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Fulton Street, named after Robert Fulton, is a long east–west street in northern Brooklyn, New York City. A street of the same name in Manhattan was linked to this street by Fulton with his steam ferries.

Fulton Street
Fulton Mile jeh.JPG
Fulton Mile shopping district at Franklin Avenue
NamesakeRobert Fulton
OwnerCity of New York
Maintained byNYCDOT
Length6.4 mi[1] (10.3 km)
LocationBrooklyn
Fulton Street, covered with snow

This street begins at the intersection of Adams Street and Joralemon Street in Brooklyn Heights. For a hundred years before the Fulton Ferry monopoly, Fulton Street was the Ferry Road through Jamaica Pass and, in the centuries before any ferry service, Indian path to the Hempstead Plains. It began at the Fulton Ferry Landing and climbed south through Brooklyn Heights past City Hall to where it now begins at Adams Street. Part of the original Fulton Street survives as Old Fulton Street in Brooklyn Heights/DUMBO and Cadman Plaza West. The segment of Fulton Street that traveled past Borough Hall has been turned into a pedestrian esplanade.

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RouteEdit

 
Pedestrian street in Columbus Park leading to Old Fulton Street

The initial segment of Fulton Street as it exists today is the Fulton Mall between Adams Street and Flatbush Avenue. East of Flatbush Avenue, Fulton Street becomes a major artery of Downtown Brooklyn, Fort Greene and Clinton Hill. At Franklin Avenue, Fulton Street then becomes the signature street of Bedford–Stuyvesant. At Broadway Junction in East New York, the street is interrupted by the intersection of Broadway and Jamaica Avenue, but continues on the other side as a one-way residential street through East New York and Cypress Hills until Norwood Avenue, once again as a two-way street reaching the Queens border at Elderts Lane in Woodhaven, Queens. There it becomes 91st Avenue, which continues until 84th Street in Queens.

The elevated BMT Fulton Street Line used to run over Fulton Street. The New York City Subway's IND Fulton Street subway line (A and ​C trains) has replaced it east of Washington Avenue. The BMT Jamaica Line (J and ​Z trains) runs above Fulton Street between Broadway Junction and Crescent Street.

On March 10, 2005, Fulton Street was co-named Harriet Ross Tubman Avenue along most of its length from Rockaway Avenue in Bedford-Stuyvesant to Elm Place in Downtown Brooklyn, on the anniversary of the death of the ex-slave and abolitionist, which has been designated "Harriet Tubman Day of Commemoration" in New York State.

Fulton MallEdit

Fulton Mall
 
LocaleDowntown Brooklyn, New York City
Subway servicesA, ​C​, F​, N, R, and ​W trains at Jay Street – MetroTech
B, ​D, ​N, ​Q, ​R, and ​W trains at DeKalb Avenue
A, ​C​, and G trains at Hoyt–Schermerhorn Streets
2, ​3, ​4, and ​5 trains at Nevins Street and Hoyt Street
Bus routesB38, B25, B52, B26
 
A B38 bus on Fulton Mall

Fulton Mall is a pedestrian street and transit mall in Downtown Brooklyn that runs on Fulton Street between Flatbush Avenue and Adams Street. Fulton Mall contains 230 stores[2] as well as dedicated bus lanes. For the mall's length, only buses, commercial vehicles, local truck deliveries, and emergency vehicles are allowed to use the street. The center of the Fulton Mall is an open public space known as Albee Square.

Architect Lee Harris Pomeroy redesigned the mall in the early 1980s: he designed street furniture and equipment for the project including large, free-standing canopies, vendors’ kiosks, directory and telephone kiosks; and high mast lighting.[3] The graphics program, which he also designed for the project, consists of informational, directional and street signage. The Mall had been in operation since the 1970s, but Pomeroy's renovation was completed in 1984; the project was awarded an Albert S. Bard Award from the City Club of New York.

