Maihar is a district in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. Maihar is known for the temple[1] of the revered mother goddess Sharda situated on Trikuta hill.

Maihar
Maihar is located in India
Maihar
Maihar
Satna Mp
Coordinates: 24°15′43″N 80°45′40″E / 24.262°N 80.761°E / 24.262; 80.761Coordinates: 24°15′43″N 80°45′40″E / 24.262°N 80.761°E / 24.262; 80.761
Country India
StateMadhya Pradesh
RegionBaghelkhand
DistrictSatna
Government
 • MPGanesh Singh (BJP)
 • MLANarayan Tripathi (BJP)
Elevation
367 m (1,204 ft)
Population
 (2001)
 • Total40,192
Languages
 • OfficialHindi
 • LocalBagheli
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Pin Code
485771
Telephone07674
Vehicle registrationMP-19-XXXX
Websitemaihartemple.com
View from Sharda temple Maihar
View from Sharda temple Maihar showing the pond of Alha and Udal

Origin of the nameEdit

It is said that when lord Shiva was carrying the body of the dead mother goddess (Mai in Hindi) Sati, her necklace (har in Hindi) fell at this place and hence the name "Maihar" (Maihar = Mai+Har, meaning the "necklace of mother").[2] there is also one fact about Maihar, that related to famous Warriors Alha and his brother Udal.

According to the locals of Maihar, the warriors Alha and Udal, regime under King Paramardideva Chandel who had war with Prithvi Raj Chauhan, were very strong followers of Sharda Devi. It is said that they are the first ones to visit the goddess in this remote forest. They called the mother goddess by the name "Sharda Mai", and henceforth she became popular as "Mata Sharda Mai". Alha worshiped for 12 years and got the amaratva with the blessings of Sharda Devi. Behind the temple and downhill is Alha Pond. At a distance of 2 km from this pond is situated an "akhara" (wrestling ring) where Alha and Udal used to practice kushti (wrestling). The people of Maihar believe that Alha is still alive and comes at 4:00 a.m. to worship the Goddess Sharda.[citation needed]

HistoryEdit

Maihar's history can be traced to the Paleolithic Age. The town was formerly the capital of the princely state of Maihar. The state was established in 1778 by Jogis clan, who were granted land by the ruler of the nearby state of Orchha.(Maihar king developed the other state Vijayraghavgarh). The state became a princely state of British India in the early 19th century, and was administered as part of Bundelkhand Agency in the Central India Agency. In 1871 the eastern states of Bundelkhand Agency, including Maihar, were separated to form the new agency of Bagelkhand in Central India. In 1933 Maihar, along with ten other states in western Bagelkhand, were transferred back to the Bundelkhand Agency. The title of the ruler is "Maharaja" and the present ruler is HH Maharaja Shrimant Saheb Akshay Raj Singh Ju deo Bahadur. The state had an area of 407 square miles (1,050 km2), and a population of 63,702 in 1901. The state, which was watered by the Tamsa River, consists mainly of alluvial soil covering sandstone, and is fertile except in the hilly district of the south. A large area was under forest, the produce of which provided a small export trade. The state suffered severely from famine in 1896–1897. Maihar became a station on the East Indian Railway (now the West Central Railway) line between Satna and Jabalpur, 97 miles (156 km) north of Jabalpur. Extensive ruins of shrines and other buildings surround the town.[3]

 
Sharda temple Maihar

Places to visit at MaiharEdit

There are many attractions in Maihar:

Maa Sharda Devi Temple: Maihar is known for the Maa Sharda devi temple (around of 502 A.D.), situated at the top of Trikoota hill which is around 5 km from the railway station. There are 1,063 steps to reach the top of the hill. Along with stairs, there is ropeway for convenience of the pilgrims developed government authorities.

Gola Math Temple: This temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva. This east facing Pancharathi temple is built in Nagara style and has been built during Kalchuri period (10th – 11th century A.D.). It is said that this temple was built in one fortnight only.

Ustad Allauddin Khan Maqbara: Padma Vibhushan ustad Allauddin Khan chose the holy city of Maihar as his home and established the famous Maihar Gharana of music. He took his last breath here and buried as per his wish.

