Life on Mars (song)

  (Redirected from Life on Mars?)

"Life on Mars?" is a song by English singer-songwriter David Bowie. It was first released on his 1971 album Hunky Dory and later released in 1973 as a single. The song has cryptic lyrics by Bowie and prominent piano by Rick Wakeman. As a single, "Life on Mars?" reached number three in the UK Singles Chart and stayed on the chart for thirteen weeks. A music video was filmed by Mick Rock to promote the single release.

"Life on Mars?"
Bowie LifeOnMars.jpg
Cover of the 1973 UK single
Single by David Bowie
from the album Hunky Dory
B-side"The Man Who Sold the World"
Released17 December 1971 (album)
22 June 1973 (single)
RecordedAugust 1971
StudioTrident, London
Genre
Length3:48
LabelRCA
Songwriter(s)David Bowie
Producer(s)Ken Scott
David Bowie singles chronology
"Let's Spend the Night Together"
(1973)
"Life on Mars?"
(1971)
"Sorrow"
(1973)
Music video
"Life On Mars?" on YouTube
Audio sample
"Life on Mars?"

In 2015 Neil McCormick, chief rock music critic of The Daily Telegraph, ranked the song as number one in his "100 Greatest Songs of All Time" list.[2] In 2016, Pitchfork named it the best song of the 1970s.[3]

A 2016 mix of "Life on Mars?" appeared on the compilation album Legacy (The Very Best of David Bowie) and was released as a single. The mix, by its original producer Ken Scott, is 'stripped down' and has only strings, piano and Bowie's vocals. A special music video to promote the compilation was also released, the original director Mick Rock re-cutting his 1973 video, using out-takes and other documentary sources to create a new version.

OriginsEdit

In 1968, Bowie wrote the lyrics "Even a Fool Learns to Love", set to the music of a 1967 French song "Comme d'habitude", composed by Claude François and Jacques Revaux. Bowie's version was never released, but Paul Anka bought the rights to the original French version and rewrote it into "My Way", the song made famous by Frank Sinatra in a 1969 recording on his album of the same name. The success of the Anka version prompted Bowie to write "Life on Mars?" as a parody of Sinatra's recording.[4]

Bowie noted that Rick Wakeman "embellished the piano part" of his original melody and guitarist Mick Ronson "created one of his first and best string parts" for the song.[4] The liner notes for Hunky Dory indicate that the song was "inspired by Frankie".[4]

One reviewer suggested the song was written after "a brief and painful affair" with actress Hermione Farthingale. While on tour in 1990, Bowie introduced the song by saying "You fall in love, you write a love song. This is a love song."[5]

LyricsEdit

BBC Radio has described "Life on Mars?" as having "one of the strangest lyrics ever" consisting of a "slew of surreal images" like a Salvador Dalí painting.[4] The line "Look at those cavemen go" is a reference to the song "Alley Oop", a one-off hit in 1960 for American doo-wop band The Hollywood Argyles.[6]

Bowie, at the time of Hunky Dory's release in 1971, summed up the song as "A sensitive young girl's reaction to the media." In 1997, he added: "I think she finds herself disappointed with reality... that although she's living in the doldrums of reality, she's being told that there's a far greater life somewhere, and she's bitterly disappointed that she doesn't have access to it."[6]

Music videoEdit

Mick Rock filmed and directed a promotional video backstage at Earl's Court, on 12 May 1973, to accompany the release of the song as a single. It features a heavily made-up Bowie performing the song solo against a white backdrop, in a turquoise "ice-blue" suit designed by Freddi Buretti, and it became the singer's fourth music video. In 2016, it was remastered and retouched by Rock.[citation needed]

ReceptionEdit

When released as a single in 1973, it reached no. 3 in the UK and stayed on the chart for thirteen weeks. The song re-entered the UK charts at no. 55 over 30 years later, largely because of its use in the original British television series Life on Mars.[6] It also belatedly became a top 10 hit in France in 2013. In June 2015, Neil McCormick of The Daily Telegraph ranked "Life on Mars?" as no. 1 in his "100 Greatest Songs of All Time" list,[7] describing it thus:

