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List of state and territorial capitols in the United States

This is a list of state and territorial capitols in the United States, the building or complex of buildings from which the government of each U.S. state and District of Columbia along with organized territory, exercises its authority. While most states (39 of the 50) use the term "capitol" for their state's seat of government, Indiana and Ohio use the term "Statehouse" and eight states use "State House": Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, Rhode Island, South Carolina, and Vermont. Delaware has a "Legislative Hall". The State of Alabama has a State Capitol, but the Legislature has, since 1985, met in the State House.

A capitol typically contains the meeting place for its state's legislature and offices for the state's governor, though this is not true for every state. The legislatures of Alabama, Nevada, and North Carolina meet in other nearby buildings, but their governor's offices remain in the capitol. The Arizona State Capitol is now strictly a museum and both the legislature and the governor's office are in nearby buildings. Only Arizona does not have its governor's office in the state capitol, though in Delaware, Ohio, Michigan, Vermont, and Virginia,[1] the office there is for ceremonial use only.

In nine states, the state's highest court also routinely meets in the capitol: Indiana, Kentucky, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma (both civil and criminal courts), Pennsylvania (one of three sites), South Dakota, West Virginia, and Wisconsin. The other 40 states have separate buildings for their supreme courts, though in Michigan, Minnesota, and Utah the high court also has ceremonial meetings at the capitol.[clarification needed]

Eleven of the fifty state capitols do not feature a dome: Alaska, Florida, Hawaii, Louisiana, New Mexico, New York, North Dakota, Ohio, Oregon, Tennessee, and Virginia.[2]

Forty-four capitols are listed on the National Register of Historic Places, marked with NRHP. Nineteen of those are further designated as National Historic Landmarks, marked with NHL

Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap 
Download coordinates as: KML · GPX

Contents

Table of State CapitolsEdit

Picture Capitol name Location Years of current capitol construction Height (feet) Notes
 

 

Alabama State Capitol

Alabama State House

Montgomery
32°22′38.81″N 86°18′3.39″W / 32.3774472°N 86.3009417°W / 32.3774472; -86.3009417 (Alabama State Capitol)

32°22′37.294″N 86°17′57.991″W / 32.37702611°N 86.29944194°W / 32.37702611; -86.29944194 (Alabama State House)

1850–1851
1885 (East wing)
1903–1906 (South wing)
1911–1912 (North wing)

1960 (State House; the Legislature moved into the building in 1985)

119 [3] NHL

Original meeting site for the Provisional Confederate Congress (1861) NRHP

The State Capitol is only used for ceremonial meetings; actual government meetings are held in the State House

  Alaska State Capitol Juneau
58°18′7.91″N 134°24′37.68″W / 58.3021972°N 134.4104667°W / 58.3021972; -134.4104667 (Alaska State Capitol)
1929–1931 118 [4]
 

 

 

 

Arizona State Capitol

Arizona House of Representatives

Arizona Senate

Arizona Executive tower

Phoenix
33°26′53.15″N 112°5′49.54″W / 33.4480972°N 112.0970944°W / 33.4480972; -112.0970944 (Arizona State Capitol)
1899–1900 (State Capitol)

1960 (House of Representatives and Senate buildings)

1974 (Executive tower)

92 [5] NRHP

The State Capitol Building no longer hosts government meetings; The office of the Governor is located in the Executive tower

  Arkansas State Capitol Little Rock
34°44′48.33″N 92°17′19.54″W / 34.7467583°N 92.2887611°W / 34.7467583; -92.2887611 (Arkansas State Capitol)
1899–1915 230 [6] NRHP
  California State Capitol Sacramento
38°34′35.66″N 121°29′36.28″W / 38.5765722°N 121.4934111°W / 38.5765722; -121.4934111 (California State Capitol)
1860–1874 247 [7] NRHP
  Colorado State Capitol Denver
39°44′20.74″N 104°59′5.63″W / 39.7390944°N 104.9848972°W / 39.7390944; -104.9848972 (Colorado State Capitol)
1886–1907 272 [8] NRHP
Exactly one mile above sea level
  Connecticut State Capitol Hartford
41°45′50.89″N 72°40′58″W / 41.7641361°N 72.68278°W / 41.7641361; -72.68278 (Connecticut State Capitol)
1872–1879 257 [9] NHL