Some other attractions are BadiMai Temple, Oila Temple, Alha Temple, Bada Akhada Temple, Pannikhoh Falls and Caves, Siddha baba temple Mau, Alha lake, ichhapurti temple, ichol art museum.

GeographyEdit

Maihar is located at 24°16′N 80°45′E / 24.27°N 80.75°E / 24.27; 80.75.[4] It has an average elevation of 367 metres (1204 ft).The area receives moderate rainfall mostly in the month of July and August.

DemographicsEdit

As of the 2001 India census,[5] Maihar had a population of 34,347. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Maihar reported an average literacy rate of 64%, with male literacy at 72%, and female literacy at 56%. In Maihar, 15% of the population is under 6 years of age.

EducationEdit

Maihar has many CBSE schools: Maharishi Vidya Mandir at Katni Road, Birla factory's school at Sarlanagar, Gyan vihar vidyapeeth school at satna road near fish market, Simran public higher secondary school Shardapuri colony devi ji road, Santhome higher secondary school at Satna road near Badi Mai temple and Guru nanak mission higher secondary school, Maihar. Gurukul convent academy school udaipur, Maa Sharda Devi Mandir Public School (MSDM) and Miniland Academy are other developing schools. Maihar has more than 35 Hindi and English medium schools. Saraswati higher secondary school near rajya parivahan bus stand and Gandhi higher seconday school are some good options in the Hindi medium education.

 
Ropeway Post at Maihar

TransportEdit

 
Maihar Railway Station, morning of 2 June 2009

Maihar is placed quite well as far as connectivity is concerned. It is connected via both major rail routes and National Highway 7. The Mahakoshal Express provides a daily direct connection from Delhi's Hazrat Nizamuddin station. The Mahakoshal train (Train no. is 12189(Jbp to Delhi) and 12190(Delhi to Jbp))runs between Hazrat Nizamuddin station and Jabalpur station which is situated about 722 kilometres (449 mi) past Maihar. Maihar railway station is situated in between Katni and Satna stations of the West Central Railway. During the Nav Ratra festivals there is a heavy rush of pilgrims. Therefore, during these days all up and down trains stop at Maihar for the convenience of passengers. The nearest airports are Jabalpur and Khajuraho.

Pilgrims can reach the temple either by the stairs or rope-way. Rope-way facility is available for pilgrims and is a safe, convenient, fast and economic way of reaching the remotely located temple.

EconomyEdit

Maihar is developing as an industrial town of the state due to availability of limestone in the area. There is a 3.1 mn tn cement factory near Maihar (Maihar Cement Factory[6]). The factory complex and the township are situated at Sarlanagar about 8 km away from Maihar town on the Maihar-Vijayraghavgarh Road. KJS Cement is also one of the major cement industry at Rewa Road. Reliance opened its first Cement Plant near Maihar in 2014, but due to its financial and industrial issues, M.P. Birla Group took it in 2016. Majority of the population of Maihar is agricultural based and many rely on farming as their primary source of income.

CultureEdit

Maihar has a prominent place in Indian classical music as the birthplace of the Maihar Gharana, a gharana (school or style) of Hindustani music. The greatest doyen of Indian classical music, Ustad Allauddin Khan (died 1972) lived here for a long time and was the court musician of Maihar Maharaja's palace. His students popularised the style in the 20th century and some of his renowned disciples are Pandit Ravi Shankar and Nikhil Banerjee. The first Ustad Allauddin Khan music conference was held by Shri Deep Chand Jain in 1962. Every year, Maihar organizes a 2/3 days Cultural Event in the memory of Ustad Allauddin Khan in month of February.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "About Maihar Temple by Maihartemple.com". Maihar temple. Archived from the original on 13 August 2018.
  2. ^ Maihar Darshan Guide (Ed. Laxmi Prasad Soni), Vidyasagar Book Stall, Satna, p. 5
  3. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Maihar" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 17 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 429.
  4. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Maihar
  5. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  6. ^ Maihar Cement, a BK Birla Group of Companies