Lust, Caution

Lust, Caution (Chinese: 色,戒; pinyin: Sè, Jiè; Jyutping: Sik1Gaai3) is a 2007 erotic period espionage romantic mystery film[4] directed by Ang Lee, based on the 1979 novella by Eileen Chang. Lust, Caution is set in Hong Kong in 1938 and in Shanghai in 1942, when the city was occupied by the Imperial Japanese Army and ruled by the puppet government led by Wang Jingwei. The film depicts a group of Chinese university students from The University of Hong Kong who plot to assassinate a high-ranking special agent and recruiter working for the puppet government by luring him into a honey trap. The film is generally accepted to be based on the historical event of Chinese spy Zheng Pingru's failed attempt to assassinate the Japanese collaborator Ding Mocun.[5]

Lust, Caution
Lust caution.jpg
Theatrical release poster
色,戒 (Sè, Jiè)
Directed byAng Lee
Screenplay by
Based onLust, Caution
by Eileen Chang
Produced by
CinematographyRodrigo Prieto
Edited byTim Squyres
Music byAlexandre Desplat
Distributed by
Release dates
  • August 30, 2007 (2007-08-30) (Venice)
  • September 24, 2007 (2007-09-24) (Taiwan)
  • September 26, 2007 (2007-09-26) (Hong Kong)
  • September 28, 2007 (2007-09-28) (USA)
  • November 1, 2007 (2007-11-01) (China)
Running time
158 minutes[3]
  • United States
  • China
  • Taiwan[1]
Budget$15 million[2]
Box office$67.1 million[2]

With this film, Lee won the Golden Lion Award at the Venice Film Festival for the second time, the first being with Brokeback Mountain.[6] The film adaptation and the story are loosely based on events that took place during the Japanese occupation of Shanghai. The film's sex scenes resulted in the film being rated NC-17 in the United States.[7] The film grossed $67 million worldwide over $16 million budget, making it the highest grossing NC-17 rated film of all time.[8][9]

Meaning of the titleEdit

The title of the work, Lust, Caution, has a double meaning in Chinese. The character for "lust" (色, ) can be read as "colour", while "caution" (戒, jiè) can be read as "ring", therefore the title can also read as "colored ring", an object that plays a pivotal role in the story. The two alternate readings of the title are interwoven into a cautionary tale of lust and love through the symbolic use of the ring.[10]


Hong Kong 1938

During the Second Sino-Japanese War, a shy, inexperienced university student, Wong Chia Chi, travels from Shanghai to Hong Kong and attends her first year at Lingnan University. Male student Kuang Yumin invites her to join his patriotic drama club and she soon becomes a lead actress, inspiring both her audience and her colleagues. Inspired by the club's patriotic plays, Kuang persuades the group to make a more concrete contribution to the war against Japan. He devises a plan to assassinate Mr. Yee, a special agent and recruiter of the puppet government of Wang Jingwei set up by the Japanese occupation in China. The beautiful Chia Chi is chosen to take on the undercover role of "Mrs. Mai", the elegant wife of a trading company owner. She inserts herself into the social circle of Mrs. Yee.

Chia Chi catches the eye of Mr. Yee and tries to lure him to a location where he can be assassinated. Chia Chi is still a virgin, and she reluctantly consents to having sex with another student involved in the plot in order to practice her role as a married woman. Kuang, who has feelings for Chia Chi, is upset by this but agrees to the arrangement. Attracted to Chia Chi, Yee nearly falls for the trap but withdraws at the last minute. Soon after, Mr. and Mrs. Yee move back to Shanghai, leaving the students with no further chance to complete their mission. While they are preparing to disband, an armed subordinate of Yee turns up unannounced and tells them that he is aware of their plans. After a violent struggle, the university students kill the subordinate and then go into hiding.

Shanghai 1942

Chinese spy Zheng Pingru, generally believed to have been the inspiration for the story

Three years later, in Japanese-occupied Shanghai, Chia Chi again encounters Kuang, who is now an undercover agent of the Kuomintang (KMT) secret service the Juntong, which is seeking to overthrow the Japanese occupation forces and the puppet government. Kuang enlists her into a renewed assassination plan to kill Yee. By this time, Yee has become the head of the secret police department under the puppet government and is responsible for torturing and executing Chinese resistance members working for the KMT. Chia Chi's advances to become Yee's mistress are reciprocated. During their first sexual encounter, Yee violently rapes Chia Chi.[11][12] Over the next few weeks, their sexual relationship becomes more consensual and affectionate, stirring conflicting emotions within in Chia Chi's mind,[13] who is still involved in the assassination plot.