NRHP

  Delaware Legislative Hall Dover
39°9′26.3″N 75°31′11″W / 39.157306°N 75.51972°W / 39.157306; -75.51972 (Delaware State Capitol)
1933
1965-1970 (north and south wings)
1994 (expansion of east wings)
70 (est.) [10] The Old Statehouse, used from 1792 to 1932, is listed on the NRHP.
  Florida State Capitol Tallahassee
30°26′17.2″N 84°16′53.76″W / 30.438111°N 84.2816000°W / 30.438111; -84.2816000 (Florida State Capitol)
1973–1977 322 [11] Newest state capitol
Second largest state capitol
  Georgia State Capitol Atlanta
33°44′57.38″N 84°23′17.74″W / 33.7492722°N 84.3882611°W / 33.7492722; -84.3882611 (Georgia State Capitol)
1883–1889 272 [12] NHL

NRHP

  Hawaii State Capitol Honolulu
21°18′26.43″N 157°51′26.16″W / 21.3073417°N 157.8572667°W / 21.3073417; -157.8572667 (Hawaii State Capitol)
1960–1969 100 (est.)[13] Part of the NRHP Hawaii Capital Historic District
Second newest state capitol
  Idaho State Capitol Boise
43°37′3.71″N 116°11′58.61″W / 43.6176972°N 116.1996139°W / 43.6176972; -116.1996139 (Idaho State Capitol)
1905–1913
1919–1920 (wings)
2008–2010 (underground wings)
208 [14] NRHP
  Illinois State Capitol Springfield
39°47′54.66″N 89°39′17.6″W / 39.7985167°N 89.654889°W / 39.7985167; -89.654889 (Illinois State Capitol)
1884–1887 (construction) 361 [15] NRHP
Tallest non-skyscraper capitol, including Washington, DC
  Indiana Statehouse Indianapolis
39°46′7″N 86°9′45″W / 39.76861°N 86.16250°W / 39.76861; -86.16250 (Indiana Statehouse)
1877–1888[16] 256 [17] NRHP
  Iowa State Capitol Des Moines
41°35′28.24″N 93°36′13.93″W / 41.5911778°N 93.6038694°W / 41.5911778; -93.6038694 (Iowa State Capitol)
1871–1886 275 [18] NRHP
  Kansas State Capitol Topeka
39°2′52.83″N 95°40′41.36″W / 39.0480083°N 95.6781556°W / 39.0480083; -95.6781556 (Kansas State Capitol)
1866–1873 (east wing)
1879–1881 (west wing)
1884–1906 (center)
326 [19] NRHP
  Kentucky State Capitol Frankfort
38°11′12.4″N 84°52′31.2″W / 38.186778°N 84.875333°W / 38.186778; -84.875333 (Kentucky State Capitol)
1905–1910 210 [20] NRHP
  Louisiana State Capitol Baton Rouge
30°27′25.46″N 91°11′14.66″W / 30.4570722°N 91.1874056°W / 30.4570722; -91.1874056 (Louisiana State Capitol)
1930–1932 450 [21] NHL

NRHP
Tallest state capitol

  Maine State House Augusta
44°18′26.05″N 69°46′54.04″W / 44.3072361°N 69.7816778°W / 44.3072361; -69.7816778 (Maine State House)
1828–1832
1889–1891 (wing)
1909–1911 (wings)
185 [22] NRHP
  Maryland State House Annapolis
38°58′43″N 76°29′28″W / 38.97861°N 76.49111°W / 38.97861; -76.49111 (Maryland State House)
1772–1797[23] 181 [24] NHL

