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General Tinio, officially the Municipality of General Tinio, is a 1st class municipality in the province of Nueva Ecija, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 47,865 people.[3]

General Tinio

Municipality of General Tinio
Welcome Arch
Welcome Arch
Official seal of General Tinio
Map of Nueva Ecija with General Tinio highlighted
Map of Nueva Ecija with General Tinio highlighted
General Tinio is located in Philippines
General Tinio
General Tinio
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 15°21′N 121°03′E / 15.35°N 121.05°E / 15.35; 121.05Coordinates: 15°21′N 121°03′E / 15.35°N 121.05°E / 15.35; 121.05
Country Philippines
RegionCentral Luzon (Region III)
ProvinceNueva Ecija
District4th District
Barangays13 (see Barangays)
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorIsidro T. Pajarillaga
 • Vice MayorMelvin Pascual
 • Electorate31,247 voters (2016)
 • Total245.29 km2 (94.71 sq mi)
 (2015 census)[3]
 • Total47,865
 • Density200/km2 (510/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
IDD:area code+63 (0)44
Climate typetropical monsoon climate
Income class1st municipal income class
Revenue (₱)121.6 million  (2016)
Native languagesSouthern Alta

It was known as Papaya until 1957.

The town is at the foot of the Sierra Madre Mountains, adjoining the Fort Magsaysay Army Reservation on the east side.


According to the story passed on from one generation to another, the town got its name because of miscommunication between the natives and the Spanish colonizers. A native settler when asked by a Spanish soldier "Llama el pueblo?" replied "Papaya" referring to the particular fruit tree growing abundantly in the place (not understanding the Spanish language). The name stuck to the Spanish colonizers and the place from then on was called "Papaya".

Papaya was a sitio of Bo. Mapisong which was then a barrio of Gapan (now Gapan City). Bo. Mapisong became a town in 1851 changing its name to Peñaranda after a Spanish engineer Jose Maria Peñaranda. Papaya became one of its barangays. Papaya became a town on January 1, 1921, through the collaborative efforts of Capitan Mamerto Padolina who was then the Secretary of the Governor of the Province, Judge Segundo Bernardo and Francisco Padolina.

Congressman Celestino Juan sponsored a congressional act changing the name of Papaya to General Tinio in honor of General Manuel Tinio, a noble and prominent revolutionary leader against the Spaniards who hailed from the Nueva Ecija. The act was signed into law on June 20, 1957 as Republic Act No. 1665.[4] The new name of the town was inaugurated days later, on August 19, 1957.

Recently, the municipal council approved a resolution to rename the town back to its original name, "Papaya".



YearPop.±% p.a.
1939 7,517—    
1948 8,645+1.57%
1960 14,925+4.65%
1970 19,353+2.63%
1975 21,088+1.74%
1980 23,406+2.11%
1990 29,491+2.34%
1995 32,913+2.08%
2000 35,352+1.54%
2007 39,356+1.49%
2010 42,634+2.95%
2015 47,865+2.23%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][5][6][7]


General Tinio is politically subdivided into 13 barangays consisting of:

  • Padolina (Barangay 1)
  • Concepcion (Barangay 2)
  • Rio Chico (Barangay 3)
  • Pias (Barangay 4)
  • Nazareth (Barangay 5)
  • Bago (Barangay 6)
  • Poblacion West (Barangay 7)
  • Poblacion Central (Barangay 8)
  • San Pedro (Barangay 9)
  • Sampaguita (Barangay 10)
  • Poblacion East (Barangay 11)
  • Pulong Matong (Barangay 12)
  • Palale (Barangay 13)

Local governmentEdit

The following have led the town from its birth in 1921 to what it had become today.[8]

