Frisian National Party
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The Frisian National Party (West Frisian: Fryske Nasjonale Partij; Dutch: Friese Nationale Partij, FNP) is a Frisian nationalist political party in the Netherlands. The FNP is mostly involved in Frisian politics. The Independent Senate Group represents the FNP on a national level, the EFA represents the FNP on a European level.
|Political position||Big tent|
|European affiliation||European Free Alliance|
|Colours||blue, white, red|
1 / 75
|House of Representatives|
0 / 150
|Provincial Council of Friesland|
4 / 43
The party was founded in 1962 by young activists of the Frisian movement (West Frisian: Fryske Beweging), which developed in the 19th century. It advocated the importance of the (West) Frisian language, culture and sports. The movement was founded in reaction to the use of Dutch in sermons of Dutch Reformed Churches in Friesland. The Frisian movement has links with the reformed Anti-Revolutionary Party, but in the 1962 provincial elections it claimed that Frisian interests were less important than Dutch national interests.
In 1966, it won its first seat in the provincial legislature and municipal councils. In 1995, it cooperated with provincial parties and the Greens to get a seat in the Senate, which is elected indirectly, in the so-called Independent Senate Group. Between 1995 and 2003, it was taken by a member of the Greens, since 2003 it is taken by a member of the FNP.
Ideology and issuesEdit
The FNP is a regionalist-nationalist party which advocates a federal political system in which Frisians get more autonomy. It calls for greater autonomy of the region, government use, protection and recognition of the Frisian language and Frisian control over its gas reserves.
According to a survey of 554 party members done by the European Policies Research Centre at the University of Strathclyde in 2009, 5.05% of members identified as far-left on the political spectrum, 13.9% as left-wing, 28.16% as centre-left, 17.51% as centrist, 14.98% as centre-right, 7.4% as right-wing, and 2.53% as far-right, with 10.47% unsure.
Since 1995 the party cooperated with several provincial parties and the Greens in the Independent Senate Fraction which had one seat in the Senate. From 2003 till 2011 and 2015 till 2019 this seat was taken by Hendrik ten Hoeve, a member of the FNP. In 2019 the seat was taken by Gerben Gerbrandy also a member of the FNP.
The party has four (out of 43) seats in the Frisian provincial legislative and is part of the provincial government since 2011.
The party has 39 members in 11 of the 18 Frisian municipal councils. It cooperates in the local executive of Tytsjerksteradiel, Waadhoeke, and Noardeast-Fryslân. In Wûnseradiel and Achtkarspelen the party supplied the mayor. In 2020 the party supplies the Mayor in Noardeast-Fryslân.
The party's electorate is limited to Friesland, where it dominates in the Western and North-Eastern part of the mainland of the province. In rural Littenseradiel, the FNP got nearly 28% of the votes and became the largest party in 2003.
In 2010 33.9% of the people voted FNP in rural Skarsterlân.
|Year||Votes||Share of votes||Seats won||Position||Outcome|
3 / 55
4 / 55
7 / 55
5 / 43
4 / 43
4 / 43
4 / 43
Relationships with other partiesEdit
The party has good relations with other provincial parties like Party New Limburg with which it together forms the Independent Senate Group. Historically it cooperated very well with the Political Party of Radicals, a left-wing Christian party.
- FNP program 2011-2015 for the Provincial Elections, fnp.nl.
- Fryslân en de FNP - Skiednis en takomst, fnp.nl.
- Leeuwarder Courant: Frysk Nasionale Partij is op ’e nij út ein set, published on 6 November 1962
- van der Zwet, Arno (14 July 2014). Frisian National Party Membership Survey (Report). European Policies Research Centre (published 1 July 2009). doi:10.15129/6bf2133d-ae59-4d30-9b42-0bf16a92f23c. Retrieved 26 August 2020.
- "Verkiezingsuitslagen Provinciale Staten 1918 - heden". Kiesraad (in Dutch). Retrieved 10 February 2016.
- Onafhankelijke Senaatsfractie (OSF), Parlement & Politiek.
- Official website (in West Frisian)