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Syria (Bilad al-Sham) and its provinces under the Abbasid Caliphate in the 9th century

Jund Ḥimṣ[1] (Arabic: جُـنْـد حِـمْـص‎, "military district of Homs," or Legion of Emesa)[2] was one of the four military districts of the Caliphate province of Syria.[3] Its capital was Homs, from which the district received its name.[1] Its principal urban centres were Latakia, Tadmur, Jableh, Kafr Tab, Tarsus, Salamiyya, Bulunyas and the Fortress of Khawabi.[4]

After the Muslim conquest of Syria in the 7th century CE, the Rashidun caliph Umar divided the region of Syria into four districts, in which Jund Hims became the northernmost district. After the ascent of the Umayyad dynasty, its caliph Muawiya I separated the northern territories of Jund Hims, establishing Jund Qinnasrin out of them. The southern boundary line of Jund Hims laid immediately to the south of Qara, while its northern limit lay beyond the village of al-Karashiyya. Eastward were the towns of Tadmur and al-Qaryatayn.[4]

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ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Although the modern district and the city are known in English as "Homs", the military districts of the Caliphate are known by their transliterated names.
  2. ^ Alfred, Muhammed Ashraf, Bukhsh, Salahuddin Khuda and Von Kremer (1961). Politics in Islam: Von Kremer's Staatsidee des Islams (4th edition). Lahore, Pakistan. p. 124. OCLC 10521479.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  3. ^ Stephen and Goodwin, Tony (2001). Sylloge of Islamic Coins in the Ashmolean: The Pre-Reform Coinage of the Early Islamic Period. Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, England. pp. 84–85. ISBN 1-85444-173-6.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  4. ^ a b Al-Muqaddasi quoted by Le Strange, G. (1890). Palestine Under the Moslems: A Description of Syria and the Holy Land from A.D. 650 to 1500. London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund. pp. 25–39. OCLC 1004386.