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The Gyeongchun Line is a regional rail line between Seoul and Chuncheon operated by Korail. The name of the line is derived from Gyeong (, meaning the capital, Seoul) and Chuncheon. The line was reconstructed in a new alignment in its entirety in the 2000s. Rail service operates between Sangbong Station on the Jungang Line in eastern Seoul and Chuncheon Station as part of the Seoul Metropolitan Subway system since December 21, 2010. A class of regional rail service named ITX-Cheongchun began operations on February 28, 2012, linking Chuncheon to Cheongnyangni and Yongsan Stations.

Gyeongchun Line
South Korea subway logo.svg Seoul Metro Line Gyeongchun Bilingual.svg
Korail Class 361000 EMU.jpg
Overview
Native name경춘선(京春線)
Gyeongchunseon
TypeHeavy rail, Passenger rail
Commuter rail, Intercity rail
SystemSeoul Metropolitan Subway
StatusOperational
LocaleSeoul
Gyeonggi
Gangwon (South Korea)
TerminiSangbong, Kwangwoon University, Cheongnyangni
Chuncheon
Stations20
Operation
OpenedJuly 20, 1939 (original route)
December 21, 2010 (realigned route)
ClosedDecember 20, 2010 (original route)
OwnerKorea Rail Network Authority
Operator(s)Korail
Technical
Line length80.7 km (50.1 mi)
Number of tracksDouble track
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Electrification25 kV/60 Hz AC catenary
Route map

 Main Line 
Jungang Line, Mangu Line
-0.6 Sangbong
Seoul Metro Line 7.svg  Gyeongui–​Jungang 
0.0 Mangu  Gyeongui–​Jungang 
Jungang Line
( Gyeongui–​Jungang )
2.1 Sinnae
Sinnae-Namyangju Expressway
Seoul/Guri
4.7 Galmae
since 2010
The old main line
13.9
5.6
Galmae
until 1974
Guri/Namyangju
6.1 Byeollae
Seoul Ring Expressway
7.7 Toegyewon
11.0 Sareung
14.6 Geumgok
Pyeongnae Rail Yard
18.6 Pyeongnae–Hopyeong
since 2006
Pyeongnae
until 2006
22.8 Cheonmasan
25.0 Maseok
Damnae
closed in 1974
Namyangju/Gapyeong
32.4 Daeseongni
Cheongpyeong Lake
closed in 1969
39.9 Cheongpyeong
44.7 Sangcheon
49.5 Sangsaek
closed in 1974
51.8 Gapyeong
since 2010
53.4 Gapyeong
until 2010
Gapyeong
Bukhan River
Chuncheon
58.0 Gyeongang
until 2010
56.6 Gulbongsan
since 2010
59.4 Baegyangni
since 2010
Baegyangni
until 2010
64.7 Gangchon
Uiam
closed in 1974
72.1 Kimyujeong
77.4 South Chuncheon
until 2010
78.0 South Chuncheon
since 2010
80.7 Chuncheon
 Seongdong ― Toegyewon 
0.0 Seongdong
closed in 1971
1.2 Gosangjeon
closed in 1971
3.7 Wolgok
closed in 1971
Gyeongwon Line (Seoul Metro Line 1.svg)
6.2 Kwangwoon Univ. Seoul Metro Line 1.svg
Gyeongwon Line (Seoul Metro Line 1.svg)
8.3 Singongdeok
closed in 2010
10.6 Hwarangdae
closed in 2010
Seoul/Guri
Main Line
13.9 Galmae
until 1974
Guri/Namyangju
Byeollae
Toegyewon
Main Line

HistoryEdit

 
Trestle on the old Gyeongchun Line

The original Gyeongchun Line was opened along its full length of 87.3 km (54.2 mi) between Kwangwoon University on the Gyeongwon Line to Chuncheon by the privately owned Gyeongchun Railway on 20 July 1939.[1][2] Chuncheon was the most popular destination for students on orientation trips, bringing passengers to the line.[3] Following the Liberation of Korea, all railways, including the Gyeongchun Railway, were nationalised.

