Abdul Hafeez Shaikh
Dr. Abdul Hafeez Shaikh (Urdu: عبدالحفیظ شیخ) is a Pakistani political economist of international repute with over 30 years of experience in economic policy-making, management and implementation. He served as the 20th Finance Minister of Pakistan from 2010 to 2013.
Abdul Hafeez Shaikh
Hafeez Shaikh (right) meeting with US Deputy Secretary of State Thomas Nides
|Minister of Finance|
18 March 2010 – 19 February 2013
|Prime Minister||Yousaf Raza Gillani|
Raja Pervaiz Ashraf
|Preceded by||Shaukat Tarin|
|Succeeded by||Saleem Mandviwalla|
|Minister of Privatization and Investment|
|Prime Minister||Shaukat Aziz|
Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain
Zafarullah Khan Jamali
|Preceded by||Altaf Saleem|
|Succeeded by||Allam Manou|
Abdul Hafeez Shaikh
Jacobabad, Sindh Province, West-Pakistan
|Political party||Pakistan Peoples Party|
|Alma mater||Boston University|
|Academic field||Political economy|
Shaikh was educated and earned doctorate from the Boston University in the United States, and has authored many publications including a book on Argentina. He also served as a professor at the Harvard University. Dr. Shaikh associated his services with the World Bank, and served as the director of economics operations of World Bank in Saudi Arabia throughout the 1990s. His other international experience includes assignments in Saudi Arabia, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam, Romania, Czech Republic, Iran, Kuwait, Argentina, Bangladesh, Jordan, Qatar, Malta, Botswana, Tanzania, Ghana and Libya.
Dr. Hafeez Shaikh had a highly successful tenure as Minister for Finance, Planning & Development in provisional government of Sindh Province during 2000–2002.
Following that, his three years as the Federal Minister for Privatization & Investment were the most successful in Pakistan's history. 34 transactions worth over US $5 billion were completed in a transparent fashion. Using the slogan of "Privatization for the People", shares in several companies were given to 0.8 million people, creating broad ownership. The period saw foreign direct Investment increase from $1 Billion to $5 Billion. Dr. Shaikh was awarded Pakistan's "Man of the Year" in 2004 by the business community in recognition of his contributions to the country. He left the Government in early 2006.
In 2010, he was appointed as finance adviser of the Government of Pakistan and was later appointed as the chief of the Finance Ministry after securing his mandate from Jacobabad constituency. Since then, he has been directing the economic and financial institutions of the country.
In 2012, he became an active member of Pakistan Peoples Party and successfully contested in the 2012 senate elections. He was a highly regarded member of the Senate of Pakistan and was Chairman of the Senate's Committee on World Trade Organization.
After leaving the Government, Dr. Shaikh was General Partner of an international investment company, headquartered in New York, which set up a $1.38 Billion fund for investments in Asia.
Abdul Hafeez Shaikh is the son of Abdul Nabi Shaikh who played an important role in forming Pakistans Peoples Party with Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto. He was born in Jacobabad of Sindh Province of West-Pakistan and moved to United States for higher education. Shaikh enrolled in the Department of Economics of the Boston University and obtained an MS in Economics followed by a PhD in the same discipline in December 1984. He has authored many publications including a book on Argentina's privatisation program.
In the United States, Shaikh joined the faculty staff of Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts where he led research project for his doctoral students at Harvard. While at Harvard, he also advised several countries on their economic policies and programs.
Career in the World BankEdit
As early as the 1990s, Shaikh left Harvard University and joined the staff of World Bank to start his international career. Subsequently, Shaikh became chairman of World Bank's economic initiatives and operations in Saudi Arabia and served as an International investment senior official advising 21 countries including Saudi Arabia, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam, Romania, Czech Republic, Iran, Kuwait, Argentina, Bangladesh, Jordan, Qatar, Malta, Botswana, Tanzania, Ghana and Libya.
Minister of Finance, Planning and DevelopmentEdit
He was the architect of the financial recovery of Sindh, restoring financial discipline, reducing taxes, increasing revenues, paying over Rs. 20 billion of old bills, clearing the overdraft of State Bank of Pakistan of Rs. 11 billion, increasing allocation for poverty alleviation, social sector and development, and enhancing relationship of Sindh Government with international donor agencies.
