Open main menu

The Sayyid of Martyrs Battalions, or Kata'ib Sayyid al-Shuhada (KSS) (Arabic: كتائب سيد الشهداء‎), are an Iraqi Shia militia formed in 2013 to protect "(Shia) shrines across the globe", preserve "Iraqi unity" and to "put an end to the sectarian conflict". It militarily supports the al-Assad Government in Syria, where its main focus lies with the protection of the Sayyidah Zaynab Mosque in the southern suburbs of Damascus.[1] The group also engaged in the Battle of Al-Shaykh Maskin in December 2014.[10] It has close ties to the Badr Organization.[13]

Kata'ib Sayyid al-Shuhada
كتائب سيد الشهداء
Participant in the Syrian Civil War and
Iraqi Civil War (2014–2017)
Kata'ib Sayyid al-Shuhada flag logo.jpeg
Kata'ib Sayyid al-Shuhada flag and logo
Active2013–present[1]
IdeologyShia Islamism
Wilayat al Faqih[2]
Allegiance Iraq
Group(s)
  • Liwa al-Sayyida Ruqayya (The Ja'afari Force)[3]
LeadersAbu Ala al-Walai[4]
Abu Mustafa al-Sheibani[5]
Area of operationsSaladin Governorate[6]
Damascus Governorate[1]
Daraa Governorate[1]
Size200 (December 2014)[5]
Part of Popular Mobilization Forces
Originated asSheibani Network[7]
AlliesState allies

Non-state allies

Opponent(s)
Battles and war(s)Syrian Civil War

Iraqi Civil War (2014–2017)

WebsiteOfficial website

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e "Kata'ib Sayyid al-Shuhada". Tracking Terrorism. Retrieved 4 December 2014.
  2. ^ http://www.alraimedia.com/Home/Details?Id=77461c79-a14c-4ad2-834d-80012df49570
  3. ^ http://www.aymennjawad.org/17718/liwa-al-sayyida-ruqayya-recruiting-the-shia
  4. ^ http://www.iraq-businessnews.com/2017/05/30/us-mulls-how-best-to-control-pro-iran-factions/2/
  5. ^ a b Michael Knights (23 June 2017). "Iran's Foreign Legion: The Role of Iraqi Shiite Militias in Syria". Washington Institute for Near East Policy. Retrieved 4 December 2014.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g http://web.stanford.edu/group/mappingmilitants/cgi-bin/groups/view/629
  7. ^ "The Shiite Jihad in Syria and Its Regional Effects APPENDIX 2 Understanding the Organizations Deployed to Syria" (PDF). Washington Institute for Near East Policy. February 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 25, 2016. Retrieved 30 March 2015.
  8. ^ https://www.nytimes.com/2015/10/21/world/middleeast/russia-makes-an-impact-in-syrian-battle-for-control-of-aleppo.html
  9. ^ https://ctc.usma.edu/hizb-allahs-gambit-in-syria/
  10. ^ a b "Syria Update: November 25 – December 02, 2014". Institute for the Study of War. Retrieved 3 December 2014.
  11. ^ http://www.longwarjournal.org/archives/2016/02/iranian-backed-militia-seen-with-us-tank-in-iraq.php
  12. ^ "Shiite militias, Iraqi forces surround Tikrit". 10 March 2015. Retrieved 6 May 2016.
  13. ^ "Hizballah Cavalcade: Kata'ib Sayyid al-Shuhada Emerges: Updates on the New Iraqi Shia Militia Supplying Fighters to Syria". Retrieved 10 March 2015.

External linksEdit