Pärnu County (Estonian: Pärnu maakond), or Pärnumaa (German: Kreis Pernau), is one of 15 counties of Estonia. It is situated in south-western part of the country, on the coast of Gulf of Riga, and borders Lääne and Rapla counties to the north, Järva and Viljandi counties to the east, and Latvia to the south. In January 2013 Pärnu County had a population of 81,428 – constituting 6.3% of the total population of Estonia.[1]

Pärnu County
Kolmandikureegel.jpg
Coat of arms of Pärnu County
Coat of arms
Location of Pärnu County
CountryEstonia
CapitalPärnu
Government
 • GovernorAndres Metsoja
Area
 • Total4,806.68 km2 (1,855.87 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan 2017[1])
 • Total84,462
 • Rank4th
 • Density18/km2 (46/sq mi)
Ethnicity
 • Estonians89.1%
 • Russians7.6%
 • other3.3%
ISO 3166 codeEE-67
Vehicle registrationF
Websitewww.parnumaa.ee

Pärnu County is the largest county of Estonia in terms of land area.

HistoryEdit

In Pärnu county there is the oldest known human settlement in Estonia, which is the town of Sindi, and it is 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) up the Pärnu River, near the village of Pulli. It dates back to 8500 BCE in the Mesolithic historical period.

County GovernmentEdit

The County Government (Estonian: Maavalitsus) is led by a governor (Estonian: maavanem), who is appointed by the Government of Estonia for a term of five years. Since 1 January 2010, the Governor position is held by Andres Metsoja.

TourismEdit

The city of Pärnu is a popular holiday resort for Estonians and increasingly for non-Estonians, e.g., from Sweden, Finland, Germany, and Russia.

MunicipalitiesEdit

The county is subdivided into municipalities. There is one urban municipality (Estonian: linnad – towns) and six rural municipalities (Estonian: vallad – parishes) in Pärnu County.

Rank Municipality Type Population
(2018)[2]
Area
km2[2]
Density[2]
1 Häädemeeste Parish Rural 4,985 494 10.1
2 Kihnu Parish Rural 702 17 41.3
3 Lääneranna Parish Rural 5,494 1,352 4.1
4 Põhja-Pärnumaa Parish Rural 8,435 1,013 8.3
5 Pärnu Urban 51,649 855 60.4
6 Saarde Parish Rural 4,722 1,065 4.4
7 Tori Parish Rural 11,694 611 19.1
 
Municipalities of Pärnu County (since 2017)

GeographyEdit

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Population by sex, ethnic nationality and County, 1 January". stat.ee. Statistics Estonia. 1 January 2009. Retrieved 2009-10-18.
  2. ^ a b c "Elanike demograafiline jaotus maakonniti". Kohaliku omavalitsuse portaal. Retrieved 2 April 2018.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 58°25′N 24°35′E / 58.417°N 24.583°E / 58.417; 24.583