Japan National Route 5

National Route 5 (国道5号, Kokudō Go-gō) is a major highway on the island and prefecture of Hokkaido in northern Japan. The 288.5-kilometer (179.3 mi) highway begins at an intersection with National Routes 279 and 278 in Hakodate. It travels north across the southern half of the island, traveling through Otaru where it curves to the east toward its endpoint at an intersection with National Route 12 in Chūō-ku, Sapporo.

National Route 5 shield
National Route 5
国道5号
Japan National Route 5 highlighted in red
Route information
Length288.5 km[1] (179.3 mi)
Major junctions
South end National Route 278 / National Route 279 in Hakodate
North end National Route 12 in Chūō-ku, Sapporo
Location
CountryJapan
Major citiesOshamanbe
Niseko
Kutchan
Otaru
Highway system
National Route 4 National Route 6

Route descriptionEdit

Overlapping sectionsEdit

  • In Oshamanbe, from Kunnui intersection to Asahihama intersection: Route 230
  • From Kutchan (North-4 West-1 intersection) to Kyōwa (Kunitomi intersection): Route 276
  • From Yoichi (Yoichi Station intersection) to Otaru (Inaho 2-18 intersection): Route 229

Municipalities passed throughEdit

HistoryEdit

National Route 5 traces its origin to the Sapporo Hondō [ja], a road designed by Horace Capron, in 1872. Capron was an American advisor to the Hokkaido Development Commission who was paid to assist in the development of Sapporo as a planned city. The Sapporo Hondō connected Sapporo to Hakodate at the southern end of the Hokkaido where sea connections to the main island of Japan, Honshu, were located. The Sapporo Hondō was completed in 1877.[2]

On 4 December 1952, the Cabinet of Japan designated the Sapporo Hondō as First Class National Highway 5.[3] On 1 April 1965, it was reclassified as National Route 5.[4]

GalleryEdit

Major junctionsEdit

The route lies entirely within Hokkaido.

