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List of lay Catholic scientists

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"The Vitruvian Man" by Leonardo da Vinci

Many Catholics have made significant contributions to the development of science and mathematics from the Middle Ages to today. These scientists include Galileo Galilei,[1] René Descartes,[2], Louis Pasteur,[3] Blaise Pascal, André-Marie Ampère, Charles-Augustin de Coulomb, Pierre de Fermat, Antoine Laurent Lavoisier, Alessandro Volta,[4] Augustin-Louis Cauchy, Pierre Duhem, Jean-Baptiste Dumas, Alois Alzheimer, Georgius Agricola, and Christian Doppler.

For additional Catholic scientists, see the List of Catholic churchmen-scientists.

Catholic scientistsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Stephen Hawking; A Brief History of Time, 1996; p. 194-195
  2. ^ "René Descartes". Newadvent.org. Retrieved 30 May 2012. ...preferred to avoid all collision with ecclesiastical authority. 
  3. ^ a b Vallery-Radot, Maurice (1994). Pasteur. Paris: Perrin. pp. 377–407. 
  4. ^ a b "Gli scienziati cattolici che hanno fatto lItalia". Zenit. 
  5. ^ George Agricola
  6. ^ Berrios, G. E. (1990-11-01). "Alzheimer's disease: A conceptual history". International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry. 5 (6): 355–65. doi:10.1002/gps.930050603. ISSN 1099-1166. 
  7. ^ Guareschi, Icilio (1911). "Amedeo Avogadro e la sua opera scientifica". Opere scelte di Amedeo Avogadro. Turin: Accademia delle scienze. pp. i–cxl. 
  8. ^ "Evolution: Religion: Science and Faith". Pbs.org. Retrieved July 26, 2010. 
  9. ^ Dreifus, Claudia (April 27, 1999). "A CONVERSATION WITH: FRANCISCO J. AYALA; Ex-Priest Takes the Blasphemy Out of Evolution". New York Times. Retrieved April 24, 2009. 
  10. ^ http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/02178b.htm
  11. ^ http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/02307d.htm
  12. ^ http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/02425d.htm
  13. ^ https://archive.org/stream/catholicworld96pauluoft#page/626/mode/2up
  14. ^ Brown, Andrew (2005). J. D. Bernal: the sage of science. Oxford [Oxfordshire]: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-851544-8. 
  15. ^ Brown 2005, pp. 1–3
  16. ^ https://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/blainville-henri-marie-ducrotay-de
  17. ^ http://www-history.mcs.st-and.ac.uk/Biographies/Bott.html
  18. ^ http://www.ams.org/notices/200605/fea-bott-2.pdf
  19. ^   Obituary: James Britten.
  20. ^ Mateo Realdo Colombo
  21. ^ https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/5234/73d2660baada71b627fa7a980140e9235191.pdf
  22. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-11-10. Retrieved 2013-01-15. 
  23. ^ http://homepage.ntu.edu.tw/~wttsai/Adv_Fluid/Maurice.Couette.One.of.the.founders.of.rheology.pdf
  24. ^ https://www.britannica.com/biography/Gabriel-Auguste-Daubree
  25. ^ http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/04755b.htm
  26. ^ https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/14/F%C3%A9lix_Dujardin_1811-1860_by_Louis_Joubin_%281901%29_Archives_de_Parasitologie_Vol._4.pdf
  27. ^ http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/05190b.htm
  28. ^ http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/05205a.htm
  29. ^ http://www.adherents.com/people/pe/John_Eccles.html John Eccles
  30. ^ Armand-Hippolyte-Louis Fizeau
  31. ^ http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/fuchs-johann-nepomuk-von
  32. ^ Sharratt (1994, pp. 17, 213)
  33. ^ "Peter Grünberg – Autobiography". 
  34. ^ Jean-Baptiste-Julien D'Omalius Halloy
  35. ^ Levi, Hilde (1985), George de Hevesy : life and work : a biography, Bristol: A. Hilger, p. 14, ISBN 978-0-85274-555-7 
  36. ^ http://www.catholicnews.com/data/briefs/cns/20121023.htm#head1 Archived 2013-02-15 at Archive.is
  37. ^ http://www.austindiocese.org/newsletter_article_view.php?id=7177[permanent dead link]
  38. ^ Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier
  39. ^ https://www.catholicscientists.org/about/board
  40. ^ Marcello Malpighi
  41. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-09. Retrieved 2013-04-15. 
  42. ^ http://drpetermoloney.com
  43. ^ Giovanni Battista Morgagni
  44. ^ Johann Müller
  45. ^ http://www.adherents.com/people/pm/Joseph_Murray.html
  46. ^ Regis, Ed (1992-11-08). "Johnny Jiggles the Planet". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-02-04. 
  47. ^ Halmos, P.R. (1973). "The Legend of von Neumann". The American Mathematical Monthly. 80 (4): 382–394. doi:10.2307/2319080. JSTOR 2319080. 
  48. ^ https://www.catholicscientists.org/about/board
  49. ^ https://www.catholicscientists.org/about/board
  50. ^ Louis Pasteur
  51. ^ http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/pelletier-pierre-joseph
  52. ^ George von Peuerbach
  53. ^ Henri Victor Regnault
  54. ^ Eliel, Ernest L., Frederick Dominic Rossini, Biographical Memoirs, National Academy of Sciences.
  55. ^ http://www.encyclopedia.com/people/science-and-technology/chemistry-biographies/louis-jacques-thenard
  56. ^ François Vieta, Seigneur de La Bigottière
  57. ^ https://books.google.com/books?id=vMk4t21fOvoC&pg=PA272&dq=Wilhelm+Heinrich+Waagen+encyclopedia.com&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjqyaTU2aDXAhUDr48KHaesB8kQ6AEIKDAA#v=onepage&q=Wilhelm%20Heinrich%20Waagen%20encyclopedia.com&f=false
  58. ^ The Princeton Companion to Mathematics. Ed. Timothy Gowers. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2008. (p.770).
  59. ^ http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/winslow-jacobor-jacques-benigne
  60. ^ Official Biography of Zichichi at the Ettore Majorana Foundation
  61. ^ Antonino Zichichi; Richard C. Ragaini; Ettore M (2001). International Seminar on Nuclear War and Planetary Emergencies: 25th session. p. 4. ISBN 9789812797001.