This is a historical list of the largest empires in India with an area covering more than 1 million square kilometres (that is, with its capital in the Indian subcontinent, excluding foreign-ruled empires like the British Raj and the empire of Alexander the Great). An empire involves the extension of a state's sovereignty over external territories. The values given here should generally be interpreted as being only indicative, and not as determining a precise ranking. The calculation of the land area of a particular empire is controversial. In general, the list centres on the side of including any land area that was explored and explicitly claimed, even if the areas were populated very sparsely or not at all.

Empire Approximate
maximum extent
(Area in km²)
Size as
percentage of area of
Republic of India
Approximate
date of
maximum extent
Estimate by
Mauryan Empire 5,000,000 152% 250 BC Peter Turchin et al.[1]
Mughal Empire 4,000,000 122% 1690 Peter Turchin et al.[1]
Gupta Empire 3,500,000 106% 400 Peter Turchin et al.[1]
Republic of India (for comparison) 3,287,263 - - Government of India[2]
Delhi Sultanate (Tughlaq) 3,200,000 97% 1312 Peter Turchin et al.[1]
Maratha Empire 2,500,000 76% 1760 Peter Turchin et al.[1]
Kushan Empire 2,000,000 61% 200 Peter Turchin et al.[1]
Empire of Harsha 1,000,000 30% 648 Peter Turchin et al.[1]

Graphical chartEdit

Empire of HarshaKushan EmpireMaratha EmpireDelhi SultanateRepublic of IndiaGupta EmpireMughal EmpireMauryan Empire 

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Turchin, Peter; Adams, Jonathan M.; Hall, Thomas D (December 2006). "East-West Orientation of Historical Empires". Journal of world-systems research. 12 (2): 223. ISSN 1076-156X. Retrieved 12 September 2016. 
  2. ^ "India: Profile". National Portal of India. Retrieved 14 October 2015.