was represented by a Drug Emporium at 6020 Lankershim Boulevard in North Hollywood. In "Stock Car Races," when Hal and the boys are entering a race track, the billboard behind the entrance displays the place as Irwindale Speedway, a real race track in Southern California. The last episode in the first season ("Water Park") was filmed at a water park called Wild Rivers (now closed as of 2011) located in Irvine, California. Though palm trees and desert scenery are seen in shots of the local region and town throughout the show, indicating a location in the Western United States, it is never revealed which state the show is set in (except for Francis' whereabouts in early seasons, such as his military school in Alabama and his job in Alaska).
Hallmarks of the series' filming and structure, many of which heavily influenced later programs, included the following:
- A cold open presenting one or more family members in an absurd situation that has little or nothing to do with the main plot of the episode.
- A split-second whip pan as a transition from one scene to another.
- Frequent pieces to camera delivered by Malcolm.
- An abrupt cut to black at the end of each segment, accompanied by the sound of a slamming door.
During the final two seasons, Christopher Masterson reduced his on-screen time in favor of writing and directing some episodes.
The show's theme song, "Boss of Me", was written and recorded by the alternative rock group They Might Be Giants. The song won the "Best Song Written for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media" award at the 2002 Grammy Awards. The band also performed nearly all of the incidental music for the show in its first two seasons.
Mood setting music is sprinkled throughout the series, in lieu of audience laughter, in a way that resembles feature film more than other TV sitcoms. Some examples of this highly varied music include ABBA, Basement Jaxx, Sum 41, Kenny Rogers, Lemon Jelly, Lords of Acid, The Getaway People, En Vogue, Electric Light Orchestra, Fatboy Slim, Phil Collins, Claude Debussy, Tears for Fears, Quiet Riot, Queen, and Citizen King whose song "Better Days" is played at the end of both the pilot episode and the series finale. The Southern California pop-punk band Lit have many of their songs featured in several episodes. Lit songs that were never released as singles were also used.
The show was launched on Nick at Nite on July 5, 2009 at 8:00 pm with an all night marathon. However, the episodes were either banned or heavily edited due to content that was too strong for the network's standards. When Nick at Nite pulled Malcolm it began airing on TeenNick from November 26, 2010 and continued until December 2010. The show returned to TeenNick's line-up on July 18, 2011.
On April 11, 2019, it was originally revealed that the show will be available on Disney+, Disney's direct-to-consumer streaming service, at launch on November 12, 2019. However, the show was not available on launch day for unknown reasons. In March 2020, Disney sent a survey out to Disney+ consumers asking if they would like content on the site such as Malcolm in the Middle and other "mature" shows such as Firefly, Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Modern Family.
|DVD name||Region 1||Region 2||Region 4||French release date||Ep #||# of discs||Extras and notes|
|The Complete First Season||October 29, 2002||September 24, 2012||September 4, 2013||March 4, 2014||16||3||Extended pilot episode, A Stroke of Genius featurette, commentary on select episodes, gag reel, deleted scenes, alternate show openings, bloopers, Dewey's Day Job featurette.|
|The Complete Second Season||N/A||November 19, 2012||September 4, 2013||April 8, 2014||25||4||Still Gallery|
|The Complete Third Season||February 4, 2013||September 4, 2013||22||3||A Still Gallery is listed but is absent from the actual DVDs|
|The Complete Fourth Season||March 4, 2013||September 4, 2013||22||3||A Still Gallery is listed but is absent from the actual DVDs|
|The Complete Fifth Season||April 29, 2013||September 4, 2013||22||3|
|The Complete Sixth Season||May 27, 2013||September 4, 2013||22||3|
|The Complete Seventh Season||October 7, 2013||September 4, 2013||22||3|
|The Complete Collection Box Set||October 17, 2013||September 4, 2013||151||22||Extended pilot episode, A Stroke of Genius featurette, commentary on select episodes, gag reel, deleted scenes, alternate show openings, bloopers, Dewey's Day Job featurette, Season 2 Still Gallery.|
In February 2012, it was announced that Fabulous Films would be releasing the first season of the show in the UK in April, as well as releasing each subsequent season the following month, ending with a complete series set near Christmas 2012. However, in late March 2012, several retailers had removed the release date from their websites; this was later revealed to be because of "technical issues with the Masters" and that the release date had been pushed back to June. Other seasons will now follow on either a monthly or bi-monthly basis.
All the UK DVD releases are intact as originally aired with no cuts, with the original music, with the exception of one Season 3 episode "Company Picnic" which was originally aired as a one-hour special, before being re-edited and split into two parts for syndication. The DVD presents the syndicated version.
All seven seasons as well as the complete series set were released in Australia in September 2013. The complete series set altered the separate seven season sets to fit into four volumes. A collector's edition boxset which has the seasons split up instead of volumes was released subsequently in 2014. It features everything from the four-volume set and includes a bonus T-shirt. This set is exclusive to Australia.