Numerous subway services at Jay Street – MetroTech, DeKalb Avenue, Hoyt–Schermerhorn Streets, Nevins Street and Hoyt Street stations and bus lines service the Fulton Mall area.[4][5] The Fulton Mall area is New York City's third largest commercial center after Herald Square and a stretch of Madison Avenue.[6] The mall has attracted major investments from prominent Brooklyn retail real estate developers such as Stanley Chera, Albert Laboz, Joseph Jemal, and Eli Gindi.[7][8][9]

DevelopmentsEdit

 
The Offerman Building

The stores along Fulton Mall includes major retailers such as Macy's, H&M, Gap, GameStop, RadioShack, Payless ShoeSource, Foot Locker, Modell's Sporting Goods, and Finish Line. The Fulton Mall Improvement Association[10] is the local business improvement district. According to Fulton Mall Improvement Association, in 2003 the Fulton Mall area saw between 100,000 and 125,000 visitors a day.[11] Fulton Mall has spurred additional commercial development in its immediate vicinity, such as the City Point development.[12] The Fulton Mall has become the most expensive place to do business in the downtown Brooklyn area.[citation needed] Fulton Street's retail space was $301 per square foot in 2016, and $326 per square foot in 2017.[13][14]

The Macy's store, located at 422 Fulton Street, was originally Abraham & Straus's flagship store. This building was built in 1933 and the design is Art Deco, designed by Starrett & Van Vleck.[15] The Macy's building was formerly the showroom for the W.C. Vosburgh Mfg. Co.[16] As of 2017, the former Abraham & Straus Building is undergoing a $194 million renovation by Tishman Speyer. The new portion of the building will have 10 floors dedicated to Class A office space. Macy's is also renovating its own portion of the building.[17]

The Offerman Building, located along Fulton Mall, was built in 1893 by Henry Offerman, a businessman in the sugar industry. It was designed in the Romanesque Revival architectural style and originally hosted retail on the ground floor.[18] The Offerman Building was designated a New York City Historic Landmark in 2005,[19] and by 2017, it had been converted into a 121-unit residential complex.[18]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Google (August 17, 2018). "Fulton Street (Brooklyn)" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved August 17, 2018.
  2. ^ "Downtown Brooklyn - Fulton Mall Improvement Association". Retrieved 14 March 2016.
  3. ^ "Fulton Street Pedestrian Mall & Transitway | Lee Harris Pomeroy Architects". Lhparch.com. Retrieved 2016-06-28.
  4. ^ http://web.mta.info/nyct/maps/subwaymap.pdf
  5. ^ "Brooklyn Bus Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. November 2017. Retrieved April 24, 2018.
  6. ^ Berger, Joseph (2013-09-20). "On Fulton Street, Worries About Change". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2018-05-09.
  7. ^ The Real Deal: "Families plot Fulton Mall face-lift - A parcel-by-parcel look at what the corridor's tight-knit group of owners has in store" By Patrick Egan January 31, 2011
  8. ^ The Real Deal: " Merged Filene’s/Syms coming to Fulton Mall" October 12, 2010
  9. ^ The Real Deal: "Harrison Street buys LIU student housing for $61M By Zachary Kussin] March 28, 2013
  10. ^ Fulton Mall Improvement Association
  11. ^ Wang, Beverly (September 28, 2003). "HIP SHOPPERS KEEP FULTON MALL HOPPING 100,000 to 125,000 hit stores each day". NY Daily News. Retrieved 2018-05-11.
  12. ^ "The crazy real estate boom taking over Flatbush Avenue". 6 September 2017. Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  13. ^ "Fulton St. Is Now the Most Expensive Place to Do Business in Brooklyn". Brooklyn Magazine. 2017-04-05. Retrieved 2018-05-09.
  14. ^ Berger, Joseph (2013-09-20). "On Fulton Street, Worries About Change". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2018-05-10.
  15. ^ blankslate (2014-08-07). "Macy's Downtown Brooklyn has a lot of history". Explore Brooklyn. Retrieved 2018-05-07.
  16. ^ Morris), Suzanne Spellen (aka Montrose (2015-04-07). "418-420 Fulton Street, a Handsome and Elegant Showroom for Gas Lighting | Brownstoner". Brownstoner. Retrieved 2018-05-07.
  17. ^ "Tishman Speyer Lands $194M Construction Loan for DoBro Macy's Reno". Commercial Observer. 2017-01-03. Retrieved 2018-05-11.
  18. ^ a b Plitt, Amy (July 10, 2017). "Downtown Brooklyn's historic Offerman Building reveals its future as luxury rentals". Curbed NY. Retrieved 2018-05-11.
  19. ^ Postal, Matthew. “Offerman Building.” Landmarks Preservation Commission, 2005.

External linksEdit