LocationkmmiDestinationsNotes
Hakodate0.00.0  National Route 278 north – Mount E, Yunokawa
  National Route 279 south – Foreign Cemetery, Mount Hakodate
Southern terminus; highway continues south as National Route 279
1.91.2  National Route 227 west – Esashi, Matsumae
Hokkaido Route 571 east – Goryōkaku Park
3.22.0Hokkaido Route 347 – Goryōkaku Park
5.43.4  National Route 5 (Hakodate Shindō) – Esashi, Matsumae, Sapporo, Oshamanbe
6.13.8  Hokkaido Route 100 – Hokuto Ferry, Mount E, Yunokawa
Nanae11.16.9  Hokkaido Route 969 east – to Hakodate ShindōSouthern end of Hokkaido Route 969 concurrency
11.47.1Hokkaido Route 969 west – HokutoNorthern end of Hokkaido Route 969 concurrency
15.39.5  Hokkaido Route 264 east – to Hakodate Shindō
  Hokkaido Route 676 west – Shin-Hakodate-Hokuto Station, Hokuto
19.312.0  Hakodate Shindō south – HakodateNanae-Fujishiro Interchange (E5 exit 4)
20.112.5  Hokkaido Route 1176 south – Shin-Hakodate-Hokuto Station
21.113.1Hokkaido Route 96 south – Hokuto
28.717.8Hokkaido Route 43 north – Shikabe, Ōnuma Quasi-National Park
Mori30.919.2Hokkaido Route 43 south
  Hokkaido Route 149 west – to Dō-Ō Expressway, Green Pier Onuma Ski Area
42.426.3  National Route 278 south – Mount E, Shikabe
  Hokkaido Route 1156 south – to Dō-Ō Expressway
43.126.8Hokkaido Route 794 north – Central Mori
43.927.3Hokkaido Route 606 – Central Mori, Torizakihakkei
45.628.3Hokkaido Route 1028 east – Central Mori
Yakumo62.839.0  Dō-Ō Expressway – Hakodate, MuroranOtoshibe Interchange (E5 exit 8); the short road leading to/from the interchange and Route 5 is designated as Hokkaido Route 1155
64.940.3Hokkaido Route 573 south
73.145.4Hokkaido Route 42 west – Central Yakumo
73.845.9Hokkaido Route 572 east – Yakumo Port
75.947.2   National Route 277 west – to Dō-Ō Expressway, Esashi
77.147.9Hokkaido Route 1029 south – Central Yakumo
Oshamambe95.959.6   National Route 230 west – to Dō-Ō Expressway, Setana, Pirika DamSouthern end of National Route 230 concurrency
104.665.0Hokkaido Route 1141 west
105.965.8   National Route 37 east / National Route 230 east – Muroran, TōyakoNorthern end of National Route 230 concurrency
107.666.9  Dō-Ō Expressway – Hakodate, MuroranOshamambe Interchange (E5 exit 11)
115.671.8Hokkaido Route 842 west – Futamata Spa
120.875.1Hokkaido Route 9 north – Suttsu, Central Kuromatsunai
Kuromatsunai126.478.5Hokkaido Route 266 (Milk Country Road) west – Central KuromatsunaiSouthern end of Hokkaido Route 266 concurrency
127.078.9Hokkaido Route 266 east – ToyouraNorthern end of Hokkaido Route 266 concurrency
130.681.2Hokkaido Route 265 west – Suttsu, Central Kuromatsunai
132.182.1Hokkaido Route 344 east – Higashikawa
132.382.2    Kuromatsunai Shindō east – to Dō-Ō ExpresswayKuromatsunai Interchange (E5A exit 2)
Rankoshi141.688.0Hokkaido Route 752 north
146.791.2Hokkaido Route 934 north
150.093.2Hokkaido Route 267 north – Suttsu
152.995.0Hokkaido Route 525 north – Rankoshi Station
153.895.6Hokkaido Route 229 – Iwanai, Suttsu, Rankoshi Station
160.599.7Hokkaido Route 207 north – Chisenupuri, Niseko Konbu Onsen
Niseko160.899.9Hokkaido Route 32 south – Toyoura
167.1103.8Hokkaido Route 791 south
171.0106.3Hokkaido Route 66 – Rusutsu, Makkari, Iwanai, Niseko Resort Area
172.4107.1Hokkaido Route 792 west – Niseko Station
Kutchan179.5111.5Hokkaido Route 631 west – Niseko Resort Area
181.9113.0Hokkaido Route 478 east – Kyōgoku
182.6113.5Hokkaido Route 343 west – Niseko Resort Area
183.6114.1Hokkaido Route 58 west – Niseko Resort Area
184.2114.5  National Route 276 east – Kimobetsu, KyōgokuSouthern end of National Route 276 concurrency
Kyōwa193.1120.0Hokkaido Route 604 west – Iwanai
197.8122.9  National Route 276 west – Suttsu, Iwanai, Central KyōwaNorthern end of National Route 276 concurrency
Niki210.2130.6Hokkaido Route 1022 east – Akaigawa, Ginzan Station
220.6137.1Hokkaido Route 455 east – Niki Station
Yoichi223.5138.9  Hokkaido Route 36 south – to Shiribeshi Expressway, Akaigawa
224.6139.6Hokkaido Route 755 south
224.7139.6  Hokkaido Route 753 south – to Shiribeshi Expressway
225.0139.8  National Route 229 south – Shakotan, Furubira
Hokkaido Route 228 east – Yoichi Station
Southern end of National Route 229 and Hokkaido Route 228 concurrency
225.7140.2Hokkaido Route 228 west – Shakotan, FurubiraNorthern end of Hokkaido Route 228 concurrency
229.8142.8Hokkaido Route 1092 south
Otaru236.1146.7Hokkaido Route 956 (Otaru Loop Route) east – Shioya Station
243.8151.5   Hokkaido Route 820 east – to Sasson Expressway, Ferry Terminal, Otaru Canal
244.4151.9Hokkaido Route 454 (Chūō-dōri) east – Otaru Port, Otaru Canal
244.7152.0  National Route 229 ends
Hokkaido Route 697 south – Asahi View Point, Mount Tengu
Northern end of National Route 229 concurrency, southern end of Hokkaido Route 697 concurrency
246.4153.1  National Route 393 south – Akaigawa
Hokkaido Route 697 north – Ferry Terminal, Parute Port
Northern end of Hokkaido Route 697 concurrency
247.5153.8  Sasson Expressway east
Hokkaido Route 17 (Rinkosen) north – Otaru Port, Parute Port
Otaru Interchange (E5A exit 11)
251.0156.0  Hokkaido Route 1 south – Jozankei, Asarigawa Spa, Sasson Expressway
260.7162.0Hokkaido Route 225 east – Zenibako Station
262.4163.0  Hokkaido Route 147 east – Sasson Expressway
262.7163.2Hokkaido Route 1226 north – Central Zenibako
263.7163.9  National Route 337 east – Rumoi, IshikariInterchange
Sapporo276.4171.7Hokkaido Route 128 (Oiwake-dōri) north – Shinkawa
277.2172.2  Sasson Expressway
Hokkaido Route 124 east – Sapporo Station, Chitose
Sapporo-nishi Interchange (E5A exit 6); southern end of National Route 5 serving as a frontage road to the Sasson Expressway
279.6173.7Hokkaido Route 452 (Shimoteine-dōri) – Maeda, Hachiken Station
280.6174.4Hokkaido Route 125 (Shinkawa-dōri) – Ishikari Bay New Port, Maeda, Sapporo Station
281.2174.7  Sasson ExpresswayShinkawa Interchange (E5A exit 5)
283.4176.1  Sasson ExpresswaySapporo-kita Interchange (E5A exit 4)
284.1176.5  National Route 231 north (Sōseikawa-dōri)
  National Route 274 east (Sapporo Shindō)
Northern end of National Route 5 serving as a frontage road to the Sasson Expressway
285.3177.3Hokkaido Route 89 – Hachiken, Motomachi
287.6178.7Hokkaido Route 273
288.5179.3  National Route 12 (Kita-ichi-jō Kariki-dōri) – Tōbetsu, Ebetsu, Teine, OtaruNorthern terminus, street continues as Sōseikawa-dōri
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "一般国道の路線別、都道府県別道路現況" [Road statistics by General National Highway route and prefecture] (PDF) (in Japanese). Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism. Retrieved 19 February 2020.
  2. ^ "開拓を進めた長距離馬車道" (in Japanese). Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  3. ^ "二級国道の路線を指定する政令 (昭和二十八年)". Wikisource (in Japanese). Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  4. ^ "二級国道の路線を指定する政令 (1962年)". Wikisource (in Japanese). Retrieved 24 January 2020.

External linksEdit