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The Later Qin (simplified Chinese: 后秦; traditional Chinese: 後秦; pinyin: Hòuqín; 384–417), also known as Yao Qin (姚秦), was a state of Qiang ethnicity of the Sixteen Kingdoms during the Jin dynasty (265–420) in China.[3] The Later Qin is entirely distinct from the Qin dynasty, the Former Qin and the Western Qin.

Later Qin (後秦)

Later Qin in 402 AD
Later Qin in 402 AD
• 384-393
Yao Chang
• 394-416
Yao Xing
• 416-417
Yao Hong
• Established
• Yao Chang's claim of imperial title
• Liu Bobo's rebellion
• Disestablished
20 September[1][2] 417
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Former Qin
Western Yan
Later Liang (Sixteen Kingdoms)
Xia (Sixteen Kingdoms)
Jin Dynasty (265-420)
Today part ofChina

Its second ruler, Yao Xing, supported the propagation of Buddhism by the Madhyamakin monk Kumārajīva.

All rulers of the Later Qin declared themselves emperors, but for a substantial part of Yao Xing's reign, he used the title Tian Wang.


Rulers of the Later QinEdit

Temple names Posthumous names Family names and given name Durations of reigns Era names and their according durations
Chinese convention: use family and given names
Taizu (太祖 Tàizǔ) Wuzhao (武昭 Wǔzhāo) Yáo Cháng (姚萇) 384–393 Baique (白雀 Báiquè) 384-386
Jianchu (建初 Jiànchū) 386-393
Gaozu (高祖 Gāozǔ) Wenhuan (文桓 Wénhuán) Yáo Xīng (姚興) 394–416 Huangchu (皇初 Huángchū) 394-399
Hongshi (弘始 Hóngshǐ) 399-416
Did not exist Hòuzhǔ (後主 Hòuzhǔ) Yáo Hóng (姚泓) 416–417 Yonghe (永和 Yǒnghé) 416-417

Rulers family treeEdit

See alsoEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. ^
  2. ^ Zizhi Tongjian, vol. 118.
  3. ^ Grousset, Rene (1970). The Empire of the Steppes. Rutgers University Press. p. 59. ISBN 0-8135-1304-9.