Josip Stadler (24 January 1843 – 8 December 1918) was a Roman Catholic priest, the first Archbishop of Vrhbosna, the founder of the religious order of the Servants of the Infant Jesus (Croatian: Služavke Maloga Isusa), and one of the main instigators of 1914 anti-Serb riots in Sarajevo.
The Most Reverend
|Archbishop of Vrhbosna|
|Appointed||18 November 1881|
|Other post(s)||Apostolic Administrator of Banja Luka (1882–84)|
|Ordination||24 May 1868|
|Consecration||20 November 1881|
by Raffaele Monaco La Valletta
24 January 1843
|Died||8 December 1918 (aged 75)|
Sarajevo, Kingdom of Yugoslavia
|Buried||Cathedral of Jesus' Heart, Sarajevo|
|Parents||Đuro and Marija (née Balošić)|
|Reference style||The Most Reverend|
|Spoken style||Your Excellency|
Early life and educationEdit
Stadler was born in Slavonski Brod in the Habsburg monarchy (present-day Croatia). His parents, Đuro and Marija (née Balošić) were hatmakers. His father's ancestors were originally christened Jews from Upper Austria.
Early in life, he lost both parents. He was taken care of by the Oršić family. He started his education in Slavonski Brod, and continued it, under the patronage of cardinal Juraj Haulik, in Požega and Zagreb where he attended gymnasium. In Rome he attended the Pontifical Gregorian University where he attained a doctorate in philosophy and theology.
Stadler was ordained a priest in Rome on June 6, 1868, after which he returned to Zagreb where he worked as a professor at a seminary and later a university professor at the Catholic Faculty of Theology of the University of Zagreb.
In 1881, the Catholic Church hierarchy in Bosnia and Herzegovina was reinstated after nearly seven centuries, when the last bishop of Bosnia was evicted by Bosnian ban Matej Ninoslav and left Bosnia for Đakovo. Pope Leo XIII named Stadler as the first archbishop of Vrhbosna in Sarajevo. Under his direction, the Cathedral of Jesus' Heart was built, along with the seminary and church of Sts. Cyril and Methodius. In Travnik he helped build the gymnasium and seminary, as well as many churches and women's seminaries throughout the country.
Stadler founded the women's order of the Servants of the Infant Jesus with the intention of helping impoverished and abandoned children and others. He sent a plea to Vienna, to Franziska Lechner to send nuns to Sarajevo. He formed the orphanages Betlehem and Egipat for children and a home for the elderly.
Role in anti-Serb pogrom in Sarajevo in 1914Edit
Right after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, mobs of Croats and Bosnian Muslims started anti-serb riots in Sarajevo, leading to divisions unprecedented in the city's history. Later that night, an agreement was reached between the provincial government of Bosnia and Herzegovina led by Oskar Potiorek, Sarajevo city police and Štadler with his assistant Ivan Šarić to eradicate the "subversive elements of this land."
The city government issued a proclamation and invited population of Sarajevo to "fulfill their holy duty and clean their city of the shame through eradication of the subversive elements." It was printed on the posters which were distributed and displayed over the city during that night and tomorrow early morning, which signaled the continuation of the pogrom. Two Serbs were killed on the first day of the demonstrations, and many were attacked, while numerous houses, shops and institutions owned by Serbs were razed or pillaged.
Following is a partial list of works authored by archbishop Stadler:
- Logika, Zagreb, 1871
- Poslovice: pučka mudrost, Danica for the year 1873, Zagreb, 1872
- Theologia fundamentalis: tractatus de vera religione, de vera Christi Ecclesia et de Romano Pontifice complectens, Zagreb, 1880
- Theologia fundamentalis: tractatus de traditione, Scriptura et analysi fidei complectens, Sarajevo, 1884
- Filosofija u 6 svezaka [Philosophy in 6 volumes]
- I. Logika, dio prvi: Dijalektika [Logic, Part One: Dialectics], 1904
- II. Logika, dio drugi: Kritika ili noetika [Logic, Part Two: Criticism or Noetics], 1905
- III. Opća metafisika ili ontologija [General Metaphysics or Ontology], 1907
- IV. Kosmologija [Cosmology], 1909
- V. Psihologija [Psychology], 1910
- VI. Naravno bogoslovlje [Natural Theology], 1915
- "Archbishop Josef Stadler". Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved 21 January 2015.
- Vrankić 2021, p. 178. sfn error: no target: CITEREFVrankić2021 (help)
- Antolović Josip, Prvi vrhbosanski nadbiskup Josip Stadler, Obnovljeni život: časopis za filozofiju i religijske znanosti, Vol. 41. No. 3.- 4., p. 285., 1986
- Religijski leksikon, ed. Josip Laća, Zagreb, 1999
- Lovrenović, Ivan (December 1999). "Prvi milenij Bosne". BH Dani (in Bosnian) (135). Archived from the original on 21 September 2011. Retrieved 4 May 2012.
- Antolović Josip, Prvi vrhbosanski nadbiskup Josip Stadler, Obnovljeni život: časopis za filozofiju i religijske znanosti, Vol. 41. No. 3.- 4.,1986
- Andrej Mitrović (2007). Serbia's Great War, 1914-1918. Purdue University Press. p. 18. ISBN 978-1-55753-477-4. Retrieved 7 December 2013.
- Slavko Vukčević; Branislav Kovačević (1 January 1997). Mojkovačka operacija, 1915-1916: zbornik radova sa naučnog skupa. Institut za savremenu istoriju. p. 25. Retrieved 7 December 2013.
У демопстрацијама у Сарајеву, које су започеле још током ноћи 28. јуна 1914, на миг шефа земаљске управе за Босну и Херцеговину - Поћорека и надбискупа Штадлера разорене су три српске штампарије, демонтиран хотел...
- "Verbum | Stadler,Josip". verbum.hr.
- "Papa Ivan Pavao II. u Sarajevu 1997. god".
- Croatian Encyclopedia volume 10, ed. August Kovačec, Miroslav Krleža Institute of Lexicography, Zagreb, 2008
- "Josip Stadler". www.josip-stadler.org.