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Shannon Lee Grove (née Cain; born March 18, 1965) is an American politician, currently serving as the minority leader of the California State Senate. A Republican, she represents the 16th State Senate district, encompassing the southern Central Valley and parts of the High Desert. Grove previously served in the California State Assembly, representing the 34th State Assembly district, which encompassed most of Kern County. She is the chief executive officer of an employment agency she started in 1993 with her sister-in-law.

Shannon Grove
Shannon Grove.jpg
Minority Leader of the California Senate
Assumed office
March 1, 2019
Preceded byPatricia Bates
Member of the California Senate
from the 16th district
Assumed office
December 3, 2018
Preceded byJean Fuller
Member of the California State Assembly
from the 34th district
32nd district (2010–2012)
In office
December 6, 2010 – November 30, 2016
Preceded byJean Fuller
Succeeded byVince Fong
Personal details
Shannon Lee Cain

(1965-03-18) March 18, 1965 (age 54)
Bakersfield, California, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
Spouse(s)Rick Grove
Military service
Allegiance United States
Branch/service United States Army
Unit5th Corps, Headquarters Company

Early life and careerEdit

Grove was born in Kern County, California, and grew up there.[1] She graduated Arvin High School in Arvin, California before spending three years in the U.S. Army, serving with Headquarters Company, 5th Corps, in Frankfurt, Germany, where she performed administrative tasks.[2]

Upon returning to her native Kern County, California, Grove worked for two temporary staffing agencies: TempServ for one year and then Workforce Staffing for another year.[2] In 1993, Grove established her own temporary staffing company, Continental Labor & Staffing Resources, with her sister-in-law; the company subsequently expanded to Bakersfield, Ridgecrest, Paso Robles and Visalia; the latter two of which are now closed.[2] Grove is the CEO.[2]

Legislative careerEdit

Elections and committeesEdit

Grove was elected in the Tea Party wave of 2010. She was re-elected twice to the California State Assembly, and was sworn into her third term in 2014.[3] Due to term limits, Grove was not eligible to run for a fourth term in 2016.[4]

In 2018, Grove was a candidate for the California state Senate to succeed state Senator Jean Fuller, who faces term limits.[5]

In the Assembly, Grove served as vice chair (i.e., ranking Republican member) of the Elections and Redistricting Committee, and also sits on the Agriculture, Insurance, and Budget committees.[6]

On January 15, 2019, Grove was elected by her Senate Republican colleagues to serve as their leader.[7]

Record and political viewsEdit

Grove advocates to support the developmentally disabled community, small businesses, farmers, and independent contractors.

In 2019, Grove introduced SB 238 which would have been a solution to the Dynamex Decision in April of 2018. The decision created a new standard of employment for independent contractors and would hurt many independent contractors. SB238 died in Senate Labor Committee on a partisan vote. [8]

Grove introduced a bill in 2019 to assist law enforcement and farmers with agricultural theft. SB 224 was signed into law by Governor Gavin Newsom and will create a new category of grand theft for agriculture theft. This will allow for better tracking and communication of agricultural crimes between law enforcement. The bill also re-allocates and money collected for agricultural theft crimes back to rural and agriculture prevention task forces. [9]

Grove introduced a bill in 2015 that would mandate that California public colleges and universities allow student organizations to maintain belief-based requirements for its members and leaders. The bill targeted the California State University system's "open membership" or "all-comers" policy, which bars student organizations from imposing belief-based criteria for membership and leadership.[10]

Grove has introduced anti-abortion legislation into the Assembly, which did not pass.[11] Grove opposed legislation passed by the Assembly in 2015, requiring crisis pregnancy centers to inform customers about where to obtain contraceptives and abortions; Grove argued that the legislation is unconstitutional.[12]

In 2016, Grove produced a widely viewed video, posted on Facebook, which blamed California's farmers' lack of water on policies under the Endangered Species Act, which protects the indigenous endangered delta smelt. Grove states in the video: "Our children are going to lose this blessing if water policy in California does not change. California's bread basket, which feeds this nation and the world, will be destroyed."[13] Note that the cited article in the Bakersfield Californian falsely calls the Delta Smelt "non-indigenous." According to both the California Department of Fish and Wildlife[14] and the Center for Biological Diversity[15], it is "endemic" or "indigenous" to the San Francisco Bay estuary.

