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List of lay Catholic scientists

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"The Vitruvian Man" by Leonardo da Vinci

Many Catholics have made significant contributions to the development of science and mathematics from the Middle Ages to today. These scientists include Galileo Galilei,[1] René Descartes,[2] Louis Pasteur,[3] Blaise Pascal, André-Marie Ampère, Charles-Augustin de Coulomb, Pierre de Fermat, Antoine Laurent Lavoisier, Alessandro Volta,[4] Augustin-Louis Cauchy, Pierre Duhem, Jean-Baptiste Dumas, Alois Alzheimer, Georgius Agricola, and Christian Doppler.

For additional Catholic scientists, see the List of Catholic churchmen-scientists.

Catholic scientistsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Stephen Hawking; A Brief History of Time, 1996; p. 194-195
  2. ^ "René Descartes". Newadvent.org. Retrieved 30 May 2012. ...preferred to avoid all collision with ecclesiastical authority.
  3. ^ a b Vallery-Radot, Maurice (1994). Pasteur. Paris: Perrin. pp. 377–407.
  4. ^ a b "Gli scienziati cattolici che hanno fatto lItalia". Zenit.
  5. ^ George Agricola
  6. ^ Berrios, G. E. (1990-11-01). "Alzheimer's disease: A conceptual history". International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry. 5 (6): 355–65. doi:10.1002/gps.930050603. ISSN 1099-1166.
  7. ^ Guareschi, Icilio (1911). "Amedeo Avogadro e la sua opera scientifica". Opere scelte di Amedeo Avogadro. Turin: Accademia delle scienze. pp. i–cxl.
  8. ^ "Evolution: Religion: Science and Faith". Pbs.org. Retrieved July 26, 2010.
  9. ^ Dreifus, Claudia (April 27, 1999). "A CONVERSATION WITH: FRANCISCO J. AYALA; Ex-Priest Takes the Blasphemy Out of Evolution". New York Times. Retrieved April 24, 2009.
  10. ^ "CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Jacques Babinet".
  11. ^ "CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Joachim Barrande".
  12. ^ "CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Giambattista Belzoni".
  13. ^ The Catholic world. 1865–1971.CS1 maint: Date format (link)
  14. ^ Hockey, Thomas A., Virginia Trimble, Katherine Bracher. Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers. New York: Springer, 2007.
  15. ^ https://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/blainville-henri-marie-ducrotay-de
  16. ^ "Raoul Bott biography".
  17. ^ http://www.ams.org/notices/200605/fea-bott-2.pdf
  18. ^   Obituary: James Britten.
  19. ^ Cyranoski, David (13 January 2016). "Taiwan's SARS hero poised to be vice-president". Nature. Retrieved November 6, 2018.
  20. ^ Mateo Realdo Colombo
  21. ^ https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/5234/73d2660baada71b627fa7a980140e9235191.pdf
  22. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-11-10. Retrieved 2013-01-15.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  23. ^ http://homepage.ntu.edu.tw/~wttsai/Adv_Fluid/Maurice.Couette.One.of.the.founders.of.rheology.pdf
  24. ^ "Gabriel-Auguste Daubrée | French geochemist".
  25. ^ https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/pdf/10.1098/rsbm.1978.0002
  26. ^ "CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Cesar-Mansuete Despretz".
  27. ^ https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/14/F%C3%A9lix_Dujardin_1811-1860_by_Louis_Joubin_%281901%29_Archives_de_Parasitologie_Vol._4.pdf
  28. ^ "CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Hubert-Andre Dumont".
  29. ^ "CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Pierre-Charles-Francois Dupin".
  30. ^ http://www.adherents.com/people/pe/John_Eccles.html John Eccles
  31. ^ Armand-Hippolyte-Louis Fizeau
  32. ^ http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/fuchs-johann-nepomuk-von
  33. ^ Sharratt (1994, pp. 17, 213)
  34. ^ "Peter Grünberg – Autobiography".
  35. ^ Jean-Baptiste-Julien D'Omalius Halloy
  36. ^ Levi, Hilde (1985), George de Hevesy : life and work : a biography, Bristol: A. Hilger, p. 14, ISBN 978-0-85274-555-7
  37. ^ http://www.catholicnews.com/data/briefs/cns/20121023.htm#head1 Archived 2013-02-15 at Archive.today
  38. ^ http://www.austindiocese.org/newsletter_article_view.php?id=7177[permanent dead link]
  39. ^ "CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Karl Kreil".
  40. ^ Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier
  41. ^ https://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/le-cat-claude-nicolas
  42. ^ "CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Karl August Lossen".
  43. ^ a b c "Board : Society of Catholic Scientists".
  44. ^ "CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: William James MacNeven".
  45. ^ https://www.catholicscientists.org/about/St.-Albert-Award/Maldacena-bio
  46. ^ Marcello Malpighi
  47. ^ Sartori, Renzo. “Luigi Ferdinando Marsili, Founding Father of Oceanography.” In Four Centuries of the Word Geology. Ulisse Aldrovandi 1603 in Bologna, edited by Gian Battista Vai and William Cavazza. Bologna, Italy: Minerva Edizioni, 2003.
  48. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-09. Retrieved 2013-04-15.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  49. ^ "Home".
  50. ^ Giovanni Battista Morgagni
  51. ^ Johann Müller
  52. ^ "The religion of Joseph Murray, Nobel Prize-winner in Medicine and Physiology".
  53. ^ Regis, Ed (1992-11-08). "Johnny Jiggles the Planet". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-02-04.
  54. ^ Halmos, P.R. (1973). "The Legend of von Neumann". The American Mathematical Monthly. 80 (4): 382–394. doi:10.2307/2319080. JSTOR 2319080.
  55. ^ Louis Pasteur
  56. ^ http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/pelletier-pierre-joseph
  57. ^ George von Peuerbach
  58. ^ Henri Victor Regnault
  59. ^ Eliel, Ernest L., Frederick Dominic Rossini, Biographical Memoirs, National Academy of Sciences.
  60. ^ http://www.encyclopedia.com/people/science-and-technology/chemistry-biographies/louis-jacques-thenard
  61. ^ François Vieta, Seigneur de La Bigottière
  62. ^ Kusky, Timothy M.; Cullen, Katherine E. (2010). Encyclopedia of Earth and Space Science. ISBN 9781438128597.
  63. ^ The Princeton Companion to Mathematics. Ed. Timothy Gowers. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2008. (p.770).
  64. ^ http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/winslow-jacobor-jacques-benigne
  65. ^ Official Biography of Zichichi at the Ettore Majorana Foundation
  66. ^ Antonino Zichichi; Richard C. Ragaini; Ettore M (2001). International Seminar on Nuclear War and Planetary Emergencies: 25th session. p. 4. ISBN 9789812797001.