Gloriously strange sci-fi anthem. A stirring, yearning melody combines with vivid, poetic imagery to accomplish a trick very particular to the art of the song: to be at once completely impenetrable and yet resonant with personal meaning. You want to raise your voice and sing along, yet Bowie’s abstract cut-up lyrics force you to invest the song with something of yourself just to make sense of the experience, and then carries you away to a place resonant with intense, individual emotion. The magic and mystery of music and lyrics. It is something to behold.[7]

According to Acclaimed Music, it is the 85th most celebrated song in popular music history.[8]

In a 2012 poll, "Life on Mars?" was voted Bowie's best song. Digital Spy, who conducted the poll, stated it has "perhaps become David's signature song – filled with surreal cut-up lyrics inspired by William Burroughs, it married vivid imagery with a tender, heartbreaking melody".[9]

Track listingEdit

All songs written by David Bowie.[10]

  1. "Life on Mars?" – 3:48
  2. "The Man Who Sold the World" – 3:55

The Portuguese release of the single had "Black Country Rock" as the B-side.[11]

PersonnelEdit

Musicians

Producers

Other appearancesEdit

"Life on Mars?" has been released on a variety of Bowie compilation albums:

Live versionsEdit

In popular cultureEdit

The song has appeared in several television series. The BBC television drama Life on Mars used both the name and the song itself as its basis. The song was used extensively throughout the programme and its spin-off, Ashes to Ashes. The song was used also in the American and South Korean version of Life on Mars. In the episode "The Waters of Mars", of the British television show Doctor Who, takes place in the first human base on Mars, named "Bowie Base One".

Jessica Lange sang a rendition with a deep German accent on the fourth-season premiere of the FX television program American Horror Story: Freak Show.[12] Playing a character whose surname is Mars, Lange wears an ice-blue trouser suit and heavy matching eye shadow in her performance, echoing the Bowie video.[12] Both the song and the performance are anachronistic, given that the season takes place in 1952, nearly 20 years before Bowie released the song. She performs the song again in the episode "Pink Cupcakes", and an instrumental version is played at the end of the season finale, "Curtain Call", where Mars is getting ready to sing.[citation needed]

In the 2019 Watchmen television episode "An Almost Religious Awe", a piano cover of "Life on Mars" is used after the reveal that Doctor Manhattan is not really on Mars as had been reported.[13]

The song has also appeared in several film soundtracks. The original soundtrack of Lars von Trier's 1996 movie Breaking the Waves features "Life on Mars?" during the epilogue, although the song was replaced by Elton John's "Your Song" on the international DVD release for copyright reasons.[14] "Life on Mars?" is included on the soundtrack to the 2004 film The Life Aquatic with Steve Zissou, starring Bill Murray as Steve Zissou.[15] The song is played as Murray walks stoned to the bow of his boat in solitude as a party continues below deck. "Life on Mars?" is included in the 2005 film Loverboy, first being played on the radio during a conversation between the 10-year-old Emily and Mrs. Harker, and later being sung a cappella by 10-year-old Emily.[15] "Life on Mars?" is included on the soundtrack to the 2006 film Factory Girl.[15] "Life on Mars?" is used in the 2012 British film Hunky Dory, sung by the character Davey (Aneurin Barnard).[16]

In 2018 the song was played by the radio of Elon Musk's Tesla Roadster during its launch aboard the Falcon Heavy's maiden flight.[17]