NRHP
Oldest active state capitol

  Massachusetts State House Boston
42°21′27.75″N 71°3′48.83″W / 42.3577083°N 71.0635639°W / 42.3577083; -71.0635639 (Massachusetts State House)
1795–1798 200 (est.)[25] NHL

NRHP

U.S. Historic District Contributing property

  Michigan State Capitol Lansing
42°44′1.42″N 84°33′20.12″W / 42.7337278°N 84.5555889°W / 42.7337278; -84.5555889 (Michigan State Capitol)
1871–1878 270 [26] NHL

NRHP

  Minnesota State Capitol Saint Paul
44°57′18.53″N 93°6′8.05″W / 44.9551472°N 93.1022361°W / 44.9551472; -93.1022361 (Minnesota State Capitol)
1893–1905 223 [27] NRHP
  Mississippi State Capitol Jackson
32°18′14″N 90°10′56″W / 32.30389°N 90.18222°W / 32.30389; -90.18222 (Mississippi State Capitol)
1901–1903 180 [28] NRHP
  Missouri State Capitol Jefferson City
38°34′44.83″N 92°10′22.77″W / 38.5791194°N 92.1729917°W / 38.5791194; -92.1729917 (Missouri State Capitol)
1911–1917 238 [29] NRHP
  Montana State Capitol Helena
46°35′8.52″N 112°1′6.24″W / 46.5857000°N 112.0184000°W / 46.5857000; -112.0184000 (Montana State Capitol)
1896–1902
1909–1912 (wings)
165 [30] NRHP
  Nebraska State Capitol Lincoln
40°48′29.12″N 96°41′58.51″W / 40.8080889°N 96.6995861°W / 40.8080889; -96.6995861 (Nebraska State Capitol)
1919–1932 400 [31] NHL

NRHP
Second tallest state capitol

 

 

Nevada State Capitol

Nevada Legislature

Carson City
39°9′50.67″N 119°45′58.65″W / 39.1640750°N 119.7662917°W / 39.1640750; -119.7662917 (Nevada State Capitol)
1869–1871

1971 (New Legislative building)

112 [32] NRHP

The State Capitol is no longer used for Government meetings, which are now held in the Nevada Legislature building

  New Hampshire State House Concord
43°12′24.29″N 71°32′17.26″W / 43.2067472°N 71.5381278°W / 43.2067472; -71.5381278 (New Hampshire State House)
1815–1818 150 [33]
  New Jersey State House Trenton
40°13′13.57″N 74°46′11.65″W / 40.2204361°N 74.7699028°W / 40.2204361; -74.7699028 (New Jersey State House)
1792 145 [34]
  New Mexico State Capitol Santa Fe
35°40′56.21″N 105°56′22.77″W / 35.6822806°N 105.9396583°W / 35.6822806; -105.9396583 (New Mexico State Capitol)
1964–1966 35 (est.)[35] Only round state capitol
  New York State Capitol Albany
42°39′9.19″N 73°45′26.36″W / 42.6525528°N 73.7573222°W / 42.6525528; -73.7573222 (New York State Capitol)
1867–1899 220 [36] NHL

NRHP

U.S. Historic District Contributing property

 
 
North Carolina State Capitol

North Carolina State Legislative Building

Raleigh
35°46′49″N 78°38′21″W / 35.78028°N 78.63917°W / 35.78028; -78.63917 (North Carolina State Capitol)
35°46′59.53″N 78°38′20.24″W / 35.7832028°N 78.6389556°W / 35.7832028; -78.6389556 (North Carolina State Legislative Building)
1833-1840

1963 (Legislative Building)

98 [37] NHL

NRHP

U.S. Historic District Contributing property

The State Capitol is no longer used by the state legislature, which now meets in the State Legislative building

