Hollister is an agricultural town and the county seat of San Benito County, California. Located in Central California, Hollister is part of the Monterey Bay Area and a member of the Association of Monterey Bay Area Governments. With a 2010 census population of 34,928, Hollister is one of the largest cities in the largely rural Central California subregion. Primarily a small residential town, Hollister is the closest rural community to Silicon Valley, in Santa Clara County.
|City of Hollister|
Clockwise: Downtown Hollister, Veteran's Memorial Building, Tumey Hills, United Methodist Church.
Location of Hollister in San Benito County, California.
|Incorporated||March 26, 1872|
|• Total||7.32 sq mi (18.97 km2)|
|• Land||7.32 sq mi (18.97 km2)|
|• Water||0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2) 0%|
|Elevation||289 ft (88 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||5,165.62/sq mi (1,994.37/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−08:00 (Pacific (PST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−07:00 (PDT)|
|GNIS feature IDs||1658766, 2410778|
- 1 History
- 2 Culture
- 3 Geography
- 4 Demographics
- 5 Government
- 6 Media
- 7 Infrastructure
- 8 Notable people
- 9 References
- 10 External links
The area of modern-day Hollister was historically inhabited by the Mutsun band of the Ohlone Native Americans. With the construction of Mission San Juan Bautista in 1797, the Ohlone were forced into the California mission system.
The town of Hollister was founded on November 19, 1868, by William Welles Hollister on the grounds of the former Mexican land-grant Rancho San Justo. At the time, Hollister was located within Monterey County, until San Benito County was formed by the California Legislature in 1874 from portions of Monterey, Merced, and Fresno counties.
The Hollister Hills Vehicular Recreation Area, southwest of the main town, draws over 100,000 vehicles per year.
The city is intermittently the site of an annual motorcycle rally around July Fourth. The riot at the original 1947 event was the basis for the 1953 film The Wild One. The rally was revived in 1997 as the Hollister Independence Rally.
In 2005, the Hollister City Council discontinued their contract with the event organizers, the Hollister Independence Rally Committee, due to financial and public safety concerns. The event was canceled in 2006 due to lack of funding for security, but returned in 2007 and 2008. The format of the rally in 2007 differed markedly from previous rallies, with vendors on San Benito Street instead of motorcycles. The bikes were forced to park on side streets and a strict downtown curfew was imposed, with the entire area being locked up at 9:00 pm. This event was popular with bikers and some local establishments profited, but the city footed the bill for much of the expenses and was left liable when organizers filed bankruptcy.
The 2009–2012 rallies were canceled, but the annual rally was reinstated in 2013, and was expected to be profitable for the town. Following a biker gang shooting at the 2014 rally, Hollister mandated that bars must stop selling alcohol after midnight during the 2015 rally. The 2015 rally unexpectedly left the city with a $92,000 loss following a dispute with the promoter. In 2016, the city hired its third promoter in four years; turnout for the 2016 rally was expected to be around 40,000. The San Francisco Chronicle characterized the 2017 rally crowd as "retired, friendly, weather-worn and excruciatingly law abiding", and estimated the motorcycle attendance around 10,000. The 2018 rally was cancelled due to loss of a major sponsor and concerns about the cost of workers compensation liability.
Confusion with Hollister Co.Edit
Hollister Co. is an American lifestyle brand by Abercrombie & Fitch Co. that projects a Southern California image. According to Abercrombie & Fitch, the name "Hollister" was pulled out of thin air. The city of Hollister is not affiliated with Hollister Co., and Hollister Co. does not manufacture goods nor operate a store in the city of Hollister. In 2009 Abercrombie & Fitch threatened to sue local merchants in the city of Hollister for trademark infringement for attempting to sell clothes bearing the name "Hollister", prompting at least one merchant to back down.
