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List of Pakistan Test cricket records

Younis Khan
Younis Khan holds several records in batting and fielding.

Test cricket is the oldest form of cricket played at international level.[1] A Test match is scheduled to take place over a period of five days, and is played by teams representing Full Member nations of the International Cricket Council (ICC).[2][3][a] Pakistan obtained Full Member status of the ICC in 1952, becoming the seventh nation eligible to play Test cricket.[6] The Pakistan national cricket team played their first Test match on 16 October 1952 against India which they lost by an innings and 70 runs.[7] They recorded their first victory in their second ever match against India on 23 October 1952.[7] Since then, they have played 421 matches, against every other Test-playing nation.[8][9] As of December 2018, Pakistan is the fourth-most successful team in Test cricket with an overall winning percentage of 32.30, behind Australia (47.00), South Africa (37.85) and England (36.14).[9]

Top order batsman and former captain Younis Khan holds several Pakistan batting records. He has scored the most runs (10,099) for Pakistan in Test cricket—the first and only player to score over 10,000 runs in the format for his country. He is the record holder for the highest number of centuries (34) as well as the highest number of double centuries (six with Javed Miandad) for Pakistan.[10] Hanif Mohammad's 337 runs against the West Indies in 1958 is the highest individual score by a Pakistani cricketer, surpassing the previous best of 209 by Imtiaz Ahmed, which was established in 1955.[11] It is also the eighth-highest individual score in Test cricket.[12] Hanif, Inzamam-ul-Haq (329), Younis Khan (313) and Azhar Ali (302 not out) are the only Pakistani players who have scored triple centuries.[13]

Wasim Akram, regarded as "one of the greatest left-arm bowlers in the history of world cricket", holds several Test records.[14] He holds the record for the most Test wickets (414) as well as the record for the most five wickets per innings (25) for Pakistan.[15] Akram also holds the record of highest individual score batting at number 8 (257 not out) in Test cricket. This feat was achieved in 1996 playing against Zimbabwe [1]. Abdul Qadir's nine wickets for 56 runs, against England at Gaddafi Stadium in 1987, is the best bowling figures in an innings by a Pakistani bowler.[16] 14 wickets for 116 runs by Imran Khan against Sri Lanka in 1982 at the same ground is the best bowling performance in a Test by a Pakistani player.[17] He also holds the record for best bowling average for Pakistan with 22.81.[18] Younis Khan took 139 catches from 118 matches as fielder, the most by a Pakistani and twelfth-highest overall.[19] Wasim Bari is Pakistan's most successful wicket-keeper having taken 228 dismissals; he is eleventh in the list of most dismissals in Test cricket.[20]

Contents

KeyEdit

The top five records are listed for each category, except in "team wins, losses, and draws" and "highest wicket partnerships". Tied records for the fifth place are listed as well. Explanations of the general symbols and cricketing terms used in the list are given below. Specific details are provided in each category where appropriate.

Symbol Meaning
Player is currently active in Test cricket
* Player remained not out or partnership remained unbroken
World record
d Innings was declared (e.g. 952/6d)
Date Starting date of the Test match
Innings Number of innings played
Matches Number of matches played
Opponent The team Pakistan was playing against
Period The time period when the player was active in Test cricket
Player The player involved in the record
Venue Test cricket ground where the match was played
ICC Test Championship
Rank Team Matches Points Rating
1   India 39 4,659 119
2   New Zealand 26 2,829 109
3   England 42 4,366 104
4   South Africa 31 3,177 102
5   Australia 33 3,270 99
6   Sri Lanka 40 3,795 95
7   Pakistan 27 2,263 84
8   West Indies 32 2,570 80
9   Bangladesh 23 1,413 61
10   Afghanistan 3 165 55
11   Zimbabwe 9 140 16
12   Ireland 3 0 0
Reference: Cricinfo rankings page, ICC Rankings, 22 October 2019
"Matches" is no. matches + no. series played in the 12–24 months since the May before last, plus half the number in the 24 months before that.

Team recordsEdit

Team wins, losses, and drawsEdit

Pakistan has played 423 Test matches resulting in 156 victories, 108 defeats and 159 draws for an overall winning percentage of 32.15, the fourth-highest winning percentage of Test playing teams. A tie can occur when the scores of both teams are equal at the conclusion of play, provided that the side batting last has completed their innings. Only two matches have ended in a tie in Test cricket history, neither of which involved Pakistan.[9]

Opponent First Test Matches Won Lost Tied Drawn W/L Ratio % Won
  Australia 11 October 1956[21] 64 15 31 0 18 0.48 23.43
  Bangladesh 29 August 2001[22] 10 9 0 0 1 - 90.00
  England 10 June 1954[23] 83 21 25 0 37 0.84 25.30
  India 16 October 1952[24] 59 12 9 0 38 1.33 20.33
  Ireland 11 May 2018[25] 1 1 0 0 0 - 100
  New Zealand 13 October 1955[26] 58 25 12 0 21 2.08 43.10
  South Africa 19 January 1995[27] 26 4 15 0 7 0.26 15.38
  Sri Lanka 5 March 1982[28] 53 19 16 0 18 1.18 35.84
  West Indies 17 January 1958[29] 52 20 17 0 15 1.17 38.46
  Zimbabwe 1 December 1993[30] 17 10 3 0 4 3.33 58.82
Total 423 136 128 0 159 1.06 32.15
Last updated: 14 May 2019[9][31]

First Test series winsEdit

Opponent Year of first Home win Year of first Away win
  Australia 1956
  Bangladesh 2001 2002
  England 1984 1987
  India 1978 1987
  Ireland YTP 2018
  New Zealand 1955 1973
  South Africa 2003
  Sri Lanka 1982 1994
  West Indies 1959 2017
  Zimbabwe 1993 1995

First Test match winsEdit

Opponent Home Away
Venue Year Venue Year
  Australia Karachi 1956 Sydney 1977
  Bangladesh Multan 2001 Dhaka 2002
  England Karachi 1984 The Oval 1954
  India Lahore 1978 Lucknow 1952
  Ireland YTP YTP Malahide 2018
  New Zealand Karachi 1955 Dunedin 1973
  South Africa Lahore 2003 Durban 1998
  Sri Lanka Karachi 1982 Kandy 1986
  West Indies Karachi 1959 Port of Spain 1958
  Zimbabwe Karachi 1993 Bulawayo 1995

Team scoring recordsEdit

Most runs in an inningsEdit

 
Younis Khan top scored with 313 in Pakistan's first innings total of 765/5d in the first Test against Sri Lanka in 2009,[32] Pakistan's highest innings total in Test cricket.

