Open main menu

Jalgaon (About this soundpronunciation ) is a city in western India. The city is located in northern Maharashtra, and serves as the administrative headquarter of the Jalgaon district. Jalgaon is nicknamed "Banana city" as the region contributes approximately two third of Maharashtra's banana production.[1]

Jalgaon
City
Jain Temple located in Dadawadi.jpg
A inside view of Chatrapati Maharaj Stadium, which was inaugurated by the President, Smt. Pratibha Devisingh Patil at Jalgaon, in Maharashtra on February 08, 2008.jpg
Clockwise from top left: City Night View, Ajanta Caves, Ellora Caves, Dadawadi Temple, Kailas Temple, Ajanta cave , Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Stadium, Mehrun Lake Jalgaon
Nickname(s): 
Banana City
Jalgaon is located in Maharashtra
Jalgaon
Jalgaon
Jalgaon is located in India
Jalgaon
Jalgaon
Coordinates: 20°59′53″N 75°34′00″E / 20.997984°N 75.566711°E / 20.997984; 75.566711Coordinates: 20°59′53″N 75°34′00″E / 20.997984°N 75.566711°E / 20.997984; 75.566711
Country India
StateMaharashtra
RegionKhandesh
DistrictJalgaon
Government
 • TypeMunicipal Corporation
 • BodyBharatiya Janata Party
 • खासदार(MP)Unmesh Bhaiyyasaheb Patil
 • आमदार(MLA)Suresh Damu Bhole
 • महापौर(Mayor)Seema Suresh Bhole
 • Municipal CommissionerUday Tekale
Area
 • Total95 km2 (37 sq mi)
Elevation
225 m (738 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total460,228
 • Rank101nd
 • Density4,800/km2 (13,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Jalgaonkar
Language
 • OfficialMarathi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Telephone code0257
Vehicle registrationMH 19
Websitewww.jalgaon.nic.in

Jalgaon was divided in 1911,[2] with East Khandesh covering the territory that is now Jalgaon. After the 1956 reorganisation of India's states, East Khandesh became part of Bombay State. Four years later, in 1960, it became part of the newly formed Maharashtra and was renamed Jalgaon.

HistoryEdit

The Khandesh region, which covers Jalgaon and goes up to the Deccan region, was controlled by the Faruqi dynasty from the 1300s to 1600s. Before the rule of the Faruqi dynasty, it is believed that much of Jalgaon district was ruled. Khandavesh was later governed by several leaders and dynasties including the Satavahanas, Virsen, Chalukya dynasty, Yadava dynasty, and the Yawan dynasty, before Alaud-din-Khilji, Mohammad Tughlak and the Nizam of Hyderabad ruled the region. The Marathas then ruled much of the region, and Sardar Tulajirao Bhoite, a Maratha leader, established the town. The Holkars next took control of the region before being they got into a battle with the British. Khandesh was later divided into two - East Khandesh, which is the region of modern-day Jalgaon, and West Khandesh. After Independence, East Khandesh became a part of the state of Bombay and later in 1960; Jalgaon was reorganised to become a district.

DemographicsEdit

According to the 2018 Indian census, the city of Jalgaon had a population of 798514, with an average literacy rate of 87.28%. With male literacy being 80%, with female literacy being 71%.[citation needed]

TransportEdit

  • Air

Jalgaon Airport

Jalgaon airport was built in 1973 by the Public Works Department.[3] The Jalgaon Municipal council took over its operations in April 1997 and handed it over to the Maharashtra Airport Development Company in April 2007.[4] The Government of Maharashtra signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with The Airports Authority of India (AAI) to upgrade the existing airfield in July 2009.[5] The then President of India, Pratibha Patil laid the foundation stone for the development and expansion of the Jalgaon airport in June 2010.[6]

  • Railway

The Jalgaon district contributes 16 percent of India's banana production, as well as 66 percent of the total banana cultivation in Maharashtra.[7]

The city is served by Jalgaon Junction railway station. The railway connects the region to New Delhi, Mumbai and Kolkata. The area also has an airport, which was inaugurated in 2012 by Indian President Pratibha Patil.[4]

IndustryEdit

There are various types of industries located in Jalgaon city.

