Juntos por el Cambio

Juntos por el Cambio (English: Together for Change) is an Argentine big tent[12][13] political coalition. It was created in 2015 as Cambiemos (English: Let's Change), and renamed in 2019.[14] It is composed of Republican Proposal (PRO), the Radical Civic Union (UCR), the Civic Coalition (CC-ARI) and sectors of Federal Peronism since the arrival of Miguel Ángel Pichetto to the coalition.[15]

Juntos por el Cambio
LeaderMauricio Macri
Party LeadersPatricia Bullrich (PRO)
Alfredo Cornejo (UCR)
Maximiliano Ferraro (CC-ARI)
Congress LeadersLuis Naidenoff (Senate)
Mario Negri (Chamber of Deputies)
FoundersMauricio Macri, Elisa Carrió and Ernesto Sanz
Founded15 June 2015; 5 years ago (2015-06-15)
IdeologyRepublicanism[1]
Factions;
Liberal conservatism[2]
Social democracy[3]
Social liberalism[4]
Federal Peronism[5]
Political positionCenter-left[6][7] to Center-right[8][9][10][11]
MembersRepublican Proposal,
Radical Civic Union,
Civic Coalition ARI,
Democratic Progressive Party,
Integration and Development Movement,
Popular Union,
UNIR Nationalist Constitutional Party,
Faith Party,
Dialogue Party
Chamber of Deputies
116 / 257
Senate
25 / 72
Governors
4 / 24
Website
jxc.com.ar

These three parties respectively nominated Mauricio Macri, Ernesto Sanz, and Elisa Carrió as their representatives in the August 2015 primary elections, which were held to choose which candidate would run in the 2015 presidential election on October 25.[16] On August 9, 2015 Mauricio Macri was elected as the candidate who would represent Cambiemos in the presidential election; on November 22 he won the presidential election.

CreationEdit

 
Cambiemos official logo.

Initially, the pre-candidates Mauricio Macri, Daniel Scioli, and Sergio Massa had a triple tie in the polls for the 2015 presidential election. Scioli was the candidate of the Front for Victory, the ruling party at the time, and Macri and Massa opposed it. The other parties created a political coalition, the Broad Front UNEN. Elisa Carrió, leader of the Civic Coalition, left UNEN and joined a coalition with Macri's Republican Proposal instead. Both of them would run in the primary elections. The Radical Civic Union was divided: Ernesto Sanz proposed to join Macri as well, and Julio Cobos proposed to stay in UNEN. The party held a convention to decide what to do, and Sanz's proposal prevailed. Thus, the UCR left UNEN and joined the PRO-CC. The new coalition was named "Cambiemos", suggesting a change from the 12-year long rule of center-left Kirchnerists.

HistoryEdit

Macri, Sanz, and Carrió ran to be the nominee in the primary elections with Macri winning by a wide margin. He won the presidential election against the Kirchnerite candidate Daniel Scioli in a ballotage. In lower-level posts, Horacio Rodríguez Larreta was elected as Macri's replacement, keeping the City of Buenos Aires under coalition control. Alfredo Cornejo and Gerardo Morales became governors of Mendoza and Jujuy Provinces, respectively. María Eugenia Vidal defeated Aníbal Fernández and became the governor of the populous Buenos Aires Province, ending 28 years of Peronist control.[17]

In June 2019, an extension of the Cambiemos alliance was made: it is renamed Together for Change, by adding to Federal Peronism led by Miguel Ángel Pichetto, who would share the presidential formula of space together with Mauricio Macri. In the 2019 presidential elections, JxC was in second place, with 40% of the votes, behind the Fernández, who won first round with 48% of the votes.

In the province of Buenos Aires, Governor María Eugenia Vidal sought re-election but was defeated by the candidate of the Frente de Todos, Axel Kicillof, who won 52% of the votes against 38% obtained by Together for Change.

In the City of Buenos Aires, Horacio Rodríguez Larreta joins the Radical Civic Union and the Socialist Party to the district alliance and is reelected as Head of Government with 56% of the votes in the first round.

PositionsEdit

According New York Times, BBC News, El País, Financial Times, Fox News, AP News, The Guardian, The Washington Post and other international media, Cambiemos is a center-right coalition, because it is led by Mauricio Macri, of Republican Proposal.[18][19][20][21][22][23][24][25]

Political policiesEdit

The members of Cambiemos were constituted to "promote economic development, the strengthening of democracy and the republican system, the independence of justice, the quality of education, social solidarity, and the personal happiness of the inhabitants of the Argentine Republic."[26]

Economic policiesEdit

Mauricio Macri received a country with huge economic problems, and sought to reverse things. Quickly, moved from a fixed exchange-rate system to a floating one, removed taxes on exports and reduced subsidies on energy, to reduce the deficit.