The highest innings total scored in Test cricket came in the series between Sri Lanka and India in August 1997. Playing in the first Test at the R. Premadasa Stadium in Colombo, the hosts posted a first innings total of 952/6d. This broke the longstanding record of 903/7d which England set against Australia in the final Test of the 1938 Ashes series at The Oval. The first Test of the 2008–09 series against Sri Lanka saw Pakistan set their highest innings total of 765/5d, the fifth-highest score in Test cricket.[33]

Rank Score Opposition Venue Date
1 765–6d   Sri Lanka National Stadium, Karachi 21 February 2009
2 708   England Kenington Oval, London 6 August 1987
3 699–5   India Gaddafi Stadium, Lahore 1 December 1989
4 679–7d   India Gaddafi Stadium, Lahore 13 January 2006
5 674–6   India Iqbal Stadium, Faisalabad 24 October 1984
Last updated: 30 August 2017[34]

Fewest runs in an inningsEdit

The lowest innings total scored in Test cricket came in the second Test of England's tour of New Zealand in March 1955. Trailing England by 46, New Zealand was bowled out in their second innings for 26 runs.[35] The twentieth-lowest score in Test history is Pakistan's total of 49 scored in their second innings against South Africa in the first Test of the 2012–13 series.[36]

Rank Score Opposition Venue Date
1 49   South Africa The Wanderers Stadium, Johannesburg 1 February 2013
2 53   Australia Sharjah Cricket Stadium, Sharjah 11 October 2002
3 59   Australia Sharjah Cricket Stadium, Sharjah 11 October 2002
4 62   Australia WACA Ground, Perth 13 November 1981
5 72   England Edgbaston, Birmingham 6 August 2010
Last updated: 30 August 2017[37]

Result recordsEdit

A Test match is won when one side has scored more runs than the total runs scored by the opposing side during their two innings. If both sides have completed both their allocated innings and the side that fielded last has the higher aggregate of runs, it is known as a win by runs. This indicates the number of runs that they had scored more than the opposing side. If one side scores more runs in a single innings than the total runs scored by the other side in both their innings, it is known as a win by innings and runs. If the side batting last wins the match, it is known as a win by wickets, indicating the number of wickets that were still to fall.[38]

Greatest win margins (by innings)Edit

 
In 2002, Inzamam-ul-Haq led Pakistan to victory over New Zealand by an innings and 324 runs, Pakistan's greatest winning margin by an innings.

The fifth Test of the 1938 Ashes series at The Oval saw England win by an innings and 579 runs, the largest victory by an innings in Test cricket history. The fifth-largest victory was Pakistan's win against New Zealand in the first Test of the 2002 tour at the Gaddafi Stadium, where the hosts won by an innings and 324 runs.[39]

Rank Margin Opposition Venue Date
1 Innings and 324 runs   New Zealand Gaddafi Stadium, Lahore 1 May 2002
2 Innings and 264 runs   Bangladesh Multan Cricket Stadium, Multan 29 August 2001
3 Innings and 188 runs   Australia National Stadium, Karachi 15 September 1988
4 Innings and 184 runs   Bangladesh Zahur Ahmed Chowdhury Stadium, Chittagong 9 December 2011
5 Innings and 178 runs   Bangladesh Bangabandhu National Stadium, Dhaka 9 January 2002
Last updated: 30 August 2017[40]

Greatest win margins (by runs)Edit

The greatest winning margin by runs in Test cricket was England's victory over Australia by 675 runs in the first Test of the 1928–29 Ashes series. Pakistan's largest victory by runs was recorded in the second Test of the 2018–19 series where they defeated Australia by 373 runs.[41]

Rank Margin Opposition Venue Date
1 373 runs   Australia Zayed Sports City Stadium, Abu Dhabi 19 October 2018
2 356 runs   Australia Zayed Sports City Stadium, Abu Dhabi 30 October 2014
3 341 runs   India National Stadium, Karachi 29 January 2006
4 328 runs   Bangladesh Sher-e-Bangla National Cricket Stadium, Dhaka 6 May 2015
5 301 runs   Sri Lanka Paikiasothy Saravanamuttu Stadium, Colombo 9 August 1994
6 299 runs   New Zealand Eden Park, Auckland 8 March 2001
Last updated: 19 October 2018[40]

Greatest win margins (by 10 wickets)Edit

Pakistan have won a Test match by a margin of 10 wickets on 13 occasions, rank fourth in the list after Australia (28), West Indies (25) and England (20).[b][46][47][48]

Rank Victories Opposition Most recent venue Date
1 4   England The Oval, London 11 August 2006
2 2   New Zealand Seddon Park, Hamilton 7 January 2011
  Sri Lanka Galle International Stadium, Galle 17 June 2015
  West Indies National Stadium, Karachi 6 December 1997
  Zimbabwe Queens Sports Club, Bulawayo 16 November 2002
6 1   India Iqbal Stadium, Faisalabad 3 January 1983
Last updated: 30 August 2017[40]

Highest successful run chasesEdit

Score Target Opponent Venue Date

Narrowest win margins (by runs)Edit

Pakistan's narrowest win by runs was against India in the first Test of the 1998–99 series at M.Chinnaswamy Stadium, Bangalore. Set 271 runs for victory in the final innings, India were bowled all out for 258 to give victory to Pakistan by twelve runs.[49] This was the twelfth-narrowest win in the history of Test cricket.[c]

Rank Margin Opposition Venue Date
1 12 runs   India MA Chidambaram Stadium, Chennai 28 January 1999
2 16 runs   India M.Chinnaswamy Stadium, Bangalore 13 March 1987
3 22 runs   England Multan Cricket Stadium, Multan 12 November 2005
4 24 runs   England Kennington Oval, London 12 August 1954
1 29 runs   South Africa Kingsmead Cricket Ground, Durban 26 February 1998
Last updated: 30 August 2017[51]

