European Audiovisual Observatory
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The European Audiovisual Observatory was set up by the Council of Europe as a Partial Agreement. Its legal basis is Resolution (92) 70 of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe, 15 December 1992. The idea for the Observatory originated at the European Audiovisual Assizes in 1989, and was actively pursued by Audiovisual Eureka during the years 1989 to 1992.
|42 active members (41 countries plus the European Union represented by the European Commission|
The observatory provides statistical and analytical information on the fields of: film, television, video/DVD, new audiovisual media services and public policy on film and television.
This information is available in the form of: Market reports, statistics and financial analyses as well as legal reports and news up-dates. The information is distributed by the Observatory in the form of products and services, some available for purchase, many free of charge: Print publications, information on-line, databases and directories, and contributions to conferences and workshops.
The Observatory collects, processes and distributes information on the audiovisual sector in its member states as well as on the work of international organisations. Occasionally it also follows developments in other territories.
The information provided by the European Audiovisual Observatory is aimed at professionals working within the audiovisual sector: producers, distributors, exhibitors, broadcasters and other media service providers, international organisations in this field, decision-makers within the various public bodies responsible for the media, national and European legislators, journalists, researchers, lawyers, investors and consultants.
Statute and ResourcesEdit
The European Audiovisual Observatory is based in Strasbourg, France. The budget of the European Audiovisual Observatory is mainly funded by direct contributions from its member states and the European Union, represented by the European Commission, and partly through revenues from the sale of its products and services.
The Executive Director, Susanne Nikoltchev, heads a multi-cultural team from several different European countries. Structurally, the Observatory is divided into two departments: The Department for Information on Markets and Financing headed by Gilles Fontaine, the Department for Legal Information headed by Dr. Maja Cappello.
These two departments are responsible for the collection, processing and editing of all the Observatory's information which is distributed in the form of products and services. The Observatory also hosts the secretariat of the European Platform of Regulatory Authorities (EPRA) thus allowing cooperation between the two bodies in the field of information collection. The official languages of the European Audiovisual Observatory are English, French and German.
The European Audiovisual Observatory has built up and manages a unique European information network from which it collects its information. This network is made up of:
- Partner organisations and institutions
- Professional information suppliers
- Selected correspondents
The European Audiovisual Observatory has 41 member states. The European Union, represented by the European Commission, is also a member. The members of the Observatory are represented on its Executive Council, which meets twice a year in order to adopt the Observatory's action plan and approve its budget. The representatives within the Executive Council usually come from those ministries and national institutions which deal with cultural or audiovisual policy.
- Members of the European Audiovisual Observatory;
- Bosnia and Herzegovina
- Czech Republic
- United Kingdom
- Morocco (from 2013)
- European Union
The Observatory's Advisory Committee is composed of representatives from the main European professional organisations as well as from the Observatory's partner organisations. It meets regularly in order to advise the Observatory on the information needs of the professionals of the audiovisual sector.
Information on Markets and FinancingEdit
- The Yearbook- Film, Television and video in Europe
- FOCUS - World Film Market Trends
- Public Funding for Film and Audiovisual Works in Europe - A Comparative Approach
- Film Distribution Companies in Europe
- Television in the Russian Federation
- Video on demand in Europe
- LUMIERE - Free-access database on admissions to films released in Europe 
- KORDA - Free-access database on public funding for the film and audiovisual sector in Europe 
- MAVISE - Database on TV and on-demand audiovisual services and companies in Europe EU-27 and candidate countries (financed by the DG Communication of the European Commission)- Operational from the end of 2007.
- Iris Legal Observations - Monthly Newsletter
- Iris plus - Supplement to Iris which offers a thematic comparison of national legal systems in Europe as well as overviews of the European legal context 
- Iris Special reports on specific legal themes within the audiovisual field  such as Political Debate and the Role of the Media
- IRIS MERLIN - free access database on the legal audiovisual matters in Europe 
MAVISE is a free online database on audiovisual services and companies in Europe. It is developed by the European Audiovisual Observatory of the Council of Europe and cover 41 member states, and Morocco.
MAVISE is a useful source to analyse key aspects of the audiovisual industries in Europe, such as the level of media concentration, as well as trends in the offer/demand of audiovisual services at regional, national and European level.
It provides easy access to information on: national TV markets (42); television channels (over 12000 pan-European, national and regional channels); on-demand audiovisual services (over 1400); and audiovisual companies (over 9800 broadcasters, packagers, transmitters).
Full update of MAVISE is performed yearly every Autumn. However, major market developments are continuously updated to ensure timely and accurate information.
Sources of informationEdit
While different sources of information are used by MAVISE team to make the data collection as comprehensive as possible, some limits are to be mentioned regarding the census of audiovisual services, for instance:
- rules for the registration/notification of on-demand services strongly differ between countries, making it often difficult to identify country of licence/registration;
- market data which are needed to identify relevant on-demand services are often lacking.
- [ http://www.obs.coe.int/shop/irisspecial]
- Media ownership towards pan-European groups?
- Media ownership towards pan european groups? La revue européenne des médias et du numérique
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