  North Dakota State Capitol Bismarck
46°49′14.93″N 100°46′57.87″W / 46.8208139°N 100.7827417°W / 46.8208139; -100.7827417 (North Dakota State Capitol)
1920–1924
1931–1934 (office tower & wing)
242 [38]
  Ohio Statehouse Columbus
39°57′41″N 82°59′56″W / 39.96139°N 82.99889°W / 39.96139; -82.99889 (Ohio Statehouse)
1837–1861 158 [39] NHL

NRHP

  Oklahoma State Capitol Oklahoma City
35°29′32.21″N 97°30′12.14″W / 35.4922806°N 97.5033722°W / 35.4922806; -97.5033722 (Oklahoma State Capitol)
1914–1917
2000-2002 (dome)
255 [40] NRHP
  Oregon State Capitol Salem
44°56′19.43″N 123°1′48.35″W / 44.9387306°N 123.0300972°W / 44.9387306; -123.0300972 (Oregon State Capitol)
1935
1977 (wings)
162 [41] NRHP
  Pennsylvania State Capitol Harrisburg
40°15′52″N 76°52′0″W / 40.26444°N 76.86667°W / 40.26444; -76.86667 (Pennsylvania State Capitol)
1904-1906[42] 272 [43] NHL

NRHP

U.S. Historic District Contributing property

  Rhode Island State House Providence
41°49′51″N 71°24′54″W / 41.83083°N 71.41500°W / 41.83083; -71.41500 (Rhode Island State House)
1895–1904 223 [44] NRHP
  South Carolina State House Columbia
34°0′1.56″N 81°1′59.33″W / 34.0004333°N 81.0331472°W / 34.0004333; -81.0331472 (South Carolina State House)
1855-1907 180 [45] NHL

NRHP

  South Dakota State Capitol Pierre
44°22′1.8″N 100°20′46.87″W / 44.367167°N 100.3463528°W / 44.367167; -100.3463528 (South Dakota State Capitol)
1905–1911 161 [46] NRHP
  Tennessee State Capitol Nashville
36°9′57″N 86°47′3″W / 36.16583°N 86.78417°W / 36.16583; -86.78417 (Tennessee State Capitol)
1845–1854 206 [47] NHL

NRHP

  Texas State Capitol Austin
30°16′29″N 97°44′26″W / 30.27472°N 97.74056°W / 30.27472; -97.74056 (Texas State Capitol)
1881–1888
1993 (underground extension)
311 [48] NHL

NRHP
Largest state capitol

  Utah State Capitol Salt Lake City
40°46′38″N 111°53′17″W / 40.77722°N 111.88806°W / 40.77722; -111.88806 (Utah State Capitol)
1912–1916
2004-2008 (major restoration and renovation)
286 [49] NRHP
  Vermont State House Montpelier
44°15′44″N 72°34′51″W / 44.26222°N 72.58083°W / 44.26222; -72.58083 (Vermont State Capitol)
1834–1836 136 [50] NHL

NRHP

  Virginia State Capitol Richmond
37°32′19.53″N 77°26′0.94″W / 37.5387583°N 77.4335944°W / 37.5387583; -77.4335944 (Virginia State Capitol)
1785–1790
1904–1906 (wings); restored, renovated and expanded 2004-2007
83 [51] NHL

NRHP
Second oldest active state capitol and meeting site for the Confederate Congress (1861-1865)

  Washington State Capitol Olympia
47°02′07″N 122°54′23″W / 47.03528°N 122.90639°W / 47.03528; -122.90639 (Washington State Capitol)
1919–1928 (Legislative building) 287 [52] NRHP

U.S. Historic District

  West Virginia State Capitol Charleston
38°20′11″N 81°36′44″W / 38.33639°N 81.61222°W / 38.33639; -81.61222 (West Virginia State Capitol)
1924–1932 292 [53] U.S. Historic district Contributing property
  Wisconsin State Capitol Madison
43°4′28″N 89°23′5″W / 43.07444°N 89.38472°W / 43.07444; -89.38472 (Wisconsin State Capitol)
1906–1917
1988-2002 (major renovation and restoration)
284 [54] NHL

