Hopewell Township, Mercer County, New Jersey

Hopewell Township is a township in Mercer County, New Jersey, United States. The township is within the New York metropolitan area as defined by the United States Census Bureau,[20] but directly borders the Philadelphia metropolitan area and is part of the Federal Communications Commission's Philadelphia Designated Market Area.[21] As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 17,304,[9][10][11] reflecting an increase of 1,199 (+7.4%) from the 16,105 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 4,515 (+39.0%) from the 11,590 counted in the 1990 Census.[22]

Hopewell Township, New Jersey
Township of Hopewell
The Delaware and Raritan Canal in Hopewell Township
The Delaware and Raritan Canal in Hopewell Township
Location in Mercer County and the state of New Jersey.
Location in Mercer County and the state of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Hopewell Township, Mercer County, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Hopewell Township, Mercer County, New Jersey
Hopewell Township is located in Mercer County, New Jersey
Hopewell Township
Hopewell Township
Location in Mercer County
Hopewell Township is located in New Jersey
Hopewell Township
Hopewell Township
Location in New Jersey
Hopewell Township is located in the United States
Hopewell Township
Hopewell Township
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 40°21′23″N 74°48′43″W / 40.356361°N 74.812002°W / 40.356361; -74.812002Coordinates: 40°21′23″N 74°48′43″W / 40.356361°N 74.812002°W / 40.356361; -74.812002[1][2]
Country United States
State New Jersey
CountyMercer
FoundedFebruary 20, 1700
Royal charterMarch 1, 1755
IncorporatedFebruary 21, 1798
Government
 • TypeTownship
 • BodyTownship Committee
 • MayorKristin McLaughlin (D, term ends December 31, 2020)[3][4]
 • AdministratorElaine Cruickshank-Borges[5]
 • Municipal clerkLaurie E. Gompf[6]
Area
 • Total58.911 sq mi (152.580 km2)
 • Land58.031 sq mi (150.300 km2)
 • Water0.880 sq mi (2.279 km2)  1.49%
Area rank22nd of 565 in state
1st of 12 in county[1]
Elevation217 ft (66 m)
Population
 • Total17,304
 • Estimate 
(2019)[12]
17,725
 • Rank147th of 565 in state
7th of 12 in county[13]
 • Density298.2/sq mi (115.1/km2)
 • Density rank478th of 565 in state
12th of 12 in county[13]
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (EDT)
ZIP Code
Area code(s)609 exchanges: 730, 737, 18[16]
FIPS code3402133180[1][17][18]
GNIS feature ID0882129[1][19]
Websitewww.hopewelltwp.org

The township dates back to February 20, 1700, when the area was still part of Burlington County. One of the earliest settlers before 1710 was George Woolsey, formerly of Jamaica, Queens, whose father was one of the earliest pre-1650 settlers of what was New Amsterdam. His descendants maintained the family farm for over 200 years.[23]

The township was formerly the name for one of two portions of 800 acres (3.2 km2) of land purchased in 1714 by William Trent, and was formally set off to Hunterdon County, when that county was created on March 11, 1714. Trenton Township was formed out of this estate on June 3, 1719, later to become the City of Trenton. Hopewell Township was incorporated by Royal charter on March 1, 1755, and was re-incorporated by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 21, 1798, as one of the state's initial group of 104 townships. Hopewell Township became part of Mercer County at its creation on February 22, 1838. Portions of the township were taken to form Marion Township (February 22, 1838, reverted to Hopewell Township on February 14, 1839), the Borough of Pennington (January 31, 1890) and Hopewell Borough (April 14, 1891), with additional portions of the township transferred to both Pennington and Hopewell Borough in 1915.[24]

Hopewell Township includes the location (now known as Washington Crossing) along the east side of the Delaware River to which George Washington and the Continental Army crossed from Pennsylvania. Once in Hopewell Township, the army marched to Trenton on December 26, 1776. The Battle of Trenton followed. Today, Washington Crossing State Park commemorates this important milestone in American history.[25]

