List of largest empires in India
This article relies largely or entirely on a single source. (January 2018)
This is a historical list of the largest empires in India with an area covering more than 1 million square kilometres. An empire involves the extension of a state's sovereignty over external territories. The values given here should generally be interpreted as being only indicative, and not as determining a precise ranking. The calculation of the land area of a particular empire is controversial. In general, the list centres on the side of including any land area that was explored and explicitly claimed, even if the areas were populated very sparsely or not at all.
(Area in km²)
percentage of area of
Republic of India
|Maurya Empire||5,000,000||152%||250 BC||Peter Turchin et al.|
|British Raj||4,574,000||139%||1911||Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.)|
|Mughal Empire||4,000,000||122%||1690||Peter Turchin et al.|
|Gupta Empire||3,500,000||106%||400||Peter Turchin et al.|
|Republic of India (for comparison)||3,287,263||100%||-||Government of India|
|Delhi Sultanate (Tughlaq)||3,200,000||97%||1312||Peter Turchin et al.|
|Maratha Empire||2,500,000||76%||1760||Peter Turchin et al.|
|Kushan Empire||2,000,000||61%||200||Peter Turchin et al.|
|Empire of Harsha||1,000,000||30%||648||Peter Turchin et al.|
- Turchin, Peter; Adams, Jonathan M.; Hall, Thomas D (December 2006). "East-West Orientation of Historical Empires". Journal of world-systems research. 12 (2): 223. ISSN 1076-156X. Retrieved 12 September 2016.
- Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, "Independence, Declaration of" to "Indo-.
- "India: Profile". National Portal of India. Retrieved 14 October 2015.