Grove opposed the aid-in-dying legislation (S.B. 128) passed by the California State Legislature, saying: "Suicide should never be used as a legitimate way to end human suffering. Although promoted as a compassionate option for the terminally ill, this bill will have a corrupting influence on public and private healthcare providers looking for ways to reduce the cost of end of life care."[16] In Assembly floor debate on the legislation in 2015, Grove stated: "Sorry, colleagues, pain is part of life."[17]

Grove opposes prevailing wage legislation for workers on public-works projects, and has introduced legislation to roll-back prevailing-wage requirements; this legislation was defeated in committee on a party-line vote.[18][19] In February 2016, Grove introduced two pieces of legislation (A.B. 2753 and A.B. 2754) to require California public-employee unions (such as SEIU Local 1000) to post itemized budgets online and to hold ratification elections every two years.[20]

Grove is a staunch critic of California's high-speed passenger rail (bullet train) project, and has accused the California High-Speed Rail Authority of obscuring cost overruns.[21] Grove has called the project a "train to nowhere" and believes that it is too costly and disruptive to farmland.[22]

Grove sponsored legislation to amend California's Private Attorneys General Act (PAGA) of 2004, which allows workers to sue (as private attorneys general) employers who fail to properly pay workers or commit other labor law violations. Grove specifically sponsored legislation that would, among other things, limit the scope of PAGA suits, cap the financial penalty to violations, and provide a time period for a business owner or corporation a right to cure a violation.[23] Grove argued that PAGA suits had grown out of control,[24] saying: "These PAGA laws benefit a lot of Los Angeles lawyers who come in from other districts to legally rape and pillage business owners in my district."[23]

Grove has advocated for the closure of two state developmental centers, which care for Californians with developmental disabilities. Grove became interested in the issue after learning about "abuse, neglect and lack of supervision" leading to 13 deaths at the centers, reported in an investigation by California Watch in 2013. Grove has introduced legislation to close the centers and shifting the developmentally disabled residents to nonprofit community-based care, which Grove argues will be cheaper and have stronger oversight than institutional settings.[25][26] Grove's legislation was opposed by family members of center residents (who say that forcing their loved ones to move would be disruptive), and by center employees (who note that state-run centers are more expensive because they offer more comprehensive services than community-based nonprofits, and that the rate of abuse in community settings is unclear because of looser reporting requirements for abuse in such settings).[26] Grove supports increased funding for developmental disability services, saying: "Now we're in a critical crisis stage where programs are closing."[27]

Grove has called for reducing regulation of the fossil fuel industry.[28] She has opposed efforts to combat climate change, calling such measures unaffordable.[29] In 2012, Grove invited Lord Monckton, a well-known climate change denier, to speak to the Legislature, although only five of 120 state lawmakers attended the talk.[30] Grove opposes regulation of hydraulic fracturing (fracking), arguing that the technology is safe and that environmental critics of the practice are wrong.[31][32] Along with several other legislative Republicans, Grove has sponsored legislation to exempt gasoline, diesel, and natural gas from California's cap-and-trade program.[25]

Grove has sought to reduce the state's minimum business tax.[25]

2014 California State AssemblyEdit

California's 34th State Assembly district election, 2014
Primary election
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Shannon Grove (incumbent) 37,749 74.6
Democratic Virginia "Mari" Goodman 12,856 25.4
Total votes 50,605 100.0
General election
Republican Shannon Grove (incumbent) 70,403 74.3
Democratic Virginia "Mari" Goodman 24,132 25.5
Total votes 94,535 100.0
Republican hold