Hopewell Township was also the location where—two months after being abducted from his home in neighboring East Amwell—the body of Charles Lindbergh Jr. was discovered on May 12, 1932.[26]

GeographyEdit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 58.911 square miles (152.580 km2), including 58.031 square miles (150.300 km2) of it is land and 0.880 square miles (2.279 km2) of water (1.49%) is water.[1][2]

The township completely surrounds Hopewell Borough and Pennington, making it part of two of the 21 pairs of "doughnut towns" in the state, where one municipality entirely surrounds another, and the only municipality that surrounds two others.[27] The township borders Ewing Township, Lawrence Township and Princeton in Mercer County; East Amwell Township and West Amwell Township in Hunterdon County; Montgomery Township in Somerset County; and Solebury Township and Upper Makesfield Township in Bucks County, Pennsylvania, across the Delaware River.[28][29][30]

Akers Corner, Baldwins Corner, Bear Tavern, Centerville, Coopers Corner, Federal City, Glenmoore, Harbourton, Harts Corner, Marshalls Corner, Moore, Mount Rose, Pleasant Valley, Stoutsburg, Titusville, Washington Crossing and Woodsville are unincorporated communities, localities and place names located within Hopewell Township.[31] Some neighborhoods in the township include Hopewell Hunt, Brandon Farms and Elm Ridge.[32]

ClimateEdit

According to the Köppen climate classification system, Hopewell Township, New Jersey has a hot-summer, wet all year, humid continental climate (Dfa). Dfa climates are characterized by at least one month having an average mean temperature ≤ 32.0 °F (≤ 0.0 °C), at least four months with an average mean temperature ≥ 50.0 °F (≥ 10.0 °C), at least one month with an average mean temperature ≥ 71.6 °F (≥ 22.0 °C), and no significant precipitation difference between seasons. During the summer months, episodes of extreme heat and humidity can occur with heat index values ≥ 100 °F (≥ 38 °C). On average, the wettest month of the year is July which corresponds with the annual peak in thunderstorm activity. During the winter months, episodes of extreme cold and wind can occur with wind chill values < 0 °F (< -18 °C). The plant hardiness zone at the Hopewell Township Municipal Court is 6b with an average annual extreme minimum air temperature of -0.4 °F (-18.0 °C).[33] The average seasonal (November–April) snowfall total is 24 to 30 inches (610 to 760 mm), and the average snowiest month is February which corresponds with the annual peak in nor'easter activity.

Climate data for Hopewell Township Municipal Court, Mercer County, NJ (1981-2010 Averages)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 39.5
(4.2)
42.8
(6.0)
51.1
(10.6)
63.1
(17.3)
72.6
(22.6)
81.9
(27.7)
86.2
(30.1)
84.4
(29.1)
77.4
(25.2)
66.2
(19.0)
55.3
(12.9)
44.1
(6.7)
63.8
(17.7)
Daily mean °F (°C) 31.3
(−0.4)
33.9
(1.1)
41.4
(5.2)
52.1
(11.2)
61.5
(16.4)
71.1
(21.7)
75.8
(24.3)
74.1
(23.4)
66.8
(19.3)
55.3
(12.9)
45.8
(7.7)
36.0
(2.2)
53.9
(12.2)
Average low °F (°C) 23.1
(−4.9)
25.1
(−3.8)
31.7
(−0.2)
41.1
(5.1)
50.4
(10.2)
60.2
(15.7)
65.3
(18.5)
63.8
(17.7)
56.2
(13.4)
44.5
(6.9)
36.3
(2.4)
27.9
(−2.3)
43.9
(6.6)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.51
(89)
2.77
(70)
4.18
(106)
4.07
(103)
4.24
(108)
4.39
(112)
5.29
(134)
4.15
(105)
4.42
(112)
3.89
(99)
3.68
(93)
4.07
(103)
48.66
(1,236)
Average relative humidity (%) 65.6 62.1 57.7 57.4 62.6 66.8 66.2 69.0 70.2 69.0 67.1 67.0 65.1
Average dew point °F (°C) 21.1
(−6.1)
22.3
(−5.4)
27.6
(−2.4)
37.5
(3.1)
48.6
(9.2)
59.5
(15.3)
63.7
(17.6)
63.3
(17.4)
56.8
(13.8)
45.3
(7.4)
35.5
(1.9)
26.1
(−3.3)
42.4
(5.8)
Source: PRISM Climate Group[34]