Hollister has a warm-summer mediterranean climate (Köppen csb) that has warmer summers than the Monterey–Salinas area but also being cooler than many other inland cities of the central part of the state. Despite this, daytime temperatures of 80 °F (27 °C) or warmer are commonplace between June and October, but hot extremes can be much more severe.
|Climate data for Hollister, California (1948–2015 normals)|
|Record high °F (°C)||84
|Average high °F (°C)||60.2
|Average low °F (°C)||38.0
|Record low °F (°C)||20
|Average rainfall inches (mm)||2.78
|Average rainy days (≥ 0.01 in)||8.8||8.9||8.3||4.8||2.2||0.6||0.1||0.2||0.9||2.8||5.5||7.7||50.8|
Hollister is well known among geologists because it portrays one of the best examples of aseismic creep anywhere in the world. The Calaveras Fault (a branch of the San Andreas Fault system) bisects the city north and south, roughly along Locust Ave. and Powell St. The streets running east/west across the fault have significant visible offsets. The fault runs directly under several houses. Even though they are visibly contorted the houses are still habitable as the owners have reinforced them to withstand the dislocation of their foundations. Although there was extensive damage in the town after the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake, and the governor of California came to visit, this was due to a slip of the San Andreas Fault and was not related to the aseismic creep on the Calaveras Fault.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 34,413 people, 9,716 households, and 8,044 families residing in the city. The population density was 5,237.7 people per square mile (2,022.4/km²). There were 9,924 housing units at an average density of 1,510.5 per square mile (583.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city in 2010 was 29.1% non-Hispanic White, 0.7% non-Hispanic African American, 0.3% Native American, 2.4% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.1% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. 65.7% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 9,716 households out of which 52.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.3% were married couples living together, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.2% were non-families. 12.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.52 and the average family size was 3.82.
In the city, the population was spread out with 34.6% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 33.8% from 25 to 44, 15.8% from 45 to 64, and 6.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females, there were 101.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.5 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $56,104, and the median income for a family was $57,494. Males had a median income of $41,971 versus $28,277 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,857. About 6.9% of families and 9.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.2% of those under age 18 and 7.0% of those age 65 or over.
From 2002 to 2008, Hollister experienced a state-mandated building moratorium due to inadequate wastewater infrastructure.
The 2010 United States Census reported that Hollister had a population of 34,928. The population density was 4,791.4 people per square mile (1,850.0/km²). The racial makeup of Hollister was 10,164 (29.1%) White, 341 (1.0%) African American, 617 (1.8%) Native American, 929 (2.7%) Asian, 63 (0.2%) Pacific Islander, 10,437 (29.9%) from other races, and 1,780 (5.1%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 22,965 persons (65.7%).
The Census reported that 34,813 people (99.7% of the population) lived in households, 9 (0%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 106 (0.3%) were institutionalized.
There were 9,860 households, out of which 5,291 (53.7%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 5,900 (59.8%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 1,511 (15.3%) had a female householder with no husband present, 720 (7.3%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 744 (7.5%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 55 (0.6%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 1,324 households (13.4%) were made up of individuals and 496 (5.0%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.53. There were 8,131 families (82.5% of all households); the average family size was 3.82.
The population was spread out with 11,076 people (31.7%) under the age of 18, 3,545 people (10.1%) aged 18 to 24, 9,927 people (28.4%) aged 25 to 44, 7,803 people (22.3%) aged 45 to 64, and 2,577 people (7.4%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30.8 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.8 males.
There were 10,401 housing units at an average density of 1,426.8 per square mile (550.9/km²), of which 6,030 (61.2%) were owner-occupied, and 3,830 (38.8%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.3%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.0%. 20,781 people (59.5% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 14,032 people (40.2%) lived in rental housing units.
The city council consists of four council members and an elected mayor who represents the city at large. The first directly-elected mayor in the city's history, Ignacio Velazquez, was elected in November 2012.
Around early 2014, Hollister hired four additional police officers to battle a perceived increase in methamphetamine use. In addition, the early 2010s saw an increase in heroin use among young adults, possibly related to tighter regulation of prescription drugs such as Oxycontin which have similar effects to heroin. Furthermore, youth violence spiked around 2013 and 2014.
BenitoLink serves San Benito County. BenitoLink is a locally created community-based online news website. It covers the entire San Benito County which includes the two main towns, Hollister and San Juan Bautista and the many miles of open rural countryside that make up the rest of the county. In 2012, the Community Foundation for San Benito County held listening sessions with a wide variety and large number of county residents to get an idea of the population's needs and interests. The result was an clear interest in a consistent, dependable news source that people could depend on for basic facts, info on activities and a commitment to covering local government. BenitoLink was created with a Knight Foundation grant and the support of the Community Foundation for San Benito County.
