Karl Kreil (1798–1862) was an Austrian meteorologist and astronomer, born in Ried.

Karl Kreil
Karl Kreil Litho.jpg
Born4 November 1798 Edit this on Wikidata
Ried im Innkreis Edit this on Wikidata
Died21 December 1862 Edit this on Wikidata (aged 64)
Vienna (Austria) Edit this on Wikidata

Before university, he was educated at the Benedictine Kremsmünster Abbey, under the astronomer Boniface Schwarzenbrunner.[1] He was educated at the University of Vienna, where he studied law before devoting himself to astronomy. In 1827 he became an assistant at the Vienna Observatory, from which he went to Milan in 1831 and thence in 1838 to Prague, where he was from 1845 to 1851 director of the observatory, then returned to Vienna to take charge of the Central Meteorological and Magnetic Bureau.

He made particularly important studies of terrestrial magnetism, discovering (1841) that it is practically unaffected by the moon and writing Anleitung zu den magnetischen Beobachtungen (second edition, 1858). Many automatically registering meteorological machines were devised by him. From 1849 until his death, he edited the Jahrbuch of the Central Bureau at Vienna. He wrote many works, including:

  • Cenni storici e teoretici sulle comete (1832)
  • Ueber die Natur une Bewegung der Kometen (1843)
  • Klimatologie von Böhmen (1865)

See alsoEdit

  • Names of asteroids: 6597 Kreil
  • This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainGilman, D. C.; Peck, H. T.; Colby, F. M., eds. (1905). New International Encyclopedia (1st ed.). New York: Dodd, Mead. Missing or empty |title= (help)


  1. ^ Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Karl Kreil" . Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.