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Stolpen is a town in the district of Sächsische Schweiz-Osterzgebirge, in Saxony, Germany. It is a historical town, that grew at the foot of the Schloßberg with the castle Burg Stolpen.

Stolpen
Stolpen marketplace in October 2014
Stolpen marketplace in October 2014
Coat of arms of Stolpen
Coat of arms
Location of Stolpen within Sächsische Schweiz-Osterzgebirge district
AltenbergBad Gottleuba-BerggießhübelBad SchandauBahretalBannewitzDippoldiswaldeDohmaDohnaDorfhainDürrröhrsdorf-DittersbachFreitalGeisingGlashütteGohrischHartmannsdorf-ReichenauHeidenauHermsdorfHöckendorfHohnsteinKirnitzschtalKönigsteinKreischaLiebstadtLohmenMüglitztalNeustadt in SachsenPirnaPorschdorfPretzschendorfRabenauRathenRathmannsdorfReinhardtsdorf-SchönaRosenthal-BielatalSchmiedebergSebnitzSebnitzStadt WehlenStruppenStolpenTharandtWilsdruffSaxonyCzech RepublicBautzen (district)DresdenMeißen (district)MittelsachsenStolpen in PIR.svg
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Stolpen is located in Germany
Stolpen
Stolpen
Stolpen is located in Saxony
Stolpen
Stolpen
Coordinates: 51°2′56″N 14°4′58″E / 51.04889°N 14.08278°E / 51.04889; 14.08278Coordinates: 51°2′56″N 14°4′58″E / 51.04889°N 14.08278°E / 51.04889; 14.08278
CountryGermany
StateSaxony
DistrictSächsische Schweiz-Osterzgebirge
Government
 • MayorUwe Steglich (FDP)
Area
 • Total60.85 km2 (23.49 sq mi)
Elevation
274 m (899 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
 • Total5,616
 • Density92/km2 (240/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
01833
Dialling codes035973
Vehicle registrationPIR
Websitewww.stolpen.de

Burg StolpenEdit

Burg Stolpen is a castle built on top of the Schloßberg. The first defensive works were built about 1100 and it was first documented in 1222. Owned by the Bishop of Meißen for nearly 350 years, it passed to the Electorate of Saxony and was expanded in Renaissance style. In 1675 it was further expanded as a fortress. Anna Constantia von Brockdorff, Countess of Cosel, was imprisoned in the castle from 1716 until her death in 1765. The castle fell into disrepair towards the end of the 18th century. It became a museum in 1875, and has been partly restored since then.[2]

SchloßbergEdit

Schloßberg is a hill just to the south of the town formed of prominent basalt columns. It is the formation referred to by Georgius Agricola when he coined the term basalt.[3]

Historical populationEdit

  • ca. 1330 – 500
  • ca. 1550 – 725
  • 1559 – 122 (property owners)
  • 1748 – 146 (property owners)
  • 1799 – 706*
  • 1834 – 1220
  • 1871 – 1383
  • 1890 – 1401
  • 1910 – 1741
  • 1925 – 1833
  • 1950 – 2913
  • 1964 – 2705
  • 1970 – 2549
  • 1990 – 5890
  • 1998 – 6217
  • 2004 – 6196
  • 2007 – 5988
  • 2010 – 5793

* over 10 years old

Twin towns — sister citiesEdit

Stolpen is twinned with:

PeopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung des Freistaates Sachsen jeweils am Monatsende ausgewählter Berichtsmonate nach Gemeinden" (PDF). Statistisches Landesamt des Freistaates Sachsen (in German). July 2019.
  2. ^ "Chronik" [Timeline]. Burg Stolpen – Schlösserland Sachsen (in German). Retrieved 23 January 2014.
  3. ^ "Naturdenkmal Stolpener Basalt" [Stolpen Basalt Natural Monument]. Burg Stolpen – Schlösserland Sachsen (in German). Archived from the original on 22 November 2011. Retrieved 7 October 2012.

External linksEdit