Iranian diaspora

Iranians abroad or Iranian diaspora refers to Iranian people living outside Iran.[3][4][5][6][7][8]

Non-resident Iranian and person of Iranian origin
Map of the Iranian Diaspora in the World.svg
Map of the Iranian diaspora in the world as of 2021
Total population
over 4 million (2021)[1][2]
Americas1,905,813 (47,20%)
Europe1,184,552 (29,34%)
West Asia and Other2,433,000 (60,26%)
Languages
Languages of Iran
Religion

As of 2010, there were an estimated 2 to 3 million Iranians living abroad. Most of them lived in North America, Europe, Persian Gulf States, Turkey, Azerbaijan, Australia and the broader Middle East.[9][10] Other studies have estimated about 1.5 million or less Iranians are living abroad.[11] Most of them have migrated to other countries for security reasons after the Iranian Revolution in 1979.[12]

In 2021 the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Iran published new statistics showing that 4,037,258 Iranians are currently living abroad, an increase from previous years.[13][14] One of the reasons for this migration might have been due to the strained relations between Iran and the United States. Others have migrated for economic reasons, such as looking for employment opportunities.[citation needed]

Statistics by countryEdit

 
Map of the Iranian diaspora in the world as of 2021.
  Iran
  + 1,000,000
  + 100,000
  + 10,000
  + 1,000
 
Popularity change of countries among Iranian Immigrants (2016-2021).[15]
List of countries and territories by Iranian population
Country Iranian-born in 2021 Article
  United States   1,500,000 (2021)[15] Iranian American
  Canada   200,000 (2021)[15] Iranian Canadian
  United Kingdom   100,000 (2021)[15] Iranians in the United Kingdom
  UAE   357,000 (2021[15] Iranians in the United Arab Emirates
  Germany   319,000 (2021)[15] Iranians in Germany
  Turkey   126,640 (2021)[15] Immigration to Turkey
  Australia   120,000 (2021) Iranian Australian
  Sweden   116,770 (2021)[15] Swedish Iranians
  Iraq   110,920 (2021) Persians in Iraq
  France   90,000 (2021)[15] Iranians in France
  Netherlands   52,000 (2021) Iranians in the Netherlands
  Austria   40,000 (2021) Iranians in Austria
  Kuwait   38,000 (2021) 'Ajam of Kuwait
  Malaysia   30,000 (2021) Iranians in Malaysia
  Denmark   28,700 (2021) Iranians in Denmark
  Norway   20,000 (2021) Norwegian Iranians
   Switzerland   20,000 (2021) Demographics of Switzerland
  Belgium   20,000 (2021) Iranians in Belgium
  Qatar   20,000 (2021) Iranians in Qatar
  Georgia   16,500 (2021) Iranians in Georgia
  Italy   12,866 (2020)[16] Iranians in Italy
  India   12,760 (2021) Demographics of India
  New Zealand   12,000 (2021) Iranian New Zealander
  Spain   12,000 (2021) Iranians in Spain
  Azerbaijan   10,000 (2021) Iranians in Azerbaijan
  Armenia   10,000 (2021) Iranians in Armenia
  Japan   10,000 (2021) Iranians in Japan
  Syria   10,000 (2021) Iranians in Syria
  Oman   9,500 (2021) Omani Iranians
  China   7,780 (2021) Iranians in China
  Russia   6,567 (2021) 50,000 (2002)[17] Iranians in Russia
  Finland   6,200 (2021) 7,402 (2018) Iranians in Finland
  Lebanon   5,000 (2021) Iranians in Lebanon
  Thailand   5,000 (2021) Iranians in Thailand
  Cyprus   5,000 (2021) Iranians in Cyprus
  South Africa   5,000 (2021) Iranians in South Africa
  Ukraine   4,200 (2021) Iranians in Ukraine
  Hungary   4,111 (2021) Iranians in Hungary
  Pakistan   3,950 (2021) Iranians in Pakistan
  Afghanistan   3,800 (2021) Iranian Afghans
  Romania   3,500 (2021) Iranians in Romania
  Kazakhstan   3,000 (2021) Iranians in Kazakhstan
  Greece   2,500 (2021) Demographics of Greece
  Brazil   2,000 (2021) Iranian Brazilians
  Argentina   2,000 (2021) Iranian Argentines
  Poland   2,000 (2021) Iranians in Poland
  South Korea   1,770 (2021) Iranians in South Korea
  Philippines   1,500 (2021) Iranians in the Philippines
  Portugal   1,215 (2021) Iranians in Portugal
  Slovak Republic   1,140 (2021) Iranians in Slovakia
  Tajikistan   1,000 (2021) Iranians in Tajikistan
  Tanzania   1,000 (2021) Iranian Tanzanians
  Ireland   1,000 (2021) Iranians in Ireland
  Czech Republic   1,000 (2021) Iranians in the Czech Republic
  Mexico   500 (2021) Iranian Mexicans
  Bulgaria   500 (2021) Iranians in Bulgaria
  Egypt   500 (2021) Iranians in Egypt
  Kyrgyzstan   500 (2021) Iranians in Kyrgyzstan
  Hong Kong   410 (2021) Iranians in Hong Kong
  Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela   400 (2021) Iranians in Venezuela
  Indonesia   400 (2021) Iranians in Indonesia
  Colombia   350 (2021) Iranian Colombians
  Chile   300 (2021) Iranian Chileans
  Belarus   227 (2021) Iranians in Belarus
  Sudan   225 (2021) Iranians in Belarus
  Singapore   200 (2021) Iranians in Singapore
  Serbia   171 (2021) Iranians in Serbia
  Uzbekistan   170 (2021) Iranians in Uzbekistan
  Bolivia   150 (2021) Iranian Bolivians
  Slovenia   125 (2021) Iranians in Slovenia
  Bosnia and Herzegovina   110 (2021) Iranians in Bosnia and Herzegovina
  Jordan   100 (2021) Iranians in Jordan
  Kenya   70 (2021) Iranians in Kenya
  Ghana   70 (2021) Ghanaian Iranians
  Uruguay   70 (2021) Iranian Uruguayans
  Ivory Coast   65 (2021) Iranian Ivorians
  Croatia   60 (2021) Iranians in Croatia
  Turkmenistan   54 (2021) Iranians in Turkmenistan
  Uganda   50 (2021) Iranians in Uganda
  Tunisia   47 (2021) Iranians in Tunisia
  Senegal   47 (2021) Iranians in Senegal
  Bangladesh   44 (2021) Iranians in Bangladesh
  Mauritius   41 (2021) Iranians in Mauritius
  Vietnam   40 (2021) Iranians in Vietnam
  Nicaragua   40 (2021) Iranian Nicaraguans
  Democratic Republic of the Congo   23 (2021) Iranians in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
  Brunei   21 (2021) Iranians in Brunei
  Algeria   20 (2021) Iranians in Algeria
  Gambia   17 (2021) Iranians in Gambia
  Niger   15 (2021) Iranians in Niger
  Nigeria   15 (2021) Iranian Nigerians
  Ethiopia   12 (2021) Iranians in Ethiopia
  Madagascar   12 (2021) Iranians in Madagascar
  Albania   12 (2021) Iranians in Albania
  North Macedonia   11 (2021) Iranians in North Macedonia
  Cameroon   10 (2021) Iranian Cameroonians
  Guinea   10 (2021) Iranians in Guinea
  Namibia   10 (2021) Iranian Namibians
  Burkina Faso   6 (2021) Iranians in Burkina Faso
  Cuba   3 (2021) Iranian Cubans
  Mali   2 (2021) Mali Iranians
  North Korea   1 (2021) Iranians in North Korea
  Sri Lanka   0 (2021) Iranians in Sri Lanka
  Saudi Arabia   0 (2021) Iranians in Saudi Arabia
West Asia and Other   2,433,000 (60,26%) (2021) Anglosphere
North, Central and South America   1,905,813 (47,20%) (2021) Americas
Europe   1,184,552 (29,34%) (2021) Europe
Total:   4,037,258 (2021)[15] List of sovereign states and