However, he avoided to use a shock therapy and introduced the changes in a gradual way.

In April 2016, he negotiated with holdouts and ended the default to return to the international capital markets.[27]

Until January 2018, the gradualist system was working well, although at a slower pace than needed.[28]

Since May 2018, as part of an agreement with the International Monetary Fund, the government accelerated the austerity plans, aiming to completely remove the fiscal deficit.[29]

Social policiesEdit

President Mauricio Macri encouraged the discussion of an abortion law during the 2018 opening of regular sessions of the National Congress of Argentina.[30] The bill, called "Voluntary termination of pregnancy", divided the coalition, that had no official position and let its legislators vote according to their own beliefs. Mauricio Macri, Maria Eugenia Vidal, Horacio Rodríguez Larreta, Elisa Carrió, and ministers Marcos Peña, Rogelio Frigerio, Patricia Bullrich, etc., are pro-life; ministers Sergio Rubinstein, Lino Barañao, Sergio Bergman, Juan José Aranguren, etc.; are pro-choice.[31]

Foreign policyEdit

Cambiemos opposes strongly the regime of Nicolás Maduro in Venezuela for human rights abuses and calls for a restoration of democracy in the country.[32] It recognized Juan Guaidó, who was elected President of Venezuela by the National Assembly during the Venezuelan presidential crisis of 2019.[33] Macri and his Foreign Minister Susana Malcorra supported Democrat Hillary Clinton in the 2016 US presidential election, which was won by Republican Donald Trump.[34]

Macri improved Argentina's relations with the United States[35] and from Mercosur achieved a free trade agreement with the European Union[36] and closer ties with the Pacific Alliance.[37]

During the first week in office, Macri annulled the Memorandum of understanding between Argentina and Iran, which would have established a joint investigation into the 1994 bombing with AMIA, a terrorist attack on a Jewish organization for which Argentina blamed Hezbollah and Iran.[38]

PresidentsEdit

President Photo District Presidency start date Presidency end date Time in office
Mauricio Macri (b. 1959)   Buenos Aires December 10, 2015 December 10, 2019 4 years, 0 days

MembersEdit

Party Leader Ideology
Republican Proposal Patricia Bullrich Liberal conservatism
Radical Civic Union Alfredo Cornejo Social liberalism, Social democracy
Coalición Cívica ARI Maximiliano Ferraro Social liberalism
Progressive Democratic Party Ana Copes Liberal democracy
Public Trust Graciela Ocaña Anti-corruption
Integration and Development Movement Juan Pablo Carrique Developmentalism
Popular Union Luis Fernández Peronism (Christian democracy)
UNIR Constitutional Nationalist Party Alberto Assef Nationalism