NRHP

  Wyoming State Capitol Cheyenne
41°8′25″N 104°49′11″W / 41.14028°N 104.81972°W / 41.14028; -104.81972 (Wyoming State Capitol)
1886–1890
1915–1917 (House and Senate chambers)
146 [55] NHL

NRHP
Second highest state capitol

Table of Territorial CapitolsEdit

Picture Capitol name Location Years of current capitol construction Notes
  Puerto Rico Commonwealth Capitol San Juan, PR
1921-1929 NRHP
  John A. Wilson Building
District Building
Washington, DC
1904-1908 NRHP

Originally called the District Building until renamed in 1994 after district councilor John A. Wilson

  American Samoa Fono Building Fagatogo, American Samoa
1973
  Guam Legislature Building Hagåtña, Guam
  Northern Mariana Islands Commonwealth Legislature Building Capitol Hill, Saipan
  United States Virgin Islands Legislature Building Charlotte Amalie, USVI

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Virtual Tour of the Virginia State Capitol". Virginia Capitol.gov. May 2011. Retrieved January 16, 2019.
  2. ^ "State Capitols and Domes". NCSL.org (National Conference of State Legislatures). Retrieved October 9, 2013.
  3. ^ Daniel, Jean Houston; Daniel, Price (1969). Executive Mansions and Capitols of America. Waukesha, Wisconsin: Country Beautiful. p. 145.; "Alabama State Capitol, Montgomery". Retrieved September 22, 2013.
  4. ^ "Alaska State Capitol, Juneau". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved September 21, 2013.
  5. ^ "Original Arizona State Capitol, Phoenix". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved September 21, 2013.; The branches of the state government have relocated from the original capitol to adjacent buildings and additions.
  6. ^ "Arkansas State Capitol, Little Rock". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved September 21, 2013.
  7. ^ "California State Capitol, Sacramento". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved September 21, 2013.
  8. ^ "Review of Colorado State Capitol". Frommers. Retrieved September 21, 2013.
  9. ^ "Connecticut State Capitol and Legislative Office Building" (PDF). Government of Connecticut. Retrieved September 21, 2013.
  10. ^ Estimate of 70 based on photograph
  11. ^ "New Florida State Capitol, Tallahassee". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved September 21, 2013.
  12. ^ Edwin L. Jackson, Carl Vinson Institute of Government, The University of Georgia. "The Story of Georgia's Capitol and Capital Cities". Digital Library of Georgia. Retrieved September 21, 2013.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  13. ^ This appears to be an estimate that is used in Hawaii. "Cupolas of Capitalism". Cupola Consulting. Retrieved September 29, 2013.
  14. ^ "Idaho Capitol Building". Idaho Public Television. Archived from the original on June 11, 2015. Retrieved September 21, 2013.
  15. ^ "IL State Capitol". Historic Sites Commission of Springfield, Illinois. Archived from the original on May 12, 2012. Retrieved September 21, 2013.
  16. ^ "IDOA: The Statehouse Story". IN.gov. Retrieved May 19, 2010.
  17. ^ "Indiana's Third State Capitol Building Design Released to the Hoosier Public". Indiana Historic Newspaper Digitization Project. Archived from the original on November 15, 2013. Retrieved September 21, 2013.
  18. ^ "Capitol Facts". The Iowa Legislature. Archived from the original on August 14, 2013. Retrieved September 21, 2013.
  19. ^ "Kansas State Capitol, Topeka". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved September 21, 2013.
  20. ^ "Capitol, Frankfort". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved September 21, 2013.
  21. ^ "The Louisiana State Capitol Building". State of Louisiana. Archived from the original on September 8, 2013. Retrieved September 21, 2013.
  22. ^ "The State House". State of Maine. Retrieved September 21, 2013.
  23. ^ History of the State House and Its Dome. msa.maryland.gov (Maryland State Archives), 2007. Retrieved on April 5, 2014.
