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The Western Liang (traditional Chinese: 西涼; simplified Chinese: 西凉; pinyin: Xī Liáng; 400-421) was a state of the Sixteen Kingdoms in China, one of the "Five Liang" (Wu Liang) of this era. Western Liang was founded by the Li family of the Han Chinese. The founder of the Tang Dynasty, Li Yuan (Emperor Gaozu), traced his patrilineal ancestry to the Western Liang rulers, and traced the ancestry of the Western Liang rulers to Li Guang and Laozi in the paternal line. The Li family of Western Liang were known as the Longxi Li lineage (隴西李氏).[1]

Western Liang (西涼)

400–421
Sixteen Kingdoms 406 AD.jpg
StatusVassal of Later Qin, Jin Dynasty (265-420), Northern Wei, Liu Song
CapitalDunhuang (400-405, 420-421)
Jiuquan (405-420)
GovernmentMonarchy
Duke 
• 400-417
Li Gao
• 417-420
Li Xin
• 420-421
Li Xun
History 
• Established
400
• Fall of Jiuquan
420
• Disestablished
421
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Northern Liang
Northern Liang
Today part ofChina
Kazakhstan
Kyrgyzstan

All rulers of the Western Liang proclaimed themselves "wang".

Contents

Rulers of the Western LiangEdit

Temple names Posthumous names Family names and given name Durations of reigns Era names and their according durations
Chinese convention: use family and given names
Taizu (太祖 Tàizǔ) Wuzhao (武昭 Wǔzhāo) Li Gao (李暠 Lǐ Gǎo) 400-417 Gengzi (庚子 Gēngzǐ) 400-405

Jianchu (建初 Jiànchū) 406-417

Did not exist Houzhu (後主 Hòuzhǔ) Li Xin (李歆 Lǐ Xīn) 417-420 Jiaxing (嘉興 Jīaxīng) 417-420
Did not exist Houzhu (後主 Hòuzhǔ) Li Xun (李恂 Lǐ Xún) 420-421 Yongjian (永建 Yǒngjiàn) 420-421

Rulers family treeEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 《新唐书·宗室世系表》