Krupanj (Serbian Cyrillic: Крупањ, pronounced [krûːpaɲ]) is a town and municipality located in the Mačva District of western Serbia. The municipality has a total population of 17,295 inhabitants, while the town has a population of 4,429 inhabitants (2011 census).
|Region||Šumadija and Western Serbia|
|• Mayor||Ivan Isailović (SNS)|
|• Town||3.96 km2 (1.53 sq mi)|
|• Municipality||342 km2 (132 sq mi)|
|Elevation||299 m (981 ft)|
|• Town density||1,100/km2 (2,900/sq mi)|
|• Municipality density||51/km2 (130/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
The town lies in western Serbia, at the southern border of the Pannonian plain and Mačva region. It is surrounded by the mountains Jagodnja, Boranja and Sokolska planina, in a valley intersected by several rivers and creeks. In the town itself, the rivers Bogoštica, Čađavica and Kržava conjoin into Likodra, which later empties into Jadar. The town lies at the altitude of 280 m.
The municipality area covers around 242 km2 (93.44 sq mi), and it encompasses 23 villages. It is the center of the region Rađevina, which was named after Rađ, a knight of Prince Lazar, who defended it from Hungarian and Ottoman conquerors, and who is buried at the monument of Rađev Kamen.
Aside from the town of Krupanj, the municipality includes the following settlements:
The name 'Krupanj' was first recorded in Ragusan records on 27 July 1417. In the Middle Ages, it was a silver mining site, frequented by Ragusan merchant caravans. Lead ore with the high content of silver was excavated and then transported across the Drina river, where it was melted in Srebrenica, which was a major silver processing center in the Balkans. This process also gave name to the both settlements: larger lumps of ore were called "krupa" (hence, Krupanj) while the Serbian word for silver is "srebro" (Srebrenica). According to the Ragusian papers, in the first half of the 15th century Krupanj already had a court and both the Catholic (Saint Peter and Paul) and Orthodox church (First Krupanj church in Dobri Potok). The settlement was quite developed when in 1459 fell under Ottoman rule with the rest of the Serbian Despotate. In the first wave of conquest, the Ottomans razed down the entire town, which was then rebuilt from scratch. Medieval remnants include numerous stećci with many bas-reliefs which points out to the Branković dynasty.
The Church of Dobri Potok (Dobropotočka crkva) at the town's outskirts, which is devoted to the Holy Ascension of God-bearer Mary, was first recorded in 1528 in Turkish records, making it the oldest preserved church in the Podrinje area. Built in a traditional style, it hosts a number of records and monuments from Ottoman Rule and the 'Serbian Liberation wars' period. It is surrounded by a small ethno-park with several chapels and museum rooms.
The town was first liberated in the First Serbian Uprising in 1804 by the hajduks company of Đorđe Obradović "Ćurčija". Vojvoda Maksim Krstić and count Krsto Ignjatović were leaders of the defense of Krupanj during the uprising. The first basic school in the town was opened in 1837, and the church of Holy Ascension was built in 1842. The Ottomans ultimately withdrew in 1862, and the nearby fortress called "Soko Grad" was torn down, to be turned into the monastery of St. Nicholas.
At the end of the 19th century, a lead-antimony smeltery was founded in the city. During World War I, a battle between Austria-Hungary and Serbian forces was fought at the nearby site of Mačkov kamen, the peak of Jagodnja mountain. A charnel house or memorial church is built in memory of the event 1930 when the bones of both Serbian soldier and Austrian aggressors were buried in the same ossuary.
During World War II, in the village of Bela Crkva, partisan Žikica Jovanović Španac killed two gendarmes on 7 July 1941, which would become the official date of celebration of the people's uprising against occupiers in Serbia during communist rule. On 26 September 1941, a meeting of partisans' main headquarters, presided by Josip Broz Tito, was held in the nearby village of Stolice. A monument and memorial park were built after the war, celebrating the event. As the town was one of the centers of the Republic of Užice, it was burned to the ground by German occupiers in late 1941, with only a few buildings surviving.
According to the 2011 census results, the municipality has a population of 17,295 inhabitants.
The ethnic composition of the municipality:
The following table gives a preview of total number of employed people per their core activity (as of 2017):
|Agriculture, forestry and fishing||37|
|Distribution of power, gas and water||19|
|Distribution of water and water waste management||34|
|Wholesale and retail, repair||348|
|Traffic, storage and communication||144|
|Hotels and restaurants||91|
|Media and telecommunications||17|
|Finance and insurance||10|
|Property stock and charter||2|
|Professional, scientific, innovative and technical activities||48|
|Administrative and other services||14|
|Administration and social assurance||169|
|Healthcare and social work||125|
|Art, leisure and recreation||25|
There are two hotels in the town center. The Church of Good Creek is a preserved building of traditional sacral architecture. Several historical monuments from the World Wars include the ones at Stolice, Mačkov kamen and Cer mountain. The monastery of Tronoša and the ethno-park in nearby Tršić preserve the memory of Vuk Stefanović Karadžić, a 19th-century reformer of the Serbian language.
At the site of Mačkov kamen there is also a small ski resort. The area has some hiking and biking, and the creeks are rich in fish, especially trout; there is an organized fishing ground at the site of Zmajevac. Several sporting grounds (including a sports hall and Olympic-sized open swimming pool) offer support for sports tourism, used by sport clubs from Serbia and nearby countries.
- "Municipalities of Serbia, 2006". Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 2010-11-28.
- "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, Data by settlements" (PDF). Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. ISBN 978-86-6161-109-4. Retrieved 2014-06-27.
- Dobrivoje & Dobrila Pantelić (28 May 2017), "Dubrovačani dolazili po srebro", Politika-Magazin No. 1026 (in Serbian), pp. 24–25
- "Istorija" (in Serbian). Official site of municipality of Krupanj. Retrieved 2010-10-11.
- Pavle Pavlović (2006-10-03). "Bela Crkva–Ustanak ili Revolucija?". Večernje Novosti.
- Balkan-archive: Timeline of The Anti-Fascist Struggle in Yugoslavia Archived 2009-09-23 at the Wayback Machine
- "Krupanj: Potresan epilog poplava" (in Serbian). B92. 2014-05-18.
- "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 5 March 2017.
- "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 August 2014. Retrieved 5 March 2017.
- "ОПШТИНЕ И РЕГИОНИ У РЕПУБЛИЦИ СРБИЈИ, 2018" (PDF). stat.gov.rs (in Serbian). Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
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