A jama masjid (Persian: مسجد جامع‎), also known as a congregational mosque or Friday mosque,[1] is a type of mosque which is the main mosque of a certain area that hosts the special Friday noon prayers known as jumu'ah. They also host the Eid prayers in situations when there is no musalla or eidgah available or nearby to host the prayers.

EtymologyEdit

Jama masjid or jame masjid comes from the Persian term masjed-e jame (مسجد جامع‎), from the Arabic term masjid jāmi‘ (مَسْجِد جَامِع‎), meaning "congregational mosque" . In Arabic, the term is simplified to jāmi‘ (جَامِع‎).

In non-Arab Muslim nations, the word jāmi‘ ("that which gathers, congregates or assembles") is often conflated with another word from the same root, jumu‘ah (Arabic: جُمُعَة‎, lit. 'assembly, gathering'), a term which refers to the Friday noon prayers (Arabic: صَلَاة الْجُمُعَة‎, romanizedṣalāṫ al-jumu‘ah, lit. 'prayer of assembly') or the Friday itself (Arabic: يَوْم الْجُمُعَة‎, romanizedyawm al-jumu‘ah, lit. 'day of assembly').[2] This is due to the fact that the jumu'ah prayers require congregations and are only held in congregational mosques, usually the main mosque or central mosque of a town or city, and hence they are also sometimes known as Friday mosques.[1]

The term is rendered similarly in transliterations from other languages, such as jame mosque, jami masjid, jameh mosque, jamia masjid, or jomeh mosque.[3]

List of jama masjidsEdit

Many mosques function as a jama masjid, and many have the term incorporated into their name:

  AfghanistanEdit

  AzerbaijanEdit

  BangladeshEdit

  CanadaEdit

  ChinaEdit

  IndiaEdit

Andhra PradeshEdit

DelhiEdit

GujaratEdit

Himachal PradeshEdit

Jammu and KashmirEdit

KarnatakaEdit

KeralaEdit

Madhya PradeshEdit

MaharashtraEdit

RajasthanEdit

Tamil NaduEdit

TelanganaEdit

Uttar PradeshEdit

  IndonesiaEdit

  IranEdit

  KenyaEdit

  MalaysiaEdit

  MaldivesEdit

  MaliEdit

  MauritaniaEdit

  NigeriaEdit

  PakistanEdit

  RussiaEdit

  SomaliaEdit

  South AfricaEdit

  TanzaniaEdit

  UkraineEdit

  United KingdomEdit

  UzbekistanEdit

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Built in 629 AD, the Cheraman Juma Mosque was the first mosque in the Indian subcontinent[5][6][7]
  2. ^ Thazhathangady Juma Masjid is a Heritage Zone of Kerala, India[citation needed]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Balkh", The UNESCO, retrieved 2018-05-15
  2. ^ Quran 62:9–11,Quran 62:10–11
  3. ^ "DawateIslami Khuddam-ul-Masajid". buildamasjid.net. Retrieved 24 October 2019.
  4. ^ "Great Mosque of Herat". Archnet.org. 19 August 2005. Archived from the original on 3 October 2012.
  5. ^ "Mosque in Kerala dates back to the Prophet's time".
  6. ^ "Tinkering with the past".
  7. ^ "INTERVIEW". www.iosworld.org. Retrieved 2018-11-15.
  8. ^ "Visit the Juma Masjid Mosque". www.sa-venues.com. 1999–2018. Retrieved 2018-05-15.