Narrowest win margins (by wickets)Edit

Out of twelve occasions, Pakistan have achieved their narrowest win of one-wicket victory twice. Their first-narrowest win by wickets came in the first Test of the Australia tour of Pakistan in 1994–95. Played at the National Stadium in Karachi, the hosts won the match by a margin of one wicket. Pakistan repeated the feat against Bangladesh at Multan Cricket Stadium in 2003.[52]

Rank Margin Opposition Venue Date
1 1 wicket   Australia National Stadium, Karachi 28 September 1994
  Bangladesh Multan Cricket Stadium, Multan 3 September 2003
3 2 wicket   England Lord's, London 18 June 1992
4 3 wickets   England National Stadium, Karachi 2 March 1984
  Sri Lanka Iqbal Stadium, Faisalabad 2 January 1992
  Zimbabwe Harare Sports Club, Harare 21 March 1998
  Australia Headingley Cricket Ground, Leeds 21 July 2010
Last updated: 30 August 2017[51]

Greatest loss margins (by innings)Edit

Lord's in London played host Pakistan's greatest defeat by an innings in Test cricket.[39] The final Test of the 2010 series saw England defeat the tourists by an innings and 225 runs, to win the series 2–0.[53]

Rank Margin Opposition Venue Date
1 Innings and 225 runs   England Lord's, London 26 August 2010
2 Innings and 198 runs   Australia Sharjah Cricket Stadium, Sharjah 11 October 2002
3 Innings and 185 runs   New Zealand Seddon Park, Hamilton 27 March 2001
4 Innings and 174 runs   West Indies Sabina Park, Kingston 26 February 1958
5 Innings and 156 runs   West Indies Gaddafi Stadium, Lahore 26 March 1959
Last updated: 30 August 2017[54]

Greatest loss margins (by runs)Edit

The first Test of the 2004–05 series saw Pakistan defeated by Australia by 491 runs, fourth greatest losing margin by runs in Test cricket.[41]

Rank Margin Opposition Venue Date
1 491 runs   Australia WACA Ground, Perth 16 December 2004
2 354 runs   England Trent Bridge, Nottingham 29 July 2010
3 348 runs   Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne 1 January 1977
4 330 runs   England Old Trafford Cricket Ground, Manchester 22 July 2016
5 324 runs   South Africa Wanderers Stadium, Johannesburg 19 January 1995
Last updated: 30 August 2017[54]

Greatest loss margins (by 10 wickets)Edit

Pakistan have lost a Test match by a margin of 10 wickets on nine occasions.[d]

Rank Victories Opposition Most recent venue Date
1 3   Australia The Gabba, Brisbane 5 November 1999
2 2   England Trent Bridge, Nottingham 10 August 1967
3 2   India MA Chidambaram Stadium, Chennai 15 January 1980
4 1   South Africa Kingsmead Cricket Ground, Durban 26 December 2002
5 1   England Kensington Oval, Bridgetown 23 April 1993
Last updated: 30 August 2017[54]

Narrowest loss margins (by runs)Edit

The first Test of Pakistan–Sri Lanka series in in 2017–18 contested at Sheikh Zayed Cricket Stadium, Pakistan was set 136 runs for victory in the final innings. With just 22 runs left to score, Pakistan's number eleven batsman Muhammad Abbas was out leg before wicket (lbw) to give the victory to Sri Lanka.[64]

Rank Margin Opposition Venue Date
1 4 runs   New Zealand Sheikh Zayed Cricket Stadium, Abu Dhabi 16 November 2018
2 21 runs   Sri Lanka Sheikh Zayed Cricket Stadium, Abu Dhabi 2 October 2017
3 24 runs   Zimbabwe Harare Sports Club, Harare 14 September 2013
4 25 runs   England Headingley Cricket Stadium, Leeds 8 July 1971
5 32 runs   New Zealand University Oval, Dunedin 24 January 2009
6 36 runs   Australia Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney 3 January 2010
Last updated: 27 November 2018[65]

Narrowest loss margins (by wickets)Edit

Test cricket has seen twelve matches been decided by a margin of one wicket, with Pakistan being defeated once of them.[52] This was the final Test of the 1999–2000 series at Antigua Recreation Ground where the West Indies ran down the target of 216 runs in the final innings.[66]

Rank Margin Opposition Venue Date
1 1 wicket   West Indies Antigua Recreation Ground, St. John's 25 May 2000
2 2 wickets   New Zealand University Oval, Dunedin 9 February 1985
  West Indies Kensington Oval, Bridgetown 22 April 1988
  Sri Lanka Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium, Rawalpindi 26 February 2000
5 3 wickets   England Headingley Cricket Ground, Leeds 26 August 1982
Last updated: 30 August 2017[65]

Individual recordsEdit

Batting recordsEdit

 
Younis Khan is the highest run scorer (10,099) and century-maker (34) for Pakistan in Tests.

Most career runsEdit

A run is the basic means of scoring in cricket. A run is scored when the batsman hits the ball with his bat and with his partner runs the length of 22 yards (20 m) of the pitch.[67]

India's Sachin Tendulkar has scored the most runs in Test cricket with 15,921. Second is Ricky Ponting of Australia with 13,378 ahead of Jacques Kallis from South Africa in third with 13,289. Younis Khan is the only Pakistani batsman who has scored more than 10,000 runs in Test cricket.[68]

Rank Runs Player Matches Innings Period
1 10,099 Younis Khan 118 207 2000–2017
2 8,832 Javed Miandad 124 189 1976–1993
3 8,830 Inzamam-ul-Haq 119 198 1992–2007
4 7,530 Mohammad Yousuf 90 156 1998–2010
5 5,768 Saleem Malik 103 154 1982–1999
Last updated: 31 August 2017[69]

Highest individual scoreEdit

Hanif Mohammad set the highest Test score for Pakistan with 337, surpassing Imtiaz Ahmed's 209 scored against New Zealand in October 1955 at Bagh-e-Jinnah. Inzamam-ul-Haq (329), Younis Khan (313) and Azhar Ali (302*) are the only others to sore a triple century for Pakistan.[11]

Rank Runs Player Opposition Venue Date
1 337 Hanif Mohammad   West Indies Kensington Oval, Bridgetown 17 January 1958
2 329 Inzamam-ul-Haq   New Zealand Gaddafi Stadium, Lahore 1 May 2002
3 313 Younus Khan   Sri Lanka National Stadium, Karachi 21 February 2009
4 302* Azhar Ali   West Indies Dubai International Stadium, Dubai 14 October 2016
5 280* Javed Miandad   India Niaz Stadium, Hyderabad 14 January 1983
Last updated: 15 October 2016[70]