UpgradeEdit

The line was upgraded into an electrified and double-tracked line for 180 km/h (112 mph).[3][4][5] Between Geumgok and Chuncheon, from 1997 until 2010, the line was re-laid in a straighter, 64.2 km long alignment with a budget of 2.151,931 billion won.[6] The remaining 17.9 km of the upgraded line was built with a separate budget of 574.124 billion won.[7] Towards Seoul, after Toegyewon Station, this section of the new line diverges from the old alignment that ended in Seongbuk, and connects to the Jungang Line at Mangu Station.[7]

The new alignment was originally planned to be opened in 2004, but completion of the works was delayed for various reasons, including lack of funds.[5] The complete new alignment opened and the old one closed on December 21, 2010.[3]

On September 1, 2010, the South Korean government announced a strategic plan to reduce travel times from Seoul to 95% of the country to under 2 hours by 2020. As part of the plan, the Gyeongchun Line is to be further upgraded for 230 km/h and may see KTX service.[8] For the longer term, the government also considers to build a parallel high-speed line that would continue beyond Chuncheon to Sokcho on South Korea's east coast.[8]

On November 4, 2016, two trains (one in the morning, one in the night) were added to the line. These trains run to and from Kwangwoon University Station, allowing for transfers to Line 1.

On September 26, 2016, the line was extended to Cheongnyangni Station to improve access to regional trains at the station. However, only 10 trains in each direction travel past Sangbong Station; the majority of the trains still terminate at Sangbong Station, and the two special rush-hour trains still run to and from Kwangwoon University Station.[9]

ServicesEdit

When the new Gyeongchun Line opened on December 21, 2010, passenger service was integrated into the Seoul Metropolitan Subway system, bringing that system from Seoul all the way into Gangwon-do.[3] The new service reduced travel time between Chuncheon and Sangbong in Seoul from two hours to 89 minutes, with different trains operating according to different stopping patterns; and increased capacity five-fold.[3] Compared to the previous Mugunghwa-ho train service on the Gyeongchun Line, fares dropped by half.[3] For the service, Hyundai Rotem supplied Korail with fifteen eight-car Class 361000 EMU trains, out of which only thirteen trains remain in service on the line today, and one train pending re-entry into service.

On February 28, 2012, Korail introduced ITX service (Intercity Train EXpress), which uses Class 368000 trains with double-deck cars. From Chuncheon Station, the fastest ITX trains take 52 minutes to Cheongnyangni Station, and 68 minutes to Yongsan Station in Seoul, operating at a maximum speed of 180 km/h (112 mph).[5][10] The base fare is 9800 won between Chuncheon and Yongsan, currently it has a 30% discount. The express service was phased out along with the advent of the ITX service, but was brought back in early 2017.

StationsEdit

Current ServicesEdit

Main LineEdit

The following stations are along the Gyeongui-Jungang Line and the Gyeongchun Line itself.

The negative sign is only a convention for distance notation from Sangbong Station, the terminus of most services.

 
abandoned platform of Singongdeok station, Gyeongchun line
Station
number
Station name ITX-CheongChun Express Local Transfer Line
name
Station
dist.
Total
dist.
Location
Romanized Hangul Hanja in km
K117 Cheongnyangni 청량리    Gyeongui–​Jungang   Bundang 
  Mugunghwa-ho and ITX-Saemaeul services
 
2.4 -2.4 Dongdaemun-gu
K118 Hoegi 회기
|
  Jungang
Line
1.4 -1.0
K119 Jungnang 중랑
|
1.8 -0.8 Seoul
K120 Sangbong 상봉    Gyeongui–​Jungang 
 
0.8 0.0 Seoul
K121 Mangu 망우
|
 Gyeongui–​Jungang 
 
0.6 0.6
P122 Sinnae 신내
|
  Gyeongchun
Line
2.1 2.7
P123 Galmae 갈매
|
2.6 5.3 Gyeonggi Province Guri-si
P124 Byeollae 별내
|
 
