Søndre Land

Søndre Land is a municipality in Innlandet county, Norway. It is located in the traditional district of Land. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Hov. Other villages in the municipality include Fluberg and Odnes.

Søndre Land kommune
Hov i Land, Søndre Land.jpg
Flag of Søndre Land kommune
Coat of arms of Søndre Land kommune
Official logo of Søndre Land kommune
Søndre Land within Innlandet
Søndre Land within Innlandet
Coordinates: 60°40′37″N 10°16′44″E / 60.67694°N 10.27889°E / 60.67694; 10.27889Coordinates: 60°40′37″N 10°16′44″E / 60.67694°N 10.27889°E / 60.67694; 10.27889
CountryNorway
CountyInnlandet
DistrictLand
Established1847
 • Preceded byLand Municipality
Administrative centreHov
Government
 • Mayor (2019)Anne Hagenborg (Ap)
Area
 • Total728.35 km2 (281.22 sq mi)
 • Land659.14 km2 (254.50 sq mi)
 • Water69.21 km2 (26.72 sq mi)  9.5%
 • Rank#156 in Norway
Population
 (2022)
 • Total5,535
 • Rank#171 in Norway
 • Density8.4/km2 (22/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
Decrease −3.9%
DemonymSøndrelending[1]
Official language
 • Norwegian formBokmål
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-3447
WebsiteOfficial website

The 728-square-kilometre (281 sq mi) municipality is the 156th largest by area out of the 356 municipalities in Norway. Søndre Land is the 171st most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 5,535. The municipality's population density is 8.4 inhabitants per square kilometre (22/sq mi) and its population has decreased by 3.9% over the previous 10-year period.[3][4]

General informationEdit

The old Land Municipality was established on 1 January 1838 after the formannskapsdistrikt law went into effect. This municipality was quite large and in less than a decade, the municipality was divided. In 1847, the old Land Municipality was divided into Nordre Land (population: 4,595) in the north and Søndre Land (population: 4,604) in the south. On 1 January 1868, a part of Søndre Land (population: 340) was transferred to Nordre Land. On 1 January 1900, an unpopulated area of Søndre Land was transferred to the neighboring municipality of Vardal. On 1 January 1914, Søndre Land municipality was divided into two municipalities: Fluberg (population: 2,027) in the north and Søndre Land (population: 3,374) in the south. During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1962, the municipality of Søndre Land (population: 4,339) was merged with most of the neighboring municipality of Fluberg (population: 2,110).[5]

NameEdit

The municipality was named after the historical district of Land which was once a petty kingdom of its own. The Old Norse form of the name was Land which means "land". In 1847, when the old Land Municipality was divided, the municipality was named Søndre Land, using the old name plus the word Søndre which means "southern", therefore the name means "(the) southern (part of) Land".[6]

Coat of armsEdit

The coat of arms was granted on 21 June 1985. The official blazon is "In Azure, three branched tree trunks in bend Or" (Norwegian: I blått tre skråstilte kvistede gull trestammer). This means the arms have a blue field (background) and the charge is branched tree trunks. The tree trunks have a tincture of Or which means it is colored yellow most of the time, but if it is made out of metal, then gold is used. The blue color in the field symbolizes the water of the Randsfjorden which dominates the central part of the municipality. The tree trunks were chosen to symbolise the importance of forestry and the sawmills in the municipality.[7]

ChurchesEdit

The Church of Norway has three parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Søndre Land. It is part of the Hadeland og Land prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Hamar.

Churches in Søndre Land
Parish (sokn) Church name Location of the church Year built
Fluberg Fluberg Church Fluberg 1703
Landåsbygda Church Landåsbygda 1965
Skute Skute Church Ringelia 1915
Søndre Land Enger Church Enger 1875
Hov Church Hov 1781

GeographyEdit

Number of minorities (1st and 2nd generation) in Søndre Land by country of origin in 2017[8]
Ancestry Number
  Poland 77
  Somalia 57
  Netherlands 36
  Eritrea 32
  Denmark 24
  Germany 22
  Afghanistan 18

Søndre Land is bordered on the north by Nordre Land Municipality, on the east by Gjøvik Municipality and Vestre Toten Municipality, on the west by Sør-Aurdal Municipality, and on the south by Gran Municipality in Innlandet county. It is also bordered to the west by Ringerike Municipality in Buskerud county.