EcologyEdit

According to the A. W. Kuchler U.S. potential natural vegetation types, Hopewell Township, New Jersey would have an Appalachian Oak (104) vegetation type with an Eastern Hardwood Forest (25) vegetation form.[35]

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
17902,320
18102,565
18202,88112.3%
18303,1549.5%
18403,2051.6%
18503,69815.4%
18603,9005.5%
18704,2769.6%
18804,4624.3%
18904,338−2.8%
19003,360*−22.5%
19103,171*−5.6%
19203,2492.5%
19303,90720.3%
19403,738−4.3%
19504,73126.6%
19607,81865.3%
197010,03028.3%
198010,8938.6%
199011,5906.4%
200016,10539.0%
201017,3047.4%
Est. 201917,725[12][36][37]2.4%
Population sources:
1790-1920[38] 1840[39] 1850-1870[40]
1850[41] 1870[42] 1880-1890[43]
1890-1910[44] 1910-1930[45]
1930-1990[46] 2000[47][48] 2010[9][10][11]
* = Lost territory in previous decade[24]

Census 2010Edit

The 2010 United States Census counted 17,304 people, 6,282 households, and 4,925.088 families in the township. The population density was 298.2 per square mile (115.1/km2). There were 6,551 housing units at an average density of 112.9 per square mile (43.6/km2). The racial makeup was 86.74% (15,010) White, 2.10% (364) Black or African American, 0.07% (12) Native American, 8.89% (1,539) Asian, 0.01% (1) Pacific Islander, 0.52% (90) from other races, and 1.66% (288) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.31% (573) of the population.[9]

Of the 6,282 households, 39.0% had children under the age of 18; 69.1% were married couples living together; 6.6% had a female householder with no husband present and 21.6% were non-families. Of all households, 17.8% were made up of individuals and 7.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.14.[9]

26.4% of the population were under the age of 18, 5.0% from 18 to 24, 19.8% from 25 to 44, 34.6% from 45 to 64, and 14.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44.4 years. For every 100 females, the population had 96.7 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 93.4 males.[9]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $132,813 (with a margin of error of +/- $15,634) and the median family income was $151,394 (+/- $9,062). Males had a median income of $106,431 (+/- $9,830) versus $66,285 (+/- $11,820) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $55,219 (+/- $3,466). About 0.6% of families and 1.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.9% of those under age 18 and 1.3% of those age 65 or over.[49]

Census 2000Edit

As of the 2000 United States Census[17] there were 16,105 people, 5,498 households, and 4,431 families residing in the township. The population density was 277.1 people per square mile (107.0/km²). There were 5,629 housing units at an average density of 96.9 per square mile (37.4/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 77.30% White, 15.83% African American, 0.12% Native American, 3.97% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.66% from other races, and 1.09% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.45% of the population.[47][48]

There were 5,498 households out of which 40.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 71.6% were married couples living together, 6.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.4% were non-families. 16.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.11.[47][48]

In the township the population was spread out with 26.5% under the age of 18, 5.4% from 18 to 24, 29.9% from 25 to 44, 26.8% from 45 to 64, and 11.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 103.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.3 males.[47][48]

The median income for a household in the township was $93,640, and the median income for a family was $101,579. Males had a median income of $66,849 versus $47,701 for females. The per capita income for the township was $43,947. About 0.9% of families and 1.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.5% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over.[47][48]

Parks and recreationEdit

 
Woosamonsa Road in Hopewell during autumn

GovernmentEdit

Local governmentEdit

Hopewell Township is governed under the Township form of government, one of 141 municipalities statewide governed under this form.[51] The Township Committee has five members, who are elected directly by the voters at-large in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats coming up for election each year as part of the November general election in a three-year cycle.[7][52] At an annual reorganization meeting, the Township Committee selects one of its members to serve as Mayor.[3]