As a nonprofit news site, BenitoLink is community supported much like PBS stations with individual donors, business sponsors, and major donors. It hosts forums for elections and civil dialogue about important community topics. BenitoLink has a group of reporters and photographers who make an effort to produce stories without inserting their personal opinion and giving the reader the opportunity to learn about the many things occurring in the rapidly growing county. The main focus of the reporting team is government, investigative and features that look at the unique character of the county. The BenitoLink staff refrains from publishing editorials or taking political positions and welcome stimulating conversation among residents.
The Hollister Free Lance is a newspaper now published on Fridays by New SV Media.
Mission Village Voice is a monthly newspaper, which is also online, focused on San Juan Bautista and covering San Benito county events, arts and culture in general. It is owned by San Juan Bautista resident Anne Caetano, who started the paper on her own and produces a creative newspaper with local writers, designers and artists.
CMAP TV - Community Media Access Partnership operates Channels 17, 18, 19 & 20 on Charter/Spectrum Cable as well as streaming online, offering public access and educational programming to Gilroy and San Benito County as well as offering live local government coverage, including the City of Hollister.
The following radio stations are licensed to Hollister:
- State Route 25 runs northwestward to the San Francisco Bay Area and southeastward to Pinnacles National Park and Coalinga (the latter via State Route 198). Route 25 through Hollister was until 1984 defined under State law as a segment of State Route 180.
- State Route 156 runs westward to Monterey Bay and northeastward to Los Banos in the Central Valley (via State Route 152).
- San Benito County Express provides local service within Hollister, regional service to San Juan Bautista and Gilroy, where it connects with Caltrain, or on-request, a "Dial-a-Ride" service, and paratransit.
The State of California, Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development defines Hazel Hawkins Memorial Hospital as a General Acute Care Hospital in Hollister with Basic emergency care as of August 22, 2006. The facility is located in California Health Service Area 8 near (NAD83) latitude/longitude of . As of 2014, the hospital has 113 beds.
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- "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 19, 2017.
- "Hollister". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved November 6, 2014.
- "Hollister (city) QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on August 26, 2012. Retrieved March 11, 2015.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved July 23, 2019.
- Motocross idea east of Hollister irks neighbors, Hollister Free Lance, March 27, 2015]
- "Big Blow for Biker Rally". The Gilroy Dispatch. November 23, 2005. Archived from the original on August 21, 2009. Retrieved June 19, 2010.
- "Manager: Hollister Rally to finish in the black".
- "Hollister cutting off booze at midnight for 2015 bike rally". KSBW NBC. June 17, 2015. Retrieved June 27, 2015.
- Stoepfel, Bryce (March 6, 2018). "Rally breaks down over fee dispute - SanBenito.com". SanBenito.com. Retrieved March 12, 2018.
- "Thousands celebrate Hollister Independence Rally". KION. July 4, 2016. Retrieved August 6, 2016.
- "The mild ones: No Marlon Brandos in sight as bikers mob Hollister". San Francisco Chronicle. June 30, 2017. Retrieved August 2, 2017.
- "Hollister, Calif., is at odds with Abercrombie over name". Los Angeles Times. April 24, 2009. Retrieved May 28, 2014.
- HOLLISTER 2, CALIFORNIA: Period of Record Monthly Climate Summary; Western Regional Climate Center
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- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- Mayor expresses concern about Hollister's growth pace, Hollister Free Lance, January 26, 2016
- "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA – Hollister city". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
- "Statewide Database". UC Regents. Retrieved December 7, 2014.
- "California's 20th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved September 24, 2014.
- "11 Meth Arrests In Hollister Last Week". KION-TV. February 3, 2014. Retrieved May 28, 2014.
- "Hollister's young adults drive spike in heroin use". San Benito County Today (Hollister Free Lance). May 1, 2014. Retrieved May 28, 2014.
- "Hollister's 'Taking Back Our Streets' event supports local youth". KSBW-TV. May 10, 2014. Retrieved May 28, 2014.
- Daniel P. Faigin. "Routes 25 through 32". California Highways. Retrieved February 12, 2008.
- "San Benito County Express – Intercounty". San Benito County Express. Retrieved February 12, 2008.
- U.S. News and World Report: Regional Hospitals
- "Brendon Clark". Hollister Free Lance. Retrieved August 26, 2016.
- [am/nautilus40amer#page/132/mode/2up/ "Annie E. Law"] Check
|url=value (help). The Nautilus: 132–133.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hollister, California.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Hollister (California).|
- Official website
- Virtual tours of the Calaveras Fault