List of places with columnar jointed volcanics

Basalt columns seen on Porto Santo Island, Portugal.

Columnar jointed volcanic rocks exist in many places on Earth. Perhaps the most famous basalt lava flow in the world is the Giant's Causeway in Northern Ireland, in which the vertical joints form polygonal columns and give the impression of having been artificially constructed.

Notable columnar jointed volcanicsEdit

AfricaEdit

 
Curved columns of rhyolitic tuff at the Hong Kong High Island Reservoir

This may have formed from contractional cooling of basaltic lavas.

South AsiaEdit

 
Interlocked basaltic columns at the top of Kavadia mountain at Dewas district, India
India

West AsiaEdit

Armenia
Turkey
 
Vertically jointed columnar basalt of Basalt Rocks Natural Monument in Turkey.

Middle EastEdit

Iran
Israel

East AsiaEdit

China
  • Heiyuhe Columnar Joints (黑鱼河柱状节理) [Xianrenqiao (仙人桥)], Longchuan River (龙川江) & Black Fish River, Tengchong
  • Basalt Island area, Hong Kong; including High Island Reservoir area, Hong Kong; although the High Island Reservoir is not basalt but rhyolitic tuff, rich in potash feldspar and quartz phenocrysts.
  • Baigong pipes contain 30 percent ferric oxide and large amounts of silicon dioxide and calcium oxide
Japan
 
Columnar basalts at the Cape Stolbchatiy, Kuril islands, Russia
Mongolia
Russia
Taiwan
South Korea

Southeast AsiaEdit

Malaysia
 
at Kg Balung Cocos,Tawau,Sabah
 
Basalt Columns exposed along a river in a remote place in Tawau, Malaysia
  • In Teck Guan Cocoa Village and in Giram River, Kampung Balung Cocos Tawau, Sabah, Malaysia.
Philippines
Thailand
Vietnam
 
The Cliff of Stone Plates (Ghềnh Đá Dĩa) near Tuy Hòa city, Phú Yên Province, Vietnam

Central AmericaEdit

El Salvador
  • Cascada Los Tercios, Suchitoto

EuropeEdit

 
Basalt columns in the Rhön, North Bavaria, Germany
 
Columnar jointing in the basalt of the Giant's Causeway in Northern Ireland
Faroe Islands
France
Germany
Greenland
  • Qeqertarsuaq, Disko Island[10]
Hungary
  • Badacsony
  • Bér
  • Szanda
  • Szilváskő
  • Hegyestű
  • Szent-György-hegy
  • Gulács
  • Haláp
  • Hajagos
  • Uzsa
Iceland
Italy
Portugal
Slovakia
  • Šomoška
Spain
United Kingdom
Other
 
Basaltic columns at Milos island.

North AmericaEdit

 
Columnar basalt at Devil's Postpile in California
Canada
Caribbean
United States
Mexico
 
Basalt columns in the Mascota River, Mexico
 
Basaltic Prisms of Santa María Regla in Huasca de Ocampo, Hidalgo

OceaniaEdit

Australia
Federated States of Micronesia
New Zealand

South AmericaEdit

MarsEdit

 
Columnar jointed rocks in unnamed crater wall, Marte Vallis region, Mars. Image courtesy of the High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment, Arizona State University.

Several exposures of columnar jointing have been discovered on the planet Mars by the High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE) camera, which is carried by the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO).

UsesEdit

A now-ruined thirteenth-century religious complex called Nan Madol was built using columnar basalt quarried from various locations on the island of Pohnpei.

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Grunert, Nicole (2000). Namibia: Fascination of Geology – A Travel Handbook. Windhoek: Klaus Hess. pp. 73–74. ISBN 99916-747-8-0.
  2. ^ Ntekim, E. E. & Adekeye, J. I. D. (2003). "Petrography and geochemistry of basaltic rocks from the northcentral part of Yola Basin, N.E. Nigeria" (PDF). Nigerian Journal of Pure and Applied Science. 18: 1430–1437. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-02-25. Retrieved 2016-02-18.
  3. ^ "Rare rock formation found in Dewas". The Times of India. The Times of India. 24 December 2012. Retrieved 28 August 2019.
  4. ^ Kölbl-Ebert, Martina; Colicchio, Stéphanie (2014). "The Boyabat Basalt Cliffs" (PDF). l'association de la Maison de la Géologie et de l'Environnement de Haute-Alsace. Retrieved 29 January 2017.
  5. ^ "Мыс Столбчатый". www.webpark.ru.
  6. ^ Po, Kimberly (27 April 2014). "H E L L O ♥ K I M M Y : Dunsulan Falls Of Bataan". Hellowkimmy.blogspot.com.
  7. ^ "Bataan Day Trip: Mount Samat and Dunsulan Falls Itinerary". Janegalvez.com. 27 February 2016.
  8. ^ "Bulingan Falls". ChoosePhilippines.com. 28 August 2013. Retrieved 31 July 2018.
  9. ^ ม่อนเสาหินพิศวง Wonderful Mountain Of Colunnar Archived 2012-07-17 at Archive.today
  10. ^ Scott, Chris (31 October 2017). "The Grand Canyon of the Arctic Circle". CNN Travel. video by Effie Nidam, Diana Diroy and Chris Scott.
  11. ^ "PSt04 - Pico de Ana Ferreira". geodiversidade.madeira.gov.pt.
  12. ^ Gobierno vasco. "Basaltos de Fruiz" (PDF). Inventario lugares de interés geológico en la comunidad autónoma del País Vasco (in Spanish). Retrieved 18 February 2016.
  13. ^ La Gomera: basalt cliffs Los Organos, Commons.wikimedia.org
  14. ^ "Panská skála". Luzicke-hory.cz. Retrieved 26 December 2018.
  15. ^ Callan Bentley (14 November 2011). "Compton Peak: superb columnar jointing". Callan Bentley's blog Mountain Beltway on American Geophysical Union Blogosphere. Retrieved 24 July 2015. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help)
  16. ^ "GeoSights: Paul Bunyan's Woodpile, Juab County – Utah Geological Survey". geology.utah.gov. Retrieved 2018-09-07.
  17. ^ File:Columnar basalt.jpg (Wikimedia Commons)
  18. ^ "Merriwa NSW Free Rest Areas". highwaytraveller.com.au.
  19. ^ "Sawn Rocks, Mount Kaputar National Park" (PDF). NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 19 February 2016.
  20. ^ Mount Scoria culture
  21. ^ Ruined Castle - Panoramio
  22. ^ "Black Head : Vegetation Condition After Quarrying" (PDF). Doc.govt.nz. Retrieved 26 December 2018.
  23. ^ "New Zealand Tramper - A community for good, keen trampers and hikers". Tramper.nz. Retrieved 26 December 2018.
  24. ^ The Pinnacles, Mt Somers on flickr
  25. ^ "Mars and Earth: Columnar Jointing". Earthobservatory.nasa.gov. 10 June 2009.