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Western Persian or Iranian Persian is the most widely spoken dialect of Persian.[3] It is spoken in Iran and by minorities in Iraq and the Persian Gulf states.[3] It is one of three major dialects of Persian.

Western Persian
Native toIran, Iraq
RegionWestern Asia
Native speakers
55.6 million (2015)[1]
DialectsAbadani, Araki, Bandari, Esfahani, Karbalai, Kashani, Kermani, Mashhadi, Qazvini, Shirazi, Tehrani, Yazdi
Perso-Arabic script
Official status
Official language in
Regulated byAcademy of Persian Language and Literature
Language codes
ISO 639-3pes
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Western Persian is also known as Iranian Persian, Farsi,[3] Western Farsi, or simply Persian.


  1. ^ Western Persian at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Western Farsi". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ a b c "Persian". University of Cambridge. Retrieved 16 July 2013.