In May 2019, Turbine Medien announced the first ever Blu-ray release of the complete series in Germany, due to be released in September 2019. The release however, will be on Standard Definition, in similar fashion to the PAL DVD releases.
Fox shuffled the show's air time repeatedly to make room for other shows. On January 13, 2006, Fox announced that the show would be moving to 7:00 pm on Sundays effective January 29, 2006. The 151st and final episode aired at 8:30 pm ET/PT (the show's original timeslot) on May 14, 2006. The finale was watched by 7.4 million.
|Season||Season premiere||Season finale||TV season||Timeslot||Ranking||Viewers|
|1st||January 9, 2000||May 21, 2000||1999–2000||Sundays at 8:30||#18||15.2|
|2nd||November 5, 2000||May 20, 2001||2000–01||#22||14.5|
|3rd||November 11, 2001||May 12, 2002||2001–02||#25||13.0|
|4th||November 3, 2002||May 18, 2003||2002–03||Sundays at 9:00||#43||10.7|
|5th||November 2, 2003||May 23, 2004||2003–04||#71||8.4|
|6th||November 7, 2004||May 15, 2005||2004–05||Sundays at 7:30||#99||5.6|
|7th||September 30, 2005||May 14, 2006||2005–06||Fridays at 8:30 (Episodes 1–11)
Sundays at 7:00 (Episodes 12–22)
Awards and nominationsEdit
Jane Kaczmarek and Cloris Leachman were nominated for a Primetime Emmy Award every year they appeared on the show, as leading and guest actress, respectively. Leachman won 2002 and 2006. Frankie Muniz was nominated once for lead actor, and Bryan Cranston three times for supporting actor. The show won a total of 7 Emmys during its six-year run and a Peabody Award. Kaczmarek was nominated for three Golden Globe Awards; Muniz and Cranston were both nominated once.
- "The New Classics: TV". Entertainment Weekly. June 18, 2007. Retrieved February 5, 2012.
- Sepinwall, Alan (April 18, 2012). "The 10 best shows in FOX network history". HitFix. HitFix, Inc. Archived from the original on January 22, 2014. Retrieved February 3, 2014.
- Roman, James W. (2005). From Daytime to Primetime: The History of American Television Programs. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 119. ISBN 978-0-313-31972-3. Retrieved February 3, 2014.
- Abbott, Jon (October 3, 2006). Irwin Allen Television Productions, 1964–1970: A Critical History of Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea, Lost in Space, The Time Tunnel and Land of the Giants. McFarland. p. 139. ISBN 978-0-7864-8662-5. Retrieved February 3, 2014.
- Brown, Tom (2012). Breaking the Fourth Wall: Direct Address in the Cinema. Edinburgh University Press. p. 74. ISBN 978-0-7486-4425-4. Retrieved February 3, 2014.
- Moore, Barbara (January 1, 2006). Prime-time Television: A Concise History. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 47. ISBN 978-0-275-98142-6. Retrieved February 3, 2014.
- Shuster, Fred (August 19, 2001). "'Malcolm' power no longer a babe in the woods, this breakthrough series hits its growth spurt". Los Angeles Daily News. Retrieved January 14, 2018.
- Berman, Garry (January 2011). Best of the Britcoms: From Fawlty Towers to The Office. Taylor Trade Publications. p. 18. ISBN 978-1-58979-566-2. Retrieved February 3, 2014.
- Duffy, Mike (April 26, 2000). "'Malcolm in the Middle' rides to the rescue of the TV sitcom". Rome News-Tribune. Retrieved February 4, 2014.
- Shuster, Fred (August 19, 2001). "'Malcolm' Power No Longer a Babe in the Woods, This Breakthrough Series Hits Its Growth Spurt". Los Angeles Daily News. Retrieved November 30, 2014.
- Michaels, Taylor (February 2, 2003). "TV pipeline". Sun Journal. p. 5. Retrieved January 14, 2018 – via NewspaperArchive.com.
- Epstein, Robert (2010). Teen Two Point Zero. Linden Publishing. p. 180. ISBN 978-1-61035-101-0. Retrieved February 3, 2014.
- "Block Party". Malcolm in the Middle. Season 4. Episode 8. January 4, 2004. Event occurs at 14:40. Fox Network.
I have a photographic memory.
- Kendall, Diana (April 16, 2011). Framing Class: Media Representations of Wealth and Poverty in America. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. p. 187. ISBN 978-1-4422-0225-2. Retrieved February 3, 2014.
- "Jane Kaczmarek as Lois in Malcolm in the Middle". The Comedy Channel. Foxtel. Archived from the original on February 26, 2014. Retrieved February 4, 2014.