Highest career averageEdit

A batsman's batting average is the total number of runs they have scored divided by the number of times they have been dismissed.[71]

Pakistan's Javed Miandad, "one of the best and most exciting players in the world",[72][73] finished his Test career with an average of 52.57. The next closest Pakistani to him is Mohammad Yousuf who retired in 2012 with an average of 52.29.[74]

Rank Average Player Runs Innings Period
1 52.57 Javed Miandad 8,832 189 1976–1993
2 52.29 Mohammad Yousuf 7,530 156 1998–2010
3 52.05 Younis Khan 10,099 207 2000–2017
4 50.16 Inzamam-ul-Haq 8,829 198 1992–2007
5 46.62 Misbah-ul-Haq 5,222 132 2001–2017
Qualification: 20 innings
Last updated: 31 August 2017[74]

Most half-centuriesEdit

A half-century is a score of between 50 and 99 runs. Statistically, once a batsman's score reaches 100, it is no longer considered a half-century but a century.[citation needed]

Sachin Tendulkar of India has score the most half-centuries in Test cricket with 68. He is followed by the West Indies' Shivnarine Chanderpaul on 66, Pakistan's Inzamam-ul-Haq has 46 fifties to his name.[75]

Rank Half centuries Player Runs Period
1 46 Inzamam-ul-Haq 8,829 1992–2007
2 43 Javed Miandad 8,832 1976–1993
3 39 Misbah-ul-Haq 5,222 2001–2017
4 33 Mohammad Yousuf 7,530 1998–2010
Younis Khan 10,099 2000–2017
Last updated: 31 August 2017[76]

Most Test centuriesEdit

A century is a score of 100 or more runs in a single innings.[citation needed]

Tendulkar has also scored the most centuries in Test cricket with 51. South Africa's Jacques Kallis is next on 45 and Ponting with 41 hundreds is in third. Younis Khan is the highest century-maker for Pakistan.[77]

Rank Centuries Player Runs Period
1 34 Younis Khan 10,099 2000–2017
2 25 Inzamam-ul-Haq 8,829 1992–2007
3 24 Mohammad Yousuf 7,530 1998–2010
4 23 Javed Miandad 8,832 1976–1993
5 15 Saleem Malik 5,768 1982–1999
Last updated: 31 August 2017[78]

Most double centuriesEdit

A double century is a score of 200 or more runs in a single innings.[citation needed]

Bradman holds the Test record for the most double centuries scored with twelve, one ahead of Sri Lanka's Kumar Sangakkara who finished his career with eleven. In third is Brian Lara of the West Indies with nine. England's Wally Hammond and Mahela Jayawardene of Sri Lanka both scored seven, and Miandad and Younis Khan are two of six cricketers who reached the mark on six occasions.[79]

Rank Double centuries Player Runs Period
1 6 Younis Khan 10,099 2000–2017
Javed Miandad 8,832 1976–1993
3 4 Zaheer Abbas 5,062 1969–1985
Mohammad Yousuf 7,530 1998–2010
5 3 Azhar Ali 5,129 2010–present
Last updated: 31 August 2017[80]

Most runs in a seriesEdit

 
Mohammad Yousuf scored 665 at the average of 133.00 against the West Indies in 2006–07.[81]

Test cricket is the oldest form of cricket played at international level. The 1930 Ashes series in England saw Bradman set the record for the most runs scored in a single series, falling just 26 short of 1,000 runs. He is followed by Wally Hammond with 905 runs scored in the 1928–29 Ashes series. Mark Taylor with 839 in the 1989 Ashes and Neil Harvey with 834 in 1952–53 South African series are third and fourth on the list, respectively. Pakistani cricketer Mudassar Nazar is seventeenth in the list with 761.[82]

Rank Runs Player Matches Innings Series
1 761 Mudassar Nazar 6 8 Indian cricket team in Pakistan in 1982–83
2 665 Mohammad Yousuf 3 5 West Indian cricket team in Pakistan in 2006–07
3 650 Zaheer Abbas 6 6 Indian cricket team in Pakistan in 1982–83
4 631 Mohammad Yousuf 4 7 Pakistani cricket team in England in 2006
5 628 Hanif Mohammad 5 9 Pakistani cricket team in the West Indies in 1957–58
Last updated: 31 August 2017[81]

Most ducksEdit

A duck refers to a batsman dismissed without scoring a run.[83] West Indian Courtney Walsh has the most ducks to his name with 43. Pakistan's Danish Kaneria has scored the ninth-highest number of ducks in Test cricket along with Indian cricketer Ishant Sharma with 25.[84]

Rank Ducks Player Matches Innings Period
1 25 Danish Kaneria 61 84 2000–2010
2 21 Waqar Younis 87 120 1989–2003
3 19 Wasim Bari 81 112 1967–1984
4 19 Younis Khan 118 213 2000–2017
5 17 Wasim Akram 104 147 1985–2002
Last updated: 18 October 2015[85]

Bowling recordsEdit

Most career wicketsEdit

 
Wasim Akram has taken the most Test wickets (414) for Pakistan.

A bowler takes the wicket of a batsman when the form of dismissal is bowled, caught, leg before wicket, stumped or hit wicket. If the batsman is dismissed by run out, obstructing the field, handling the ball, hitting the ball twice or timed out the bowler does not receive credit.[citation needed]

Shane Warne held the record for the most Test wickets with 708 until December 2007 when Sri Lankan bowler Muttiah Muralitharan passed Warne's milestone.[86] Muralitharan, who continued to play until 2010, finished with 800 wickets to his name. India's Anil Kumble is third on the list taking 610 wickets and Glenn McGrath of Australia with 563 holds the record for most wickets by a fast bowler in Test cricket. Wasim Akram is the highest wicket taker for Pakistan with 414.[87][88]

Rank Wickets Player Matches Innings Period
1 414 Wasim Akram 104 181 1985–2002
2 373 Waqar Younis 87 154 1989–2003
3 362 Imran Khan 88 142 1971–1992
3 261 Danish Kaneria 61 112 2000–2010
4 236 Abdul Qadir 67 111 1977–1990
Last updated: 31 August 2017[15]