When Chia Chi reports to her KMT superior officer, she exhorts him to carry out the assassination soon so that she will not have to continue her sexual liaisons with Yee, but she is told that the assassination needs to be delayed for strategic reasons. Chia Chi describes the emotional conflict she finds herself embroiled in, sentimentally bound to a man whom she is plotting to assassinate. When Yee sends Chia Chi to a jewelry store with a sealed envelope, she discovers that he has arranged for a large and extremely rare six-carat pink diamond for her, to be mounted in a ring. This provides the Chinese resistance with a chance to get at Yee when he is not accompanied by his bodyguards.

Soon after, Chia Chi invites Yee to accompany her to collect the diamond ring. While entering the jewelry shop, she notices that all her friends involved in the assassination plot are undercover outside. When she puts on the ring, she is overcome by emotion and quietly urges him to leave. Understanding her meaning, Yee immediately flees the shop and escapes the assassination attempt. By the end of the day, most members of the resistance group are captured. Yee's deputy was aware of the resistance cell, but did not inform Yee because he hoped to use the opportunity to catch their leader. Emotionally turmoiled, Yee signs the resistance members' death warrants. They, Chia Chi, are led out to a quarry to be executed. As the resistance members group are forced to their knees at gunpoint, a sad Kuang gazes at her. Meanwhile, Yee sits on Chia Chi's empty bed in the family guest room while his wife asks him what is going on, since his secretary and two men had taken Chia Chi's belongings and some papers from his office. Yee tells her to keep quiet and to continue playing downstairs, to avoid letting anyone know of his affection for Chia Chi.


Wong Chia Chi is portrayed by Tang Wei.
Mr. Yee is portrayed by Tony Leung Chiu-wai.


The actors who played university classmates, spent six months of preproduction in Hong Kong just to get into character and understand the period before filming. During this period the group of actors, including Tang Wei and Wang Leehom became very close friends. Both Tang Wei and Tony Leung Chiu-wai were asked whether the sex scenes in the movie were unsimulated. Tang Wei responded, "In the movie, we are just doing what we should do to have a baby." As for Tony Leung, he responded, "When the bodies collide with each other, it is indeed like a fake show!"[14][15]


The music for Lust, Caution created by French composer Alexandre Michel Gérard Desplat. The soundtrack, which was released by Decca Records, contains 24 songs running at approximately 60 minutes in length.[16]


1 Lust, Caution
2 Dinner Waltz
3 Falling Rain
4 Brahms Intermezzo in A Maj Op 118 No 2
5 Streets of Shanghai
6 Playacting
7 Tsim Sha Tsui Stroll
8 Exodus
9 Moonlight Drive
10 Shanghai 1942
11 The End Of Innocence
12 Sacrifice
13 Remember Everything
14 Check Point
15 The Secret
16 Nanjing Road
17 On The Street
18 The Angel
19 The South Quarry
20 An Empty Bed
21 Dinner Waltz (Traffic Quintet)
22 Wong Chai Chi's Theme
23 Seduction
24 Desire


Lust, Caution premiered at the Venice Film Festival, where it won the Golden Lion, the second such award for Ang Lee. It was released in U.S. theaters on September 28, 2007, where it was rated NC-17 by the Motion Picture Association of America due to some explicit sex scenes. Lee stated that he would make no changes to attempt to get an R rating.[17] After the movie's premiere, director Ang Lee was displeased that Chinese news media (including those from Taiwan) had greatly emphasized the sex scenes in the movie.[18] The version released in the People's Republic of China was cut by about seven minutes (by the director himself) to make it suitable for younger audiences, since China has no rating system.[19] Scenes of violence were also removed from the Mainland version, and the total minutes of the cuts was around 30.[20] The version released in Malaysia was approved by the Film Censorship Board of Malaysia without alterations and was rated 18SX—those under 18 are barred from the cinema. The uncut version was released on DVD in 2008, as well as R-rated version since certain rental outlets and stores like Blockbuster video did not carry NC-17 titles.