Manufacturing IndustryEdit

IT IndustryEdit

EducationEdit

Kavayatri Bahinabai Chaudhari North Maharashtra University was established in the city of Jalgaon on 15 August 1989. Government Polytechnic Jalgaon was established in 1960. The district is also home to schools and colleges of the Khandesh Education Society and Maratha Vidya Prasarak Mandal and President College of Hotel Management.

Educational facilities include:

Under/Post Graduate CollegesEdit

  • Mooljee Jetha College, Jalgaon
  • Nutan Maratha College, Jalgaon
  • Dhanaji Nana Chaudhari Vidya Prabodhan's Shirish Madhukarrao Chaudhari College
  • Dr. Annasaheb G.D Bendale Mahila Mahavidyalaya College
  • Adv. Sitaram Babanbhau Anandramji Baheti Arts and Commerce College, Jalgaon

Engineering/Polytechnic CollegesEdit

Management CollegesEdit

  • Institute of Management & Research (IMR) College, Jalgaon]

Law CollegesEdit

  • KCES's S.S. Maniyar Law College, Jalgaon

Medical collegesEdit

  • Dr. Ulhas Patil Medical College, Jalgaon.
  • Government medical college, Jalgaon

Notable peopleEdit

GalleryEdit

ClimateEdit

Jalgaon
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
 
 
8.9
 
 
30
13
 
 
3.1
 
 
33
14
 
 
4.1
 
 
38
19
 
 
0
 
 
41
24
 
 
11
 
 
43
27
 
 
129
 
 
38
26
 
 
250
 
 
31
24
 
 
164
 
 
31
24
 
 
149
 
 
32
23
 
 
37
 
 
34
19
 
 
22
 
 
32
15
 
 
7.4
 
 
30
12
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: Jalgaon Weather
Climate data for Jalgaon City.
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 30.4
(86.7)
32.7
(90.9)
37.5
(99.5)
40.9
(105.6)
42.5
(108.5)
37.8
(100.0)
31.4
(88.5)
31.4
(88.5)
31.6
(88.9)
34.1
(93.4)
31.8
(89.2)
29.8
(85.6)
34.3
(93.8)
Average low °C (°F) 12.6
(54.7)
14.3
(57.7)
18.6
(65.5)
24.1
(75.4)
27.2
(81.0)
26.1
(79.0)
23.9
(75.0)
23.5
(74.3)
22.8
(73.0)
19.2
(66.6)
14.5
(58.1)
11.9
(53.4)
19.9
(67.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 8.9
(0.35)
3.1
(0.12)
4.1
(0.16)
0
(0)
10.7
(0.42)
128.8
(5.07)
249.7
(9.83)
164.1
(6.46)
148.6
(5.85)
37.3
(1.47)
22.1
(0.87)
7.4
(0.29)
784.8
(30.89)
Source: Jalgaon Weather

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Banana republic Jalgaon bears fruit". Indian Express. 18 June 2004. Retrieved 3 January 2011.
  2. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Khandesh, East and West" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 15 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 771.
  3. ^ "Airstrips in Maharashtra". Maharashtra Public Works Department. Retrieved 3 February 2012.
  4. ^ a b "President inaugurates Jalgaon airport". Newstrackindia.com. 23 March 2012. Archived from the original on 7 April 2014. Retrieved 25 March 2012.
  5. ^ "MADC - Projects". Maharashtra Airport Development Company. Archived from the original on 26 February 2012.
  6. ^ "President lays foundation stone for Jalgaon airport". Zeenews.com. 13 June 2010. Archived from the original on 16 June 2013. Retrieved 4 February 2012.
  7. ^ "Business and Economical of Jalgaon, Industries in Jalgaon". www.jalgaononline.in. Retrieved 25 June 2018.
  8. ^ "KBC North Maharashtra University".
  9. ^ https://khandeshcentral.com/

External linksEdit