Best figures in an inningsEdit

Bowling figures refers to the number of the wickets a bowler has taken and the number of runs conceded.[89]

There has been two occasions in Test cricket where a bowler has taken all ten wickets in a single innings – Jim Laker of England took 10/53 against Australia in 1956 and India's Anil Kumble in 1999 returned figures of 10/74 against Pakistan. Abdul Qadir is one of 15 bowlers who has taken nine wickets in a Test match innings.[90]

Rank Figures Player Opposition Venue Date
1 9/56 Abdul Qadir   England Gaddafi Stadium, Lahore 25 November 1987
2 9/86 Sarfraz Nawaz   Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne 10 March 1979
3 8/41 Yasir Shah   New Zealand Dubai International Stadium, Dubai 27 November 2018
4 8/58 Imran Khan   Sri Lanka Gaddafi Stadium, Lahore 22 March 1982
5 8/60 Imran Khan   India National Stadium, Karachi 23 December 1982
6 8/69 Sikander Bakht   India Feroz Shah Kotla Ground, Delhi 4 December 1979
Last updated: 27 November 2018[91]

Best figures in a matchEdit

 
Imran Khan has the best bowling figures in a match (14/119) and best bowling average in career for Pakistan.

A bowler's bowling figures in a match is sum of the wickets taken and the runs conceded in two innings.[citation needed]

No bowler in the history of Test cricket has taken all 20 wickets in a match. The closest to do so was English spin bowler Jim Laker. During the fourth Test of the 1956 Ashes series, Laker took 9/37 in the first innings and 10/53 in the second to finish with match figures of 19/90. Imran Khan's figures of 14/119, taken in finaal match of the 1981–82 Test series against Sri Lanka, is the sixteenth-best in Test cricket history.[92]

Rank Figures Player Opposition Venue Date
1 14/119 Imran Khan   Sri Lanka Gaddafi Stadium, Lahore 22 March 1982
2 14/184 Yasir Shah   New Zealand Dubai Cricket Stadium, Dubai 24 November 2018
3 13/101 Abdul Qadir   England Gaddafi Stadium, Lahore 25 November 1987
4 13/114 Fazal Mahmood   England National Stadium, Karachi 11 October 1956
5 13/135 Waqar Younis   Zimbabwe National Stadium, Karachi 1 December 1993
6 12/94 Fazal Mahmood   England University Ground, Lucknow 23 October 1952
Last updated: 29 December 2018[93]

Best career averageEdit

A bowler's bowling average is the total number of runs they have conceded divided by the number of wickets they have taken.[citation needed]

Nineteenth century English medium pacer George Lohmann holds the record for the best career average in Test cricket with 10.75. J. J. Ferris, one of fourteen cricketers to play Test cricket for more than one team,[94] is second behind Lohmann with an overall career average of 12.70 runs per wicket. Imran Khan's bowling average of 22.81 is the best figures for Pakistan.[95]

Rank Average Player Wickets Runs Balls Period
1 18.86 Mohammad Abbas 66 1,245 3,036 2017–present
2 22.81 Imran Khan 362 8,258 19,458 1971–1992
3 23.04 Shabbir Ahmed 51 1,175 2,576 2003–2005
4 23.56 Waqar Younis 373 8,788 16,224 1989–2003
5 23.62 Wasim Akram 414 9,779 22,627 1985–2002
Qualification: 2,000 balls
Last updated: 4 September 2017
[18]

Best career economy rateEdit

A bowler's economy rate is the total number of runs they have conceded divided by the number of overs they have bowled.[83]

English bowler William Attewell, who played 10 matches for England between 1884 and 1892, holds the Test record for the best career economy rate with 1.31.[96] Pervez Sajjad, with a rate of 2.04 runs per over conceded over his 19-match Test career, is the best for Pakistan.[97]

Rank Economy rate Player Runs Balls Wickets Period
1 2.04 Pervez Sajjad 1,410 4,145 59 1964–1973
2 2.06 Mohammad Nazir 1,124 3,262 34 1969–1983
3 2.07 Shujauddin Butt 801 2,313 20 1954–1962
4 2.09 Fazal Mahmood 3,434 9,834 139 1952–1962
5 2.11 Abdul Hafeez Kardar 954 2,712 21 1952–1958
Qualification: 2,000 balls
Last updated: 4 September 2017
[97]

Best career strike rateEdit

 
Waqar Younis holds the Pakistani record for the best Test career strike rate, with figures of 43.4.

A bowler's strike rate is the total number of balls they have bowled divided by the number of wickets they have taken.[83]

English George Lohmann has best Test career strike rate with 34.1; Waqar Younis of Pakistan with an overall career strike rate of 43.4 balls per wicket, is eighth in the list.[98]

Rank Strike rate Player Wickets Balls Runs Period
1 43.4 Waqar Younis 373 16,224 8,788 1989–2003
2 45.7 Shoaib Akhtar 178 8,143 4,574 1997–2007
3 46.0 Mohammad Abbas 66 3,036 1,245 2017–present
4 48.7 Mohammad Asif 106 5,171 2,583 2005–2010
5 50.5 Shabbir Ahmed 51 2,576 1,175 2003–2005
Qualification: 2,000 balls
Last updated: 4 September 2017
[99]

Most five-wicket hauls in an inningsEdit

A five-wicket haul refers to a bowler taking five wickets in a single innings.[100]

Sri Lanka's Muttiah Muralitharan has taken the most number five-wicket hauls in Test cricket with 67 throughout his career. former Pakistani captain Wasim Akram is tenth on the list and leading the equivalent list for Pakistan.[101]

Rank Five-wicket hauls Player Wickets Period
1 25 Wasim Akram 414 1985–2002
2 23 Imran Khan 362 1971–1992
3 22 Waqar Younis 373 1989–2003
4 16 Yasir Shah 203 2014–Present
5 15 Abdul Qadir 236 1977–1990
Danish Kaneria 261 2000–2010
Last updated: 29 December 2018[102]

Most ten-wicket hauls in a matchEdit

A ten-wicket haul refers to a bowler taking ten or more wickets in a match over two innings.[citation needed]