- Terrace, Vincent (November 6, 2008). Encyclopedia of Television Shows, 1925 through 2010 (2 ed.). McFarland. p. 4064. ISBN 978-0-7864-8641-0. Retrieved March 16, 2014.
- Wittler, Wendell (May 15, 2006). "'Malcolm in the Middle,' but Francis in the end". Today.com. Retrieved March 16, 2014.
- "Emancipation". Malcolm in the Middle. Season 3. Episode 2. November 14, 2001. Fox Network.
- "Hal's Birthday". Malcolm in the Middle. Season 3. Episode 15. March 3, 2002. Fox Network.
- "Zoo". Malcolm in the Middle. Season 4. Episode 1. November 3, 2002. Fox Network.
- "Justin Berfield as Reese in Malcolm in the Middle". The Comedy Channel. Foxtel. Archived from the original on February 26, 2014. Retrieved February 4, 2014.
- "Reese Cooks". Malcolm in the Middle. Season 2. Episode 18. March 4, 2001. Fox Network.
- "Erik Per Sullivan as Dewey in Malcolm in the Middle". The Comedy Channel. Foxtel. Archived from the original on February 26, 2014. Retrieved February 4, 2014.
- "Reese Joins the Army: Part 1". Malcolm in the Middle. Season 5. Episode 21. May 16, 2004. Fox Network.
- "Dewey's Special Class". Malcolm in the Middle. Season 5. Episode 18. May 2, 2004. Fox Network.
- "Home Alone 4". Malcolm in the Middle. Season 1. Episode 4. January 23, 2000. Fox Network.
- "Baby: Part 2". Malcolm in the Middle. Season 4. Episode 21. May 18, 2003. Fox Network.
- "Lois Battles Jamie". Malcolm in the Middle. Season 6. Episode 8. January 23, 2005. Fox Network.
- Finer, Abby; Pearlman, Deborah (January 2004). Starting Your Television Writing Career: The Warner Bros. Television Writers Workshop Guide. Syracuse University Press. p. 234. ISBN 978-0-8156-0831-8. Retrieved February 3, 2014.
- Johnson, Tricia (July 5, 2001). "As seen on TV!". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved February 4, 2014.
They pay about $3,000 to $4,000 a day.
- "12334 Cantura St., Studio City, CA 91604". Retrieved November 5, 2014.
- "The school where Malcolm in the Middle was filmed". Retrieved March 13, 2013.
- Alleman, Richard (March 6, 2013). Hollywood: The Movie Lover's Guide: The Ultimate Insider Tour of Movie L.A. Crown Publishing Group. pp. 424–426. ISBN 978-0-8041-3777-5. Retrieved February 4, 2014.
- CMJ New Music Monthly. CMJ Network, Inc. November 2002. p. 63. ISSN 1074-6978. Retrieved February 3, 2014.
- "They Might Be Giants Tell Kids 'No!'". Billboard. May 25, 2002. Retrieved February 4, 2014.
- Kelly, John (January 23, 2001). "Middle Tones". Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved February 4, 2014.
- "Malcolm in the Middle SoundTrack". SoundTrackNet. 2001.
- "Malcolm in the Middle: FX has the MALCOLM". September 4, 2007. Retrieved August 19, 2014.
- "Malcolm in the Middle Now Airing on 'Nick at Nite'". Retrieved August 19, 2014.
- "BET Schedules Season 4 of The Game, New Original Sitcom; Malcolm in the Middle Moves to TeenNick". October 27, 2010. Retrieved July 4, 2013.
- "IFC Acquires Malcolm in the Middle; NBC Cancels Playboy Club, Picks-Up Up All Night, Whitney". Sitcoms Online. October 5, 2011. Retrieved August 19, 2014.
- "Your Complete Guide to Disney+ Entertaimnent". April 11, 2019. Retrieved April 12, 2019.
- "Disney+ Users Frustrated Malcolm in the Middle Is Missing". Comicbook.com. November 12, 2019. Retrieved November 12, 2019.
- Conway, Matt (March 30, 2020). "Disney Plus Surveys Users About Adding More Mature Content". Screen Geek.
- Lambert, David (November 30, 2003). "Malcolm in the Middle – Season 2 (plus Other Shows) Hamstrung by Music Clearances". TVShowsOnDVD.com. Archived from the original on February 22, 2014. Retrieved February 4, 2014.
- "Malcolm in the Middle – Season 1". Amazon.co.uk. September 24, 2012. Retrieved April 26, 2012.
- "Malcolm in the Middle – Season 1". JB Hi-Fi. September 4, 2013. Retrieved February 4, 2014.
- "La saison 1 de Malcolm sortira en DVD en mars 2014 – Malcolm France". Retrieved September 6, 2015.
- "Malcolm in the Middle: The Complete Second Season". Amazon.co.uk. November 19, 2012. Retrieved February 5, 2014.
