Lenvik (Northern Sami: Leaŋgáviika) is a former municipality that was located in the old Troms county, Norway. The municipality existed from 1838 until its dissolution in 2020. The municipality was partly situated on the mainland and partly on the island of Senja in what is now Senja Municipality in Troms og Finnmark county. The administrative centre was the town of Finnsnes, where the Gisund Bridge connects Senja to the mainland on Norwegian County Road 86. Other villages in the municipality included Aglapsvik, Gibostad, Botnhamn, Fjordgård, Finnfjordbotn, Husøy, Langnes, Laukhella, Silsand, and Rossfjordstraumen. The lake Lysvatnet was located in the municipality on Senja island, west of Gibostad.

Lenvik kommune
Leaŋgáviika suohkan
View of Finnsnes
View of Finnsnes
Official logo of Lenvik kommune
Lenvik within Troms
Lenvik within Troms
Coordinates: 69°23′01″N 17°58′03″E / 69.38361°N 17.96750°E / 69.38361; 17.96750Coordinates: 69°23′01″N 17°58′03″E / 69.38361°N 17.96750°E / 69.38361; 17.96750
CountryNorway
CountyTroms
DistrictMidt-Troms
Established1 Jan 1838
 • Created asFormannskapsdistrikt
Disestablished1 Jan 2020
 • Succeeded bySenja Municipality
Administrative centreFinnsnes
Area
 (upon dissolution)
 • Total892.69 km2 (344.67 sq mi)
 • Land848.88 km2 (327.75 sq mi)
 • Water43.81 km2 (16.92 sq mi)  4.9%
 • Rank#126 in Norway
Population
 (2018)
 • Total11,644
 • Rank#101 in Norway
 • Density13.7/km2 (35/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
Increase +4.3%
Demonym(s)Lenvikværing[1]
Official language
 • Norwegian formNeutral
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-1931

At the time of its dissolution as a municipality on 1 January 2020, the 893-square-kilometre (345 sq mi) municipality was the 126th largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Lenvik was also the 101st most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 11,644. The municipality's population density was 13.7 inhabitants per square kilometre (35/sq mi) and its population has increased by 4.3% over the previous decade.[3][4]

General informationEdit

 
View of the lake Rossfjordstraumen

The large municipality of Lenvik was established on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). In 1848, most of the mainland parts of Lenvik (population: 2,616) was separated to form the new Målselv Municipality, leaving Lenvik with 3,029 residents. Then in 1855, the northern part of Lenvik (population: 811) was separated to form the new municipality of Hillesøy. This left Lenvik with 2,757 inhabitants. On 1 January 1871, a small part of Lenvik (population: 70) was transferred to the neighboring municipality of Malangen.

During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1964, many several neighboring areas were merged into Lenvik:[5]

These areas joined to old areas of Lenvik to form a new, larger municipality of Lenvik with a total population of 10,219.

In March 2017, the Parliament of Norway voted to merge the municipalities of Berg, Torsken, Lenvik, and Tranøy. The new municipality will encompass the whole island of Senja plus part of the mainland located between the Gisundet strait and the Malangen fjord. The new municipality was established on 1 January 2020 and it was named Senja Municipality.[6][7]

NameEdit

The municipality (originally the parish) is named after the old Lenvik farm (Old Norse: Lengjuvík), since the first Lenvik Church was built there. The first element is the genitive case of the river name Lengja and the last element is vík which means "cove" or "wick". The river name is derived from the word langr which means "long". From 1889 to 1908, the name was spelled Lenviken.[8]

Coat of armsEdit

The coat of arms was granted on 22 August 1986. The arms show three gold oars on a blue background. The oars and color blue are a symbol for the fishing and sailing in the municipality. To distinguish the arms from those from many other fishing towns, the oar was chosen as a symbol.[9]

ChurchesEdit

The Church of Norway has one parish (sokn) within the municipality of Lenvik. It is part of the Senja prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Nord-Hålogaland.

Churches in Lenvik
Parish (Sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Lenvik Finnsnes Church Finnsnes 1979
Lenvik Church Bjorelvnes 1879
Rossfjord Church Rossfjordstraumen 1822
Fjordgård Chapel Fjordgård 1976
Gibostad Chapel Gibostad 1939
Husøy Chapel Husøy i Senja 1957
Lysbotn Chapel Lysnes 1970
Sandbakken Chapel Sandbakken 1974

HistoryEdit

The first church was built around 1150 at Bjorelvnes, and for a century, this was the northernmost church in the world. Important villages in the past include Klauva and Gibostad. Gibostad was the administrative centre until the 1960s, when the administration was moved to Finnsnes. In 2000, Finnsnes was declared a town.