Muttiah Muralitharan of Sri Lanka has taken the most ten-wicket hauls in Test cricket with 22. Imran Khan, jointly tenth with Derek Underwood of England, leads the equivalent list for Pakistan with 6 ten-wicket hauls.[103]

Rank Ten-wicket hauls Player Wickets Period
1 6 Imran Khan 362 1971–1992
=2 5 Waqar Younis 373 1989–2003
Abdul Qadir 236 1977–1990
Wasim Akram 414 1985–2002
5 4 Fazal Mahmood 139 1952–1962
Last updated: 4 September 2017[104]

Worst figures in an inningsEdit

The worst figures in a single innings in Test cricket came in the third Test between the West Indies at home to Pakistan in 1958. Pakistan's Khan Mohammad returned figures of 0/259 from his 54 overs in the second innings of the match.[105][106]

Rank Figures Player Overs Opposition Venue Date
1 0/259 Khan Mohammad 54   West Indies Sabina Park, Jamaica 26 February 1958
2 0/183 Danish Kaneria 47   Sri Lanka Gaddafi Stadium, Lahore 1 March 2009
3 0/156 Iqbal Qasim 56   Australia Iqbal Stadium, Faisalabad 6 March 1980
4 0/153 Mushtaq Ahmed 46   Australia Arbab Niaz Stadium, Peshawar 15 October 1998
5 0/148 Fazal Mahmood 47   England Trent Bridge, Nottingham 1 July 1954
Last updated: 5 September 2017[107]

Worst figures in a matchEdit

The worst figures in a match in Test cricket were taken by South Africa's Imran Tahir in the 2006 Boxing Day Test match against Australia. He returned figures of 0/180 from his 23 overs in the first innings and 0/80 off 14 in the third innings for a total 0/260 from 37 overs.[108] He claimed the record in his final over when two runs came from it—enough for him to pass the previous record of 0/259, set 48 years prior by Pakistan's Khan Mohammad.[109][110][111]

Rank Figures Player Overs Opposition Venue Date
1 0/259 Khan Mohammad 54   West Indies Sabina Park, Jamaica 26 February 1958
2 0/183 Danish Kaneria 47   Sri Lanka Gaddafi Stadium, Lahore 1 March 2009
3 0/164 Sohail Khan 27   Sri Lanka National Stadium, Karachi 21 February 2009
4 0/160 Aaqib Javed 47   New Zealand Basin Reserve, Wellington 10 February 1989
5 0/156 Iqbal Qasim 56   Australia Iqbal Stadium, Faisalabad 6 March 1980
Last updated: 5 September 2017[112]

Most wickets in a seriesEdit

South Africa's seventh Test tour of England in 1913–14 saw the record set for the most wickets taken by a bowler in a Test series. English paceman Sydney Barnes played in four of the five matches and achieved a total of 49 wickets to his name. Jim Laker sits second on the list with 46 wickets taken during the 1956 Ashes series. Pakistan's Imran Khan is seventh with his 40 wickets taken against India during the 1982–83 tour.[113]

Rank Wickets Player Matches Series
1 40 Imran Khan 6 Indian cricket team in Pakistan in 1982–83
2 30 Abdul Qadir 3 English cricket team in Pakistan in 1987–88
3 29 Waqar Younis 3 New Zealand cricket team in Pakistan in 1990–91
29 Yasir Shah 3 New Zealand cricket team in UAE in 2018–19
5 27 Waqar Younis 3 Zimbabwean cricket team in Pakistan in 1993–94
Last updated: 29 December 2018[114]

Wicket-keeping recordsEdit

The wicket-keeper is a specialist fielder who stands behind the stumps being guarded by the batsman on strike and is the only member of the fielding side permitted to wear gloves and external leg guards.[115]

Most career dismissalsEdit

A wicket-keeper can be credited with the dismissal of batsman in two ways, caught or stumped. A fair catch is a taken when the ball is caught fully within the field of play without it bouncing when the ball has touched the striker's bat or glove holding the bat,[116] while a stumping occurs when the wicket-keeper puts down the wicket while the batsman out of his ground and not attempting a run.[117]

Pakistan's Wasim Bari is eleventh in taking most dismissals in Test cricket as a designated wicket-keeper with 228.[20]

Rank Dismissals Player Matches Period
1 228 Wasim Bari 81 1967–1984
2 206 Kamran Akmal 53 2002–2010
3 147 Moin Khan 69 1990–2004
4 130 Rashid Latif 37 1992–2003
5 121 Sarfraz Ahmed 38 2010–present
Last updated: 6 September 2017[118]

Most career catchesEdit

Bari leads in the list of most catches taken as a designated wicket-keeper in Test cricket for Pakistan, with 201.[119]

Rank Dismissals Player Matches Period
1 201 Wasim Bari 81 1967–1984
2 184 Kamran Akmal 53 2002–2010
3 127 Moin Khan 69 1990–2004
4 119 Rashid Latif 37 1992–2003
5 103 Sarfraz Ahmed 38 2010–present
Last updated: 6 September 2017[118]

Most career stumpingsEdit

Bert Oldfield, Australia's fifth-most capped wicket-keeper, holds the record for most stumpings in Test cricket with 52. He is followed by England's Godfrey Evans with 46 to his name. Indian glovemen Syed Kirmani and MS Dhoni are both equal third on 38 and Gilchrist is fifth on the list with 37. Bari, Pakistan's most capped wicket-keeper, is eighth in the list for most stumpings in Test cricket with 27.[120]

Rank Stumpings Player Matches Period
1 27 Wasim Bari 81 1967–1984
2 22 Kamran Akmal 53 2002–2010
3 20 Moin Khan 69 1990–2004
5 18 Sarfraz Ahmed 38 2010–present
5 16 Imtiaz Ahmed 38 1952–1962
Last updated: 6 September 2017[121]

Most dismissals in an inningsEdit

Four wicket-keepers have taken seven wickets in a single innings in a Test match—Wasim Bari of Pakistan in 1979, Englishman Bob Taylor in 1980, New Zealand's Ian Smith in 1991 and most recently West Indian gloveman Ridley Jacobs against Australia in 2000.[122]

The feat of taking 6 wickets in an innings has been achieved by 22 wicket-keepers on 30 occasions including two Pakistanis.[123]