Ang Lee, director and producer
Eileen Chang, author of the original novel

Won: 2007 Golden Lion International Venice Film Festival Award

44th Golden Horse Awards[21]

27th Hong Kong Film Awards

  • Won: Best Asian Film (Ang Lee)

44th Guldbagge Awards

65th Golden Globe Awards

  • Nominated: Best Foreign Film

61st British Academy Film Awards

  • Nominated: Best Costume Design (Pan Lai)
  • Nominated: Best Foreign Film (Ang Lee, James Schamus, William Kong)
  • Nominated: Rising Star Award (Tang Wei)

2nd Asian Film Awards

  • Won: Best Actor (Tony Leung Chiu-wai)
  • Nominated: Best Film
  • Nominated: Best Actress (Tang Wei)
  • Nominated: Best Composer (Alexandre Desplat)
  • Nominated: Best Director (Ang Lee)
  • Nominated: Best Screenwriter (Wang Hui-Ling and James Schamus)

BAFTA Awards

  • Best Film in a Foreign Language, 2008.

Freedom of Expression Award

  • Ang Lee was given this award at the ShoWest convention for his decision to release the film in the United States uncut, rather than editing the film to avoid the MPAA's NC-17 rating.[22]



In a number of countries, notably the People's Republic of China and India, the sex scenes had to be cut before the film could be released. In Singapore, the film's producers initially decided to release a cut version with an NC-16 rating, but a public outcry stating that the producers of the film were underestimating censorship standards in the country (the film was released uncut in Hong Kong and Taiwan) prompted them to eventually release the uncut version with an R-21 rating. The film is rated R18 and was released uncut in New Zealand.[23]

The following scenes were cut from the mainland China version:

  • Wong Chia Chi walking past dead refugees in the street
  • Stabbing scene cut to only one knife stab
  • Two of the sex scenes featuring the student, and three featuring Mr. Yee
  • A nude shot of Wong Chia Chi at window
  • Wong Chia Chi in bed after first sex scene with Mr. Yee
  • Dialogue modified in diamond ring scene so that Wong Chia Chi did not betray the resistance by warning Mr. Yee.[24]

In a further example of censorship affecting the Mainland China release of Lust, Caution, the line in which Chia Chi whispers "Go, go quickly" to the Japanese collaborator that she has fallen in love with in order to save him from capture and death; in the edited version, Ang Lee changes this to "Let's go" in order to redeem the lead protagonist's sabotage of the assassination attempt of Mr. Yee[25] by implicating them both in the escape rather than Chia Chi sacrificing herself and her classmates alone. This form of censorship was done in order to avoid criticism for glorifying a traitor such as Mr. Yee during a time of Japanese occupation in World War II.[25][26] Chia Chi's betrayal of her classmates and China as a nation in order to save a traitor was received by some Mainland Chinese audiences with distaste, with some media websites referring to the film as an insult to China.[26]

The film's end credits ends with a 18 U.S.C § 2257 notice.[27]

Sexual violenceEdit

The film's sexuality brought critique from The Women Film Critics Circle (WFCC), who decried Ang Lee's adaptation as a "Hall of Shame" film that glorifies the torturous Stockholm syndrome-like relationship between Wong Chia Chi's "Mrs. Mai" and her colluding lover/target Mr. Yee.[28]

The sexual violence that Chia Chi experiences from the men in Ang Lee's film adaptation of Lust, Caution is not explicitly described or outlined in the original novella written by Eileen Chang, rather the unspoken violence that is experienced is a representation of the everyday and intrusive violence felt by those living under colonial occupation.[29]


Tang Wei was ostracized from the Mainland Chinese movie industry and did not work for three years because the State Administration of Radio Film and Television (SARFT) disapproved of her sexual acts in the film.[30] All print ads and video content using Tang's image were removed and her endorsements were discontinued.[31] She was set to star in Tian Zhuangzhuang's big-budget period film The Warrior and the Wolf (2009), but was replaced by Maggie Q.[32] Director Ang Lee released a statement saying that he is "very regretful" over Tang's blacklisting and that he "will do everything I can to support her in this difficult time".[33] Co-star Tony Leung stated that "our work is only to express our roles and I don't think that an actor should be blacklisted because of this" and that "the whole crew should have a responsibility. We are a team and not an individual, and I'm a part of this team".[34] In February 2009, during her absence from the movie industry, Tang was reported to have briefly attended drama classes at the University of Reading in the United Kingdom.[35]

Country of productionEdit

The film was co-produced by American companies Focus Features and River Road Productions, Chinese companies Shanghai Film Group Corporation and Haishang Films, and the Taiwanese Hai Sheng Film Production Company. The film was directed by Ang Lee, a Taiwanese citizen, and the actors/actresses are from mainland China, Hong Kong, Taiwan, and the United States. It was shot in Shanghai, the neighboring province of Zhejiang, Hong Kong (at Hong Kong University), and some locations in Penang and Ipoh in Malaysia used as 1930s/1940s Hong Kong.

