The Southern Liang (Chinese: 南涼; pinyin: Nán Liáng; 397–404, 408–414) was a dynastic state of China listed as one of the Sixteen Kingdoms in Chinese historiography. Members of the ruling Tufa clan were of Xianbei ethnicity and distant relatives of the Tuoba imperial house of the Northern Wei dynasty. According to the Book of Jin, the surname of the ruling house was changed from Tuoba to Tufa because one of the Tufa ancestors was born on a blanket, and in the Xianbei language, "Tufa" meant "blanket."
Southern Liang (南涼)
|Status||Vassal of Later Qin|
Ledu (399, 402–406, 410–414)
|Today part of||China|
All rulers of the Southern Liang proclaimed themselves wang (king).
In 414 Southern Liang was conquered by the Xianbei-led Western Qin dynasty.
Rulers of the Southern Liang edit
|Temple name||Posthumous name||Personal name||Durations of reign||Era names|
|Liezu||Wu||Tufa Wugu||397–399||Taichu (太初) 397–399|
|–||Kang||Tufa Lilugu||399–402||Jianhe (建和) 399–402|
|–||Jing||Tufa Nutan||402–414||Hongchang (弘昌) 402–404|
Jiaping (嘉平) 409–414
The family tree of Southern Liang rulers edit
See also edit
- Cui Hong. "南涼錄" [Record of Southern Liang]. Shiliuguo Chunqiu. Vol. 12. Retrieved 21 September 2011.