(2023)
1.4 6.7 Namyangju
P125 Toegyewon 퇴계원 退 1.6 8.3
P126 Sareung 사릉 3.3 11.6
P127 Geumgok 금곡
|
3.6 15.2
P128 PyeongnaeHopyeong 평내호평 4.0 19.2
P129 Cheonmasan 천마산
|
4.2 23.4
P130 Maseok 마석 2.2 25.6
P131 Daeseong-ri 대성리
|
7.4 33.0 Gapyeong County
P132 Cheongpyeong 청평 7.5 40.5
P133 Sangcheon 상천
|
4.8 45.3
P134 Gapyeong 가평 7.1 52.4
P135 Gulbongsan 굴봉산
|
4.7 57.1 Gangwon Province Chuncheon
P136 Baegyang-ri 백양리
|
2.9 60.0
P137 Gangchon 강촌 5.3 65.3
P138 Gimyujeong 김유정
|
7.4 72.7
P139 Namchuncheon 남춘천 5.9 78.6
P140 Chuncheon 춘천 2.7 81.3
ITX-CheongChun: Intercity Train Express, Cheongchun
  • ●: regular stop
  • ▲: limited weekday service
  • ♢: some trains pass
  • | : all trains pass

Mangu Line BranchEdit

Station
number
Station name Transfer Line
name
Station
dist.
Total
dist.
Location
Romanized Hangul Hanja in km
119 Kwangwoon University 광운대   Mangu
Line
-4.3 Seoul Nowon District
K120 Sangbong 상봉    Gyeongui–​Jungang 
 
4.3 0.0 Jungnang District
 
Seoul Metropolitan Subway Gyeongchun Line

Former alignmentEdit

Station name Connecting services Station type
Romanized Hangul Hanja
Kwangwoon Univ. 광운대   via Gyeongwon Aboveground
Singongdeok 신공덕 Aboveground
Hwarangdae 화랑대 Aboveground
Toegyewon 퇴계원 退 Aboveground
Sareung 사릉 Aboveground
Geumgok 금곡 Aboveground
PyeongnaeHopyeong 평내호평 Aboveground
Maseok 마석 Aboveground
Daeseong-ri 대성리 Aboveground
Cheongpyeong 청평 Aboveground
Sangcheon 상천 Aboveground
Gapyeong 가평 Aboveground
Gulbongsan 굴봉산 Aboveground
Baegyang-ri 백양리 Aboveground
Gangchon 강촌 Aboveground
Gimyujeong 김유정 Aboveground
Namchuncheon 남춘천 Aboveground
Chuncheon 춘천 Aboveground

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "경영원칙 - 경영공시 - 영업현황 - 영업거리현황". Korail. Archived from the original on 2011-07-22. Retrieved 2010-12-04.
  2. ^ 私設鉄道運輸開始, 朝鮮総督府官報(The Public Journal of the Governor-General of Korea) Showa Nr. 3754, 26 July 1939
  3. ^ a b c d e f "Historic railway line chugs on into history". JoongAng Daily. 2010-12-09. Retrieved 2010-12-16.
  4. ^ "Korea's railways face a bright future". International Railway Journal. 2008-07-01. Archived from the original on 2009-04-16. Retrieved 2010-08-29.
  5. ^ a b c "South Korea's growing network". Railway Gazette International. 2008-09-08. Retrieved 2010-08-29.
  6. ^ "경춘선 복선전철". Korea Rail Network Authority. Retrieved 2010-10-24.
  7. ^ a b "망우∼금곡 복선전철". Korea Rail Network Authority. Retrieved 2010-10-24.
  8. ^ a b "Bullet trains coming to a town near you by 2020". JoongAng Daily. 2010-09-02. Retrieved 2010-10-27.
  9. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2017-02-10. Retrieved 2016-12-02.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  10. ^ loveaselin (9 September 2011). "[Full HD] 경춘선 좌석급행 2층열차 / Gyeongchun Line's new trains coming" – via YouTube.