GeographyEdit

The municipality of Lenvik lies partly on the island of Senja and also on the mainland of Norway. The Malangen fjord flows along the northern boundary and the Solbergfjorden lies on the southern boundary. The Gisundet strait runs north–south through the center of the municipality with only one road crossing, the Gisund Bridge. The municipalities of Berg and Tranøy border the municipality to the west, the municipality of Tromsø is to the north (across the Malangen fjord), the municipalities of Balsfjord and Målselv are to the east, and the municipalities of Sørreisa and Dyrøy are to the south.

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Gibostad, Lenvik
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −1.9
(28.6)
−1.8
(28.8)
0.2
(32.4)
3.6
(38.5)
8.4
(47.1)
12.9
(55.2)
15.0
(59.0)
14.6
(58.3)
10.5
(50.9)
5.8
(42.4)
1.5
(34.7)
−0.7
(30.7)
5.7
(42.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) −4.4
(24.1)
−4.2
(24.4)
−2.3
(27.9)
1.0
(33.8)
5.5
(41.9)
9.7
(49.5)
12.3
(54.1)
11.6
(52.9)
7.5
(45.5)
3.3
(37.9)
−0.8
(30.6)
−3.2
(26.2)
3.0
(37.4)
Average low °C (°F) −7.1
(19.2)
−7.0
(19.4)
−5.5
(22.1)
−2.1
(28.2)
2.5
(36.5)
6.8
(44.2)
9.1
(48.4)
8.3
(46.9)
5.1
(41.2)
1.3
(34.3)
−3.1
(26.4)
−5.8
(21.6)
0.2
(32.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 85
(3.3)
80
(3.1)
60
(2.4)
54
(2.1)
39
(1.5)
47
(1.9)
62
(2.4)
71
(2.8)
91
(3.6)
119
(4.7)
94
(3.7)
98
(3.9)
900
(35.4)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1 mm) 13.4 12.4 11.5 10.7 9.2 10.6 13.2 12.4 14.3 16.0 14.7 15.6 154.0
Source: Norwegian Meteorological Institute[10]

GovernmentEdit

All municipalities in Norway, including Lenvik, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.[11] The municipality falls under the Senja District Court and the Hålogaland Court of Appeal.

Municipal councilEdit

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Lenvik was made up of 31 representatives that were elected to four year terms. The party breakdown of the final municipal council was as follows:

Lenvik Kommunestyre 2016–2019 [12]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)8
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)4
 Conservative Party (Høyre)7
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
 Lenvik List (Lenviklista)4
Total number of members:31
Lenvik Kommunestyre 2012–2015 [13]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)7
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)6
 Conservative Party (Høyre)8
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
 Lenvik List (Lenviklista)4
Total number of members:31
Lenvik Kommunestyre 2008–2011 [12]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)9
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)9
 Conservative Party (Høyre)4
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)2
 Coastal Party (Kystpartiet)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:31
Lenvik Kommunestyre 2004–2007 [12]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)8
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)8
 Conservative Party (Høyre)3
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)3
 Coastal Party (Kystpartiet)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)4
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:31
Lenvik Kommunestyre 2000–2003 [12]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)12
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)4
 Conservative Party (Høyre)8
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)6
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)3
 Common List (Felleslista)1
Total number of members:37
Lenvik Kommunestyre 1996–1999 [14]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)12
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)1
 Conservative Party (Høyre)8
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)5
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)7
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)3
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:37
Lenvik Kommunestyre 1992–1995 [15]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)13
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)1
 Conservative Party (Høyre)8
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)5
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)6
 Southern Gisund non-party list
(Søndre Gisund upolitiske liste)
1
Total number of members:37
Lenvik Kommunestyre 1988–1991 [16]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)21
 Conservative Party (Høyre)8
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)4
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
 Southern Gisund non-party list
(Søndre Gisund upolitiske liste)
7
Total number of members:45
Lenvik Kommunestyre 1984–1987 [17]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)24
 Conservative Party (Høyre)9
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)4
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
 Southern Gisund non-party list
(Søndre Gisund upolitiske liste)
2
Total number of members:45
Lenvik Kommunestyre 1980–1983 [18]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)18
 Conservative Party (Høyre)9
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)5
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
 Norwegian Communist Party and Independent Socialists
(Norges Kommunistiske Parti og uavhengige sosialister)
1
 Southern Gisund non-party list
(Søndre Gisund upolitiske liste)
4
 Rossfjordbygda List (Rossfjordbygdas liste)1
Total number of members:45
Lenvik Kommunestyre 1976–1979 [19]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)19
 Conservative Party (Høyre)4
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)6
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)6
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
 Rossfjordstraumen local list (Rossfjordstraumen Bygdeliste)1
 Southern Gisund non-party list (Søndre Gisund Upolitiske Liste)5
 Trollvik-Leiknes local list (Trollvik-Leiknes Bygdeliste)1
Total number of members:45
Lenvik Kommunestyre 1972–1975 [20]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)20
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)4
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
 Socialist People's Party (Sosialistisk Folkeparti)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)13
 Socialist common list
(Venstresosialistiske felleslister)
1
Total number of members:45
Lenvik Kommunestyre 1968–1971 [21]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)24
 Conservative Party (Høyre)3
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
 Socialist People's Party (Sosialistisk Folkeparti)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)4
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)7
Total number of members:45
Lenvik Kommunestyre 1964–1967 [22]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)17
 Conservative Party (Høyre)3
 Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti)1
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)3
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)19
Total number of members:45
Lenvik Herredsstyre 1960–1963 [23]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)12
 Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti)1
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)3
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
 List of workers, fishermen, and small farmholders
(Arbeidere, fiskere, småbrukere liste)
1
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)16
Total number of members:35
Lenvik Herredsstyre 1956–1959 [24]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)13
 Conservative Party (Høyre)1
 Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti)2
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
 List of workers, fishermen, and small farmholders
(Arbeidere, fiskere, småbrukere liste)
3
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)12
Total number of members:35
Lenvik Herredsstyre 1952–1955 [25]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)11
 Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti)2
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)3
 List of workers, fishermen, and small farmholders
(Arbeidere, fiskere, småbrukere liste)
2
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)5
Total number of members:24
Lenvik Herredsstyre 1948–1951 [26]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)14
 Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti)3
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)3
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)3
Total number of members:24
Lenvik Herredsstyre 1945–1947 [27]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)12
 Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
 List of workers, fishermen, and small farmholders
(Arbeidere, fiskere, småbrukere liste)
2
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)1
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)6
Total number of members:24
Lenvik Herredsstyre 1938–1941* [28]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)16
 Liberal Party (Venstre)4
 List of workers, fishermen, and small farmholders
(Arbeidere, fiskere, småbrukere liste)
1
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)1
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)2
Total number of members:24
Note: Due to the German occupation of Norway during World War II, no elections were held for new municipal councils until after the war ended in 1945.

Media galleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
  2. ^ "Forskrift om målvedtak i kommunar og fylkeskommunar" (in Norwegian). Lovdata.no.
  3. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2018). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2018-12-10.
  4. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå. "09280: Area of land and fresh water (km²) (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2018-12-10.
  5. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  6. ^ "Senja kommune 2020" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2017-09-09.
  7. ^ Vermes, Thomas (2017-03-29). "Stortingsflertallet gjør fire Senja-kommuner til én". ABC Nyheter (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2017-09-09.
  8. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1911). Norske gaardnavne: Troms amt (in Norwegian) (17 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 90.
  9. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2018-08-25.
  10. ^ "eKlima Web Portal". Norwegian Meteorological Institute. Archived from the original on 2004-06-14.
  11. ^ Hansen, Tore, ed. (2016-05-12). "kommunestyre". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2018-08-25.
  12. ^ a b c d "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway.
  13. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2011 - Troms Romsa". Valg Direktoratet. Retrieved 2019-10-26.
  14. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1995" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1996. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  15. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1991" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1993. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  16. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1987" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1988. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  17. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1983" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1984. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  18. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1979" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1979. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  19. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1975" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1977. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  20. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1972" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1973. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  21. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1967" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1967. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  22. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1963" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1964. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  23. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1959" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1960. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  24. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1955" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1957. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  25. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1951" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1952. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  26. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1947" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1948. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  27. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1945" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1947. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  28. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1937" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1938. Retrieved 2020-03-18.

External linksEdit

  •   Media related to Lenvik at Wikimedia Commons
  •   The dictionary definition of lenvik at Wiktionary
  •   Troms travel guide from Wikivoyage