As of 2020, the members of the Hopewell Township Committee are Mayor Kristen McLaughlin (D, term on committee ends December 31, 2022; term as mayor ends 2020), Deputy mayor Michael Ruger (D, term on committee and as deputy mayor ends 2020), Julie Blake (D, 2021), Kevin D. Kuchinski (D, 2020) and Courtney Peters-Manning, (D, 2022).[3][53][54][55][56][57]

Citing differences with local party leadership, Mayor Harvey Lester changed his party affiliation in March 2015 from Democrat to Republican.[58] In the November 2015 general election, Democrat Julie Blake defeated incumbent Mayor Harvey Lester, with affordable housing, development and taxes as key issues in the race.[59]

Hopewell Township is served by the New Jersey Agricultural Experiment Station & Rutgers Cooperative Extension of Mercer County, located in Trenton.[60]

Federal, state and county representationEdit

Hopewell Township is located in the 12th Congressional District[61] and is part of New Jersey's 15th state legislative district.[10][62][63]

For the 116th United States Congress, New Jersey's Twelfth Congressional District is represented by Bonnie Watson Coleman (D, Ewing Township).[64][65] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker (Newark, term ends 2021)[66] and Bob Menendez (Paramus, term ends 2025).[67][68]

For the 2018–2019 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 15th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Shirley Turner (D, Lawrence Township, Mercer County) and in the General Assembly by Reed Gusciora (D, Trenton) and Verlina Reynolds-Jackson (D, Trenton).[69][70] Reynolds-Jackson was sworn into office on February 15, 2018 to fill the seat of Elizabeth Maher Muoio, who had resigned from office on January 15, 2018 to serve as Treasurer of New Jersey.[71][72]

Mercer County is governed by a County Executive who oversees the day-to-day operations of the county and by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders that acts in a legislative capacity, setting policy. All officials are chosen at-large in partisan elections, with the executive serving a four-year term of office while the freeholders serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either two or three seats up for election each year.[73] As of 2014, the County Executive is Brian M. Hughes (D, term ends December 31, 2015; Princeton).[74] Mercer County's Freeholders are Freeholder Chair Andrew Koontz (D, 2016; Princeton),[75] Freeholder Vice Chair Samuel T. Frisby, Sr. (2015; Trenton),[76] Ann M. Cannon (2015; East Windsor Township),[77] Anthony P. Carabelli (2016; Trenton),[78] John A. Cimino (2014, Hamilton Township),[79] Pasquale "Pat" Colavita, Jr. (2015; Lawrence Township)[80] and Lucylle R. S. Walter (2014; Ewing Township)[81][82][83] Mercer County's constitutional officers are County Clerk Paula Sollami-Covello (D, 2015),[84] Sheriff John A. Kemler (D, 2014)[85] and Surrogate Diane Gerofsky (D, 2016).[86][87]

PoliticsEdit

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 12,218 registered voters in Hopewell Township, of which 3,949 (32.3%) were registered as Democrats, 3,088 (25.3%) were registered as Republicans and 5,178 (42.4%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 3 voters registered to other parties.[88]

Presidential Elections Results
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016[89] 34.3% 3,405 61.0% 6,049 4.7% 469
2012[90] 43.8% 4,171 54.9% 5,223 1.3% 123
2008[91] 41.4% 4,042 56.5% 5,517 1.4% 133
2004[92] 46.2% 4,476 51.3% 4,974 0.7% 80

In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 54.9% of the vote (5,223 cast), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 43.8% (4,171 votes), and other candidates with 1.3% (123 votes), among the 10,697 ballots cast by the township's 12,983 registered voters (1,180 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 82.4%.[90][93] In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 56.5% of the vote here (5,517 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 41.4% (4,042 votes) and other candidates with 1.4% (133 votes), among the 9,765 ballots cast by the township's 12,615 registered voters, for a turnout of 77.4%.[91] In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 51.3% of the vote here (4,974 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush with 46.2% (4,476 votes) and other candidates with 0.7% (80 votes), among the 9,698 ballots cast by the township's 11,780 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 82.3.[92]