Rank Dismissals Player Opposition Venue Date
1 7 Wasim Bari   New Zealand Eden Park, Auckland 23 February 1979
2 6 Rashid Latif   Zimbabwe Queens Sports Club, Bulawayo 14 March 1998
Adnan Akmal   New Zealand Basin Reserve, Wellington 15 January 2011
Last updated: 6 September 2017[124]

Most dismissals in a seriesEdit

Brad Haddin holds the Test cricket record for the most dismissals taken by a wicket-keeper in a series. He took 29 catches during the 2013 Ashes series which broke the previous record held by fellow Australian Rod Marsh where he took 28 catches in the 1982–83 Ashes series.[125] Rashid Latif has the most dismissals for Pakistan in a Test series.[126]

Rank Dismissals Player Matches Series
1 18 Rashid Latif 3 Bangladeshi cricket team in Pakistan in 2003
2 17 Kamran Akmal 3 Pakistani cricket team in England in 2010
Wasim Bari 6 Indian cricket team in Pakistan in 1982–83
4 16 Kamran Akmal 2 Pakistani cricket team in the West Indies in 2005
4 Pakistani cricket team in England in 2006
Wasim Bari 5 Pakistani cricket team in the West Indies in 1976–77
6 Pakistani cricket team in India in 1979–80
Last updated: 6 September 2017[126]

Fielding recordsEdit

Most career catchesEdit

Caught is one of the ten methods a batsman can be dismissed in cricket. A fair catch is defined as a fielder catches the ball, from a legal delivery, fully within the field of play without it bouncing when the ball has touched the striker's bat or glove holding the bat.[116] The majority of catches are caught in the slips, located behind the batsman, next to the wicket-keeper, on the off side of the field. Most slip fielders are top order batsmen.[127]

India's Rahul Dravid holds the record for the most catches in Test cricket by a non-wicket-keeper with 210, followed by Mahela Jayawardene of Sri Lanka on 205 and South African Jacques Kallis with 200. Younis Khan is the highest-ranked Pakistani and twelfth overall, securing 139 catches in his Test career.[128]

Rank Catches Player Matches Period
1 139 Younis Khan 118 2000–2017
2 93 Javed Miandad 124 1976–1996
3 81 Inzamam-ul-Haq 119 1992–1999
4 65 Majid Khan 63 1964–1983
5 65 Mohammad Yousuf 90 1998–2010
6 65 Saleem Malik 103 1998–2010
Last updated: 14 October 2017[129]

Most catches in a seriesEdit

The 1920–21 Ashes series, in which Australia whitewashed England 5–0 for the first time, saw the record set for the most catches taken by non-wicket-keeper in a Test series. Australian all-rounder Jack Gregory took 15 catches in the series as well as 23 wickets.[130] Greg Chappell, a fellow Australian all-rounder, is second behind Gregory with 14 catches taken during the 1974–75 Ashes series. Three players have taken 13 catches in a series on five occasions with both Bob Simpson and Brian Lara having done so twice and Rahul Dravid once. Younis Khan has taken 10 catches, the most by a Pakistani.[131]

Rank Catches Player Matches Series
1 10 Younis Khan 3 Pakistani cricket team in the West Indies in 2016–17
=2 9 Taufeeq Umar 2 South African cricket team in Pakistan in 2003–04
Younis Khan 3 Pakistani cricket team in South Africa in 2006–07
Wallis Mathias 5 Pakistani cricket team in the West Indies in 1957–58
Last updated: 14 October 2017[132]

Other recordsEdit

Most career matchesEdit

India's Sachin Tendulkar holds the record for the most Test matches played with 200 with former captains in Ricky Ponting and Steve Waugh being joint second with each having represented Australia on 168 occasions. Javed Miandad played for Pakistan in 124 matches.[133]

Rank Matches Player Period
1 124 Javed Miandad 1976–1996
2 119 Inzamam-ul-Haq 1992–2007
3 118 Younis Khan 2000–2017
4 104 Wasim Akram 1985–2002
5 103 Saleem Malik 1982–1999
Last updated: 15 October 2017[134]

Most matches as captainEdit

Graeme Smith, who led the South African cricket team from 2003 to 2014, holds the record for the most matches played as captain in Test cricket with 109. Allan Border, the man who skippered Australia from 1984 to 1994 is second with 93 matches. New Zealand's captain from 1997 to 2006, Stephen Fleming, is third on the list with 80 and in fourth on 77 is Australia's Ricky Ponting who led the side for six years from 2004 to 2010. Pakistan's Misbah-ul-Haq is ninth in the list along with Sri Lankan Arjuna Ranatunga.[135]

Rank Matches Player Period
1 56 Misbah-ul-Haq 2010–2017
2 48 Imran Khan 1982–1992
3 34 Javed Miandad 1980–1993
4 31 Inzamam-ul-Haq 2001–2007
5 25 Wasim Akram 1993–1999
Last updated: 25 May 2017[136]

Most matches won as captainEdit

Pakistan won 26 Tests under Misbah-ul-Haq's captaincy followed by Imran Khan and Javed Miandad with 14 each.[137]

Rank Matches Player Period
1 26 Misbah-ul-Haq 2010–2017
=2 14 Imran Khan 1982–1992
Javed Miandad 1980–1993
4 12 Wasim Akram 1993–1999
5 11 Inzamam-ul-Haq 2001–2007
Last updated: 15 October 2017[137]

Youngest playersEdit

The youngest player to play in a Test match is claimed to be Hasan Raza at the age of 14 years and 227 days. Making his debut for Pakistan against Zimbabwe on 24 October 1996, there is some doubt as to the validity of Raza's age at the time. The second- and third-youngest players are also from Pakistan—Mushtaq Mohammad and Aaqib Javedwith at 15 years and 124 days and 16 years and 189 days, respectively.[138]

Rank Age Player Opposition Venue Date
1 14 years and 227 days Hasan Raza   Zimbabwe Iqbal Stadium, Faisalabad 24 October 1996
2 15 years and 124 days Mushtaq Mohammad   West Indies Gaddafi Stadium, Lahore 16 March 1959
3 16 years and 189 days Aaqib Javed   New Zealand Basin Reserve, Wellington 10 February 1989
4 16 years and 221 days Aftab Baloch   New Zealand Bangabandhu National Stadium, Dhaka 8 November 1969
5 16 years and 248 days Nasim-ul-Ghani   West Indies Kensington Oval, Bridgetown, Barbados 17 January 1958
Last updated: 15 October 2017[139]

