John Mathias Engler (born October 12, 1948)[1] is an American politician, lawyer, businessman, and lobbyist who served as the 46th governor of Michigan from 1991 to 2003. Considered one of the country's top lobbyists,[2] he is a member of the Republican Party.

John Engler
Engler in 2016
President of Michigan State University
In office
January 31, 2018 – January 17, 2019
Preceded byLou Anna Simon
Succeeded bySatish Udpa (acting)
46th Governor of Michigan
In office
January 1, 1991 – January 1, 2003
LieutenantConnie Binsfeld
Dick Posthumus
Preceded byJames J. Blanchard
Succeeded byJennifer Granholm
Chair of the National Governors Association
In office
August 7, 2001 – July 16, 2002
Preceded byParris Glendening
Succeeded byPaul Patton
9th Majority Leader of the Michigan Senate
In office
Preceded byWilliam Faust
Succeeded byDick Posthumus
Member of the Michigan Senate
In office
January 1, 1979 – December 31, 1990
Preceded byJohn Toepp
Succeeded byJoanne G. Emmons
Constituency36th district (1979–1982)
35th district (1983–1990)
Member of the Michigan House of Representatives
In office
January 1, 1971 – December 31, 1978
Preceded byRussell Strange
Succeeded byGary L. Randall
Constituency100th district (1971–1972)
89th district (1973–1978)
Personal details
John Mathias Engler

(1948-10-12) October 12, 1948 (age 75)
Mount Pleasant, Michigan, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
  • (m. 1975; div. 1986)
  • Michelle DeMunbrun
    (m. 1990)

Engler was serving in the Michigan Senate when he enrolled at Thomas M. Cooley Law School and graduated with a Juris Doctor degree, having served as a Michigan State senator since 1979. He was elected Senate majority leader in 1984 and served there until being elected governor in 1990. He was reelected in 1994 and 1998, and is the last Michigan governor to serve more than two terms. After his governorship, he worked for Business Roundtable.

Engler served on the board of advisors of the Russell Kirk Center for Cultural Renewal, an educational organization that continues the intellectual legacy of noted conservative and Michigan native Russell Kirk. Engler also served on the board of trustees of the Marguerite Eyer Wilbur Foundation, which funds many Kirk Center programs. Engler was a member of the Annie E. Casey Foundation board of trustees until 2014. As of 2018, he serves on the board of directors of Universal Forest Products. Previous board service included serving as a director of Dow Jones and Delta Air Lines and as a trustee of Munder Funds.[3][4]

Early life and education edit

Engler, a Roman Catholic,[5] was born in Mount Pleasant, Michigan, on October 12, 1948, to Mathias John Engler and his wife, Agnes Marie (née Neyer), but grew up on a cattle farm near Beal City.

He attended Michigan State University, graduating with a degree in agricultural economics in 1971, and Thomas M. Cooley Law School, graduating with a Doctor of Jurisprudence degree in 1981.

He was elected to the Michigan House of Representatives as a state representative in 1970 at the age of 22. He served in the House from 1971 to 1978. His campaign manager in that first election was a college friend, Dick Posthumus. Engler later became the first Republican youth vice-chair for the Michigan Republican Party, defeating future U.S. Senator Spencer Abraham. Posthumus later went on to be elected a state senator, Senate Majority Leader and Lieutenant Governor. He was Engler's running mate in the 1998 election and served from 1999 to 2003.[6]

Career edit

Engler with President Ronald Reagan in 1988
Engler with President George H. W. Bush in 1991

Governorship edit

Engler's administration was characterized by privatization of state services, income tax reduction, a sales tax increase, educational reform, welfare reform, and major reorganization of executive branch departments.

In 1996, he was elected chairman of the Republican Governors Association,[7] and in 2001, he was elected to head the National Governors Association.[8]

In 2002, near the end of his final term, Engler and the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality attempted to negotiate a consent order with Dow Chemical that would have resulted in a ninefold increase in the allowable levels of dioxins. The consent order would have resulted in Dow not having to pay to clean up high levels of toxins in Midland, Michigan, near its plant there, as well as in the Tittabawassee flood plain, which had been contaminated by dioxins dumped into the river from the facility and from overflow from waste ponds.[9][10] The consent order fell through in late 2002.[9]

Vice presidential speculation edit

1996 edit

During the 1996 presidential election, Engler was considered to be a potential vice presidential running mate for Republican nominee Bob Dole.[11] However, Dole instead selected Jack Kemp, a former representative and HUD secretary.

2000 edit

Engler endorsed Texas Governor George W. Bush in the 2000 Republican primary. After Bush secured the GOP nomination, Engler's name was again floated as a possible running mate.[12] In his book Decision Points, Bush says that Engler was someone he was "close" with and could "work well with." Ultimately, Engler was passed over for the running mate position in favor of Dick Cheney. After the election, Engler's close political ally Spencer Abraham, who narrowly lost his re-election bid for the Senate to Debbie Stabenow, was chosen as Bush's Secretary of Energy.

