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The Gilani ministry began its operation into office on 31 March 2008 after Yousaf Raza Gillani was elected as Prime minister of Pakistan by the National Assembly on 25 March 2008. The swearing-in of the cabinet was delayed for a few days until March 31 because of differences arising amongst the coalition partners.[1]

Gillani ministry
Flag of Pakistan.svg
cabinet of Pakistan
20082013
Syed Gillani - World Economic Forum on the Middle East 2008.jpg
Date formed31 March 2008
Date dissolved19 June 2012
People and organisations
Head of stateAsif Ali Zardari
(2009–2013)
Pervez Musharraf
(2008–2009)
Head of governmentYousaf Raza Gillani
Member partyPPP, ANP, MQM, JUI(F)
Status in legislatureCoalition government
Opposition partyPML-N
History
Election(s)2008 general election
Legislature term(s)5 years
PredecessorAziz ministry
SuccessorAshraf ministry

The leftist PPP gained substantial seats in the Parliament in the general elections held in 2008 but lacked enough seats to form a government with a simple majority. Initially with the coalition government, the conservative PML-N quickly departed when its leader, Nawaz Sharif (current Prime Minister), decided to lead the efforts on impeaching the former President Pervez Musharraf as well as restoring the judiciary, of which, the PML(N) played a centralized role.

Prime Minister Gillani decided to centralize the power by forming a more dense left-wing alliance that consisted of minor left parties: the ANP, MQM, JUI(F). As Prime Minister, Gillani escalated the military operations to keep pressure on Taliban and as well on the Baloch separatists. Gillani greatly relaxed the taxation that effected the annual GDP growth and initiated the welfare programme. Responding to global recession, Gillani implemented the nationalization of conglomerates and tightly controlled the means of production of the industries. Relations with Bangladesh, Afghanistan, and India worsen in 2008–12 as well criticism from the United States widened. In 2011, the U.S. initiated a secret operation to hunt down the Osama Bin Laden without the knowledge of Prime Minister Gillani.

Prime Minister Gillani's ministry witnessed the sharp rise in nationwide violence, increased corruption in nationalized industries, social tension, political scandals and assassinations. After months of delaying the Supreme Court's recommendations to investigate the corruption cases against Benazir Bhutto, Gillani was ousted from the office; nonetheless, his ministry continued to be in effect by his successor.[2] Overall ratings remains negative on Gillani as his tenure has been described as a "clash of state institutions, involving the executive, the armed forces and the judiciary."[3] Under his ministry, Gillani was held responsible for the prolonged "Era of Stagflation", in which fundamental economic problems were ignored. In 2013, there was an increase in criticism of the Gillanian years, even after the NRO squabble was eventually resolved by his successor.[3]

Gillani cabinetEdit

CabinetEdit

At swearing-in ceremony, the PML(N) members declined to take oath under President General Pervez Musharraf, who they considered an illegitimate head of state. The first cabinet was short-lived lasting only 2 weeks; the list of federal ministers short-listed for the cabinet included two women members of the lower house and three members of the senate.[1][4]

Gillani Cabinets (2008–12) Figure Collective alliance Notes on Tenure
Prime Minister Yousaf Raza Gillani PPP 2008–12
President Asif Zardari
Muhammad Soomro (Acting)
Pervez Musharraf
PPP
Independent
PML(Q)
2008–12
18 August–9 September 2008
2007–2008
Cabinet Ministries Cabinet Ministers Collective alliance Tenure
Foreign Affairs Mehmood Qureshi
Hina Rabbani Khar
PPP 2008–11
2011–12
Finance Abdul Hafeez Shaikh
Shaukat Tarin
Naveed Qamar
(Ishaq Dar)
PPP
Independent
PPP
(PML(N))
2010–12
2008–2010
May 12 – October 8, 2008
(31 March–13 May 2008)
Interior Rehman Malik PPP 2008–2012
States and Frontiers Najmuddin Khan PPP 2008–12
Petroleum and Natural Resources Asim Hussain
((Muhammad Asif))

Mrs Iffat Mahfooz

PPP
(PML(N))
2008–12
(31 March–13 May 2008)
Defence Naveed Qamar
Ahmad Mukhtar
PPP
PPP
2012
2008–12
Defence Production Senior Minister Pervez Illahi
Manzoor Wattoo
Shahabuddin
(Tanveer Hussain)
PML(Q)
PPP
PPP
(PML(N))
2011–12
16 March–5 May 2011
2010–11
2008–10
31 March–13 May 2008
Water and Power Ahmad Mukhtar
Pervez Ashraf
PPP
PPP
2011–12
2008–11
Railways Ahmad Bilour
(Mehtab Ahmed Khan)
ANP
(PML(N))
2008–12
31 March–13 May 2008
Law, Justice, Human Rights Farooq Naik
Babar Avan
PPP
PPP
2011–12
2008–11
Information, Broadcasting, National Heritage Firdous Ashiq Avan
Qamar Zaman Kaira
Sherry Rehman
PPP
PPP
PPP
2011–12
2009–11
2008–09
Communications, Food Security Mrs Iffat Mahfooz PPP
(PML(N))
2008–12
31 March–13 May 2008
Ports and Shipping Babar Ghuari
Naveed Qamar
MQM
PPP
2010–12
2008–10
Education Research Mir Hazar Bijrani
(Ahsan Iqbal)
PPP
(PML(N))
2008–12
31 March–13 May 2008
Overseas Pakistanis Farooq Sattar
Khurshid Shah
MQM
PPP
2010–12
2008–10
Health and Welfare Riaz Pirzada
Humayun Aziz Kurd
PML(Q)
PPP
2010–12
2008–10
Northern Areas Qamar Zaman Kaira
Manzoor Wattoo
PPP
PPP
2011–12
2008–11
Commerce Amin Fahim
(Shahid Abbasi)
PPP
(PML(N))
2008–12
31 March–13 May 2008
Housings and Works Rehmatullah Kakar PPP 2008–12
Science and Technology Mir Chengiz Khan
Azam Swati
(Sa'ad Rafiq)
PPP
JUI(F)
(PML(N))
2011–12
2010–11
31 March–13 May 2008
Women Development, Culture Ghazala Gola
(Tehmina Daultana)
PPP
(PML(N))
2008–12
31 March–13 May 2008
Environment Hameedullah Jan Afridi ANP 2008–12
Rural Developments Ghulam Ahmad Bilour ANP 2008–12
Social Affairs Muhammad Hoti ANP 2008–12
Cabinet composition of Gillani ministry
Party Number
PPP
23
MQM
2
ANP
4
PML(Q)
1
JUI(F)
1

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Asghar, Raja (31 March 2008). "Swearing-in today to mark belated birth of cabinet". Dawn. Retrieved 14 July 2014.
  2. ^ "New PM to continue the GIllani ministry". First Post. First Post. Retrieved 1 August 2014.
  3. ^ a b ST. "Pakistan Peoples Party". Dawn Election Cell. Dawn Election Cell. Retrieved 30 May 2013.
  4. ^ "24 members cabinet sworn in". Islamabad: Online International News Network. 31 March 2008. Archived from the original on 8 December 2008. Retrieved 14 July 2014.