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Kaski District (Nepali: कास्की जिल्ला Listen (help·info), a part of Gandaki Pradesh, is one of the seventy-seven districts of Nepal. The name is disambiguated from Kaskikot, the ancient Kaski Kingdom.
|• Type||Coordination committee|
|• Body||DCC, Kaski|
|• Total||2,017 km2 (779 sq mi)|
|• Density||240/km2 (630/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+05:45 (NPT)|
The district, with Pokhara as its district headquarter, covers an area of 2,017 square km and had a total population of 492,098 according to 2011 Census. This district lies at the centroid point of the country. The altitude of Kaski district ranges from 450 meters the lowest land to 8091 meters the highest point in the Himalaya range. Kaski District politically has One Metropolitan City, 4 Gaupalika and 3 electoral sectors.
The district covers parts of the Annapurna mountain range, and the picturesque scene of the mountains can be observed from most parts of the district. It is one of the best tourist destinations of Nepal. The district is full of rivers such as Seti Gandaki, Modi and Madi along with other rivulets. The district headquarters Pokhara lies about 750 m above the sea level and is one of the best tourist destinations in the world. The district is famous for the Himalayan range with about 11 Himalayas with height greater than 7000 m. The famous Peaks include Machhapuchhre (Virgin Peak - 6993m). The Annapurna Range in the northern side is always full of snow. The scenery of northern mountains, gorge of Seti River, Davis Falls, natural caves, Fewa Lake, Begnas Lake and Rupa Lake are both natural resources and tourist attractions.
Regarding Booring the origin of the name Kaski, there are many hypotheses; among them:
- from Gurung word kaskhi; Kas - loin clothe, kachhad and khi - to wear;
- from Kashyap Rishi who spent his time in Kaskikot making ayurvedic grantha "Kashyap Sagita";
- from the ancient Kasayaki people;
- from koshkash, meaning a place with natural mineral resources;
- from kacchad, a Nepali style of dress;
- from Kashikot, the central part of Kaski.
It is believed that human settlement in Kaski was there from Pre-historic period. Gurungs were the first settler and it was known as Kas Khi in Gurung language. After Gorkha took over it was called Kaski.
All the governance and development of Kaski District are handled mainly by District Development Committee Kaski (DDC-Kaski).
The district is full of people with multi-language, multi-religion and multiple cultures. Different people have different foods, dresses and norms based on their caste and religion. Many places offer Home Stay for internal as well as international tourists along with performance of local dance according to caste and cultures. According to the census of 2068 Kaski district has people of about 84 castes, 44 languages and 11 religions. The dressing style of people here matches with national dress. The main foods of people here are Dal-Bhat Tarkari, Roti, and Dhindo (These are typical Nepalese foods). The district is the common place of different castes such as Gurung, Brahmin, Chhetri, Newar, Thakali, kumal and many more.
- Phewa Lake is a tourism destination in Nepal and the second biggest lake of Nepal with the area of 4.43 square km and a perimeter of 18 km. Boating is possible in Phewa Lake and takes in the surrounding forest and settlements near it. The Tal Barahi temple is also situated at the middle of the lake.
- Begnas Lake, at Lekhnath of Kaski district, is the third big lake of Nepal with the area of 3.73 square km. The lake is known for its pure water compared with other lakes and the view of Annapurna and Machhapuchhre.
- Rupa Lake
- Patale Chhango: water falls located at Chorepatan-Pokhara.
- Gupteshwar Cave at Chorepatan-Pokhara is a religious and tourism destination.
- Mahendra Cave at Bataulechaur has length of about 125 m. It has different images of Lord Shiva and Lord Ganesh and others that are natural and are the attracting points of this cave.
- Seti River flows from Machhapuchhre Peak through gorges with the depth of about 200 feet.
- Bindhabasini Temple is one of the most important religious destination of Nepal. Different Himalayas can be seen from this temple.
- Sarangkot is known for views of the sunrise, sunset, views of Pokhara city and paragliding. It is located at about 5500 feet.
- Machhapuchhre is a mountain 6997m in height, famous for its fish-tail structure. The peak is still not open for mountaineers.
- The Annapurna Range, on the border between Manang and Myagdi Districts, is seen from almost all places of Kaski district.
- Panchase Chhetra is an area of about 5500 hectares including five peaks (Panchadham) and the sources of the rivers Harpan, Rati, Jare, Aandhi, Seti. This region lies in the border of Kaski, Parbat and Syangja district. Many Himalayas can be seen from this place. This is the place with many Sunakhari; you can find about 113 different types of Sungava. The region is known for its biodiversity, featuring Lali Gurans, Kharshu, Chap, Chandan and many more of about 600 types and also the place for different animals such as tiger, bear, deer.
Geography and ClimateEdit
|Climate Zone||Elevation Range||% of Area|
|Upper Tropical||300 to 1,000 meters
1,000 to 3,300 ft.
|Subtropical||1,000 to 2,000 meters
3,300 to 6,600 ft.
|Temperate||2,000 to 3,000 meters
6,400 to 9,800 ft.
|Subalpine||3,000 to 4,000 meters
9,800 to 13,100 ft.
|Alpine||4,000 to 5,000 meters
13,100 to 16,400 ft.
|Nival||above 5,000 meters||7.4%|
|Trans-Himalayan||3,000 to 6,400 meters
9,800 to 21,000 ft.
- Pokhara Metropolitan City
- Annapurna Rural Municipality
- Machhapuchchhre Rural Municipality
- Madi Rural Municipality
- Rupa Rural Municipality
Former Municipalities and Village Development CommitteesEdit
- Arba Vijaya
- Armala (Nghola)
- Bhadaure Tamagi
- Bharat Pokhari
- Dhampus (Toh'mle)
- Dhikur Pokhari
- Ghachok (kazo)
- Ghandruk (Koh'da)
- Kaskikot(Kas-khi ko'i)
- Lahachok (LaZo)
- Lekhnath Municipality
- Lumle (Lhu'le)
- Machhapuchchhre (Kata'shu)
- Pokhara Sub-metropolitan Municipality
- Rupakot(Rup ko'i)
- Handbook of District Development Committee, Kaski, 2015. Pokhara, Kaski. 2015. pp. 3–5.
- The Map of Potential Vegetation of Nepal - a forestry/agroecological/biodiversity classification system (PDF), Forest & Landscape Development and Environment Series 2-2005 and CFC-TIS Document Series No.110., 2005, ISBN 87-7903-210-9, retrieved Nov 22, 2013
- "स्थानिय तह" (in Nepali). Ministry of Federal Affairs and General Administration. Retrieved 1 September 2018.