2002 elections edit

Engler's lieutenant governor, Dick Posthumus, sought to succeed Engler in the 2002 gubernatorial race. Posthumus lost the race to the state's attorney general, Democrat Jennifer Granholm.

Election results edit

In 1990, Engler, then the state senate majority leader, challenged Governor James Blanchard in his bid for a third term. Political observers viewed his bid as a long shot, and he trailed Blanchard by double digits in the polls the weekend before the election. However, on election day, Engler pulled off the upset, defeating Blanchard by approximately 17,000 votes—a margin of less than one percentage point.[13][14] In 1994, Engler ran for his second term. The Democrats nominated former Representative Howard Wolpe, who had close ties to the labor movement—a potent force in Democratic politics in Michigan. Engler bested Wolpe 61 to 39 percent, and the state Republican Party made significant gains. Spencer Abraham picked up the Senate seat of retiring Democrat Donald Riegle. Republicans gained a seat to break a tie in the state House of Representatives, taking a 56–54 majority, while also picking up a seat in the U.S. House of Representatives. Republican Candice Miller won an upset victory to win the post of Secretary of State.[citation needed]

Michigan voters re-elected Engler to his third and final term in 1998. He won a landslide victory over lawyer Geoffrey Fieger. Engler took 1,883,005 votes—62 percent of the total—to Fieger's 38 percent and 1,143,574 votes. Engler's landslide helped the state Republican Party gain six seats in the state House of Representatives, taking control of the chamber they had lost two years previously with a 58–52 margin, as well as picking up an additional seat in the State Senate, for a 23–15 majority. Republicans also gained a seat on the technically non-partisan state Supreme Court, holding a 4–3 majority over the Democrats.

Electoral history edit

Michigan Gubernatorial election, 1990[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican John Engler 1,287,320 49.8 +18.4
Democratic James Blanchard (incumbent) 1,276,134 49.1 -19.0
Workers World William Roundtree 28,091 1.1 +0.7
Write-ins Write-ins 1,799 0.1 0.0
Majority 17,595 0.7 -36.0
Turnout 2,564,563 +0.7
Republican gain from Democratic Swing
Michigan gubernatorial election, 1994[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican John Engler (incumbent) 1,899,101 61.5 +11.7
Democratic Howard Wolpe 1,188,438 38.5 -10.6
Write-ins 1,538 0.1 0.0
Majority 710,663 23.0 -+12.3
Turnout 3,089,077 +1.34
Republican hold Swing
Michigan gubernatorial election, 1998[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican John Engler (incumbent) 1,883,005 62.2 +0.7
Democratic Geoffrey Fieger 1,143,574 37.8 -0.7
Write-ins Write-In 525 0.01 -0.09
Majority 739,431 24.4 +1.4
Turnout 3,027,104 -0.02
Republican hold Swing

After governorship edit

After leaving the governor's mansion in January 2003, Engler served as president of the state and local government sector of Electronic Data Systems. Engler left that position in June 2004 to be elected president and CEO of the National Association of Manufacturers.[16] Engler's tenure at the NAM ended in January 2011. In January 2011, Engler was named president of the Business Roundtable.[17]

Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice with (left to right): Tom Pickering, John Engler and John Breaux at the presentation of final report of the Secretary's Advisory Committee on Transformational Diplomacy in 2008

In 2017, Engler was appointed to a four-year term on the governing board of the National Assessment of Educational Progress project.[18]

Interim presidency of Michigan State University edit

On January 30, 2018, Engler was named the interim president of Michigan State University to replace Lou Anna Simon, who was embroiled with the school in the USA Gymnastics sex abuse scandal involving Larry Nassar.[19][20] The appointment of Engler sparked controversy due to his previous handling of sexual misconduct as governor of Michigan. Engler's tenure as interim president was plagued by controversies, brought on by Engler's apparent callous statements and actions toward survivors during Board of Trustees meetings and statements that were reported by the press. One on Nassar's victims, Rachael Denhollander, said Engler "chose to stand against every child and every sexual assault victim in the entire state, to protect an institution."

Engler resigned on January 16, 2019 after the Board of Trustees indicated its intent to ask him to resign following a series of embarrassing incidents regarding Nassar's victims and his responses to issues in the aftermath.[21] Engler initially indicated he planned to resign on January 23, 2019[22] but the Board required him to resign the morning after he submitted his resignation letter.[23]

Personal life edit

In 1975, Engler married Colleen House, who served in the Michigan House of Representatives before running for lieutenant governor of Michigan in 1986. The day after she lost the race for lieutenant governor, she filed for divorce.[24] The couple had no children together; she remarried in 2002, and died in 2022.[25]

Engler married Michelle DeMunbrun, a Texas attorney, on December 8, 1990. The couple has triplet daughters, born November 13, 1994. As First Lady, Michelle Engler served as the founding chair of the Michigan Community Service Commission. Michelle Engler was named to the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation (Freddie Mac) board in 2001 by President George W. Bush, and re-appointed in 2002.[26]