CoversEdit

  • In 1974, Barbra Streisand released a version of the song on her album ButterFly. In a 1976 Playboy interview, Bowie was asked what he thought of her cover: "Bloody awful. Sorry, Barb, but it was atrocious."[18]
  • Anni-Frid Lyngstad, who achieved international success as one of the members of ABBA, recorded a Swedish version titled "Liv på Mars?" (with Swedish lyrics by Owe Junsjö), included on her 1975 solo album Frida ensam.
  • A version by Arid lead singer Jasper Steverlinck and the Kolacny Brothers reached number one in the Belgian charts in 2002, later it was added to the album Songs of Innocence.
  • Seu Jorge covered the song in Brazilian Portuguese on the acoustic guitar in the 2004 film The Life Aquatic with Steve Zissou.[15] Jorge, who also plays the character of Pelé dos Santos, performs this and other Bowie songs live, in character during the film.
  • The song appears in the 2015 musical Lazarus, written by Bowie and playwright Enda Walsh near the end of Bowie's life. It is sung by the character of 'Girl', played by Sophia Anne Caruso in the New York and London productions.
  • Following Bowie's death in January 2016, the song was recorded by Nicholas Freestone, organ scholar at St Albans Cathedral in Hertfordshire, who posted the video of his performance on Facebook and YouTube. The video became a viral hit.[19][20]
  • In 2019 Trent Reznor & Atticus Ross covered the song on their soundtrack for the HBO TV series Watchmen[21]

ChartsEdit

Chart (1973–2016) Peak
position
Australia (ARIA)[22] 67
Belgium (Ultratop 50 Wallonia)[23] 40
Euro Digital Song Sales (Billboard)[24] 7
Finland (Suomen virallinen lista)[25] 12
France (SNEP)[26] 3
Germany (Official German Charts)[27] 39
Ireland (Irish Singles Chart)[28] 4
Italy (FIMI)[29] 33
Netherlands (Single Top 100)[30] 95
Portugal (AFP)[31] 63
UK Singles (OCC)[32] 3
US Hot Rock & Alternative Songs (Billboard)[33] 12
Sweden (Sverigetopplistan)[34] 44
Switzerland (Schweizer Hitparade)[35] 48

CertificationEdit

Region Certification Certified units/sales
Italy (FIMI)[36]
sales since 2009
Gold 25,000 
United Kingdom (BPI)[37]
sales since 2004
Platinum 600,000 