Søndre Land is 39.2 kilometres (24.4 mi) on a north–south axis and 31.3 kilometres (19.4 mi) east-west. It lies in the south of Innlandet and on the northern end of the 4th largest lake in Norway, Randsfjorden. The highest elevation in the municipality is Skjellinghovde with a height of 856 metres (2,808 ft). The lake Vestre Bjonevatnet lies in the southwestern corner of the municipality.

GovernmentEdit

All municipalities in Norway, including Søndre Land, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elects a mayor.[9] The municipality falls under the Vestre Innlandet District Court and the Eidsivating Court of Appeal.

Municipal councilEdit

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Søndre Land is made up of 17 representatives that are elected to four year terms. The party breakdown of the council is as follows:

Søndre Land kommunestyre 2020–2023 [10]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)9
 Conservative Party (Høyre)4
 Red Party (Rødt)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
 Søndre Land local list (Søndre Land Bygdeliste)5
Total number of members:25
Søndre Land kommunestyre 2016–2019 [11][12]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)10
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)1
 Green Party (Miljøpartiet De Grønne)1
 Conservative Party (Høyre)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
 Søndre Land local list (Søndre Land Bygdeliste)4
Total number of members:25
Søndre Land kommunestyre 2012–2015 [13]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)12
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)1
 Conservative Party (Høyre)3
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
 Joint list of the Centre Party (Senterpartiet),
Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti),
and Liberal Party (Venstre)
5
 Søndre Land local list (Søndre Land Bygdeliste)2
Total number of members:25
Søndre Land kommunestyre 2008–2011 [12]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)9
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)3
 Joint list of the Conservative Party (Høyre)
and Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)
2
 Søndre Land local list (Søndre Land bygdeliste)9
Total number of members:25
Søndre Land kommunestyre 2004–2007 [12]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)9
 Conservative Party (Høyre)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)3
 Søndre Land local list (Søndre Land Bygdeliste)10
Total number of members:25
Søndre Land kommunestyre 2000–2003 [12][14]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)12
 Conservative Party (Høyre)1
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
 Søndre Land local list (Søndre Land Bygdeliste)10
Total number of members:29
Søndre Land kommunestyre 1996–1999 [15]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)14
 Conservative Party (Høyre)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
 Joint list of the Liberal Party (Venstre) and
Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)
1
 Søndre Land local list (Søndre Land Bygdeliste)9
Total number of members:29
Søndre Land kommunestyre 1992–1995 [16]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)17
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)1
 Conservative Party (Høyre)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)4
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:29
Søndre Land kommunestyre 1988–1991 [17]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)20
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)2
 Conservative Party (Høyre)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:29
Søndre Land kommunestyre 1984–1987 [18]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)21
 Conservative Party (Høyre)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:29
Søndre Land kommunestyre 1980–1983 [19]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)20
 Conservative Party (Høyre)3
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:29
Søndre Land kommunestyre 1976–1979 [20]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)20
 Conservative Party (Høyre)2
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
 Joint list of the Centre Party (Senterpartiet)
and the Liberal Party (Venstre)
4
Total number of members:29
Søndre Land kommunestyre 1972–1975 [21]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)19
 Conservative Party (Høyre)1
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
 Socialist common list (Venstresosialistiske felleslister)3
Total number of members:29
Søndre Land kommunestyre 1968–1971 [22]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)19
 Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
 Socialist People's Party (Sosialistisk Folkeparti)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)3
Total number of members:29
Søndre Land kommunestyre 1964–1967 [23]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)19
 Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti)2
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
 Liberal Party (Venstre)3
Total number of members:29
Søndre Land herredsstyre 1960–1963 [24]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)13
 Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti)2
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)4
Total number of members:19
Søndre Land herredsstyre 1956–1959 [25]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)12
 Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti)3
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)4
Total number of members:19
Søndre Land herredsstyre 1952–1955 [26]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)11
 Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti)2
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)3
Total number of members:16
Søndre Land herredsstyre 1948–1951 [27]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)9
 Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti)4
 Joint list of the Liberal Party (Venstre) and
the Radical People's Party (Radikale Folkepartiet)
1
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)2
Total number of members:16
Søndre Land herredsstyre 1945–1947 [28]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)10
 Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti)4
 Joint list of the Liberal Party (Venstre) and
the Radical People's Party (Radikale Folkepartiet)
1
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)1
Total number of members:16
Søndre Land herredsstyre 1938–1940* [29]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)13
 Farmers' Party (Bondepartiet)3
Total number of members:16
Note: Due to the German occupation of Norway during World War II, no elections were held for new municipal councils until after the war ended in 1945.

