Hong Deok-young

Hong Deok-young (Hangul: 홍덕영, Hanja: 洪德永; 5 May 1926 – 13 September 2005) was a South Korean football player, manager and referee. He was one of the first South Koreans to be capped for their country at international level.[1] He was the goalkeeper of the South Korean national team for the 1948 Summer Olympics,[2] 1954 FIFA World Cup and 1954 Asian Games. After retiring, he became an international football referee from 1957 to 1967.[1] In later life, Hong went blind due to complication of diabetes mellitus, which already had an impact on his eyesight during his professional years, requiring him to wear glasses on the pitch. He died on 13 September 2005.[1]

Hong Deok-young
Hong Duk Yung 홍덕영 (South Korea, 1954 World Cup).jpg
Hong in 1954
Personal information
Full name Hong Deok-young
Date of birth (1926-05-05)5 May 1926[1]
Place of birth Hamhung, Hamnam, Japanese Korea
Date of death 13 September 2005(2005-09-13) (aged 79)
Place of death Seoul, South Korea
Height 1.76 m (5 ft 9 in)
Position(s) Goalkeeper
Youth career
Hamhung High School
College career
Years Team Apps (Gls)
1946–1950 Korea University
Senior career*
Years Team Apps (Gls)
1947 Seoul FC
?–1955 Joseon Textile
International career
1948–1954 South Korea 17 (0)
Managerial career
1959–1962 Korea University
1969–1976 Seoul Bank
1971 South Korea
Representing  South Korea
Men's football
Asian Games
Silver medal – second place 1954 Manila Team
*Club domestic league appearances and goals

International careerEdit

Seoul FC, temporary national team before the Republic of Korea was established, left for Shanghai in April 1947 and played five matches against Shanghai's amateur football teams. Hong participated in these games.[3]

Hong participated in the 1948 Summer Olympics, South Korea's first international tournament, and contributed to South Korea's first-ever victory against Mexico. In the quarter-finals, however, South Korea met the eventual champions Sweden and lost 12–0, the margin of their biggest defeat so far. He struggled in Sweden's 48 shots, and was wounded in the chest after the match.[4]

Hong was selected for the national team for the 1954 FIFA World Cup in Switzerland. South Korea qualified for the World Cup by defeating Japan in the qualification. However, Korean players got airline tickets late, and arrived in Switzerland ten hours before the start of their first match.[5] They lost 9–0 to Hungary's "Magical Magyars" in their first match. They met Hungary in the worst condition after they took an airplane for 46 hours, and four players of them left the field in exhaustion during the match. The substitute system didn't exist in football at the time, and so South Korea finished the match with only seven players.[6] The South Korean manager Kim Yong-sik changed seven players in the second line-up due to his concern about players' stamina,[5][7][8] but they lost 7–0 to Turkey. Hong played all of the two matches and became the goalkeeper who conceded the most goals in a single World Cup by conceding 16 goals.[9]

Career statisticsEdit


  • Appearances and goals by national team and year[10]
    National team Year Apps Goals
    South Korea 1948 2 0
    1949 2 0
    1953 5 0
    1954 8 0
    Career total 17 0
  • Appearances and goals by competition
    Competition Apps Goals
    Friendlies 7 0
    Asian Games 4 0
    Summer Olympics 2 0
    FIFA World Cup qualification 2 0
    FIFA World Cup 2 0
    Total 17 0
  • HonoursEdit

    Joseon Textile[11]

    South Korea



    1. ^ a b c d 축구원로 홍덕영씨. Naver.com (in Korean). Seoul Shinmun. 14 September 2005. Retrieved 23 April 2020.
    2. ^ "Hong Deok-young". Olympedia. Retrieved 15 October 2021.
    3. ^ 上海遠征蹴球 今十日空路壯途에. Naver.com (in Korean). Dong-A Ilbo. 10 April 1947. Retrieved 23 April 2020.
    4. ^ 첫 올림픽·월드컵 수문장 홍덕영씨 (in Korean). NK chosun. 30 August 2005. Retrieved 23 April 2020.
    5. ^ a b 200달러 들고 46시간 날아 헝가리에 9대0 참패 (in Korean). No Cut News. 23 June 2006. Retrieved 23 April 2020.
    6. ^ 반세기만에 한 푼 원로축구인 홍덕영옹 (in Korean). Korea Economic Daily. 5 June 2002. Retrieved 23 April 2020.
    7. ^ "Hungary 9-0 Korea Republic". FIFA. Retrieved 23 April 2020.
    8. ^ "Turkey 7-0 Korea Republic". FIFA. Retrieved 23 April 2020.
    9. ^ "Quirky Facts". Goalkeepers Are Different. Retrieved 16 August 2012.
    10. ^ "Hong Deok-young at Korea Football Association" (in Korean). Korea Football Association. Retrieved 1 December 2021.
    11. ^ 스포一쓰 蹴球올림픽代表 監督等十七名選拔. Naver.com (in Korean). Kyunghyang. 6 April 1952. Retrieved 3 September 2020.
    12. ^ 대통령배전국축구대회 (in Korean). KFA. Archived from the original on 2 December 2014. Retrieved 23 May 2020.
    13. ^ Garin, Erik; Herfiyana, Novan; Morrison, Neil (2 October 2014). "Asian Games 1954". RSSSF. Retrieved 2 June 2020.
    14. ^ '축구 명예의 전당'에서 한국 축구의 전통 세워나간다. (in Korean). KFA. 23 November 2006. Archived from the original on 4 December 2010. Retrieved 29 February 2020.

    External linksEdit