Gapan, officially the City of Gapan (Tagalog: Lungsod ng Gapan), is a 4th class component city in the province of Nueva Ecija, Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 122,968 people. [4]

Gapan
City of Gapan
8211La Divina Pastora Gapan City Welcome Monument 03.jpg
8171Primark Town Center Gapan City 11.jpg
Downtown Gapan along Maharlika Highwayfvf.jpg
Divine Shepherdess Shrine in Gapan, Nueva Ecija.jpg
FvfGapanCity8888 26.JPG
(From top, left to right): La Divina Pastora Gapan City Welcome Monument • Primark Center • Downtown Gapan • La Divina Pastora National Shrine • Gapan City Hall
Official seal of Gapan
Nickname(s): 
Footwear Capital of the North
Tsinelas capital of the Philippines
Map of Nueva Ecija with Gapan highlighted
Map of Nueva Ecija with Gapan highlighted
OpenStreetMap
Gapan is located in Philippines
Gapan
Gapan
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 15°18′27″N 120°56′43″E / 15.3075°N 120.94528°E / 15.3075; 120.94528Coordinates: 15°18′27″N 120°56′43″E / 15.3075°N 120.94528°E / 15.3075; 120.94528
CountryPhilippines
RegionCentral Luzon
ProvinceNueva Ecija
District 4th district
Founded1732
CityhoodAugust 25, 2001
Barangays23 (see Barangays)
Government
[2]
 • TypeSangguniang Panlungsod
 • MayorEmerson D. Pascual
 • Vice MayorInocencio T. Bautista Jr.[1]
 • RepresentativeMaricel N. Nagaño
 • Electorate87,678 voters (2019)
Area
 • Total118.00 km2 (45.56 sq mi)
Elevation
41 m (135 ft)
Highest elevation
440 m (1,440 ft)
Lowest elevation
6 m (20 ft)
Population
 (2020 census) [4]
 • Total122,968
 • Density1,000/km2 (2,700/sq mi)
 • Households
24,586
Demonym(s)Gapanense/Gapanenses
Economy
 • Income class4th city income class
 • Poverty incidence14.55% (2015)[5]
 • Revenue₱481,188,389.06 (2016)
Service provider
 • ElectricityNueva Ecija 1 Electric Cooperative (NEECO 1)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
3105
PSGC
IDD:area code+63 (0)44
Climate typetropical monsoon climate
Native languagesKapampangan
Tagalog
Ilocano
Websitewww.cityofgapan.gov.ph

Gapan is nicknamed the "Footwear Capital of the North" due to the thriving footwear making industry in the city.

HistoryEdit

Old records called the town Ibon.[citation needed] Gapan was founded by the Spanish curates and officials who, in their early occupation, exercised great influence over the people and the things they were doing. History places Gapan as one of the first towns of Pampanga founded sometime in the middle part of the sixteenth century. Records of the first Catholic mission to the far east indicated that in 1595, Fathers Contres Tendilla, Caballo and Salazar were responsible for clearing the forest which later became a pueblo. In this pueblo, a church, presedencia and residential houses made of bricks and lime were constructed, now the age-old landmarks of the city.

Its foundation in 1595 makes Gapan the oldest town in Nueva Ecija and one of the oldest in the Philippines. It was likewise a big pueblo embracing an area as far as Cabanatuan City in the north, which was its barrio with the name Cabanatuan before it separated in 1750: the Sierra Madres in the East, San Miguel, Bulacan in the south and Candaba, Pampanga in the West. Gradually as the Spanish power waned and economic progress caught up in the area, the pueblo disintegrated into many pueblos until it remained to comprise only the towns of Peñaranda, General Tinio and San Leonardo (formerly called Manikling) all of Nueva Ecija province. In fact the Patron Saint Divina Pastora had its origin or residence in Barrio Callos, Peñaranda.

ContemporaryEdit

By virtue of Republic Act No. 9022 and its ratification in a plebiscite subsequently held on August 25, 2001, Gapan was converted into a component city of Nueva Ecija. Ernesto L. Natividad became the first city mayor of Gapan.

GeographyEdit

Gapan is located in the southern part of the province. It is bounded to the north by Peñaranda and San Leonardo, to the east by the Gen. Tinio, to the south by San Miguel in neighboring Bulacan province, and to the west by San Isidro.