Commonwealth Era
President Vice-President Term
Cristobal Mangulabnan Vice Martin Ramos 1921–1922
Getulio Bote, Sr. Vice Martin Pajarillaga 1922–1925
Martin Pajarillaga Vice Marcos Bote 1925–1928
Severo Pajarillaga Vice Emeterio Abes 1928–1931
Pascual Rivera Vice Daniel Padolina 1931–1934
Melquiades Ronquillo, Sr. Vice Santiago Bolisay 1934–1937
Republic Era
Mayor Vice Mayor Term
Melquades Ronquillo, Sr. Vice Damaso Bolisay 1937–1940
Getulio Bote Vice Pedro Bulacan 1940–1944
Getulio Bote Vice Angeles Bote 1945
Gerardo Rivera Vice Angeles Bote 1946–1947
Gerardo Rivera Vice Diosdado Bote 1948–1951
Gerardo Rivera with Victorino Bote 1952–1955
Bienvenido B. Abes Vice Victorino Bote 1956–1959
Gerardo Rivera Vice Banaag Leodones 1960–1963
Santos Bote Vice Getulio Bote, Jr. 1964–1967
Mariano Ronquillo Vice Manuel Domingo January 1–15, 1968
Manuel Domingo Vice Perfecto M. Bote 1968–1971
Nicanor B. Aves Vice Alfonso Pajimna 1972–1980
Nathaniel Bote, Jr. Vice Venancio Bote 1981–1986
OIC Gerardo Rivera Vice Antonio Abes 1986–1988
Placido M. Calma Vice Bernardino R. Abes 1988–1995
Placido M. Calma Vice Elsa Bote 1995–1998
Virgilio A. Bote Vice Bernardino R. Abes 1998–2004
Isidro Tinio Pajarillaga Vice Indira P. Dayupay 2004–2007
Virgilio A. Bote Vice Marcelo B. Abes 2007–2010
Virgilio A. Bote Vice Engr. Ferdinand P. Bote 2010–2016
Engr. Ferdinand P.


Vice Atty. Melvin P. Pascual 2016–2018
Atty. Melvin P. Pascual 2018-2019
Engr. Isidro T. Pajarillaga Atty. Melvin S. Pascual 2019–Present


Farming is the livelihood of majority of the residents. Even though located at the foot of the Sierra Madre Mountain Ridges, the topography is generally plain ideal to agricultural products such as palay and vegetables. A number of poultry broiler contract growers are located in the municipality. Other industries include furniture and fixtures, backyard poultry, cattle and livestock, vegetable production and minor agricultural livelihoods like duck raising. "Ikmo" or betel leaves production is one dying symbol of the town. The practice of chewing betel leaves by the older generation was not adopted by the younger generation even though of its reported natural anti-cancer formula.

The remittances of numerous sons and daughters of Papaya abroad also help keep the economy of the town afloat. Papayanos can be relied to answer calls of assistance for the town's development.

Minalungao National Park is also one of the biggest attraction of the town catering tens and hundreds of thousands each day.


Roman Catholic is the most prevalent religion, with Iglesia ni Cristo, IEMELIF, Baptist, Methodist, and others attracting its own followers. The town's patron saint, the Santo Cristo or the Holy Cross is being feted every May.

The town is best known for having the most number of brass bands in the Philippines with 15 organized bands. These bands are sought after to enhance entertainment ambience in fiestas and other traditional rites such as wakes. The Family band is the most popular one and have produced champions in majorette exhibition, solo flute competition, solo clarinet competition, solo trumpet competition, French horn competition, etc., in national brass band competitions.

The town also has other places of interest notably Minalungao National Park which is a favorite swimming destinations in summer, specially during Black Saturday when it is usually filled with local bathers and visitors. Minalungao, literally meaning "mine of gold in a cave", has several caves which can explored. The river also has a portion where a stone ledge located about 15 meters high from the river can be used as spring board.

Papaya Festival is also celebrated coincide with its Foundation Anniversary, Parade of different school students around the town wearing colourful costume inspired by the fruits Papaya which this town got its name until it was change to General Tinio


See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
  2. ^ "Province: Nueva Ecija". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  3. ^ a b c Census of Population (2015). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. ^ "An Act Changing the Name of the Municipality of Papaya in the Province of Nueva Ecija to General Tinio". Retrieved 2011-04-12.
  5. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  6. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  7. ^ "Province of Nueva Ecija". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  8. ^ "Elected Officials of General Tinio 2013-2016". 2010-07-12. Retrieved 2016-11-23.

External linksEdit