Gubernatorial Elections Results
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2017[94] 39.0% 2,527 59.4% 3,849 1.7% 109
2013[95] 61.8% 3,826 36.5% 2,257 1.7% 107
2009[96] 48.9% 3,503 42.9% 3,074 7.4% 533
2005[97] 49.9% 3,273 46.8% 3,074 3.3% 216

In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 61.8% of the vote (3,826 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 36.5% (2,257 votes), and other candidates with 1.7% (107 votes), among the 6,322 ballots cast by the township's 12,818 registered voters (132 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 49.3%.[95][98] In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 48.9% of the vote here (3,503 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 42.9% (3,074 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 6.9% (497 votes) and other candidates with 0.5% (36 votes), among the 7,158 ballots cast by the township's 12,441 registered voters, yielding a 57.5% turnout.[96]

Neighboring municipalitiesEdit

Hopewell Township surrounds both Pennington and Hopewell Borough.

 
View south along NJ Route 29 in Hopewell Township

EducationEdit

Public school students in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade attend the Hopewell Valley Regional School District.[99] The comprehensive regional public school district serves students from Hopewell Borough, Hopewell Township and Pennington Borough.[100][101] As of the 2017–18 school year, the district and its six schools had an enrollment of 3,572 students and 347.5 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 10.3:1.[102] Schools in the district (with 2017-18 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[103]) are Bear Tavern Elementary School[104] (439 students; in grades PreK-5), Hopewell Elementary School[105] (436; PreK-5), Stony Brook Elementary School[106] (393; K-5), Toll Gate Grammar School[107] (273; K-5), Timberlane Middle School[108] with 841 students in grades 6-8 and Hopewell Valley Central High School[109] with an enrollment of 1,153 students in grades 9 - 12.[110] The district's Board of Education is composed of nine members, which are allocated to each of the three municipalities based on population, with Hopewell Township assigned seven seats.[111]

Eighth grade students from all of Mercer County are eligible to apply to attend the high school programs offered by the Mercer County Technical Schools, a county-wide vocational school district that offers full-time career and technical education at its Health Sciences Academy, STEM Academy and Academy of Culinary Arts, with no tuition charged to students for attendance.[112][113]

TransportationEdit

Roads and highwaysEdit

As of May 2010, the township had a total of 189.67 miles (305.24 km) of roadways, of which 136.96 miles (220.42 km) are maintained by the municipality, 36.68 miles (59.03 km) by Mercer County and 16.03 miles (25.80 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.[114]

Route 29 passes through the southwestern part of Hopewell alongside the Delaware and Raritan Canal.[115] Route 31 is the main north–south road that goes through the township.[116] Interstate 295 also passes through in the southern part;[117] the highway has two interchanges in the Township: Exits 73 (Scotch Road) and 72 (Route 31).[118] Major county roads that go through are County Route 518,[119] County Route 546,[120] County Route 569[121] and County Route 579.[122]

 
View south along Interstate 295 from Route 31 in Hopewell Township. The interchange with the cancelled Somerset Freeway would have been located in the distance where the median between the northbound and southbound roadways widens and becomes wooded

Hopewell Township was supposed to be where the Somerset Freeway would have started in the south, ending in the north in either Piscataway or Franklin. This would have completed Interstate 95 in New Jersey. The cancellation of this project led to having the New Jersey Turnpike carry the interstate numbering instead. Originally, I-295 had extended into Hopewell and ended where the supposed Somerset Freeway interchange was to be built. Ultimately, the Somerset Freeway was canceled in 1982. I-295 was redesignated I-95 from the canceled interchange to the exit at U.S. Route 1 in 1993. In March 2018, I-95 through Hopewell Township became I-295 as part of the Pennsylvania Turnpike/Interstate 95 Interchange Project that completed the gap in I-95.[123]

