Josip Stadler

Josip Stadler (24 January 1843 – 8 December 1918) was a Roman Catholic priest, the first Archbishop of Vrhbosna, the founder of the religious order of the Servants of the Infant Jesus (Croatian: Služavke Maloga Isusa), and one of the main instigators of 1914 anti-Serb riots in Sarajevo.


Josip Stadler

Archbishop of Vrhbosna
Josip Štadler.jpg
ArchdioceseVrhbosna
ProvinceSarajevo
SeeSarajevo
Appointed18 November 1881[1]
SuccessorIvan Šarić
Other post(s)Apostolic Administrator of Banja Luka (1882–84)
Orders
Ordination24 May 1868[1]
Consecration20 November 1881[1]
by Raffaele Monaco La Valletta
Personal details
Born
Josip Stadler

(1843-01-24)24 January 1843
Died8 December 1918(1918-12-08) (aged 75)
Sarajevo, Kingdom of Yugoslavia
BuriedCathedral of Jesus' Heart, Sarajevo
DenominationRoman Catholic
ParentsĐuro and Marija (née Balošić)
Styles of
Josip Štadler
Mitre plain 2.png
Reference styleThe Most Reverend
Spoken styleYour Excellency
Religious styleArchbishop

Early life and educationEdit

Stadler was born in Slavonski Brod in the Habsburg monarchy (present-day Croatia). His parents, Đuro and Marija (née Balošić) were hatmakers. His father's ancestors were originally christened Jews from Upper Austria.[2]

Early in life, he lost both parents. He was taken care of by the Oršić family. He started his education in Slavonski Brod, and continued it, under the patronage of cardinal Juraj Haulik, in Požega and Zagreb where he attended gymnasium. In Rome he attended the Pontifical Gregorian University where he attained a doctorate in philosophy and theology.[3][4]

CareerEdit

Stadler was ordained a priest in Rome on June 6, 1868, after which he returned to Zagreb where he worked as a professor at a seminary and later a university professor at the Catholic Faculty of Theology of the University of Zagreb.[3]

In 1881, the Catholic Church hierarchy in Bosnia and Herzegovina was reinstated after nearly seven centuries, when the last bishop of Bosnia was evicted by Bosnian ban Matej Ninoslav and left Bosnia for Đakovo.[5] Pope Leo XIII named Stadler as the first archbishop of Vrhbosna in Sarajevo. Under his direction, the Cathedral of Jesus' Heart was built, along with the seminary and church of Sts. Cyril and Methodius. In Travnik he helped build the gymnasium and seminary, as well as many churches and women's seminaries throughout the country.

Stadler founded the women's order of the Servants of the Infant Jesus with the intention of helping impoverished and abandoned children and others. He sent a plea to Vienna, to Franziska Lechner to send nuns to Sarajevo. He formed the orphanages Betlehem and Egipat for children and a home for the elderly.[6]

Role in anti-Serb pogrom in Sarajevo in 1914Edit

Right after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, mobs of Croats and Bosnian Muslims started anti-serb riots in Sarajevo, leading to divisions unprecedented in the city's history. Later that night, an agreement was reached between the provincial government of Bosnia and Herzegovina led by Oskar Potiorek, Sarajevo city police and Štadler with his assistant Ivan Šarić to eradicate the "subversive elements of this land."[7][8]

The city government issued a proclamation and invited population of Sarajevo to "fulfill their holy duty and clean their city of the shame through eradication of the subversive elements." It was printed on the posters which were distributed and displayed over the city during that night and tomorrow early morning, which signaled the continuation of the pogrom. Two Serbs were killed on the first day of the demonstrations, and many were attacked, while numerous houses, shops and institutions owned by Serbs were razed or pillaged.

DeathEdit

Stadler died in Sarajevo on the feast day of the Assumption of Mary in his 75th year. He was succeeded by archbishop Ivan Šarić. Stadler was buried in Sarajevo Cathedral.[9]

CanonizationEdit

During Pope John Paul II's visit to Bosnia and Herzegovina on 12 April 1997 the pope prayed at Stadler's grave.[10] The process for Stadler's canonization began in Sarajevo on 20 June 2002.[11]

WorksEdit

Following is a partial list of works authored by archbishop Stadler:[12]

  • Logika, Zagreb, 1871
  • Poslovice: pučka mudrost, Danica for the year 1873, Zagreb, 1872
  • Theologia fundamentalis: tractatus de vera religione, de vera Christi Ecclesia et de Romano Pontifice complectens, Zagreb, 1880
  • Theologia fundamentalis: tractatus de traditione, Scriptura et analysi fidei complectens, Sarajevo, 1884
  • Filosofija u 6 svezaka [Philosophy in 6 volumes]
  • I. Logika, dio prvi: Dijalektika [Logic, Part One: Dialectics], 1904
  • II. Logika, dio drugi: Kritika ili noetika [Logic, Part Two: Criticism or Noetics], 1905
  • III. Opća metafisika ili ontologija [General Metaphysics or Ontology], 1907
  • IV. Kosmologija [Cosmology], 1909
  • V. Psihologija [Psychology], 1910
  • VI. Naravno bogoslovlje [Natural Theology], 1915

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "Archbishop Josef Stadler". Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved 21 January 2015.
  2. ^ Vrankić 2021, p. 178.
  3. ^ a b Antolović Josip, Prvi vrhbosanski nadbiskup Josip Stadler, Obnovljeni život: časopis za filozofiju i religijske znanosti, Vol. 41. No. 3.- 4., p. 285., 1986
  4. ^ Religijski leksikon, ed. Josip Laća, Zagreb, 1999
  5. ^ Lovrenović, Ivan (December 1999). "Prvi milenij Bosne". BH Dani (in Bosnian) (135). Archived from the original on 21 September 2011. Retrieved 4 May 2012.
  6. ^ Antolović Josip, Prvi vrhbosanski nadbiskup Josip Stadler, Obnovljeni život: časopis za filozofiju i religijske znanosti, Vol. 41. No. 3.- 4.,1986
  7. ^ Andrej Mitrović (2007). Serbia's Great War, 1914-1918. Purdue University Press. p. 18. ISBN 978-1-55753-477-4. Retrieved 7 December 2013.
  8. ^ Slavko Vukčević; Branislav Kovačević (1 January 1997). Mojkovačka operacija, 1915-1916: zbornik radova sa naučnog skupa. Institut za savremenu istoriju. p. 25. Retrieved 7 December 2013. У демопстрацијама у Сарајеву, које су започеле још током ноћи 28. јуна 1914, на миг шефа земаљске управе за Босну и Херцеговину - Поћорека и надбискупа Штадлера разорене су три српске штампарије, демонтиран хотел...
  9. ^ "Verbum | Stadler,Josip". verbum.hr.
  10. ^ "Papa Ivan Pavao II. u Sarajevu 1997. god".
  11. ^ Croatian Encyclopedia volume 10, ed. August Kovačec, Miroslav Krleža Institute of Lexicography, Zagreb, 2008
  12. ^ "Josip Stadler". www.josip-stadler.org.
Catholic Church titles
New title Archbishop of Vrhbosna
1881–1918
Succeeded by