dependent territories

by immigrant population

Socioeconomic statusEdit

Nearly 60 percent have earned at least an undergraduate degree and also have one of the highest rates of self-employment among immigrant groups. Many have founded their own companies, including Isaac Larian, the founder of MGA Entertainment, a manufacturer of children’s toys and games and consumer electronics. Pierre Omidyar founded eBay in 1995 in San Jose, California and is also an American with Iranian ancestry. Iranian households earn on average $87,288 annually, and are ranked ninth by income.[18]

Students abroadEdit

According to the Iranian government, 55,686 Iranian students were studying abroad in 2013.[19] Out of this number, 8,883 students were studying in Malaysia, 7,341 in the United States, 5,638 in Canada, 3,504 in Germany, 3,364 in Turkey, 3,228 in Britain, and the rest in other countries.[20][21] According to an estimate by the Iranian Ministry of Education, between 350,000 and 500,000 Iranians were studying outside Iran as of 2014.[22]

PoliticsEdit

EconomicsEdit

Their combined net worth is $1.3 trillion (2006 est.)[23][24] In 2000, the Iran Press Service reported that Iranian expatriates had invested between $200 and $400 billion in the United States, Europe, and China, but almost nothing in Iran.[10] In Dubai, Iranian expatriates have invested an estimated $200 billion (2006).[25] Migrant Iranian workers abroad remitted less than two billion dollars home in 2006.[26]