 sales+streaming figures based on certification alone

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Gallucci, Michael (16 January 2019). "The Best Song From Every David Bowie Album". Ultimate Classic Rock. Archived from the original on 29 June 2019. Retrieved 29 June 2019.
  2. ^ McCormick, Neil. "100 greatest songs of all time". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 30 September 2016. Retrieved 28 September 2016.
  3. ^ "The 200 Best Songs of the 1970s". Pitchfork. Archived from the original on 1 July 2017. Retrieved 28 September 2016.
  4. ^ a b c d "Sold on Song Top 100 'Life On Mars'". BBC. Archived from the original on 13 January 2017. Retrieved 28 September 2016.
  5. ^ "Bowie: Boys Keep Swinging", Melody Maker magazine, 24 March 1990, pp 24–26
  6. ^ a b c Pegg 2011, p. 144.
  7. ^ a b McCormick, Neil. "100 greatest songs of all time". Telegraph. Archived from the original on 24 June 2012. Retrieved 28 September 2016.
  8. ^ "Life On Mars? ranked 85th most celebrated song". Acclaimed Music. Archived from the original on 9 June 2018. Retrieved 15 July 2018.
  9. ^ Nissim, Mayer (11 January 2016). "David Bowie 1947–2016: 'Life on Mars' is named Bowie's greatest ever song in reader poll". Digital Spy. Archived from the original on 15 January 2016. Retrieved 23 January 2016.
  10. ^ "Life on Mars?" (Single liner notes). David Bowie. UK: RCA Victor. 1973. RCA 2316.CS1 maint: others (link)
  11. ^ "Life on Mars". Teenage Wildlife.com. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 2 August 2015.
  12. ^ a b Stack, Tim (9 October 2014). "'AHS: Freak Show' Exclusive: Watch Jessica Lange's full performance of Bowie's 'Life on Mars'". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on 22 October 2015. Retrieved 26 October 2015.
  13. ^ Monique, Joelle (1 December 2019). "Life on Earth gets a lot weirder, but Watchmen continues to captivate". The A.V. Club. Archived from the original on 2 December 2019. Retrieved 2 December 2019.
  14. ^ "Breaking the Waves Blu-ray – Emily Watson". Dvdbeaver.com. Archived from the original on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 28 September 2016.
  15. ^ a b c d Pegg 2011, p. 145.
  16. ^ Bevan, Nathan (1 July 2014). "Putting actor Aneurin Barnard on the record with debut song collection". walesonline. Archived from the original on 12 October 2019. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  17. ^ Spaceflight, Mike Wall 2018-11-03T12:36:01Z. "SpaceX's 'Starman' and Its Tesla Roadster Are Now Beyond Mars". Space.com. Archived from the original on 1 July 2019. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  18. ^ "David Bowie – Playboy Magazine – The Uncool – The Official Site for Everything Cameron Crowe". Theuncool.com. Archived from the original on 20 September 2016. Retrieved 28 September 2016.
  19. ^ ITV News. "David Bowie tribute organist becomes internet sensation". Archived from the original on 13 January 2016. Retrieved 2 January 2019 – via YouTube.
  20. ^ Video, Telegraph; Jan 2016, video source YouTube / stalbanscathedral 9:07AM GMT 12 (12 January 2016). "Cathedral organist's rendition of David Bowie's Life on Mars moves internet to tears". www.telegraph.co.uk. Archived from the original on 3 January 2019. Retrieved 2 January 2019.
  21. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 3 December 2019. Retrieved 10 January 2020.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  22. ^ "Pandora Archive" (PDF). Pandora.nla.gov.au. 23 August 2006. Archived (PDF) from the original on 16 April 2019. Retrieved 28 September 2016.
  23. ^ "Ultratop.be – David Bowie – Life On Mars?" (in French). Ultratop 50. Retrieved 12 September 2020.
  24. ^ "David Bowie Chart History (Euro Digital Song Sales)". Billboard.
  25. ^ Pennanen, Timo (2006). Sisältää hitin – levyt ja esittäjät Suomen musiikkilistoilla vuodesta 1972 (in Finnish). Helsinki: Kustannusosakeyhtiö Otava.
  26. ^ "Lescharts.com – David Bowie – Life On Mars?" (in French). Les classement single.
  27. ^ "Musicline.de – David Bowie Single-Chartverfolgung" (in German). Media Control Charts. PhonoNet GmbH.
  28. ^ "The Irish Charts – All there is to know". Irishcharts.ie. Archived from the original on 18 September 2016. Retrieved 28 September 2016.
  29. ^ "Italiancharts.com – David Bowie – Life On Mars?". Top Digital Download. Retrieved 16 January 2016.
  30. ^ "Dutchcharts.nl – David Bowie – Life On Mars?" (in Dutch). Single Top 100. Retrieved 12 September 2020.
  31. ^ "Portuguesecharts.com – David Bowie – Life on Mars?". AFP Top 100 Singles. Retrieved 23 April 2020.
  32. ^ "Official Singles Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company.
  33. ^ "David Bowie Chart History (Hot Rock & Alternative Songs)". Billboard. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
  34. ^ "Swedishcharts.com – David Bowie – Life On Mars?". Singles Top 100.
  35. ^ "Swisscharts.com – David Bowie – Life On Mars?". Swiss Singles Chart.
  36. ^ "Italian single certifications – David Bowie – Life on Mars?" (in Italian). Federazione Industria Musicale Italiana. Retrieved 14 November 2016. Select "2016" in the "Anno" drop-down menu. Select "Life on Mars?" in the "Filtra" field. Select "Singoli online" under "Sezione".
  37. ^ "British single certifications – David Bowie – Life on Mars". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved 5 June 2020.

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit