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Jalgaon (About this soundpronunciation  /ˈjæl(ə)ɡɒn/) is a city in western India. The city is located in northern Maharashtra, and serves as the administrative headquarters of the Jalgaon district. Jalgaon is nicknamed "Banana village" as the region contributes approximately two thirds of Maharashtra's banana production.[1]

Jalgaon
City
Eastern Express Highway by night in Thane.jpg
Ajanta Cave 26 Dagoba with praying monks.jpg
1 Hinayana style Aurangabad Buddhist Cave with stupa.jpg
Jain Temple located in Dadawadi.jpg
Kailasha temple at ellora.JPG
A inside view of Chatrapati Maharaj Stadium, which was inaugurated by the President, Smt. Pratibha Devisingh Patil at Jalgaon, in Maharashtra on February 08, 2008.jpg
Night view of dhanmondi lake.jpg
Clockwise from top left: City Night View, Ajanta Caves, Ellora Caves, Dadawadi Temple, Kailas Temple, Ajanta cave , Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Stadium, Mehrun Lake Jalgaon
Nickname(s): 
Banana City
Jalgaon is located in Maharashtra
Jalgaon
Jalgaon
Jalgaon is located in India
Jalgaon
Jalgaon
Coordinates: 20°59′53″N 75°34′00″E / 20.997984°N 75.566711°E / 20.997984; 75.566711Coordinates: 20°59′53″N 75°34′00″E / 20.997984°N 75.566711°E / 20.997984; 75.566711
Country India
StateMaharashtra
RegionKhandesh
DistrictJalgaon
Government
 • TypeMunicipal Corporation
 • BodyJMC
 • MayorSeema Suresh Bhole (BJP)
 • Municipal CommissionerJivan Sonwane
 • Deputy MayorDr. Ashwini Sonwane(BJP)
 • Member Of ParliamentUnmesh Patil (BJP)
Area
 • Total141 km2 (54 sq mi)
Population
 (2018)
 • Total798,514
 • Rank62nd
 • Density5,700/km2 (15,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Jalgaonkar
Language
 • OfficialMarathi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Telephone code00-91-257
Vehicle registrationMH 19
Websitewww.jalgaon.nic.in

Jalgaon was divided in 1911,[2] with East Khandesh covering the territory that is now Jalgaon. After the 1956 reorganisation of India's states, East Khandesh became part of Bombay State. Four years later, in 1960, it became part of the newly formed Maharashtra and was renamed Jalgaon.

Contents

HistoryEdit

Home India Tourism Maharashtra Jalgaon History Of Jalgaon About Jalgaon The Khandesh region, which covers Jalgaon and goes up to the Deccan region, was controlled by the Faruqi dynasty from the 1300s to 1600s. Before the rule of the Faruqi dynasty, it is believed that much of Jalgaon district was ruled by a Buddhist leader. Khandavesh was later governed by several leaders and dynasties including the Saptavananas, Virsen, Chalukya dynasty, Yadava dynasty, and the Yawan dynasty, before Alaud-din-Khilji, Mohammad Tughlak and the Nizam of Hyderabad ruled the region. The Marathas then ruled much of the region, and Sardar Tulajirao Bhoite, a Maratha leader, established the town. The Holkars next took control of the region before being they got into a battle with the British. Khandesh was later divided into two - East Khandesh, which is the region of modern-day Jalgaon, and West Khandesh. After Independence, East Khandesh became a part of the state of Bombay and later in 1960; Jalgaon was reorganised to become a district.

The Khandesh region, which covers Jalgaon and goes up to the Deccan region, was controlled by the Faruqi dynasty from the 1300s to 1600s. Before the rule of the Faruqi dynasty, it is believed that much of Jalgaon district was ruled by a Buddhist leader. Khandavesh was later governed by several leaders and dynasties including the Saptavananas, Virsen, Chalukya dynasty, Yadava dynasty, and the Yawan dynasty, before Alaud-din-Khilji, Mohammad Tughlak and the Nizam of Hyderabad ruled the region. The Marathas then ruled much of the region, and Sardar Tulajirao Bhoite, a Maratha leader, established the town. The Holkars next took control of the region before being they got into a battle with the British. Khandesh was later divided into two - East Khandesh, which is the region of modern-day Jalgaon, and West Khandesh. After Independence, East Khandesh became a part of the state of Bombay and later in 1960; Jalgaon was reorganised to become a district.

DemographicsEdit

According to the 2018 Indian census, the city of Jalgaon had a population of 798514, with an average literacy rate of 87.28%.[citation needed]

TransportEdit

  • Air

Jalgaon Airport

Jalgaon airport was built in 1973 by the Public Works Department.[3] The Jalgaon Municipal council took over its operations in April 1997 and handed it over to the Maharashtra Airport Development Company in April 2007.[4] The Government of Maharashtra signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with The Airports Authority of India (AAI) to upgrade the existing airfield in July 2009.[5] The then President of India, Pratibha Patil laid the foundation stone for the development and expansion of the Jalgaon airport in June 2010.[6]

  • Railway

The Jalgaon district contributes 16 percent of India's banana production, as well as 66 percent of the total banana cultivation in Maharashtra.[7]

The city is served by Jalgaon Junction railway station. The railway connects the region to New Delhi, Mumbai and Kolkata. The area also has an airport, which was inaugurated in 2012 by Indian President Pratibha Patil.[4]

IndustryEdit

There are various types of industries located in Jalgaon city.

Manufacturing IndustryEdit

IT IndustryEdit

EducationEdit

Kavayatri Bahinabai Chaudhari North Maharashtra University was established in the city of Jalgaon on 15 August 1989. Government Polytechnic Jalgaon was established in 1960. The district is also home to schools and colleges of the Khandesh Education Society and Maratha Vidya Prasarak Mandal and President College of Hotel Management.

Educational facilities include:

Under/Post Graduate CollegesEdit

Engineering/Polytechnic CollegesEdit

Management CollegesEdit

Law CollegesEdit

Medical collegesEdit

  • Dr. Ulhas Patil Medical College, Jalgaon.

Notable peopleEdit

GalleryEdit

ClimateEdit

Jalgaon
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
 
 
8.9
 
 
30
13
 
 
3.1
 
 
33
14
 
 
4.1
 
 
38
19
 
 
0
 
 
41
24
 
 
11
 
 
43
27
 
 
129
 
 
38
26
 
 
250
 
 
31
24
 
 
164
 
 
31
24
 
 
149
 
 
32
23
 
 
37
 
 
34
19
 
 
22
 
 
32
15
 
 
7.4
 
 
30
12
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: Jalgaon Weather
Climate data for Jalgaon City.
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 30.4
(86.7)
32.7
(90.9)
37.5
(99.5)
40.9
(105.6)
42.5
(108.5)
37.8
(100.0)
31.4
(88.5)
31.4
(88.5)
31.6
(88.9)
34.1
(93.4)
31.8
(89.2)
29.8
(85.6)
34.3
(93.8)
Average low °C (°F) 12.6
(54.7)
14.3
(57.7)
18.6
(65.5)
24.1
(75.4)
27.2
(81.0)
26.1
(79.0)
23.9
(75.0)
23.5
(74.3)
22.8
(73.0)
19.2
(66.6)
14.5
(58.1)
11.9
(53.4)
19.9
(67.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 8.9
(0.35)
3.1
(0.12)
4.1
(0.16)
0
(0)
10.7
(0.42)
128.8
(5.07)
249.7
(9.83)
164.1
(6.46)
148.6
(5.85)
37.3
(1.47)
22.1
(0.87)
7.4
(0.29)
784.8
(30.89)
Source: Jalgaon Weather

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Banana republic Jalgaon bears fruit". Indian Express. 18 June 2004. Retrieved 3 January 2011.
  2. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Khandesh, East and West" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 15 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 771.
  3. ^ "Airstrips in Maharashtra". Maharashtra Public Works Department. Retrieved 3 February 2012.
  4. ^ a b "President inaugurates Jalgaon airport". Newstrackindia.com. 23 March 2012. Archived from the original on 7 April 2014. Retrieved 25 March 2012.
  5. ^ "MADC - Projects". Maharashtra Airport Development Company. Archived from the original on 26 February 2012.
  6. ^ "President lays foundation stone for Jalgaon airport". Zeenews.com. 13 June 2010. Archived from the original on 16 June 2013. Retrieved 4 February 2012.
  7. ^ "Business and Economical of Jalgaon, Industries in Jalgaon". www.jalgaononline.in. Retrieved 25 June 2018.
  8. ^ "KBC North Maharashtra University".
  9. ^ https://khandeshcentral.com/

External linksEdit