High net-worth individualsEdit

National ranking Name Citizenship Net worth (USD) Source(s) of wealth
1 Pierre Omidyar
   
12.9 billion [27] eBay
2 Ghermezian family
  
4.0 billion [28] Triple Five Group
3 Farhad Moshiri
  
2.8 billion [29] Metalloinvest, Everton
4 Nazarian family
  
2.0 billion [30] Qualcomm
5 Vincent & Robert Tchenguiz
  
1.4 billion [31][32] Real Estate
6 Manny Mashouf
  
1.3 billion [33] Bebe stores
7 Merage family
  
1.1 billion [34] Hot Pockets
8 Nasser David Khalili
  
1.0 billion [35] Real Estate
9 Hassan Khosrowshahi
  
950 million [36] Future Shop
10 Omid Kordestani
  
900 million [37] Google
11 Anousheh Ansari
  
750 million [38] Sonus Networks
12 Isaac Larian
  
723 million [37] MGA Entertainment
13 Arash Ferdowsi
  
400 million [39] Dropbox

Expatriate fundEdit

The government has proposed setting up a joint investment fund with $5 billion in basic capital and an economic union to serve Iranians living abroad. The stated goal is to attract investment from Iranian expatriates and to use their experience in stimulating foreign investments.[40] Later, in 2010, it was announced that Iran will start the process by creating a national fund with a basic capital of eight million euros. This fund will later transform into a bank.[citation needed]

The currency used in the fund is the euro and investors are supported by the Organization for Investment, Economic and Technical Assistance of Iran. Iran will pay a guaranteed 10 percent interest on foreign investment.[41] The value of each share in the fund is 1,000 euros. The minimum and the maximum investment amounts are 100,000 and 500,000 shares [sic], respectively.[41]

Religious affiliationEdit

Iranians are predominantly Shia Muslims. A number of Iranians have converted to Christianity in the diaspora from the predominant Shia Islam.[citation needed] While this group accounts for rather a small percentage of the total diaspora population, it is now far from marginal,[citation needed] with dozens of Iranian churches existing throughout countries with significant Iranian communities, including the United States, Canada,[42] the United Kingdom,[43] Australia, Sweden, and Germany.[44] There are also notable groups of Baháʼí, Jewish, and Zoroastrian Iranians.

Some expatriate Iranians consider themselves irreligious, Agnostic or Atheist.[45][46][47]

NotesEdit

[note 1] The Iranian citizens abroad (scope of this article) differ from the other Iranian peoples living in other areas of Greater Iran, who are members of the same ethno-linguistic family, speaking languages belonging to the Iranian languages (a branch of Indo-European languages). There are an estimated 150 to 200 million native speakers of Iranian languages (including 80 million in Iran as of 2016), the five major groups of Persians, Lurs, Pashtuns, Kurds and Baloch accounting for about 90% of this number.[48] Currently, most of these Iranian people live in Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Pakistan, parts of Uzbekistan (especially Samarkand and Bukhara), the Caucasus (Ossetia and Azerbaijan) and the Kurdish areas (referred to as Kurdistan) of Turkey, Iraq, Iran and Syria. Smaller groups of Iranian people can also be found in western China. Due to recent migrations, there are also large communities of speakers of Iranian languages in Europe, the Americas and Israel.[citation needed]

[note 2] In some countries naturalized citizens, dual citizens, or children with only one Iranian/foreign-born parent are counted (for statistical purposes) as citizens/nationals of the host country only (i.e. citizen of the country of residence). For example all naturalized Swiss citizens have a legal "Swiss origin" even though it is often not the same as their place of birth. Country statistics (by national origin) generally exclude illegal immigration.

[note 3] Same as "Iranian-born" but includes their children born abroad.

[note 4] Iranian ancestry (i.e. second or third generation), not necessarily Iranian citizenship.

[note 5] In the period from 1961 to 2005, the United States has been the main destination of Iranian emigrants. A total of 378,995 Iranians have immigrated to the United States in that period, where the major concentrations of Iranian immigrants are California (158,613 Iran-born in 2000),[49] New York state (17,323),[49] Texas (15,581),[49] Virginia (10,889),[49] and Maryland (9,733)[49] Los Angeles Metropolitan Area was estimated to be host to approximately 114,712 Iranian immigrants,[49] earning the Westwood area of LA the nickname Tehrangeles. In the case of the United States, the US Census Bureau's decennial census form does not offer a designation for individuals of Iranian descent. Consequently, it is estimated that only a fraction of the total number of Iranians are writing in their ancestry. The 2000 Census Bureau estimates that the Iranian-American community (including the US-born children of the Iranian foreign born) numbers around 330,000. However, studies using alternative statistical methods have estimated the actual number of Iranian Americans in the range of 691,000 to 1.2 million.[10][50]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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SourcesEdit

External linksEdit