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When calculated in equal temperament with a reference of A above middle C as 440 Hz, the frequency of Middle F (F4) is approximately 349.228 Hz. See pitch (music) for a discussion of historical variations in frequency.
Designation by octaveEdit
|Scientific designation||Helmholtz designation||Octave name||Frequency (Hz)|
|F−1||F͵͵͵ or ͵͵͵F or FFFF||Octocontra||10.913|
|F0||F͵͵ or ͵͵F or FFF||Subcontra||21.827|
|F1||F͵ or ͵F or FF||Contra||43.654|
Common scales beginning on FEdit
- F major: F G A B♭ C D E F
- F natural minor: F G A♭ B♭ C D♭ E♭ F
- F harmonic minor: F G A♭ B♭ C D♭ E F
- F melodic minor ascending: F G A♭ B♭ C D E F
- F melodic minor descending: F E♭ D♭ C B♭ A♭ G F
- F Ionian: F G A B♭ C D E F
- F Dorian: F G A♭ B♭ C D E♭ F
- F Phrygian: F G♭ A♭ B♭ C D♭ E♭ F
- F Lydian: F G A B C D E F
- F Mixolydian: F G A B♭ C D E♭ F
- F Aeolian: F G A♭ B♭ C D♭ E♭ F
- F Locrian: F G♭ A♭ B♭ C♭ D♭ E♭ F
E♯ (German: Eis) is a common enharmonic equivalent of F, but is not regarded as the same note. E♯ is commonly found before F♯ in the same measure in pieces where F♯ is in the key signature, in order to represent a diatonic, rather than a chromatic semitone; writing an F♮ with a following F♯ is regarded as a chromatic alteration of one scale degree. Though E♯ and F♮ sound the same in any 12-tone temperament, other tunings may define them as distinct pitches.
- Demorest, Steven M. (2001). Building Choral Excellence: Teaching Sight-Singing in the Choral Rehearsal. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-512462-0.
- Griffiths, Paul (7 October 2004). The Penguin Companion to Classical Music. Penguin UK.
- Zundel, John (1848). The Complete Melodeon Instructor, in Seven Parts: Designed as a Thorough Instruction Book for the Melodeon, Seraphine, Eolican, Melopean, Organ, Or Any Similar Instrument. O. Ditson.