- "Malcolm in the Middle – Season 2". JB Hi-Fi. September 4, 2013. Retrieved February 4, 2014.
- "Malcolm in the Middle: The Complete Third Season DVD". Amazon.co.uk. Retrieved September 6, 2015.
- "Malcolm in the Middle – Season 3". JB Hi-Fi. September 4, 2013. Retrieved February 4, 2014.
- "Malcolm in the Middle: The Complete Fourth Season DVD". Amazon.co.uk. Retrieved September 6, 2015.
- "Malcolm in the Middle – Season 4". JB Hi-Fi. September 4, 2013. Retrieved February 4, 2014.
- "Malcolm in the Middle: The Complete Fifth Season DVD". Amazon.co.uk. Retrieved September 6, 2015.
- "Malcolm in the Middle – Season 5". JB Hi-Fi. September 4, 2013. Retrieved February 4, 2014.
- "Fabulous Films". FabulousFilms.com. Retrieved September 6, 2015.
- "Malcolm in the Middle – Season 6". JB Hi-Fi. September 4, 2013. Retrieved February 4, 2014.
- "Malcolm In The Middle – The Complete Seventh Season DVD". Amazon.co.uk. Retrieved September 6, 2015.
- "Malcolm in the Middle: Season 7". EzyDVD. Archived from the original on September 10, 2015. Retrieved September 2, 2013.
- "Malcolm In The Middle: The Complete Collection Box Set – Seasons 1–7 DVD". Amazon.co.uk. Retrieved September 6, 2015.
- "Malcolm in the Middle: The Complete Series". EzyDVD. Archived from the original on September 24, 2013. Retrieved September 2, 2013.
- "EXCLUSIVE: Malcolm in the Middle Seasons 1–7 Coming to DVD Starting April 2012!". February 1, 2012. Retrieved February 4, 2012.
- "Wesley Mead – Has MITM S1 been delayed? Play have removed the..." Facebook. March 26, 2012. Retrieved February 5, 2014.
- "I heard that all seven seasons of MITM are... – Alexandre Salcedo". Facebook. April 2, 2012. Retrieved February 5, 2014.
- "German Blu-rays of Malcolm in the Middle (Malcolm Mittendrin) released in Sept 2019!". May 2, 2019. Retrieved June 12, 2019.
- "Malcolm in the Middle: Season 1". Metacritic. CBS Interactive Inc. Retrieved February 3, 2014.
- Adalian, Josef; Schneider, Michael (January 17, 2000). "Sitcom savior?". Variety. Retrieved February 4, 2014.
- De Leon, Kris (July 5, 2009). "'Malcolm in the Middle' Airing on Nick at Nite". BuddyTV. Retrieved February 4, 2014.
- "Malcolm sitcom axed over ratings". BBC News. January 18, 2006. Retrieved February 5, 2014.
- Moore, Frazier (May 11, 2006). "'Malcolm' and '70s Show' overstayed welcome". Today.com. Associated Press. Retrieved June 17, 2014.
- Keveney, Bill (May 17, 2006). "'House' raises its numbers". USA Today. Retrieved June 17, 2014.
- "Top TV Shows For 1999–2000 Season". Variety. Retrieved February 12, 2010.
- "The Bitter End". Entertainment Weekly (598). June 1, 2001. Retrieved February 4, 2014.
- "How did your favorite show rate?". USA Today. May 28, 2002. Archived from the original on October 13, 2012. Retrieved February 4, 2014.
- "Rank And File". Entertainment Weekly (713). June 6, 2003. Retrieved February 4, 2014.
- "I. T. R. S. Ranking Report: 01 Thru 210". ABC Medianet. Archived from the original on September 30, 2007. Retrieved February 12, 2010.
- "Primetime series". The Hollywood Reporter. Nielsen Business Media. May 27, 2005. Archived from the original on November 15, 2009. Retrieved February 12, 2010.
- "Series". The Hollywood Reporter. Nielsen Business Media. May 26, 2006. Archived from the original on January 11, 2010. Retrieved February 12, 2010.
- "Jane Kaczmarek". Emmy Awards. Academy Of Television Arts & Sciences. Retrieved February 4, 2014.
- "Cloris Leachman". Emmy Awards. Academy Of Television Arts & Sciences. Retrieved February 4, 2014.
- "Malcolm In The Middle". Emmy Awards. Academy Of Television Arts & Sciences. Retrieved February 4, 2014.
- 60th Annual Peabody Awards, May 2001.
- Barraclough, Leo (July 30, 2013). "Yuliana Slashcheva to Lead Russian Network CTC". Variety. Retrieved February 4, 2014.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Malcolm in the Middle.|
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Malcolm in the Middle|
Survivor: The Australian Outback
| Malcolm in the Middle
Super Bowl lead-out program