Lady Aryeong

Lady Aryeong (Korean알영부인; Hanja閼英夫人, a.k.a. Al-yeong, Al-yong) was a daughter of Lady Saso who was from the Chinese royal family and moved to the Jinhan confederacy.[1][2][3][4] She was married to Hyeokgeose of Silla who was the founder of Silla and he was also a son of Lady Saso.[1][2] According to Samguk Yusa (Memorabilia of the Three Kingdoms), Aryeong was born from the left side of the dragon which appeared near the well. However, the Samguk Sagi (History of the Three Kingdoms), says it was the right side. According to the Buddhist monk Il-yeon, the “dragon” in these histories refers to Lady Saso.[4]

Lady Aryeong
Revised RomanizationAryŏng Buin
McCune–ReischauerAryeong Buin


The following description is from the Samguk Yusa (Memorabilia of the three Kingdoms), volume 5, clause 7.

其始到辰韓也。生聖子為東國始君。蓋赫居閼英二聖之所自也。故稱雞龍雞林白馬等。雞屬西故也。嘗使諸天仙織羅。緋染作朝衣。贈其夫。國人因此始知神驗。 She came to the Jinhan confederacy in the beginning, gave birth to sacred children and became the first king of the eastern country. Probably those children were Aryeong and Hyeokgeose of Silla. That’s why they are called Gye-Nong (Hangul:계농), Gye-Rim (Hangul:계림), Baek-Ma (Hangul:백마) and so on: because Gye (Hangul:계) belongs to the west side. One day, Saso made a fairy of the heavens weave silk cloth, dye it in scarlet and make a Korean garment. She sent this garment to her husband. This was the first time people in the country knew of her miracles.


혁거세 거서간
남해 차차웅


She was worshipped as a goddess after death. She was worshipped during droughts, as it was believed she could pour water to stimulate rain. Her holy well was a place of pilgrimage for women who wished to become pregnant.[5]


  1. ^ a b "Encyclopedia of Korean Culture 사소 娑蘇". Encyclopedia of Korean Culture.
  2. ^ a b "국어국문학자료사전 사소 娑蘇". 국어국문학자료사전.
  3. ^ 野村伸一. 東シナ海周辺の女神信仰という視点 (PDF). 慶應義塾大学日吉紀要. 言語・文化・コミュニケーション No.26. 慶應義塾大学日吉紀要刊行委員会. p. 3. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-11-16. Retrieved 2017-01-22.
  4. ^ a b 延恩株. 新羅の始祖神話と日神信仰の考察 ― 三氏(朴・昔・金)の始祖説話と娑蘇神母説話を中心に ― (PDF). 桜美林大学桜美林論考『言語文化研究』第2号. 桜美林大学. p. 94. Retrieved 2017-01-22.
  5. ^ Judika Illes: Encyclopedia of Spirits: The Ultimate Guide to the Magic of Fairies, Genies, Demons, Ghosts, Gods & Goddesses, 2009