Initially, the film's country was identified as "China-USA" by the organizers of the Venice Film Festival. However, the Venice Film Festival changed the film to "USA-China-Taiwan, China" on its official schedule shortly thereafter.[36] When the film premiered at the event, Taiwan's Mainland Affairs Council protested the Venice event's use of "Taiwan, China" to identify films from the island and blamed the People's Republic of China for the move.[37][38]

After the film's premiere, Taiwan submitted the film as its Best Foreign Film Oscar entry. However, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences asked Taiwan to withdraw the film because key members of the film crew were not locals. Academy spokeswoman Teni Melidonian said in an e-mail organizers refused to accept the film because "an insufficient number of Taiwanese participated in the production of the film," violating a rule that requires foreign countries to certify their locals "exercised artistic control" over their submission.


On September 13, 2007, an elderly lady, Zheng Tianru, staged a press conference in Los Angeles, claiming that the movie was about real-life events that happened in World War II, and wrongfully portrayed her older sister, Zheng Pingru, as a promiscuous secret agent who seduced and eventually fell in love with the assassination target Ding Mocun, alleging the characters were renamed to Wong Chia Chi and Mr. Yee in the film.[39] Taiwan's investigation bureau confirmed that Zheng Pingru failed to kill Ding Mocun because her gun jammed, rather than developing a romantic relationship with the assassin's target.[40] Ang Lee maintains that Eileen Chang wrote the original short story as fiction.[40]

Critical receptionEdit

On the review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes, the film has an approval rating of 72% based on 148 reviews, with an average rating of 6.60/10. The site's consensus reads: "Ang Lee's Lust, Caution is a tense, sensual and beautifully-shot espionage film".[41] On Metacritic, the film had a weighted average score of 61 out of 100, based on 35 reviews.[42]

The Chinese press gave the film generally positive reviews. In analyzing how successful Lee's film was as an adaptation of Eileen Chang's short story, literary critic Leo Ou-fan Lee wrote in Muse Magazine that he 'found [his] loyalties divided between Eileen Chang and Ang Lee. But after three viewings of the film, I have finally opted for Lee because deep down I believe in film magic which can sometimes displace textual fidelity.'[43] In an earlier issue of Muse however, film critic Perry Lam had criticized Lee's direction: 'in his eagerness to make the movie appealing to a mass audience, Lee seems guilty of sentimentalism.'[44] Sentimental or not, there is certainly a palpable trace of Lee's sympathy for Chang's personal love life, "It was hard for me to live in Eileen Chang's world...There are days I hated her for it. It's so sad, so tragic. But you realize there's a shortage of love in her life: romantic love, family love." He added, "This is the story of what killed love for her."[45]

Audiences across Taiwan received the premiere of Lust, Caution with excitement stemming from pride over the fact that Ang Lee hails from Taiwan and the fact that the film received many international awards.[46] The mainstream media in Taiwan built up an enormous amount of anticipation and fever for the world premiere of Lust, Caution with a continuous gossip channel focused on the explicit and controversial portrayal of sexuality[46] which seemed to indicate to the positive, or at least curious reception of the film.

Jack Mathews of the New York Daily News named it the 5th best film of 2007.[47] Kenneth Turan of the Los Angeles Times named it the 6th best film of 2007.[47]

British actor Hugh Grant is on record as being fan of the film.[48]


It has been noted by critics (including Bryan Appleyard[49]) that the Hong Kong sequences in the film set in the late 1930s[50] include "London taxis" of two types (FX3, FX4) that were only manufactured onwards from 1948 and 1958 respectively.[51]

The film features Japanese orthography that wasn't used before 1946 in a classroom scene.

Tony Leung’s wrist watch is not period-accurate for the 1930s. The size is much larger than a men’s rectangular-shaped watch from this period.


