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Sultan Mahmud Al-Muktafi Billah Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Ismail Nasiruddin Shah Sultan of Terengganu from 21 September 1979 to 14 May 1998.(29 April 1930 – 14 May 1998) was the 17th
|Al-Muktafi Billah (He who God is Content with)|
Sultan of Terengganu
|Sultan of Terengganu|
|Reign||21 September 1979 – 14 May 1998|
|Coronation||21 March 1981|
|Predecessor||Sultan Ismail Nasiruddin Shah|
|Successor||Sultan Mizan Zainal Abidin|
|Born||29 April 1930|
Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu, Unfederated Malay States
|Died||14 May 1998 (aged 68)|
Mount Elizabeth Hospital, Newton, Central Area, Singapore
|Burial||15 May 1998|
Royal Mausoleum, Masjid Al-Muktafi Billah Shah
Tengku Besar Terengganu Fatimah Sharifah Nong Alsagoff binti Abdillah
|Father||Sultan Ismail Nasiruddin Shah|
|Mother||Tengku Tengah Zaharah|
Sultan Mahmud was born on 29 April 1930 in Kuala Terengganu. He was married to Tengku Besar Terengganu Fatimah @ Sharifah Nong Alsagoff binti Abdillah (1939-2023) and Tengku Ampuan Bariah binti Almarhum Sultan Sir Hisamuddin Alam Shah (1933-2011), sister of the late Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah in 1951. He was a brother-in-law to the late Almarhum Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah of Selangor.
Twenty eight years later, his father Sultan Ismail Nasiruddin Shah died in 1979. He was installed as the Sultan of Terengganu in 1981 and Tengku Ampuan Bariah became Tengku Ampuan Besar of Terengganu.
He was a close friend of his advisor Tan Sri Wan Mokhtar Ahmad, the former Menteri Besar (chief minister) of Terengganu from 1974 to 1999. His main goal was to make Terengganu a developed state. Major state projects and developments under his reign including Petronas Petroleum Complex in Kerteh, Sultan Ismail Power Station at Paka, the largest power station in Malaysia, Kenyir Dam, Sultan Mahmud Bridge, the bridge linking Kuala Terengganu to Pulau Duyong and Kuala Nerus, Wisma Darul Iman and the Tengku Tengah Zaharah Mosque (Floating Mosque).
He performed the hajj pilgrimage with his brother-in-law and cousin, Almarhum Sultan Salahuddin of Selangor in 1984.
On 14 May 1998, he died in Mount Elizabeth Hospital, Singapore and was replaced by his son Sultan Mizan Zainal Abidin. His body was laid to rest in the new Royal Mausoleum near Al-Muktafi Billah Shah Mosque in Kuala Terengganu. He was the first sultan of Terengganu to be buried here.
He was awarded:
Honours of Terengganu edit
- Supreme Royal Family Order of Terengganu : Founding Grand Master and Member (DKT, 10 March 1981 - 15 May 1998)
- Family Order of Terengganu : First Class (DK I, 26 June 1964) and Grand Master (21 Sept. 1979 - 15 May 1998)
- Order of Sultan Mahmud I of Terengganu : Founding Grand Master and Member Grand Companion (SSMT, 28 Feb. 1982 - 15 May 1998)
- Order of the Crown of Terengganu : Knight Grand Commander (SPMT, 26 June 1977) and Grand Master (21 Sept. 1979 - 15 May 1998)
Honours of Malaysia edit
- Malaysia :
- Johor :
- First Class of the Royal Family Order of Johor (DK I) (8 April 1986)
- Kedah :
- Member of the Royal Family Order of Kedah (DK)
- Kelantan :
- Member of the Royal Family Order of Kelantan (DK)
- Negeri Sembilan :
- Member of the Royal Family Order of Negeri Sembilan (DKNS)
- Pahang :
- Perak :
- Perlis :
- Recipient of Perlis Family Order of the Gallant Prince Syed Putra Jamalullail (DK)
- Selangor :
- Sarawak :
Foreign Honours edit
Several projects and institutions were named after the Sultan, including:
Educational institutions edit
Buildings, Bridges and Roads edit
- Sultan Mahmud Al-Muktafi Billah Shah Mosque at Bandar Al-Muktafi Billah Shah
- Al-Muktafi Billah Shah Mosque at Kuala Terengganu
- Sultan Mahmud Bridge at Jalan Tengku Mizan on Federal Route 65 at Kuala Terengganu
- Jalan Sultan Mahmud on Federal Route 174 at Kuala Terengganu
- Sultan Mahmud Airport at Seberang Takir, Kuala Terengganu
- Sultan Mahmud Power Station, Kenyir Dam
- "Senarai Penuh Penerima Darjah Kebesaran, Bintang dan Pingat Persekutuan Tahun 1981" (PDF).
- Trengganu Ruler tops awards list. 24 October 1981. p. 4.
- "DK II 1978". awards.selangor.gov.my.