Public transportationEdit

NJ Transit provides bus service between the township and Trenton on the 602, 606 and 608 routes.[124][125]

MediaEdit

  • Hopewell Valley News
  • Pennington Post
  • Town Topics
  • The Hopewell Sun

WineryEdit

Notable peopleEdit

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Hopewell Township include:

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f 2010 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey County Subdivisions, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
  2. ^ a b US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  3. ^ a b c Mayor & Township Committee, Hopewell Township. Accessed November 27, 2019. "Hopewell Township has a Township Committee form of municipal government. All Committee members are elected at large for three year terms. Each year, the Township Committee elects one of its members as Mayor."
  4. ^ 2020 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed February 1, 2020. As of date accessed, McLaughlin is listed with a term-end year of 2022, which is the end of her three-year committee term, not her one-year mayoral term.
  5. ^ Administration, Hopewell Township. Accessed April 1, 2020.
  6. ^ Clerk, Hopewell Township. Accessed April 1, 2020.
  7. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 103.
  8. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Hopewell, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 6, 2013.
  9. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Hopewell township, Mercer County, New Jersey Archived 2020-02-12 at Archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 23, 2012.
  10. ^ a b c d Municipalities Sorted by 2011-2020 Legislative District, New Jersey Department of State. Accessed February 1, 2020.
  11. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Hopewell township Archived 2014-08-11 at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed September 23, 2012.
  12. ^ a b QuickFacts for Hopewell township, Mercer County, New Jersey; Mercer County, New Jersey; New Jersey from Population estimates, July 1, 2019, (V2019), United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2020.
  13. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey Archived 2020-02-12 at Archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 23, 2012.
  14. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Titusville, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed September 24, 2011.
  15. ^ Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed September 11, 2013.
  16. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Titusville, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed September 11, 2013.
  17. ^ a b U.S. Census website , United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  18. ^ Geographic codes for New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed September 1, 2019.
  19. ^ US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  20. ^ New York-Newark, NY-NJ-CT-PA Combined Statistical Area, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 28, 2014.
  21. ^ - Philadelphia Market Area Coverage Maps, Federal Communications Commission. Accessed December 28, 2014.
  22. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed September 23, 2012.
  23. ^ Seabrook, Jack and Lorraine. Hopewell Junction, Arcadia Publishing, 2000
  24. ^ a b Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 162. Accessed September 23, 2012.
  25. ^ a b Washington Crossing State Park, New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection. Accessed November 27, 2019.
  26. ^ Gill, Barbara. "Lindbergh kidnapping rocked the world 50 years ago; Worldwide Story Was Hometown News For Hunterdon", Hunterdon County Democrat, 1981. Accessed September 1, 2014. "When the body of the baby identified as the Lingbergh child was finally discovered in Hopewell Township well away from the county line the story appeared on Page 4 of the Democrat's May 19, 1932, issue."
  27. ^ DeMarco, Megan. "Voters to decide whether to merge two Princetons into one", The Star-Ledger, November 3, 2011. Accessed January 8, 2017. "There are 22 sets of 'doughnut towns' in New Jersey, those where one town wraps around the other town". Note that following voter approval of the Princeton, New Jersey merger, 21 pairs of "doughnut towns" remain.
  28. ^ a b Areas touching Hopewell Township, MapIt. Accessed February 24, 2020.
  29. ^ Municipalities within Mercer County, NJ, Delaware Valley Regional Planning Commission. Accessed November 15, 2019.
  30. ^ New Jersey Municipal Boundaries, New Jersey Department of Transportation. Accessed November 15, 2019.
  31. ^ Locality Search, State of New Jersey. Accessed December 13, 2014.
  32. ^ Neighborhoods in Mercer County New Jersey, Living Places. Accessed January 11, 2015.
  33. ^ USDA Interactive Plant Hardiness Map, United States Department of Agriculture. Accessed November 26, 2019.
  34. ^ PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University. Accessed November 26, 2019.
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