Sexuality and powerEdit

In the movie, Chia Chi's virginity is used as a symbol of both her status as an innocent woman and a barrier to the role she must play in order to prove her patriotism. Chia Chi's virginity is ultimately given as a sacrifice but consequently, her sexuality that has been awakened is used as a weapon against Mr. Yee in order to ensnare him into a relationship.[52][53]

The portrayal of female sexuality and desire in the film emphasizes the shame and awkwardness of Chia Chi's sexuality versus the role she must play as "Mrs. Mai", which serves the nation rather than her needs as a woman.[54] Sex and sexuality are used as tangible tools in proving patriotism in this film, and in each instance of Chia Chi's bodily sacrifice, she is representing the recognizable symbol of violation experienced by China as a nation while under Japanese occupation.[55]

Through each of the sex scenes, a tangible but subtle difference can be seen in Wong Chia Chi's character as she becomes more comfortable with her sexual desires; a gradual acceptance of pleasure along with a growing role of dominance in hers and Mr. Yee's relationship as compared to the submissive and easily manipulated role she fills in the group of comrades that she is plotting against the Japanese and their collaborators with.[55]

Eileen Chang's original work from which Ang is drawing from does not contain the sex scenes of the film, yet with their addition a change can be seen in the levels of participation and assertiveness from Wong Chia Chi and her own agency in them: the first sex scene focuses on the forced and unpleasant intercourse between the couple; stronger levels of consent and enjoyment from Chia Chi is found in the second sex scene; finally, Wong Chia Chi has recognized her full agency in the third sex scene and is acting with assertion by taking control of her own desires and pleasure with Mr. Yee.[55]

Box officeEdit

Lust, Caution was produced on a budget of approximately $15 million.[56]

In Hong Kong, where the film was screened uncut, Lust, Caution grossed US$6,249,342 (approximately $48 million HKD) despite being saddled with a restrictive Category III rating. It was the territory's highest-grossing Chinese language film of the year, and third highest overall (behind Spider-Man 3 and Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix).[57]

The film was also a box office success in Mainland China despite the cuts made to allow screening. There, the film grossed US$17,109,185, making it the Mainland's fifth highest-grossing film of 2007 and third highest-grossing domestic production.[58]

In North America, the film received NC-17 rating, which severely limited the number of cinemas willing to screen it. In its opening weekend in one U.S. theater, the grossed $63,918.[56] Expanding to seventeen venues the next week, its per-screen average was $21,341, before cooling down to $4,639 at 125 screens.[59] Never playing at more than 143 cinemas for the duration of its entire U.S. run, the film ultimately grossed $4,604,982.[59] As of August 15, 2008, the film was the fifth highest-grossing NC-17 production in North America.[60] Focus Features was very satisfied with the United States release of this film.[61]

Worldwide, Lust, Caution grossed $67,091,915.[56]

Popularity and home mediaEdit

In 2007, two DVD versions of Lust, Caution were released: the original NC-17 version and the censored R-rated version.[62] On March 30, 2021, Kino Lorber released the NC-17 version of the film on Blu-ray.[63]

The film has generated more than $24 million from its DVD sales and rentals in the United States,[64][65] an impressive result for a film that only grossed $4.6 million in limited theatrical release in the United States.[56]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "LUMIERE : Film: Se, jie". Lumiere. European Audiovisual Observatory.
  2. ^ a b c d Lust, Caution at Box Office Mojo
  3. ^ a b "LUST, CAUTION (18)". British Board of Film Classification. October 11, 2007. Retrieved December 2, 2012.
  4. ^ Lust, Caution (2007) - Ang Lee | Synopsis, Characteristics, Moods, Themes and Related | AllMovie, retrieved April 20, 2020
  5. ^ Peng, Hsiao-yen; Dilley, Whitney Crothers (2014). From Eileen Chang to Ang Lee: Lust/Caution. Taylor & Francis. p. 58. ISBN 978-1-317-91102-9.
  6. ^ The awards of the Venice Film Festival on the Festival's site
  7. ^ The bed scenes are real! "Lust and Caution" wins the championship of the 21st century's top 20 films! Ang Lee "uses the deepest love" and dares not remember (in Chinese) Archived 7 August 2022 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ "All Time Worldwide Box Office for NC-17 Movies". The Numbers. Retrieved December 4, 2021.
  9. ^ Adkins, Frankie (May 2, 2021). "The 30 highest grossing NC-17 rated movies of all time". Newsweek. Retrieved December 4, 2021.
  10. ^ Peng Hsiao-yen; Whitney Crothers Dilley, eds. (January 10, 2014). From Eileen Chang to Ang Lee: Lust/Caution. Routledge. pp. 38–39. ISBN 9781317911036.
  11. ^ Romney, Jonathan (January 6, 2008). "Lust, Caution (18)". The Independent. Retrieved April 20, 2020.
  12. ^ Gallagher, Mark (January 19, 2018). Tony Leung Chiu-Wai. Bloomsbury Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84457-783-5.
  13. ^ Wood, Michael (January 24, 2008). "Michael Wood · At the Movies: 'Lust, Caution' · LRB 24 January 2008". London Review of Books. 30 (2). Retrieved April 20, 2020.
  14. ^ "Does Tony Leung actually make a fake show in "Lust Caution"? Tang Wei loose mouth gives an amazing answer!". Retrieved February 5, 2022.
  15. ^ "不敢回忆《色戒》 李安:床戏都来真的!" [Don't dare to recall "Lust, Caution" Ang Lee: The sex scenes are all real!]. (in Chinese (Malaysia)). November 6, 2021. Retrieved January 17, 2023.
  16. ^ Southall, James (2007). "Lust, Caution: Another fine dramatic portrait from Desplat". Movie Wave.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
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  22. ^ Bowles, Scott. "'Lust, Caution': Not just a movie title in NC-17 debate", USA Today, March 13, 2008
  23. ^ "Lust, Caution".
  24. ^ Lee admits 'political edit' of film
  25. ^ a b Hsiao-hung, Chang (2014). Transnational Affect: Cold Anger, Hot Tears, and Lust/Caution. New York: Routledge. pp. 182–185. ISBN 978-1315849829.
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  27. ^ The notice reads: "18 U.S.C § 2257 records custodian – Joyce Hsieh, custodian of records, Mr. Yee Productions LLC, C/O Schreck Rose Dapello Adams & Hurwitz LLP, 1790 Broadway, New York, NY 10019. Date of publication: September 28, 2007.