Minister for Privatization & InvestmentEdit
In 2002, Dr. Shaikh elevated to the Federal Ministry of Finance (MoF) and joined the department of privatisation. On 8 April 2003, Dr. Shaikh became the minister of privatisation and investment in the Government of Pakistan.
His three years as the Federal Minister for Privatization & Investment were the most successful in Pakistan's history. 34 transactions worth over US $5 billion were completed in a transparent fashion. Using the slogan of "Privatization for the People", shares in several companies were given to 0.8 million people, creating broad ownership. The period saw foreign direct Investment increase from $1 Billion to $5 Billion. Dr. Shaikh was awarded Pakistan's "Man of the Year" in 2004 by the business community in recognition of his contributions to the country. He left the Government in early 2006.
Minister of FinanceEdit
As Finance Minister in early 2011, Shaikh met with US Senator John Kerry when Kerry visited Pakistan. Shaikh briefed Kerry, who is Chair of the United States Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, on economic developments, delays in getting aid through the Kerry-Lugar Bill (2009) and continued needs for flood rehabilitation. While in Washington for the International Monetary Fund/World Bank spring meetings later that year, Shaikh delivered a similar message about Kerry-Lugar-Berman funding while also addressing prospective investments in the energy sector, possibly by the US, the government's general economic program and, specifically, Parliament's role therein, and, finally, inconclusive negotiations on two IMF instalments totalling $3.3 billion. One venue for Shaikh's comments was an event at the Woodrow Wilson Center.
On 31 May 2012, Federal Minister for Finance, Dr. Abdul Hafeez Shaikh on the eve of historic "election budget" for the fiscal year 2012–13 said that economically this had been the most difficult year for the whole world. The Economic Survey of Pakistan for the outgoing year 2011–12 will be launched here today. Federal Minister for Finance Dr. Abdul Hafeez Shaikh will launch the pre-budget document, highlighting the overall performance of economy during the out-going fiscal year, providing a realistic feedback and basis for planning.
On 1 June 2012, the prevailing energy crisis in Pakistan is taking away 2 percent (or Rs 380 billion) of the economy, despite the government has spent Rs 1.1 trillion as subsidies on the sector in the last four-year which accounts for 2.5 percent of the total volume of economy. This was the 'dominant constraint' to the economic growth in last few years, according to Pakistan Economic Survey 2011–12 launched here by Finance Minister Dr Abdul Hafeez Sheikh.
- "Dr. Abdul Hafeez Shaikh". official website, Pakistan's Minister for Finance, Revenue, Economic Affairs & Statistics. Retrieved 25 April 2013.
- Shaikh, Hafeez, with Manual Angel Abdala et al., Argentina privatization program : a review of five cases (Washington, D.C.: World Bank, 1996). At Australian Competition and Consumer Commission library (not open to the public) via National Library of Australia "Trove" catalog.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 29 September 2014. Retrieved 2016-01-13.
- Dr. Abdul Hafeez Shaikh, official website, Pakistan's Minister for Finance, Revenue, Economic Affairs & Statistics. Retrieved 10 March 2011.
- "Profile of Senator Dr, Abdul Hafeez Shaikh". Privatization commission of Pakistan. Archived from the original on 10 December 2007.
- Kramet, Zahib U, "Kerry-Lugar bill a Catch-22 for Pakistan", Asia Times, 14 October 2009. Retrieved 10 March 2011.
- "Hafeez demand Must ... Make Timely Payment" Archived 17 February 2011 at the Wayback Machine., Pakistan News, 16 February 2011. Retrieved 10 March 2011.
- "US hasn’t delivered under Kerry-Lugar: Shaikh", The News with cites for APP and News Network International (NNI); 20 April 2011. Retrieved 20 April 2011.
- Pakistan pulls curtain on Economic Survey 2011–12, Geo News, 31 May 2012
- Economic Survey 2011–12 to be launched today Archived 2 June 2012 at the Wayback Machine., Geo News, 31 May 2012
- Economic cost of energy crisis estimated at Rs380bn Archived 1 June 2012 at the Wayback Machine., The News International, 1 June 2012