Gran, Norway

About this soundGran  is a municipality in Innlandet county, Norway. It is part of the traditional region of Hadeland. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Jaren. There is also a village of Gran located within the municipality.

Gran kommune
View of Jaren in Gran
View of Jaren in Gran
Coat of arms of Gran kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Gran kommune
Innlandet within
Norway
Gran within Innlandet
Gran within Innlandet
Coordinates: 60°26′28″N 10°29′44″E / 60.44111°N 10.49556°E / 60.44111; 10.49556Coordinates: 60°26′28″N 10°29′44″E / 60.44111°N 10.49556°E / 60.44111; 10.49556
CountryNorway
CountyInnlandet
DistrictHadeland
Administrative centreJaren
Government
 • Mayor (2007)Inger Staxrud (GBL)
Area
 • Total756 km2 (292 sq mi)
 • Land658 km2 (254 sq mi)
Area rank143 in Norway
Population
 (2016)
 • Total13,695[1]
 • Rank82 in Norway
 • Density20/km2 (50/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
4.2%
Demonym(s)Gransokning
Granasokning[2]
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-3446
Official language formBokmål[3]
Websitewww.gran.kommune.no

The municipality of Gran was established on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). Brandbu was separated from Gran on 1 January 1897, but it was merged back into the municipality of Gran on 1 January 1962.

General informationEdit

NameEdit

The municipality (originally the parish) is named after the old Gran farm (Old Norse: Grǫn), since the first church was built there. The name is identical with the word grǫn which means "spruce".[4]

 
Replica of Dynna Runestone at Hadeland Folkemuseum

Coat-of-armsEdit

The coat-of-arms is from modern times. They were granted on 11 December 1987. The coat-of-arms is red with two gold triangles stretching upwards with a bottony cross on the tip of each triangle. It is meant to represent the spires of the medieval Sister Churches which are located in the municipality. The arms were designed by Kari Ruud Flem from Jevnaker.[5]


EconomyEdit

The economy of the municipality was in 2002 of 24,098 kr in free income per inhabitant, and net debt per inhabitant was NOK 41,835 (also municipal economy, not private). Health care spendings represents about one third of the total budget, which is 7.5 per cent higher than the average for Norway.

GeographyEdit

Gran is part of the Hadeland region. It is bordered to the north by the municipalities of Søndre Land and Vestre Toten, to the east by Hurdal and Nannestad, to the south by Lunner and Jevnaker, and to the west by Ringerike. Areas of concentrated population include Moen, Brandbu, Gran, and Jaren.

 
The Sister Churches
 
Tingelstad Old Church

HistoryEdit

Granavollen is the site of the Sister Churches (Norwegian: Søsterkirkene). These two stone churches are from the Middle Ages and were constructed side by side. The smaller and older is the Mariakirke, a single nave church built in the Romanesque style, built sometime before 1150. The neighbouring Nikolaikirke is a three-aisled basilica, probably inspired by the construction of the St. Halvardskirke in Oslo. It was built sometime between 1150 and 1200. According to local folklore, the churches were built by two sisters. These two detested each other so much they could not share the same church. A more likely explanation however, is that the Mariakirke was built for the local congregation, while the Nikolaikirke was the main church for Hadeland parish. The Granavollen stone is located behind the Nikolaikirken.[6]

Tingelstad old church (Tingelstad St.Petri Kirke) is another medieval stone church. It is a Romanesque stone church, dated to the 12th century and dedicated to St.Peter. This church has survived even though it has not been in regular use for some 140 years.[7]

This is also the location of Hadeland Folkemuseum with a collection of buildings from the area, farm implements as well as a grave mound from the Viking Era and a replica of the 11th century Dynna Runestone (Dynnasteinen). It also holds an archive of photographs and documents.[8]

DemographicsEdit

In 2015, 190 inhabitants had Lithuanian parents and/or were Lithuanian (themselves); 142 had Eritrean parents and/or were Eritrean.

Ancestry Number[9]
  Lithuania 190
  Eritrea 142
  Poland 142
  Somalia 139
  Kosovo 64
  Iraq 47
  Philippines 45
  Sweden 45
  Thailand 44
  Denmark 36

Sister citiesEdit

 
View of Brandbukampen in Gran municipality

The following cities are twinned with Gran:[10]

Notable peopleEdit

 
Kirsten Langbo, 1964
  • Cally Monrad (1879 in Gran – 1950) a Norwegian singer, actress and poet [11]
  • Hans Stenseth (1896 in Gran – 1994) a leading Norwegian flautist
  • Kristian Horn (1903 in Brandbu – 1981) a Norwegian botanist, academic and humanist
  • Kirsten Langbo (1909 in Gran – 1996) a children's writer, singer-songwriter and entertainer
  • Ulla-Mari Brantenberg (born 1947) a Norwegian glass artist, lives in Brandbu
  • Espen Reinertsen (born 1979 in Gran) a saxophonist, flutist, composer and music producer

SportEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Befolkningstall SSB" (in Norwegian). SSB. Retrieved 2016-08-28.
  2. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
  3. ^ "Forskrift om målvedtak i kommunar og fylkeskommunar" (in Norwegian). Lovdata.no.
  4. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1900). Norske gaardnavne: Kristians amt (Anden halvdel) (in Norwegian) (4 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 140.
  5. ^ "Informasjon om kommunevåpenet" (in Norwegian). Gran kommune. Archived from the original on 2007-03-08. Retrieved 2009-01-01.
  6. ^ "Søsterkirkene". Gjøvikregionen Hadeland Ringerike. Retrieved October 1, 2016.
  7. ^ "Tingelstad (St.Petri) Kirke". Hadeland Lag of America. Retrieved October 1, 2016.
  8. ^ "Dynnasteinen". Store norske leksikon. Retrieved October 1, 2016.
  9. ^ "Immigrants and Norwegian-born to immigrant parents". ssb.no. Archived from the original on 2 July 2015. Retrieved 29 June 2015.
  10. ^ "Vennskapskommuner" (in Norwegian). Gran kommune. Archived from the original on 2008-12-28. Retrieved 2009-01-01.
  11. ^ IMDb Database retrieved 25 December 2020

External linksEdit