Juraj Haulik

Juraj Haulik de Váralya (Slovak: Juraj Haulík Váralyai, Hungarian: Haulík Váralyai György; 20 April 1788 – 11 May 1869)[1] was a Croatian cardinal in the Roman Catholic Church of Slovak ethnicity and the first archbishop of Zagreb. He was also acting ban of Croatia for two separate terms.

His Eminence

Juraj Haulík Váralyai
Cardinal. Archbishop of Zagreb
Haulik Litho.jpg
ChurchRoman Catholic
ArchdioceseZagreb
Appointed11 December 1852
In office1852–1869
PredecessorAleksandar Alagović
SuccessorJosip Mihalović
Other post(s)Cardinal-Priest of Santi Quirico e Giulitta
Orders
Ordination18 April 1811
Consecration10 December 1837
by Lodovico Altieri
Created cardinal16 June 1856
by Pius IX
RankCardinal-Priest
Personal details
Born(1788-04-20)20 April 1788
Nagyszombat, Kingdom of Hungary, Habsburg Monarchy
Died11 May 1869(1869-05-11) (aged 81)
Zagreb, Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia, Austria-Hungary
NationalitySlovak
Coat of armsJuraj Haulík Váralyai's coat of arms

LifeEdit

 
A tablet on the house where Haulik was born

He studied theology and philosophy in Trnava, Esztergom and Vienna. After the death of bishop Aleksandar Alagović in 1837, Haulik was proclaimed bishop. In 1840 he began his first term as acting ban of Croatia after the death of ban Franjo Vlašić. He is credited for introducing the Croatian language into schools and workplaces, as well as forming the Matica hrvatska in 1842. He helped the organization of Maksimir park in Zagreb.

He was succeeded as ban by the Hungarian Franz Haller. Haller was brought in to carry on Magyarization in Croatia, which included the banning of the then Croatian banner name: Illyrians. A protest by the Croatian People's Party in 1845 was put out violently by Haller, leaving thirteen protestors dead, and ending his time as ban. Haulik was again called upon to take up the post.

During this term, the Croatian language was made official in the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia in 1847. In 1848, in the midst of revolutions in the Austro-Hungarian Empire, military man Josip Jelačić was proclaimed ban to counter Hungarian aims of revoking Croatian autonomy.

Some further autonomy did materialize for Croatia in the following years, as Haulik was proclaimed the first archbishop and metropolitan of Zagreb in 1852.[1] With this, the Catholic Church in Croatia became independent from Hungary. In 1856 he was also named cardinal. He carried on in these posts until his death in 1869.

While he was an ethnic Slovak, he said of his background: I was born a Slovak, but I will die a Croat.[2] In 1999, Croatia and Slovakia put out a joint-issue stamp featuring Haulik.[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Rođen Juraj Haulik". vijesti.hrt.hr. Croatian Radiotelevision. 20 April 2015. Retrieved 8 February 2017.
  2. ^ "Juraj Haulik - borac za hrvatska prava i jezik". Vjesnik (in Croatian). 15 June 1999. Archived from the original on 21 September 1999.
  3. ^ "Cardinal Juraj Haulik - Archbishop of Zagreb". Croatian Post. Archived from the original on 6 March 2014. Retrieved 5 January 2013.
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Aleksandar Alagović
Archbishop of Zagreb
1837–1869
Succeeded by
Josip Mihalović
Preceded by
Franjo Vlašić
Ban of Croatia
1840–1842
Succeeded by
Franz Haller
Preceded by
Franz Haller
Ban of Croatia
1845–1848
Succeeded by
Josip Jelačić