MayorsEdit

The mayors of Søndre Land (incomplete list):

  • 1946–1975: Bernt Skjølaas (Ap)
  • 1976–1982: Kåre Inngjerdingen (Ap)
  • 1982–1994: Bjørn Hansen (Ap)
  • 1994–1999: Ellen H. Magnussen (Ap)
  • 1999–2011: Reidar Eriksen (LL)
  • 2011–2019: Terje Odden (Ap)
  • 2019–present: Anne Hagenborg (Ap)

Media galleryEdit

Notable residentsEdit

 
Ellen Andrea Wang, 2017

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
  2. ^ "Forskrift om målvedtak i kommunar og fylkeskommunar" (in Norwegian). Lovdata.no.
  3. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå. "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian).
  4. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå. "09280: Area of land and fresh water (km²) (M)" (in Norwegian).
  5. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  6. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1900). Norske gaardnavne: Kristians amt (Anden halvdel) (in Norwegian) (4 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. pp. 179 & 196.
  7. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 7 November 2022.
  8. ^ "Immigrants and Norwegian-born to immigrant parents, by immigration category, country background and percentages of the population". ssb.no. Archived from the original on 2 July 2015. Retrieved 29 June 2015.
  9. ^ Hansen, Tore, ed. (12 May 2016). "kommunestyre". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 30 January 2022.
  10. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2019 - Innlandet". Valg Direktoratet. Retrieved 9 October 2022.
  11. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2015 - Oppland". Valg Direktoratet.
  12. ^ a b c d "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway.
  13. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2011 - Oppland". Valg Direktoratet.
  14. ^ Kommunestyrevalget 1999 (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger, Norge: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 2000. ISBN 8253748531. ISSN 0332-8023.
  15. ^ Kommunestyrevalget 1995 (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger, Norge: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1996. ISBN 8253743351. ISSN 0332-8023.
  16. ^ Kommunestyrevalget 1991 (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger, Norge: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1993. ISBN 8253737939. ISSN 0332-8023.
  17. ^ Kommunestyrevalget 1987 (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger, Norge: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1988. ISBN 8253726325. ISSN 0332-8023.
  18. ^ Kommunestyrevalget 1983 (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger, Norge: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1984. ISBN 8253720378. ISSN 0332-8023.
  19. ^ Kommunestyrevalget 1979 (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo, Norge: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1979. ISBN 8253710836. ISSN 0332-8023.
  20. ^ Kommunevalgene 1975 (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo, Norge: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1977. ISBN 8253705646.
  21. ^ Kommunevalgene 1972 (PDF) (in Norwegian). Vol. I. Oslo, Norge: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1973. ISBN 8253701144.
  22. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1967" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo, Norge: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1967.
  23. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1963" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo, Norge: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1964.
  24. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1959" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo, Norge: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1960.
  25. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1955" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo, Norge: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1957.
  26. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1951" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1952.
  27. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1947" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1948.
  28. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1945" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1947.
  29. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1937" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1938.
  30. ^ IMDb Database retrieved 25 December 2020

External linksEdit