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Gapan City, Nueva Ecija
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 28
(82)
30
(86)
31
(88)
33
(91)
33
(91)
31
(88)
30
(86)
29
(84)
29
(84)
30
(86)
30
(86)
29
(84)
30
(86)
Average low °C (°F) 20
(68)
20
(68)
20
(68)
22
(72)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
23
(73)
22
(72)
21
(70)
22
(72)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 4
(0.2)
4
(0.2)
5
(0.2)
11
(0.4)
66
(2.6)
99
(3.9)
127
(5.0)
113
(4.4)
99
(3.9)
84
(3.3)
35
(1.4)
14
(0.6)
661
(26.1)
Average rainy days 2.2 1.9 3.2 5.3 16.1 20.8 23.5 22.8 22.2 16.5 8.9 3.5 146.9
Source: Meteoblue [6]

BarangaysEdit

Gapan is politically subdivided into 23 barangays.

  • Balante
  • Bayanihan
  • Bulak
  • Bungo
  • Kapalangan
  • Mabuga
  • Maburak
  • Macabaklay
  • Mahipon
  • Malimba
  • Mangino
  • Marelo
  • Pambuan
  • Parcutela
  • Puting Tubig
  • San Lorenzo
  • San Nicolas
  • San Roque
  • San Vicente
  • Santa Cruz
  • Santo Cristo Norte
  • Santo Cristo Sur
  • Santo Niño

DemographicsEdit

Population census of Gapan
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 11,278—    
1918 13,617+1.26%
1939 23,324+2.60%
1948 25,719+1.09%
1960 32,514+1.97%
1970 45,426+3.40%
1975 50,506+2.15%
1980 60,014+3.51%
1990 70,489+1.62%
1995 77,735+1.85%
2000 89,199+2.99%
2007 98,795+1.42%
2010 101,488+0.98%
2015 110,303+1.60%
2020 122,968+2.16%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[7][8][9][10]
 
Historic center of Gapan.

EconomyEdit

Current major sources of income include farming, slipper making, fishponds, poultry and piggery, and commercial establishments.

The city of Gapan held tremendous promise not only in its natural resources but also in its potentials in agri base industries and in footwear industries which help sustain its virtual role in agricultural and industrial production. Commercial and trade activities in the city are further accelerated by the influx of financing lending institution and new businesses.

Places of interestEdit

 
National Shrine of La Virgen Divina Pastora
National Shrine of La Virgen Divina Pastora
The center of Marian pilgrimages during the months of April and May is the National Shrine of Virgen La Divina Pastora as declared by the Catholic Bishops Conference in 1986. Little Vigan, Gapan.

Colleges in Gapan CityEdit

Health careEdit

  • Good Samaritan General Hospital - a private hospital located at Don Simeon St, Gapan City.
  • Gapan District Hospital - a public hospital located at Divina Pastora Street, Divina Pastora Subdivision, Gapan City.
  • Dr. J.P. Cruz Cancer Clinic
  • other clinics (dental, skin, etc.)

Notable people of GapanEdit

Sister citiesEdit

ImagesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ http://www.pcoo.gov.ph/dir-lgu-citymayors.htm
  2. ^ City of Gapan | (DILG)
  3. ^ "2015 Census of Population, Report No. 3 – Population, Land Area, and Population Density" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. Quezon City, Philippines. August 2016. ISSN 0117-1453. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 25, 2021. Retrieved July 16, 2021.
  4. ^ a b Census of Population (2020). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved July 8, 2021.
  5. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/City%20and%20Municipal-level%20Small%20Area%20Poverty%20Estimates_%202009%2C%202012%20and%202015_0.xlsx; publication date: 10 July 2019; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  6. ^ "Gapan: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved May 4, 2020.
  7. ^ Census of Population (2015). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved June 20, 2016.
  8. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved June 29, 2016.
  9. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  10. ^ "Province of Nueva Ecija". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved December 17, 2016.
  11. ^ "Poverty incidence (PI):". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved December 28, 2020.
  12. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/NSCB_LocalPovertyPhilippines_0.pdf; publication date: 29 November 2005; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  13. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2003%20SAE%20of%20poverty%20%28Full%20Report%29_1.pdf; publication date: 23 March 2009; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  14. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2006%20and%202009%20City%20and%20Municipal%20Level%20Poverty%20Estimates_0_1.pdf; publication date: 3 August 2012; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  15. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2012%20Municipal%20and%20City%20Level%20Poverty%20Estima7tes%20Publication%20%281%29.pdf; publication date: 31 May 2016; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  16. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/City%20and%20Municipal-level%20Small%20Area%20Poverty%20Estimates_%202009%2C%202012%20and%202015_0.xlsx; publication date: 10 July 2019; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  17. ^ http://www.pinoystop.com/bio/celebrity-profile/1204/ryza-cenon-biography
  18. ^ http://www.lakadpilipinas.com/2015/07/gapan-ancestral-houses-church.html
  19. ^ http://www.lakadpilipinas.com/2015/07/gapan-ancestral-houses-church.html
  20. ^ https://www.pep.ph/news/143340/former-actor-daniel-figueroa-passes-away-a734-20190517

External linksEdit