Jogi (caste)

The Jogi (also spelled Jugi or Yogi)[1][2] is a Hindu community found in North India. Jogi surname is associated with the ancient migrants of the southern Indian states Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, and Kerala and Gujarat. They are collectively known as Nath, Jogi Nath, Jugi Nath, Nath Jogi, and Rawal and Rawal Dev Jogi in Gujarat state.[1][3][4][5][6]

The word 'Jogi' is derived from the Sanskrit word "yoga", and there is a description of caste and its origin mentioned in Shiva Purana.[7] It is a colloquial term for the word Yogi that refers to the people who practised Yoga as part of their daily rituals. Over time, this led to the formation of this community and subsequent castes.

HistoryEdit

The four varna (castes) are perceived to be located in the nature of the individual, i.e. Brahmana in sadacara (righteous conduct), Ksatriya in saurya (valor and courage), Vaisya in vyavasaya (business), and Sudra in seva (service). A yogin experiences all men and women of all races and castes within himself. Therefore he has no hatred for anybody. He has love for every being.

— Gorakhnath, Siddha Siddhanta Paddhati III.6-8 (Translator: D Shastri)[8]

They are Hindu by religion and have been claimed to have sacred thread on their body. They have been claimed to be descendants of the mendicants of India called Jogi as Sadhus and rishi.[citation needed]

ClassificationEdit

Jogis are classified as Other Backward Classes in most of India's States and UTs, namely Assam, Rajasthan, Delhi, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Madhya Pradesh and Scheduled Caste in the state of Himachal Pradesh.[9]

Officially recognized names Regions with OBC status Designation Notes
Rawal Dev Jogi Gujarat[10]10 12011/68/93-BCC (C ) 10 September 1993
Yogi,

Jogi, Jugi Nath

Assam[1]26 12011/68/93-BCC(C) 10/09/1993
Jogi (Jugi) Bihar[2]44 12011/68/93-BCC(C) 10 September 1993
Jogi, Nath Chandigarh[11]30 12011/99/94-BCC 11 December 1997
Garpagari

Joginath, Nathjogi

Chhattisgarh[4]22 12015/2/2007-BCC 18 August 2010
Nath,

Jogi

Daman and Diu[12]16 12011/9/94-BCC 19 October 1994
Jogi, Delhi[13]25 12011/7/95-BCC 24 May 1995
Nathjogi Goa[14]7 12011/44/96-BCC 6 December 1996
Joginath,

Jogi, Nath, Jangam-Jogi, Yogi

Haryana[15]31 12011/68/93-BCC(C) 10 September 1993

12011/44/99-BCC 21 September 2000 12015/2/2007-BCC 18 August 2010

Jogi (Jugi) Jharkhand[16]43 12015/2/2007-B.C.C. 18 August 2010
Jogi, Brahma Kapali,

Joger, Jogtin, Kapali, Raval, Ravalia Sanjogi, Jogar

Karnataka[17]29 12011/68/93-BCC (C ) 10 September 1993

12015/2/2007-BCC 18 August 2010

Jogi Kerala[18]22 12011/68/93-BCC(C) 10 September 1993
Garpagari,

Joginath, Nathjogi

Madhya Pradesh[19]28 12011/68/93-BCC(C) 10 September 1993

12011/21/1995-BCC 15 May 1995

Jogi Maharashtra[5]47 12011/68/93-BCC(C) 10 September 1993
Bharadi

Balasantoshi, Kinggriwale, Nath Bava, Nath Jogi, Nath Pandhi, Davari Gosavi

Maharashtra[5]190 12011/68/93-BCC(C) 10 September 1993

12011/21/95-BCC 15 May 1995

Jogi, or

Yogi

Orissa[20]53 12011/9/94-BCC 19 October 1994
Jogi Nath Punjab[6]42 12011/68/93-BCC 10 September 1993
Jogi,

Nath

Rajasthan[21]22 12011/9/94-BCC 19 October 1994
Jogi Sikkim[22]10 12011/36/99-BCC 4 April 2000
Jogi (including Jogis) Tamil Nadu[23]51 12011/68/93-BCC (C ) 10 September 1993
Yogi,