  24. ^ "The Maryland State House". State of Maryland. Retrieved September 21, 2013.
  25. ^ Estimate based on photograph
  26. ^ Kerry Chartkoff (February 28, 1992). "National Historic Landmark Nomination—Michigan State Capitol" (pdf). National Park Service.
  27. ^ "Facts About the State Capitol". Minnesota Historical Society. Retrieved September 21, 2013.
  28. ^ "Mississippi State Capitol". Mississippi State Legislature. Retrieved September 21, 2013.
  29. ^ "Missouri's State Capitol". Missouri Secretary of State. Retrieved September 21, 2013.
  30. ^ "Montana State Capitol, Helena". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved September 21, 2013.
  31. ^ "Nebraska State Capitol". Nebraska State Government. Retrieved September 21, 2013.
  32. ^ "Nevada State Capitol, Carson City". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved September 21, 2013.
  33. ^ Norma Love (July 14, 2013). "N.H. Statehouse Dome Getting a Golden Makeover". Concord Monitor. Archived from the original on December 6, 2015. Retrieved September 21, 2013.
  34. ^ "New Jersey State House, Trenton". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved September 21, 2013.
  35. ^ Estimate based on photograph.
  36. ^ "New York State Capitol, Albany". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved September 21, 2013.
  37. ^ "Capitol". North Carolina Department of Public Instruction. Archived from the original on August 31, 2012. Retrieved September 21, 2013.
  38. ^ "History of the State Capitol Complex". North Dakota State Department. Retrieved September 21, 2013.
  39. ^ "Ohio Statehouse". State of Ohio. Retrieved September 21, 2013.
  40. ^ "Capitol, Oklahoma City". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved September 21, 2013.
  41. ^ "Oregon State Capitol". Oregon Encyclopedia. Retrieved September 21, 2013.
  42. ^ Pennsylvania Manual p. xiv
  43. ^ Caffin, Charles Henry (1906). Handbook of the New Capitol of Pennsylvania. Harrisburg: Mount Pleasant Press. p. 13. Retrieved September 21, 2013.
  44. ^ Parker, J. Fred (1914). State of Rhode Island Manual. Providence: State of Rhode Island. p. iii. Retrieved September 22, 2013.
  45. ^ "Tour Outside the State House (The State House)". State of South Carolina. Archived from the original on April 26, 2014. Retrieved September 22, 2013.
  46. ^ "The South Dakota State Capitol Building". State of South Dakota. Retrieved September 22, 2013.
  47. ^ "Not-so-ordinary State Capitol is 150". Associated Press. Retrieved September 22, 2013.
  48. ^ Green, William Elton (December 2, 2015) [June 12, 2010]. "Capitol". Handbook of Texas (online ed.). Texas State Historical Association.; "Texas State Capitol, Austin". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved September 22, 2013.; "Capitol Views". City of Austin Library. Retrieved September 22, 2013.
  49. ^ "Utah State Capitol Building". Utah Travel Industry. Archived from the original on October 11, 2013. Retrieved September 22, 2013.
  50. ^ "Vermont State House, Montpellier". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved September 22, 2013.
  51. ^ "Cupolas of Capitalism". Cupola Consulting. Retrieved June 20, 2014.
  52. ^ "Capitol Facts & History". Washington State Department of Enterprise Services. Retrieved September 22, 2013.
  53. ^ James E. Harding (April 11, 1974). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: West Virginia Capitol Complex / West Virginia State Capitol, West Virginia Executive Mansion" (PDF). West Virginia Capitol Complex. State of West Virginia, West Virginia Division of Culture and History, Historic Preservation. Retrieved September 22, 2013.
  54. ^ "State Capitol Building". Wisconsin Department of Administration. Retrieved September 22, 2013.
  55. ^ "Wyoming State Capitol Field Trip". Wyoming State Historical Society. Retrieved September 22, 2013.

External linksEdit