Lady Saso

Lady Saso (Korean사소부인; Hanja娑蘇夫人) lived in the Jinhan confederacy during the first century BCE. She was also known as Sacred Mother of Mt. Seondo (Hangul:선도산) and she was from a Chinese royal family.[1][2][3][4] She came from China to Jinhan confederacy and gave birth to Hyeokgeose of Silla and his wife Lady Aryeong.[1][2][3][4] There are specific descriptions about her in the Samguk yusa (Memorabilia of the Three Kingdoms) and the Samguk Sagi (History of the Three Kingdoms).

Lady Saso
Revised RomanizationSaso Buin
McCune–ReischauerSaso Buin


The following description is from the Samguk Yusa (Memorabilia of the three Kingdoms), volume 5, clause 7.

神母本中國帝室之女。名娑蘇。早得神仙之術。歸止海東。久而不還。父皇寄書繫足云。隨鳶所止為家。蘇得書放鳶。飛到此山而止。遂來宅為地仙。故名西鳶山。神母久據茲山。鎮祐邦國。靈異甚多。 The Sacred Mother was called SaSo and she was born in the Chinese royal family. She got sacred power and came to Hae Dong (Hangul:해동/Korea), lived there and stayed there for long time. She tied a letter to the foot of a kite saying “Let’s build a house where the kite stops”. Once she wrote the letter and released the kite, it flew to Mt. Seondo (West mountain of Gyeongju/慶州) and stopped there. She decided to live there and became Xian (仙) of the land. That mountain was named as West Kite mountain and the Sacred Mother SaSo stayed there as her base for quite a long time and ruled the country. There are a lot of miracles around that mountain as well.

其始到辰韓也。生聖子為東國始君。蓋赫居閼英二聖之所自也。故稱雞龍雞林白馬等。雞屬西故也。嘗使諸天仙織羅。緋染作朝衣。贈其夫。國人因此始知神驗。 She came to the Jinhan confederacy in the beginning, gave birth to sacred children and became the first king of the eastern country. Probably those children were Aryeong and Hyeokgeose of Silla. That’s why they are called Gye-Nong (Hangul:계농), Gye-Rim (Hangul:계림), Baek-Ma (Hangul:백마) and so on: because Gye (Hangul:계) belongs to west side. One day, SaSo made a fairy of the heavens weave silk cloth, dye it in scarlet and make a Korean garment. She sent this garment to her husband. This was the first time people in the country knew of her miracles.


혁거세 거서간
남해 차차웅


  1. ^ a b Encyclopedia of Korean Culture 사소 娑蘇. Encyclopedia of Korean Culture.
  2. ^ a b "국어국문학자료사전 사소 娑蘇". 국어국문학자료사전.
  3. ^ a b 野村伸一. 東シナ海周辺の女神信仰という視点 (PDF). 慶應義塾大学日吉紀要. 言語・文化・コミュニケーション No.26. 慶應義塾大学日吉紀要刊行委員会. p. 3. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-11-16. Retrieved 2017-01-22.
  4. ^ a b 延恩株. 新羅の始祖神話と日神信仰の考察 ― 三氏(朴・昔・金)の始祖説話と娑蘇神母説話を中心に ―. 桜美林大学桜美林論考『言語文化研究』第2号. 桜美林大学. p. 94. Retrieved 2017-01-22.