References edit

  1. ^ Whitney, Gleaves (2005). "Governor John Engler Portrait Unveiling" (PDF). State of Michigan. Archived (PDF) from the original on April 26, 2006. Retrieved April 18, 2018.
  2. ^ "Top Lobbyists 2015: Associations". October 28, 2015. Retrieved April 1, 2016.
  3. ^ "John Engler | Board Member | K12 Inc". Retrieved October 14, 2020.
  4. ^ "Former Michigan Governor Joins Michigan Prosperity Fund Advisory Board". August 28, 2013. Retrieved August 28, 2013.
  5. ^ "John Engler". On the Issues. 2015. Retrieved January 24, 2017.
  6. ^ "Detroit Free Press from Detroit, Michigan on July 22, 1998 · Page 65". July 22, 1998. Retrieved January 5, 2023.
  7. ^ "Republican Governors List Accomplishments in Campaign Booklet". The New York Times. Associated Press. August 4, 1996. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved June 18, 2020.
  8. ^ "Governor John Engler Biography". State of Michigan. Retrieved June 30, 2019.
  9. ^ a b Pianin, Eric (December 31, 2002). "Michigan and Dow Drop Dioxin Pact". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved February 1, 2018.
  10. ^ Jordan, Heather (October 3, 2016). "Next phase of Dow dioxin cleanup coming up, EPA seeks public comment". Retrieved February 1, 2018.
  11. ^ Berke, Richard L. (March 18, 1996). "GOP VP Spot Sparks Rivalries in Midwest". South Florida Sun-Sentinel. The New York Times. Retrieved November 10, 2021.
  12. ^ Christoff, Chris (July 26, 2000). "Engler finally admits he was on the VP shortlist". Detroit Free Press. Archived from the original on February 4, 2001. Retrieved January 24, 2017.
  13. ^ "James J. Blanchard | People | DLA Piper Global Law Firm". DLA Piper. Retrieved June 17, 2020.
  14. ^ University, Michigan State. "Governor Jim Blanchard's $1 million gift establishes public service award and lecture series at MSU". MSUToday. Retrieved June 17, 2020.
  15. ^ a b c "Summary of Votes for Governor 1835-2006" (PDF). Michigan Manual. Retrieved January 2, 2016.
  16. ^ "Engler leaves EDS to be president of National Association of Manufacturers". Crain's Detroit Business. March 30, 2006. Retrieved February 25, 2019.
  17. ^ "John Engler". Washington Post. Retrieved January 20, 2017.
  18. ^ Spangler, Todd (September 28, 2017). "Betsy DeVos Names John Engler to Chair National Education Assessment Board". Detroit Free Press. Archived from the original on February 15, 2018. Retrieved April 18, 2018.
  19. ^ Winowiecki, Emma (January 30, 2018). "Engler to Be Named MSU Interim President". Michigan Radio. Archived from the original on April 18, 2018. Retrieved April 18, 2018.
  20. ^ Gerstein, Michael (January 31, 2018). "Engler Faces Pushback, Vows MSU Change". The Detroit News. Archived from the original on April 7, 2018. Retrieved April 18, 2018.
  21. ^ "John Engler resigns as Michigan State University interim president". Detroit Free Press. Retrieved May 7, 2019.
  22. ^ Silvestri, Tyler (January 16, 2019). "Interim President Engler Resigns Effective January 23". On the Banks. Retrieved February 6, 2019./
  23. ^ "Satish Udpa named Michigan State interim president, replacing Engler". Detroit Free Press. Retrieved May 7, 2019.
  24. ^ "Colleen Engler Seeks Divorce". Ludington Daily News. November 7, 1986. Retrieved November 13, 2012.
  25. ^ "Colleen House, GOP activist and first wife of John Engler, dies at age 70".
  26. ^ "First Lady Michelle Engler Biography". Michigan's Former Governors. State of Michigan. 2017. Archived from the original on February 1, 2018. Retrieved February 27, 2018.

Further reading edit

External links edit

Michigan House of Representatives
Preceded by
Russell H. Strange Jr.
Member of the Michigan House of Representatives
from the 100th district

Succeeded by
Bert C. Brennan
Preceded by Member of the Michigan House of Representatives
from the 89th district

Succeeded by
Michigan Senate
Preceded by Member of the Michigan Senate
from the 36th district

Succeeded by
Preceded by Member of the Michigan Senate
from the 35th district

Succeeded by
Preceded by Majority Leader of the Michigan Senate
Succeeded by
Party political offices
Preceded by Republican nominee for Governor of Michigan
1990, 1994, 1998
Succeeded by
Preceded by Chair of the Republican Governors Association
Succeeded by
Political offices
Preceded by Governor of Michigan
Succeeded by
Preceded by Chair of the National Governors Association
Succeeded by
U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded byas Former Governor Order of precedence of the United States Succeeded byas Former Governor