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ezequiel Adamovsky (September 28, 2015). "Republicanism, Kirchnerism and "Right"". Revista Anfibia.
  2. ^ Robert Plummer (September 28, 2015). "Argentina presidential election poses economic choice". BBC.
  3. ^ Luis Gregorich (March 16, 2016). "Macri: "Macri y la socialdemocracia"". La Nacion.
  4. ^ Luis Gregorich (March 16, 2016). "Macri: "Mejorar"". La Nacion.
  5. ^ https://en.mercopress.com/2019/06/11/argentina-macri-shocks-everyone-by-picking-peronist-pichetto-for-vp-spot
  6. ^ "Técnicamente, el gobierno de Mauricio Macri es de centroizquierda", opinó un investigador del Conicet [1] La Nación. Retrieved 8 August 2019
  7. ^ Jaime Durán Barba: “Mauricio Macri es la nueva izquierda” [2] Clarín. Retrieved 8 August 2019.
  8. ^ "Tres cafés y una foto para calmar los ánimos de Cambiemos en la recta final". Télam. October 1, 2015.
  9. ^ "La derecha gana por solo tres puntos la alcaldía de Buenos Aires". BBC Mundo. July 20, 2015.
  10. ^ Veronica Smink (November 23, 2015). "Qué puede cambiar en Sudamérica con Macri y el giro de Argentina hacia la derecha". BBC Mundo.
  11. ^ Juan Ignacio Irigaray (October 24, 2015). "Las claves de las presidenciales argentinas". El Mundo.
  12. ^ El desafío que la nueva alianza opositora debe pasar en Diputados
  13. ^ Cué, Carlos E. (November 23, 2015). "Macri victory signals shift to the right in Argentina". EL PAÍS.
  14. ^ "La coalición oficialista tiene nuevo nombre: Juntos por el cambio" [The official coalition has a new name: Juntos por el cambio] (in Spanish). La Nacion. June 12, 2019. Retrieved June 12, 2019.
  15. ^ "Miguel Ángel Pichetto será el vice de Mauricio Macri en la fórmula de Cambiemos". Infobae.
  16. ^ "Las 8 alianzas que competirán en las próximas elecciones" [The 8 alliances that will run in the next elections]. La Nación (in Spanish). June 11, 2015. Retrieved June 12, 2015.
  17. ^ Ramiro Sagasti (October 26, 2015). "Vidal dio la gran sorpresa y le ganó a Aníbal Fernández en la provincia" [Vidal gave a great surprise and defeated Aníbal Fernández in the province]. La Nación (in Spanish). Retrieved October 26, 2015.
  18. ^ "Conservative Mauricio Macri wins Argentina presidency". BBC. Reino Unido. Retrieved November 23, 2015.
  19. ^ https://www.nytimes.com/2017/10/22/world/americas/argentina-election-mauricio-macri.html
  20. ^ https://www.nytimes.com/2015/11/23/world/americas/argentina-president-election-mauricio-macri.html
  21. ^ https://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/nov/22/argentina-election-exit-polls-buenos-aires-mauricio-macri
  22. ^ https://apnews.com/5eaa51f1ca6d442d9bca82aa56a0a530
  23. ^ https://www.foxnews.com/world/argentine-president-looks-for-legislative-majority
  24. ^ https://elpais.com/internacional/2015/11/22/argentina/1448224098_588686.html
  25. ^ https://www.ft.com/content/80f67520-9170-11e5-bd82-c1fb87bef7af
  26. ^ "PLATAFORMA JUNTOS POR EL CAMBIO PASO 2019 | Juntos por el Cambio". Cambiemos.
  27. ^ Bob Van Voris (13 April 2016). "Argentina Wins Court Ruling Letting Bond Sale Proceed". Bloomberg. Archived from the original on 14 April 2016. Retrieved 13 April 2016.
  28. ^ "Argentina's gamble on economic gradualism is working, so far". The Economist. January 18, 2018. Retrieved October 1, 2018.
  29. ^ Agustino Fontevecchia (June 13, 2018). "Cambiemos Must Change: Argentina's Macri Needs A Radical Paradigm Shift". Forbes. Retrieved October 1, 2018.
  30. ^ "Mauricio Macri en el Congreso: reviví el minuto a minuto de la Asamblea Legislativa" [Mauricio Macri in the Congress, relive the minute by minute of the Legislative assembly]. La Nación (in Spanish). March 1, 2018. Retrieved February 28, 2018.
  31. ^ Demian Bio (February 26, 2018). "Where Do the Cambiemos' Top Politicians Stand on Abortion?". The Bubble. Retrieved October 1, 2018.
  32. ^ "Diputados de Cambiemos lanzaron una mesa de trabajo para seguir de cerca la crisis de Venezuela" [Deputies of Cambiemos started a workgroup to follow the crisis in Venezuela] (in Spanish). Infobae. July 6, 2017. Retrieved October 1, 2018.
  33. ^ https://www.lanacion.com.ar/politica/la-argentina-apoyara-juan-guaido-como-presidente-nid2213650
  34. ^ https://www.lanacion.com.ar/el-mundo/el-gobierno-de-macri-apuesta-por-hillary-en-la-pelea-por-la-casa-blanca-nid1896566
  35. ^ https://www.lanacion.com.ar/politica/barack-obama-visita-oficial-mauricio-macri-reunion-acuerdos-bilaterales-nid1882496
  36. ^ https://www.lanacion.com.ar/politica/inminente-acuerdo-mercosur-union-europea-nid2262578
  37. ^ https://www.lanacion.com.ar/politica/giro-estrategico-macri-busca-un-acercamiento-a-la-alianza-del-pacifico-nid1904116
  38. ^ https://www.lanacion.com.ar/politica/se-cae-definitivamente-el-memorandum-con-iran-nid1853370

External linksEdit