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Raffaele Monaco La Valletta S.T.D. J.U.D. (23 February 1827 – 14 July 1896) was a Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church who served as Secretary of the Supreme Sacred Congregation of the Holy Office.


Raffaele Monaco La Valletta
Secretary of the Congregation of the Holy Office
Raffaele Cardinal Monaco La Valletta.jpg
ChurchRoman Catholic Church
Appointed15 February 1884
Term ended14 July 1896
PredecessorLuigi Bilio
SuccessorLucido Maria Parocchi
Other posts
Orders
Ordination22 September 1849
by Pope Pius IX
Consecration12 January 1874
by Pope Pius IX
Created cardinal13 March 1868
by Pope Pius IX
RankCardinal-Priest (1868-84)
Cardinal-Bishop (1884-96)
Personal details
Birth nameRaffaele Monaco La Valletta
Born(1827-02-23)23 February 1827
L'Aquila, Papal States
Died14 July 1896(1896-07-14) (aged 69)
Agerola, Kingdom of Italy
Previous post
Alma mater
Styles of
Raffaele Monaco La Valletta
External Ornaments of a Cardinal Bishop.svg
Reference styleHis Eminence
Spoken styleYour Eminence
Informal styleCardinal
SeeAlbano Ostia (suburbicarian see)

Contents

EducationEdit

Raffaele Monaco La Valletta was born in L'Aquila and was of a family from Chieti. He was educated at the Collegio Romano where he earned a doctorate in theology. He continued his studies at the La Sapienza University, Rome, where he earned a doctorate utriusque iuris (in both canon and civil law). He ended his studies at the Pontifical Academy of Ecclesiastical Nobles in 1846.

PriesthoodEdit

He was ordained in 1849. He was created Protonotary apostolic supernumerary in 1858. He worked as Pro-assessor for the Supreme Sacred Congregation of the Holy Office from 1859.

CardinalateEdit

He was created and proclaimed Cardinal-Priest of Santa Croce in Gerusalemme by Pope Pius IX in the consistory of 13 March 1868. He participated in the First Vatican Council from 1869-1870.

EpiscopateEdit

He was appointed titular archbishop of Eraclea on 9 January 1874 and consecrated by Pope Pius IX himself.[1] He was appointed Vicar General of Rome by Pope Pius on 21 December 1876. He participated in the conclave of 1878 that elected Pope Leo XIII.

On 21 December 1878 he ordained Giacomo della Chiesa, who was to become Pope Benedict XV, and on 20 December 1879 he ordained Ambrogio Achille Ratti, who succeeded Benedict XV as Pope Pius XI.

He was appointed Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals by Pope Leo in 1880. He served as Major Penitentiary of the Apostolic Penitentiary, dispensing indulgences from 12 February 1884 until his death. He was also appointed to the office of Secretary of the Supreme Sacred Congregation of the Holy Office, guarding the orthodoxy of Church doctrine from 1884 until his death.

He was elected to the order of bishops and the suburbicarian see of Albano on 24 March 1884. He was elected to the suburbicarian see of Ostia on 24 May 1889 and thus became Dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals. He died in 1896 in Agerola.

ReferencesEdit

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Edoardo Borromeo
Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals
27 February 1880 – 13 May 1881
Succeeded by
Flavio Chigi
Preceded by
Luigi Bilio
Major Penitentiary of the Apostolic Penitentiary
12 February 1884 – 14 July 1896
Succeeded by
Isidoro Verga
Preceded by
Luigi Bilio
Secretary of the Supreme Sacred Congregation of the Holy Office
15 February 1884 – 14 July 1896
Succeeded by
Lucido Parocchi
Preceded by
Gustav Adolf Hohenlohe
Cardinal-Bishop of Albano
24 March 1884 – 14 July 1896
Succeeded by
Lucido Parocchi
Preceded by
Flavio Chigi
Archpriest of the Basilica of St. John Lateran
24 March 1884 – 14 July 1896
Succeeded by
Francesco Satolli
Preceded by
Carlo Sacconi
Dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals
24 May 1889 – 14 July 1896
Succeeded by
Luigi Oreglia di Santo Stefano