Jogi, Nath

Tripura[24]35 12011/9/94-BCC 19 October 1994
Jogi Uttar Pradesh[25]19 12011/68/93-BCC(C) 10 September 1993
Jogi Uttarakhand[26]37 12015/13/2010-B.C.II. 8 December 2011
Jogi West Bengal[27]28 12011/88/98-BCC 6 December 1999

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Central list of OBCs for the state of Assam" (PDF). National Commission for Backward Classes. Retrieved 15 December 2012. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ a b "Central list of OBCs for the state of Bihar" (PDF). National Commission for Backward Classes. Retrieved 15 December 2012. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. ^ People of India Uttar Pradesh Volume XLII Part Two edited by A Hasan & J C Das pages 642 to 646
  4. ^ a b "Central list of OBCs for the state of Chhattisgarh" (PDF). National Commission for Backward Classes. Retrieved 15 December 2012. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  5. ^ a b c "Central list of OBCs for the state of Maharashtra" (PDF). National Commission for Backward Classes. Retrieved 15 December 2012. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  6. ^ a b "Central list of OBCs for the state of Punjab" (PDF). National Commission for Backward Classes. Retrieved 15 December 2012. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  7. ^ Singh, Kumar Suresh; Bhanu, B. V.; India, Anthropological Survey of (2004). Maharashtra. ISBN 9788179911020.
  8. ^ Gerald James Larson, Ram Shankar Bhattacharya & Karl H. Potter 2008, p. 440.
  9. ^ http://himachalservices.nic.in/hpscstdc/CastesEng(sc).htm
  10. ^ "Central list of OBCs for the state of Andhra Pradesh" (PDF). National Commission for Backward Classes. Retrieved 15 December 2012. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  11. ^ "Central list of OBCs for the state of Chandigarh" (PDF). National Commission for Backward Classes. Retrieved 15 December 2012. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  12. ^ "Central list of OBCs for the state of Daman and Diu" (PDF). National Commission for Backward Classes. Retrieved 15 December 2012. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  13. ^ "Central list of OBCs for the state of N.C.T. Of Delhi" (PDF). National Commission for Backward Classes. Retrieved 15 December 2012. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  14. ^ "Central list of OBCs for the state of Goa" (PDF). National Commission for Backward Classes. Retrieved 15 December 2012. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  15. ^ "Central list of OBCs for the state of Haryana" (PDF). National Commission for Backward Classes. Retrieved 15 December 2012. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  16. ^ "Central list of OBCs for the state of Jharkhand" (PDF). National Commission for Backward Classes. Retrieved 15 December 2012. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  17. ^ "Central list of OBCs for the state of Karnataka" (PDF). National Commission for Backward Classes. Retrieved 15 December 2012. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  18. ^ "Central list of OBCs for the state of Kerala" (PDF). National Commission for Backward Classes. Retrieved 15 December 2012. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  19. ^ "Central list of OBCs for the state of Madhya Pradesh" (PDF). National Commission for Backward Classes. Retrieved 15 December 2012. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  20. ^ "Central list of OBCs for the state of Orissa" (PDF). National Commission for Backward Classes. Retrieved 15 December 2012. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  21. ^ "Central list of OBCs for the state of Rajasthan" (PDF). National Commission for Backward Classes. Retrieved 15 December 2012. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  22. ^ "Central list of OBCs for the state of Sikkim" (PDF). National Commission for Backward Classes. Retrieved 15 December 2012. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  23. ^ "Central list of OBCs for the state of Tamilnadu" (PDF). National Commission for Backward Classes. Retrieved 15 December 2012. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  24. ^ "Central list of OBCs for the state of Tripura" (PDF). National Commission for Backward Classes. Retrieved 15 December 2012. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  25. ^ "Central list of OBCs for the state of Uttar Pradesh" (PDF). National Commission for Backward Classes. Retrieved 15 December 2012. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  26. ^ "Central list of OBCs for the state of Uttaranchal" (PDF). National Commission for Backward Classes. Retrieved 15 December 2012. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  27. ^ "Central list of OBCs for the state of West Bengal" (PDF). National Commission for Backward Classes. Retrieved 15 December 2012. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)

See alsoEdit