    The performers in this motion picture who are depicted engaging in sexually explicit conduct, and the characters that they portray therein, were all over 18 years of age at the time of photography. The content is inappropriate for minors and appropriate care should be taken to ensure that it is not viewed by anyone under 18 years of age. The records required by 18 U.S.C § 2257 and associated regulations with respect to the motion picture on which this notice appears are kept by the custodian of the records at the office of the manufacturer above."

  28. ^ Wang, Xiaoping (2010). "Making a Historical Fable: the narrative strategy of Lust, Caution anf its social repercussions". Journal of Contemporary China. 19 (65): 573–590. doi:10.1080/10670561003666178. S2CID 143582106 – via Taylor & Francis Online.
  29. ^ Thompson, Zoe (2016). "Beyond Symbolic Rape: The Insidious Trauma of Conquest in Marguerite Duras's The Lover and Eileen Chang's "Lust, Caution"". Feminist Formations. 28 (3): 1–26. doi:10.1353/ff.2016.0041. S2CID 151579978 – via Muse.
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  32. ^ "Maggie Q to star in 'Wolf'" Variety. 25 September 2008.
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  40. ^ a b "湯唯情欲戲被指褻瀆烈士 <色戒>遭原型家人聲討" (in Chinese). Archived from the original on June 12, 2008. Retrieved August 16, 2008.
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  44. ^ Lam, Perry (October 2007). "Great expectations". Muse Magazine (9): 103.
  45. ^ Lim, Dennis (August 26, 2007). "Love as an Illusion: Beautiful to See, Impossible to Hold". The New York Times.
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  49. ^ Appleyard, Bryan (January 21, 2008). "A Protocol Problem and the Lust Caution Taxi". Thought Experiments: The Blog. Archived from the original on December 9, 2008. Retrieved August 16, 2008.
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  51. ^ "The FX series". LTI Vehicles. 2006. Archived from the original on June 24, 2008. Retrieved August 16, 2008.
  52. ^ Wang, Xiaoping (April 28, 2010). "Making a Historical Fable: the narrative strategy ofLust, Cautionand its social repercussions". Journal of Contemporary China. 19 (65): 573–590. doi:10.1080/10670561003666178. ISSN 1067-0564. S2CID 143582106.
  53. ^ Hao (2021). "Lust, Caution, and Enlightenment: A Reexamination of Su Wukong's Sexuality in <em>Xiyou ji</em>". Journal of the American Oriental Society. 141 (4): 911. doi:10.7817/jameroriesoci.141.4.0911. ISSN 0003-0279. S2CID 245561403.
  54. ^ Leihua Weng (2017). "Time, History, and Nation in Ang Lee's Lust, Caution". Symplokē. 25 (1–2): 331. doi:10.5250/symploke.25.1-2.0331. ISSN 1069-0697. S2CID 148839936.
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External linksEdit

Preceded by Golden Horse Awards for Best Film
Succeeded by
Preceded by Hong Kong Film Awards for Best Asian Film
Succeeded by