Personal lifeEdit

Grove lives in Bakersfield with her husband, Rick; they have five grown children. Grove is a member of an Assemblies of God congregation.[1]


  1. ^ a b Shannon Grove Biography, California State Assembly Republican Caucus (accessed June 10, 2016).
  2. ^ a b c d James Burger (May 15, 2010). "Shannon Grove: Always up for a challenge". The Bakersfield Californian.
  3. ^ Aaron Crutchfield, Fuller, Grove sworn in Monday, Ridgecrest Daily Independent (December 1, 2014).
  4. ^ Harold Pierce, Fong, Swanlund finishing first and second in Assembly race, Bakersfield Californian (June 7, 2016).
  5. ^
  6. ^ Committee Membership, California State Assembly Republican Caucus (accessed June 10, 2016).
  7. ^
  8. ^
  9. ^
  10. ^ Steven Greenhut (February 27, 2016). "Bill targets CSU's 'believe it or not' edict". San Diego Union-Tribune.
  11. ^ California Abortion Law Targeting Asian Immigrants Fails, LA Weekly (May 7, 2014).
  12. ^ Fenit Nirappil, California bill compels abortion notice at pregnancy centers, Associated Press (May 26, 2015).
  13. ^ "10 Things You Need to Know". Bakersfield Californian. April 6, 2016.
  14. ^ Delta Smelt Hypomesus transpacificus, California Department of Fish and Wildlife (accessed 1 March 2019)
  15. ^ Saving the Delta Smelt, Center for Biological Diversity (accessed 1 March 2019)
  16. ^ Shannon Grove speaks out against Assisted Suicide bill (press release), California State Assembly Republican Caucus (January 21, 2015).
  17. ^ George Skelton, Aid-in-dying bill aligns with religious liberty, Los Angeles Times (September 28, 2015).
  18. ^ Bob Balgenorth, Facts don't support Grove in debate over prevailing wage, Bakersfield California (June 20, 2011).
  19. ^ Shannon Grove promotes two bills to reform state construction wage laws and spur job creation (press release), California State Assembly Republican Caucus (January 4, 2012).
  20. ^ Jon Ortiz, Bills would force unions to open books, ratify representation, Sacramento Bee (February 23, 2016).
  21. ^ Theo Douglas, High-speed rail agency declines further response to Grove's allegations, Bakersfield Californian (November 6, 2015).
  22. ^ Assemblywoman Shannon Grove Responds to Assembly Passage Of Reckless High Speed Rail Spending (press release), California State Assembly Republican Caucus (July 5, 2012).
  23. ^ a b Rodric Hurdle-Bradford, Private attorney general lawsuits are 'absurd' and 'out of control,' say reformers, NorCal Record (May 5, 2016).
  24. ^ Shannon Grove seeks to reform PAGA, KGET-TV (April 1, 2015).
  25. ^ a b c Christine Bedell (December 29, 2014). "State Agenda 2015: It's all about water--and a few other things". Bakersfield Californian.
  26. ^ a b John Cox (May 12, 2015). "Grove bill would close two state-run developmental centers, transfer funds to nonprofits". Bakersfield Californian.
  27. ^ Hannah Battah. "Bakersfield protesters seek funding for developmental disability services". KBAK-TV, Sinclair Broadcast Group.
  28. ^ "Congressional hearing targets oil regulations". Bakersfield Californian. May 7, 2011.
  29. ^ Jeremy B. White, Lawmakers send Jerry Brown scaled-back climate change measure, Sacramento Bee (September 11, 2015).
  30. ^ Shannon Grove, California legislature should keep an open mind on climate change policy, Bakersfield California (April 7, 2012).
  31. ^ Scott Shafer, Open Arms Greet Fracking in Kern County, KQED (October 10, 2014).
  32. ^ Shannon Grove speaks out against anti-fracking bill, California State Assembly Republican Caucus (May 31, 2013).

External linksEdit

California Senate
Preceded by
Patricia Bates
Minority Leader of the California Senate