Oldest players on debutEdit

At 49 years and 119 days, James Southerton of England, playing in the very first Test match in March 1877, is the oldest player to make his debut in Test cricket. Second on the list is Miran Bakhsh of Pakistan who at 47 years and 284 days made his debut against India in 1955. Australia's Don Blackie is the third-oldest player to make his debut, breaking into the side during the second Test of the 1928–29 Ashes series at the age of 46 years and 253 days.[140]

Rank Age Player Opposition Venue Date
1 47 years and 284 days Miran Bakhsh   India Bagh-e-Jinnah, Lahore 29 January 1955
2 34 years and 308 days Zulfiqar Babar   South Africa Sheikh Zayed Cricket Stadium, Abu Dhabi 14 October 2013
3 34 years and 177 days Aslam Khokhar   England Trent Bridge, Nottingham 1 July 1954
4 32 years and 283 days Mohammad Ayub   Sri Lanka Galle International Stadium, Galle 22 June 2012
5 32 years and 252 days Shakeel Ahmed   West Indies National Stadium, Karachi 22 October 1998
Last updated: 15 October 2017[141]

Partnership recordsEdit

In cricket, two batsman are always present at the crease batting together in a partnership. This partnership will continue until one of them is dismissed, retires or the innings comes to a close.

Highest partnerships by wicketEdit

A wicket partnership describes the number of runs scored before each wicket falls. The first wicket partnership is between the opening batsman and continues until the first wicket falls. The second wicket partnership then commences between the not out batsman and the number three batsman. This partnership continues until the second wicket falls. The third wicket partnership then commences between the not out batsman and the new batsman. This continues down to tenth wicket partnership. When the eleventh wicket has fallen, there is no more batsman left so the innings is closed.

Wicket Runs First batsman Second batsman Opposition Venue Date
1st wicket 298 Aamer Sohail Ijaz Ahmed   West Indies National Stadium, Karachi 6 December 1997
2nd wicket 291 Zaheer Abbas Mushtaq Mohammad   England Edgbaston,Birmingham 3 June 1971
3rd wicket 451 Mudassar Nazar Javed Miandad   India Niaz Stadium, Hyderabad, Sindh 14 January 1983
4th wicket 350 Mushtaq Mohammad Asif Iqbal   New Zealand Carisbrook, Dunedin 7 February 1973
5th wicket 281 Javed Miandad Asif Iqbal   New Zealand Gaddafi Stadium, Lahore 9 October 1976
6th wicket 269 Mohammad Yousuf Kamran Akmal   England Gaddafi Stadium, Lahore 29 November 2005
7th wicket 308 Waqar Hasan Imtiaz Ahmed   New Zealand Gaddafi Stadium, Lahore 26 October 1955
8th wicket 313 Wasim Akram Saqlain Mushtaq   Zimbabwe Sheikhupura Stadium, Sheikhupura 17 October 1996
9th wicket 190 Asif Iqbal Intikhab Alam   England Kenington Oval, London 24 August 1967
10th wicket 151 Azhar Mahmood Mushtaq Ahmed   South Africa Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium, Rawalpindi 6 October 1997
Last updated: 15 October 2017[142]

Highest partnerships by runsEdit

The highest Test partnership by runs for any wicket is held by the Sri Lankan pairing of Kumar Sangakkara and Mahela Jayawardene who put together a third wicket partnership of 624 runs during the first Test against South Africa in July 2006. This broke the record of 576 runs set by their compatriots Sanath Jayasuriya and Roshan Mahanama against India in 1997. New Zealand's Andrew Jones and Martin Crowe hold the third-highest Test partnership with 467 made in 1991 against Sri Lanka. Equal fourth on the list is Mudassar Nazar and Javed Miandad of Pakistan who together scored 451 against Pakistan in 1983 and the Australian pairing of Bill Ponsford and Don Bradman putting on the same score against England in the 1934 Ashes series.[143]

Wicket Runs First batsman Second batsman Opposition Venue Date
3rd wicket 451 Mudassar Nazar Javed Miandad   India Niaz Stadium, Hyderabad, Sindh 14 January 1983
3rd wicket 397 Qasim Umar Javed Miandad   Sri Lanka Iqbal Stadium, Faisalabad 16 October 1985
3rd wicket 363 Younis Khan Mohammad Yousuf   England Headingley Stadium, Leeds 4 August 2006
3rd wicket 352* Ijaz Ahmed Inzamam-ul-Haq   England Bangabandhu National Stadium, Dhaka 12 March 1999
4th wicket 350 Mushtaq Mohammad Asif Iqbal   New Zealand Carisbrook, Dunedin 7 February 1973
Last updated: 16 October 2017[144]

Umpiring recordsEdit

Most matches umpiredEdit

An umpire in cricket is a person who officiates the match according to the laws of cricket. Two umpires adjudicate the match on the field, whilst a third umpire has access to video replays, and a fourth umpire looks after the match balls and other duties. The records below are only for on-field umpires.

Steve Bucknor of the West Indies holds the record for the most Test matches umpired with 128. He is followed by the currently active Aleem Dar from Pakistan who has stood in 114 Test matches and South Africa's Rudi Koertzen who has officiated in 108.[145]

Rank Matches Umpire Period
1 114 Aleem Dar  2003–2017
2 49 Asad Rauf 2005–2013
3 34 Khizer Hayat 1980–1996
4 28 Mahboob Shah 1975–1997
5 55 Shujauddin Siddiqi 1955–1978
Last updated: 14 August 2017[145]

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ For the first 50 years of Test cricket matches were played over three or four days[4] and until the 1930s some timeless Tests were played.[5]
  2. ^ The other teams to have won a Test match by a margin of 10 wickets are South Africa (8),[42] Sri Lanka (8),[43] India (7)[44] and New Zealand (4).[45]
  3. ^ England have won a Test match by 12 runs on two different occasions against Australia.[50]
  4. ^ The other teams to have lost a Test match by a margin of 10 wickets are Bangladesh (4),[55] Sri Lanka (5),[56] Zimbabwe (7),[57] Australia (10),[58] South Africa (12),[59] New Zealand (13),[60] the West Indies (15),[61] India (17)[62] and England (21).[63]

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